Reference Material


The Jane's All the World's Aircraft annuals were the initial source for this compilation. The 1995-96 Edition was the last one that gives complete information on aircraft engines. Subsequent editions give basic specifications for all engines that are mentioned for the aircraft described in the main text, but no further details. The 1912, 1941, 1942, and most editions of Jane's AWA from 1945-1946 to the present have been consulted. Jane's currently publishes separate aeroengine information, edited by Bill Gunston, but it contains information on gas turbine engines only.

As this investigation proceeded, most of the 23 volumes entitled Aircraft Engines of the World have been consulted in detail. Paul H. Wilkinson compiled and published these more or less annually between 1941 and 1970. Another useful source is the annual Aircraft Yearbooks published in the US. However, only those AY volumes listed below have been consulted at this time.

The Aerosphere annuals compiled by Glenn D. Angle were published in, at least, 1939 and 1941 through 1943. Angle was an experienced engine designer. The 1939 edition is remarkable for its extensive coverage, by Angle, of international engine development from the dawn of flight until about January 1940. The aircraft engine section of the 1939 edition of Aerosphere has been scanned and is available on a CD from Weak Force Press. The 1939 volume had its 1st Printing in March 1940. The last US engine Type Certificate listed there is No. 218, the Wright Duplex Cyclone (GR-3350-A2), granted on 12/15/39.

The books about piston aero engines of all types by Herschel Smith (S) and Bill Gunston (BGP) were extremely useful and are recommended for their breadth of information. The encyclopedia of aero engines by Bill Gunston (BGE) also was very important and is recommended.

An interesting discussion on horizontally-opposed engines built before 1920 is contained in E. Charles Vivian's book A History of Aeronautics. His Part IV, Chapter 5 is on HOAE, specifically, and the entire book is available online as an e-book, see the ECV reference below, namely World Wide School Website.

The sources for the aircraft applications are the Jane's, Aerosphere, and Aircraft Yearbook volumes; the Fahey books; and other published sources. The "Journals of the American Aviation Historical Society" (AAHS) have been useful. The lists of applications are by no means complete and, for now, are limited mostly to US-built aircraft. For all of the aircraft in the sequential Approved Type Certificates through TC = 817, the source is the late Joseph Juptner's nine-volume series (J1 to J9). It should be noted that the FAA TCDS Website has FAA Type Certificate Data Sheets (TCDS) with extensive data on engines, aircraft, and propellers. Finally, the compilations managed by K O Eckland on the Aerofiles Website have listings of the engines used by each US aircraft type. These very complete listings of US-designed and US-built aircraft have been used extensively here and are highly recommended to anyone interested in any aspect of aircraft and aviation in the US.

No attempt has been made yet to include those aircraft applications for which Supplemental Type Certificates (STC) for alternative engine installations have been approved. These STCs apply to the modification of a production aircraft with an ATC to configurations for which certificates were not obtained by the original manufacturer. STCs may be held by individuals or companies, so long as they meet FAA approval standards. They can be found on the FAA STC Site.


The references are:



AAHSabc -- "AAHS Journal" for Quarter a (Sp, Su, F, W), Year 19(or 20)bc; published by the American Aviation Historical Society (1956 to present).

AAWa/b/cd -- "Aerial Age Weekly" magazine for Month a, Day b, Year 19cd; published in the US between 1915 and 1922.

AEa -- "Air Enthusiast" (Quarterly) magazine Number a; published 1975 to present.

Aeab -- Angle, Glenn D., editor, Aerosphere for 19ab. The aircraft engine section of the 1939 edition of Aerosphere has been scanned and is available on a CD from Weak Force Press.

AEa/bc -- "Air International" (Monthly) magazine for Month a, Year 19(or 20)bc; published 1971 to present; known originally as "Air Enthusiast" (Monthly.)

"Aeroplane" a/b/cd -- "Aeroplane" magazine, the original British weekly for Month a, Day b, Year 19cd; published from 1911 to c.1963; see also AMa/bc below.

AJJ1 -- Jackson, A. J., British Civil Aircraft; 1919-59 - Volume 1, Putnam, London, 1959.

AJJ2 -- Jackson, A. J., British Civil Aircraft; 1919-59 - Volume 2, Putnam, London, 1960.

AJP -- Pelletier, A. J., Beech Aircraft and their Predecessors, Putnam/Naval Institute Press, London/Annapolis, MD, 1995.

AJS -- Schmidt, A. J., The Menasco Story 1926-1991, Specialty Press, North Branch, MN, c. 1996.

AMa/bc -- "Aeroplane Monthly" magazine for Month a, Year 19(or 20)bc; published 1973 to present; see also "Aeroplane" abcd above.

AMC -- Anon., Model Designations of USAF Aircraft Engines, USAF Air Materiel Command, 1/1/49; revised 1/1/50. (This useful document has been copied and can be found on the Website of the Aircraft Engine Historical Society under the Reference heading.)

AOPAa/bc -- "Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Pilot" (Monthly) magazine for Month a, Year 19(or 20)bc.

AprgHBWab -- "Air Progress - Homebuilt Aircraft" magazine for Winter 19ab.

AprgWab -- "Air Progress" magazine for Winter 19(or 20)ab; later Aprg a/bc, for Month a, Year 19 (or 20)bc.

ATa/bc -- "Air Trails" magazine for Month a, Year 19bc; name changed later to "American Aircraft Modeler".

Av -- Anon., Avco Corporation - The First Fifty Years 1922-1979, Avco Corporation, Greenwich, CT, 1979.

AYab -- Various editors, The Aircraft Yearbook for 19ab. Only the 1940, 1941, 1944 to 1946, 1951, 1952, and 1960 volumes have been used.

BGE -- Gunston, Bill, World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines, Patrick Stephens, Ltd., Sparkford, Somerset, UK, Third Edition, 1986 (there is a fourth edition).

BGP -- Gunston, Bill, The Development of Piston Aero Engines, Patrick Stephens, Ltd., Sparkford, Somerset, UK, Second Edition, 1999.

BGR -- Gunston, Bill, The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft, 1875-1995, Osprey, an imprint of Reed Consumer Books Limited, London, UK, 1995.

BMJ -- Jones, Barry M., Granville Bradshaw - a flawed genius? Panther Publishing Ltd, Buckinghamshire, UK, 2008.

Brinks -- Brinks, Glenn, Ultralight Propulsion, Ultralight Aviation Series / No.4, Ultralight Publications, Hummelstown, PA, 1983.

CEG -- Galloway, Cedric E., Loughead Sport Biplane, AAHS Journal, Vol. 15, No.4, Winter 1970, pp. 239-243.

CLP -- Peek, Chester L., Flying With 40 Horses; A History of the Continental A-40 Aircraft Engine and the Planes it Flew, Three Peaks Publishing, Norman, OK, 2001.

ECV -- Vivian, E. Charles, A History of Aeronautics: Part IV, Chapter V, unknown publisher, 1920. Available as an e-book on World Wide School Website.

ELT -- True, Ernest L., Harold Morehouse - Biographer of the Flying Pioneers, AAHS Journal, Vol. 16, No.1, Spring 1971, pp. 20-26.

Fahey USAAF -- Fahey, James C., editor, U.S. Army Aircraft 1908-1946, Ships and Aircraft, NYC, 1946.

Fahey USAF -- Fahey, James C., editor, USAF Aircraft 1947-1956, Ships and Aircraft, Falls Church, VA, 1956.

FEW -- Weick, Fred E. & Hansen, James R., From the Ground Up - The Autobiography of an Aeronautical Engineer, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 1988.

"Flight" a/b/cd -- "Flight International", formerly "Flight", a British weekly magazine for Month a, Day b, Year 19(or 20)cd; published 1909 to present.

FMa/bc -- "Flying Magazine" for Month a, Year 19(or 20)bc.

FRIa/bc -- "Flying Review International" magazine for Month a, Year 19bc; known earlier as "RAF Flying Review" through September 1963.

G&P -- Green, William & Pollinger, Gerald, The Aircraft of the World, New, Revised and Enlarged Edition, Hannover House, NYC, 1956.

G&T -- Goodall, Michael H. & Tagg, Albert E., British Aircraft before the Great War, Schiffer Military History, Atglen, PA, 2001.

GF -- Frawley, Gerard, The International Directory of Civil Aircraft - 2001/2002 Edition, Aerospace Publications, Fyshwick, Australia, 2001.

GH&S -- Grosz, Peter M., Haddow, George, & Schiemer, Peter, Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One, Flying Machines Press, Mountain View, CA, 1993.

HEM -- Morehouse, Harold. E., The Flying Pioneers, AAHS Journal, Vol. 12, No.4, Winter 1967, pp. 262-263.

H&H -- Hollenbaugh, Bob & Houser, John, Aeronca - A Photo History, Aviation Heritage Books, Destin, FL, 1993.

Ja -- Juptner, Joseph P., U.S. Civil Aircraft, Vol. a, Aero Publishers, Inc. Fallbrook, CA, 9 volumes published between 1962 and 1981.

Jab-cd -- Various editors, Jane's All the World's Aircraft for 19(or 20)ab-19(or 20)cd.

JBC -- Cynk, Jerzy B., Polish Aircraft 1893-1939, Putnam, London, 1971.

JMB -- Bruce, J. M., British Aeroplanes - 1914-1918, Putnam, London, UK, 1957.

JTHT -- Juptner, Joseph P., T-Hangar Tales - Stories of the Golden Age, Historic Aviation, Eagan, MN, 1994.

JWT -- Thompson, Jonathan W., Italian Civil and Military Aircraft; 1930-1945, Aero Publishers, Inc., Los Angeles, CA, 1963.

K&C -- Kimes, Beverly R. & Clark, Henry A., Jr., The Standard Catalog of American Cars; 1805-1942, Krause Publications, Iola, WI, Third Edition, 1996.

K&N -- Kens, Karlheinz & Nowarra, Heinz J., Die Deutschen Flugzeuge; 1933-1945, J. F. Lehmanns Verlag, München, Germany, 1964.

KMM -- Molson, K.M. & Taylor, H.A., Canadian Aircraft since 1909, Putnam, London, 1982.

KPa/bc -- "Kitplanes" magazine for Month a, Year 19(or 20)bc; information on the Kitplanes Website.

LEO -- Opdycke, Leonard E., French Aeroplanes before the Great War, Schiffer Military History, Atglen, PA, 1999.

LJKS -- Setright, L. J. K., The Power to Fly, George Allen & Unwin, Ltd., London, 1971.

LJW -- Wackett, L.J., Aviation Pioneer - An Autobiography, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, Australia, 1972.

M&A -- Mikesh, Robert C. & Abe, Shorzoe, Japanese Aircraft 1910-1941, Putnam/Naval Institute Press, London/Annapolis, MD, 1990.

MMI19ab -- Flying Manual for 1929 and 1933 and Flying and Gliding Manual for 1930-1932, published originally by "Modern Mechanix and Inventions", a Fawcett magazine; reprinted and still available through the Experimental Aircraft Association, dates unknown; information on the EAA Web Site.

PMB -- Bowers, Peter M., Yesterday's Wings - The Republic Seabee, AOPA Pilot, March 1982, pp. 107-109.

PMHAAa -- Matt, Paul, Historical Aviation Album, Volume a, Historical Aviation Album, Temple City, California; out of print, but all of Paul Matt's text and drawings are available from Wind Canyon Books.

PTG -- Groves, Patricia T., Leave No Garage Unsnooped, AAHS Journal, Vol. 16, No.4, Fall 1971, p. 223.

PWB -- Brooks, Peter W., Cierva Autogiros - The Development of Rotary-Wing Flight, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 1988.

RJF -- Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Putnam/Naval Institute Press, London/Annapolis, MD, 1979 edition.

RvF -- Frankenberg, Richard von, Porsche, The Man and his Cars, translated from German by Charles Meisl and published by G.T. Foulis & Co. Ltd., London / Robert Bentley, Cambridge, MA, 1969 edition.

S -- Smith, Herschel, Aircraft Piston Engines, McGraw-Hill, NYC, First Edition, 1981 (there is a second edition).

S&H -- Schlaifer, Robert and Heron, S.D., Development of Aircraft Engines and Development of Aviation Fuels, Harvard, 1950; available on a CD from Weak Force Press.

SAa/bc -- "Sport Aviation" magazine for Month a, Year 19(or 20)bc; published by the Experimental Aircraft Association; information on the EAA Web Site.

Sky#a (b/cd) -- "Skyways: The Journal of the Airplane 1920-1940" Issue #a (bcd), for Month b, Year 19 (or 20)cd; published by World War 1 Aeroplanes, Inc. beginning with #1 in 1/87.

SPa/bc -- "Sport Pilot & Light-Sport Aircraft" magazine for Month a, Year 20bc (called "EAA Experimenter" before 4/04); published by the Experimental Aircraft Association; information on the EAA Web Site.

TMabc -- "Torque Meter" for Quarter a (Sp, Su, F, W), Year 20bc, Journal of the Aircraft Engine Historical Society (2002 to present).

U&C -- Underwood, John and Caler, John, Experimental Light Aircraft and Midget Racers, Aero Publishers, Inc., Los Angeles, CA, 1958.

VAa/cd -- "Vintage Airplane" magazine for Month a, Year 19(or 20)cd; published by the Experimental Aircraft Association, information on the EAA Web Site.

VK -- Kotelnikov, Vladimir, Russian Piston Aircraft Engines, The Crowood Press, Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire, UK see The Crowood Web Site, 2005.

Wab -- Wilkinson, Paul H., Aircraft Engines of the World - 19ab, P.H. Wilkinson, NYC, 23 volumes from 1941 through 1970.

WBS -- Stout, William Bushnell, So Away I Went, Bobbs-Merill, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, 1951.

W&F -- Williams, Henry L. and Froelich, Michael H., Aviation Mechanics Simplified, A. Neal Sawyer Co., NYC, 1943.


CONTENTS

Updated 7/23/09