Solving Complex Operational and Organizational Problems

Dr. Dean S. Hartley III, Principal


My business is solving problems, your problems. If your problems are complex and mix operational and technical issues with doctrinal, human and political issues, then you need robust solutions, rather than fragile optimizations. You need rapidly developed, well written, persuasive recommendations for action. If you don't want a cast of thousands but want someone who can work alone or with others on your team, then consider Hartley Consulting.

I have been solving problems for customers for more than forty years: two years while in graduate school, four years while on active duty in the Army, nine years in private industry, fifteen years at the Oak Ridge Federal Facilities, and now as a private consultant.

Contact me at . I can help you with your problems.

Topic Shortcuts

Analysis of messy data

Battle Command

Chemical kinetics

Code of Best Practice (COBP)

Collaborative computing

Command and Control (C2)

Command, Control Communications and Intelligence (C3I)

Command, Control Communications, Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C3ISR)

Computer color matching

Configuration management

Consequence Management

Database design


Distributed analysis

Documentation standards

Energy Storage

Environment, Safety & Health (ES&H)

Evaluating manufacturing processes

Experimental design

Expert systems

Financial analysis


Future Combat System (FCS)

Game theory

Geographic mapping

Geopolitical analysis

Global War on Terrorism (GWOT)

Historical combat data research

Historical validation of attrition algorithms

Human factors

Human, Social, Cultural Behavior (HSCB) Modeling

Impact analysis

Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V)

Industrial problems

Information storage and retrieval

Interim Static Stability Model (ISSM)

Inventory control

Irregular Warfare (IW)

Knowledge Management (KM)

Korean Battle Simulation Center (Korean BSC)

Lanchester theory

Linear programming

Magnetic Levitation

Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP)

Medical algorithms


Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW)

Military study process

Model data validation

Model integration

Model validation

Modeling, Simulation & Gaming (MSG)

Modern Aids to Planning Program (MAPP)

Oak Ridge Spreadsheet Battle Model (ORSBM)

Oil Polution Act of 1990 (OPA 90)


Operations Other Than War (OOTW)


Organizational structure

PL Topology


PMESII Modeling


Psychopharmacology algorithms


Risk analysis



Sensitivity analysis


Software issues

Software reuse

Stability and Support Operations (SASO)

Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) Operations

Superconducting coils

System integration



Verification & Validation (V&V)

Verification, Validation & Accreditation (VV&A)

Virtual environment

Warfare modeling

Web design


Operations Research (OR) is the "Science of Better," the discipline of modeling complex problems to make better decisions. Whether problems are industrial, governmental, or scientific, Hartley Consulting has experience applying operations research to help clients make better decisions.

Hartley Consulting is a registered small business and can contract directly with the federal government and private organizations or can serve as a subcontractor to other contractors. Contracts are generally defined on a project basis and billing is based on labor hours, travel, and materials. Rates, security clearance, DUNS number, and CAGE code are available upon request.  See the Doing Business page for more information.

If you have operational problems, contact me: .


The project pages of this website consist of short descriptions of numerous projects. These projects represent the application of technical expertise and experience to real problems of real organizations. The sponsoring organizations are noted in the descriptions. You may find elements of your problems in one or more of these projects.

I have supported more than twenty different clients, many on multiple projects. Most of the clients have been within the Department of Defense. I have also supported clients within the Departments of Justice, Commerce and Energy. In addition, I have supported NATO and both for-profit and non-profit corporations.

Thirty-two of the short descriptions are linked to more extensive descriptions or examples. The page describing the requirements for analytical tools to support Operations Other Than War (OOTW) is linked to a multi-page description, which provides a partial description of the project results.

Over the years, I have been involved in multiple projects in some areas.  OOTW  has been one of these areas.  OOTW is also known as Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW), Stability and Support Operations (SASO), Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) Operations. The social theory basis is known as Human, Social, Cultural Behavior (HSCB) modeling.  The technical approach is known as Diplomatic, Informational, Military, Economic / Political, Military, Economic, Societal, Information, Infrastructure (DIME/PMESII) modeling.  Ontologies support the description of the domain.  Verification and Validation (V&V), historical combat research, and psychopharmacology algorithms have also been major areas of continuing work.

The topic shortcuts in the sidebar to the left permit access to potential areas of interest, with links to projects addressing that area. The range of topics indicates the multi-disciplinary nature of typical OR projects. Although some of the topics have been relevant for only one or two projects, many have been significant parts of numerous projects.

The thumbnails to the right and below are examples of products from seven different projects, with links provided to descriptions of the projects.

Modeling Attrition



Independent V&V: TAC CONTENDER



Independent V&V: SIMNET



I created Hartley Consulting in mid-2001 and serve as its Principal. (The picture to the right was taken some time ago. Now I look more like the picture below.  However, I like the picture of a younger me, so I'm keeping it.)

Until mid-2001, I was Senior Member of the Research Staff at the Department of Energy Oak Ridge facilities and Senior Scientist of the Center for Modeling, Simulation, and Gaming in the Advanced Computing Technologies (ACT) Division. I joined the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1986, working in the Energy Division, at that time managed and operated by Martin Marietta Energy Systems. My group moved to DSRD at the K-25 Plant under Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, then moved to Corporate control. Later we moved to the Y-12 Plant and changed the division name to ACT.

I worked at Milliken & Co., a textile firm, from 1977 to 1986. I started in middle management in the Operations Research Department, staying for two years, moved into Production Planning for several years, and then spent two years in Marketing, applying OR in each position.

I served four years active duty in the Army (1973-1977) and several years in the reserves. A Vietnam Veteran, I completed the Signal Officer Basic Course and the Signal Officer Advanced Course. My active duty station was at the Command and Control Technical Center (CCTC, later renamed JDSSC) in the Pentagon, supporting The Joint Staff's combat modeling activities.

During college and graduate school, I also worked:  as research assistant at the Psychometric Laboratory, UNC (1966), as polymer chemistry lab technician at Deering Milliken Research Corporation (1966-1968), as Mathematics Department Head at Milliken Electronics (1968), and as consultant to the Physics Department at Deering Milliken Research Corporation (1968-1970).

More details are available on the education and work history page.

Dean S. Hartley III


  • Ph.D., mathematics (piecewise linear topology), University of Georgia, 1973.
  • A.B., summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, mathematics and foreign languages, Wofford College, 1968.


Author of several books and chapters:

  • Author of the book, Predicting Combat Effects, published in 2001;

  • co-author of the book, OOTW Analysis and Modeling Techniques (OOTWAMT) Workshop Proceedings, published in 1999, and

  • co-author of the book, NATO Code of Best Practice for C2 Assessment, published in 2002.

  • Author of two chapters in Warfare Modeling, 1995,

  • one chapter in Analytic Approaches to the Study of Future Conflict, 1996,

  • one chapter in Textbook of Treatment Algorithms in Psychopharmacology, 1999,

  • one chapter in Estimating Impact: A Handbook of Computational Methods for Anticipating Economic, Social, Political and Security Effects in International Interventions, 2010,

  • two chapters in The Human Social Culture Behavior Modeling Workshop, 2010,

  • one chapter in Advances in Design for Cross-Cultural Activities, Part II, 2012, and

  • one chapter in Conflict and Complexity, 2015.

  • Also published in Operations Research, Naval Research Logistics, Military Operations Research, Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science, Information Technology and Libraries, The Encyclopedia of Operations Research, Psychopharmacology Bulletin, Psychiatric Annals, Phalanx, OR/MS Today, and numerous conference proceedings.

See Selected Publications for papers, presentations, and software.


  • the J. Steinhardt Prize for lifetime achievement in Military Operations Research in 2013,
  • the Koopman Prize for best publication in military operations research in 1994.
  • the Martin Marietta Energy Systems Technical Achievement Award, 1993, 1995, the Lockheed Martin Energy Systems President's Award, 1995, the ETSD Writing Award, 1992, two ETSD Significant Achievement Awards, the Milliken & Co. Production Planning Award, 1986, the Army Joint Service Commendation Medal, 1977, and the Boy Scout Eagle Rank, 1963.

... at work


  • International Psychopharmacology Algorithm Project (IPAP): Advisory Group, 1995 - Present.
  • Rose Community Development: International Operations Research Advisor, 2009 - Present.
  • Institute for Operations Research and Management Sciences (INFORMS): Vice President, 2003; Board of Directors, 2001-2003; Board of Directors: 1996-1997.
  • Military Operations Research Society (MORS): Board of Directors, 1995 - 1999.
  • Military Applications Society (MAS) of INFORMS: President, 1993 - 1995; Vice President, 1991 - 1993; Council Member, 1989 - 1991.


  • Owner of the DIME/PMESII, HSCB, and IW Group on LinkedIn and the associated Community of Interest Website.
  • Owner of the International Psychopharmacology Algorithm Project (IPAP) Group on LinkedIn, with an associated Website.
  • Associate Editor of the journal Military Operations Research and reviewer for other journals, such as Interfaces, Operations Research, Naval Research Logistics, and the Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation.
  • Member of the NATO SAS-026 Panel "NATO Code of Best Practice (COBP) for C2 Assessment," 1999-2002. This panel was chaired within the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (C3I) Command and Control Research Program (CCRP).
  • Integration Chair for the 1997 International Psychopharmacology Algorithm Project (IPAP) Electronic Conference. Technical Chair of the 2000 IPAP Beijing Conference. Continuing member of the IPAP Advisory Group.
  • Program Chair for ELECSIM 1997.
  • Expert Panelist on Verification, Validation and Accreditation in Distributed Interactive Simulation for the TMSA Conference on synthetic environments, 1994, 1995, 1996.


  • Senior Fellow with the George Mason University (GMU) School of Public Policy, Peace Operations Policy Program (POPP).
  • Consulting resource for the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS), Modeling, Virtual Environments & Simulation (MOVES) Institute.
  • Research Fellow with the University of Alabama in Huntsville, Center for the Management of Science and Technology (CMOST).



Links to organizations mentioned throughout the website.



Page Last Updated: Monday, 25 May 2015 11:03 EDT, 2001, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015