Alloy Artifacts

Exploring Ingenuity in Iron ...

Alloy Artifacts Home
Alloy Artifacts Web Search

Pliers and Adjustable Wrenches


B6 6 Inch Slip-Joint Combination Pliers

[Bonney B6 6 Inch Combination Pliers]
Fig. 315. Bonney B6 6 Inch Combination Pliers, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1948+.

Fig. 315 shows a pair of Bonney B6 6 inch slip-joint combination pliers, stamped "U.S.A." near the pivot.

The overall length is 6.4 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

The inset shows a side view of the pliers, illustrating the distinctive rectangular grid gripping pattern on the handles. Readers familiar with Crescent pliers will recognize this as the "Checkerdot" pattern, indicating that these pliers were made for Bonney by Crescent Tool.


B21 Lock Ring Pliers

[Bonney B21 Lock Ring Pliers]
Fig. 316. Bonney B21 Lock Ring Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail.

Fig. 316 shows a pair of Bonney B21 lock ring pliers, stamped with Bonney and "Made in U.S.A." near the pivot.

The overall length is 7.8 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


B43 Hose Clamp Pliers

[Bonney B43 Hose Clamp Pliers]
Fig. 317. Bonney B43 Hose Clamp Pliers, with Inset for Jaw Detail.

Fig. 317 shows a pair of Bonney B43 hose clamp pliers, stamped "U.S.A." on the handle.

The overall length is 7.7 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


BW8 8 Inch Adjustable Wrench

[Bonney BW8 8 Inch Adjustable Wrench]
Fig. 318. Bonney BW8 8 Inch Adjustable Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. Early 1940s.

Fig. 318 shows an early Bonney BW8 8 inch adjustable wrench with a web-like panel on the shank. The shank has forged-in markings "8In." and "Made in U.S.A" on the front with "8In." and "Alloy-Steel" on the reverse, and the panel is stamped "Bonney" on the front and "BW8" on the reverse.

The overall length is 8.1 inches, and the maximum opening is 1.0 inches. The head thickness was measured at 0.49 inches.

The finish is plain steel with polished faces on the head.

Readers familiar with Utica Tools will immediately recognize this wrench as early Utica production, based on the distinctive web-like panel forged into the shank. A similar Utica wrench can be seen as the Utica Early No. 91-10 Adjustable Wrench. Utica supplied similar wrenches to several other major tool companies, including Herbrand and Plomb.


Specialty Tools


2551 "Zenel" Brake Wrench

[Bonney Zenel 2551 3/16x1/4 Open-End Brake Wrench]
Fig. 319. Bonney "Zenel" 2551 3/16x1/4 Open-End Brake Wrench.

Fig. 319 shows a Bonney 2551 3/16x1/4 brake wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the face, with "Zenel" forged into the shank. The shank also has a partial forged-in code visible at the right, but the year code is unreadable.

The overall length is 8.0 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


2566 Brake Spoons

[Bonney CV 2566 Brake Spoon]
Fig. 320. Bonney "CV" 2566 Brake Spoon, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 320 shows a Bonney 2566 brake spoon, marked with the model number forged into the shank, with "Made in U.S.A." and the CV-Circle logo forged into the reverse. The shank also has a forged-in code "CV." visible at the right.

The overall length is 7.4 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


[Bonney CV 2566 Brake Spoon]
Fig. 321. Bonney "CV" 2566 Brake Spoon, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1935.

Fig. 321 shows another Bonney 2566 brake spoon, stamped "Made in U.S.A." with the model number on the reverse. The shank also has a forged-in code "HM.." visible at the right (upside-down), and shown as a close-up in the lower right inset.

The overall length is 7.9 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

The "M" year code and "Made in U.S.A." marking indicate production in 1935.


2581 "Steeldraulic" Pliers

In the late 1920s various makes of automobiles (e.g. Hubmobile, Auburn) were fitted with the "Steeldraulic" brand of mechanical brakes. These brakes had an awkward adjustment mechanism and required a special type of pliers for service, which were accordingly dubbed "Steeldraulic pliers".

[Bonney No. 2581 Steeldraulic Pliers]
Fig. 322. Bonney No. 2581 "Steeldraulic" Pliers.

Fig. 322 shows the Bonney No. 2581 Steeldraulic pliers, marked "Made in U.S.A." near the pivot.

A number of other companies made pliers of this type, and examples can be seen in the Blackhawk 2581 Pliers, Duro-Chrome 2120 Pliers, Herbrand 272 Pliers, Utica 516 Pliers, and Vacuum Grip No. 14 Pliers.


2589 Offset Screwdriver

[Bonney 2589 Offset Screwdriver]
Fig. 323. Bonney 2589 Offset Screwdriver, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1934.

Fig. 323 shows a Bonney 2589 offset screwdriver, marked with the Bonney name forged into the shank, and with a forged-in code "DZv" on the reverse.

The overall length is 7.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

The "Z" year code indicates production in 1934.


2591 1/2-Drive Stud Extractor

[Bonney 2591 1/2-Drive Stud Extractor]
Fig. 324. Bonney 2591 1/2-Drive Stud Extractor, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail.

Fig. 324 shows a 1/2-drive Bonney 2591 stud extractor and installer, stamped with "Bonney" and "Made in U.S.A." on the drive end.

The tool has a width of 2.0 inches and a height of 1.9 inches. The finish is chrome plating.

This stud extractor has an interesting design variation in that the body is driven while the knurled cam turns freely.


2857 CV Ford Brake Wrench

The next figures show several generations of the Bonney 2857 and D2857 box wrenches, specialty tools designed for turning the square brake adjusting stud on Ford model "A" automobiles and model "AA" trucks.

[Bonney CV 2857 7/16x1/2 Square Ford Brake Wrench]
Fig. 325. Bonney CV 2857 7/16x1/2 Square Ford Brake Wrench, with Insets for Reverse and Side View, 1930.

Fig. 325 shows a Bonney 2857 7/16x1/2 square box wrench for Ford brake service, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the side of the shank (see top inset). The deeply panelled shank is marked with "Bonney" and the model number forged into the the front, with "Chrome-Vanadium" and the CV-Circle logo forged into the reverse. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "EV." visible at the left.

The overall length is 10.6 inches. The original finish was chrome (or nickel) plating, but most has been lost due to wear and rust.

The "V" year code and CV marking indicate production in 1930.


2857 CV Ford Brake Wrench, Double-Square Version

The standard model 2857 wrench was specified with a square broaching, but the next figure shows a double-square version.

[Bonney CV 2857 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Ford Brake Wrench]
Fig. 326. Bonney CV 2857 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Ford Brake Wrench, with Insets for Reverse and Side View, 1930.

Fig. 326 shows the Bonney 2857 7/16x1/2 Ford brake wrench in a double-square version, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the side of the shank (see top inset). The deeply panelled shank is marked with "Bonney" and the model number forged into the the front, with "Chrome-Vanadium" and the CV-Circle logo forged into the reverse. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "EV." visible at the left, and shown as a close-up in the lower inset.

The overall length is 10.6 inches. The finish is chrome plating, with some losses due to wear and rust.

The "V" year code and CV marking indicate production in 1930.


2857 Zenel Ford Brake Wrench

[Bonney Zenel 2857 7/16x1/2 Square Ford Brake Wrench]
Fig. 327. Bonney Zenel 2857 7/16x1/2 Square Ford Brake Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. 1933-1934.

Fig. 327 shows a Zenel version of the Bonney 2857 7/16x1/2 square box wrench, marked with "Bonney 2857" and "Made in U.S.A." forged into the panelled shank, with "Zenel" forged into the reverse. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "EV........." visible at the left, and shown as a close-up in the middle inset.

The overall length is 10.6 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

Estimating the production date for this example is a bit tricky, as the "V" year code would normally indicate production in 1930, but the "Zenel" marking indicates production in 1933 or later. Since the forged-in code includes a large number of dots (nine) following the letter codes, this suggests a production date well after the initial creation of the forging die.

In addition, upon close examination the "Zenel" marking reveals possible filled-in markings on either side, as would be the case if a "Chrome Vanadium CV" die were remade for the "Zenel" brand. Based on these considerations, this example was probably made in 1933 or 1934, with a forging die adapted from the original CV forging shown in the previous figure.


D2857 Ford Brake Wrench

In later years a double-square broaching became the preferred form for Ford brake wrenches, and Bonney updated the model number from 2857 to D2857.

[Bonney Bonaloy D2857 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Ford Brake Wrench]
Fig. 328. Bonney Bonaloy D2857 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Ford Brake Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1947.

Fig. 328 shows a later Bonney D2857 7/16x1/2 double-square box wrench. The panelled shank has forged-in markings on both sides, with "Bonney U.S.A." and the model and sizes on the front, and with "Bonaloy" on the reverse. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "KY." visible at the right.

The overall length is 10.6 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished ends.

The "Y" year code and Bonaloy marking indicate production in 1947.


2680 Brake Spring Pliers

[Bonney 2680 Brake Spring Pliers]
Fig. 329. Bonney 2680 Brake Spring Pliers, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1940s.

Fig. 329 shows a pair of Bonney 2680 brake spring pliers, marked "Made in U.S.A." in forged raised letters, with "Pat. 2264391" forged into the reverse.

The overall length is 12.1 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

These pliers are described by patent #2,264,391, issued to J.M. MacLeod in 1941.


2866 1/2-Drive Torque Adapter

[Bonney 2866 1/2-Drive 1/2 Torque Adapter]
Fig. 330. Bonney 2866 1/2-Drive 1/2 Torque Adapter, with Inset for Reverse.

2870 1/2-Drive Torque Adapter

[Bonney 2870 1/2-Drive 5/8 Torque Adapter]
Fig. 331. Bonney 2870 1/2-Drive 5/8 Torque Adapter, with Inset for Reverse.

2874 1/2-Drive Torque Adapter

[Bonney 2874 1/2-Drive 3/4 Torque Adapter]
Fig. 332. Bonney 2874 1/2-Drive 3/4 Torque Adapter, with Inset for Reverse.

2617 1/2-Drive 11/16 Wide-Sweep Torque Adapter

[Bonney 2617 1/2-Drive 11/16 Wide-Sweep Torque Adapter]
Fig. 333. Bonney 2617 1/2-Drive 11/16 Wide-Sweep Torque Adapter, with Inset for Construction Detail, ca. 1954+.

Fig. 333 shows a 1/2-drive Bonney 2617 11/16 torque adapter, stamped "USA" on the shank.

The overall length is 8.3 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

This tool was designed for tightening the cylinder head bolts on 1954 (or later) Ford overhead valve engines.


T7 3/8-Drive Crowfoot Wrench

[Bonney T7 3/8-Drive 1/2 Crowfoot Wrench]
Fig. 334. Bonney T7 3/8-Drive 1/2 Crowfoot Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

T8 3/8-Drive Crowfoot Wrench

[Bonney T8 3/8-Drive 9/16 Crowfoot Wrench]
Fig. 335. Bonney T8 3/8-Drive 9/16 Crowfoot Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Refrigeration Tools

Bonney was one of several tool companies to make refrigeration specialty tools, with others including Duro/Indestro, Snap-On, Walden, and Williams. Bonney's refrigeration tools included such items as specialized ratchets, sockets with male drive studs or special broachings, and flare-nut wrenches.

Bonney first offered refrigeration tools in their 1936 catalog, but then oddly the refrigeration section disappeared from the catalogs until 1947.


[RF21] Refrigeration Ratchet, 3/16 Female Drive

[Bonney RF21 3/16 Female Drive Refrigeration Ratchet]
Fig. 336. Bonney [RF21] 3/16 Female Drive Refrigeration Ratchet, with Insets for Side View and Reverse, 1936.

Fig. 336 shows an early Bonney RF21 3/16 female drive refrigeration ratchet, but marked as the RF22 model. The shank has forged-in markings "OPEN" and "RF22 Bonney" on one side, with "SHUT" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "CN..." visible at the left, and shown in greater detail in the lower inset.

The overall length is 6.0 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

The "N" year code indicates production in 1936.

In addition to the ratchet drive, the other end of the handle provides a 1/2 hex socket opening, plus a 1/4 square opening in the base of the socket and a 3/16 square opening in the handle.

Bonney initially offered refrigeration ratchets in three models, the RF21 with 3/16 drive, RF22 with 1/4 drive, and RF23 with 5/16 drive. By 1947 one additional model was available, the RF25 with 3/8 drive. The refrigeration ratchet models were identical except for the opening in the drive gear.

Since the 1/4 drive size was the most popular model, the ratchet bodies were generally made with the RF22 model number forged into the shank, with the drive gear selected for the specific size.

Examples of refrigeration ratchets from other makers include the Duro-Chrome 4490, Walden-Worcester 867, and Williams MR-51.


RF22 Refrigeration Ratchet, 1/4 Female Drive

[Bonney RF22 1/4 Female Drive Refrigeration Ratchet]
Fig. 337. Bonney RF22 1/4 Female Drive Refrigeration Ratchet, with Inset for Reverse, 1945.

Fig. 337 shows a Bonney RF22 1/4 female drive refrigeration ratchet, with forged-in markings "SHUT" and "Bonney Made in U.S.A." on one side, and with "OPEN" and "RF22" forged into the other side. The shank also has a forged-in code "JW." visible at the right.

The overall length is 6.0 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

The "W" year code indicates production in 1945.


[RF25] Refrigeration Ratchet, 3/8 Female Drive

[Bonney RF25 3/8 Female Drive Refrigeration Ratchet]
Fig. 338. Bonney RF25 3/8 Female Drive Refrigeration Ratchet, with Inset for Reverse, 1945.

Fig. 338 shows a Bonney RF25 3/8 female drive refrigeration ratchet, but marked as the RF22 model. The shank has forged-in markings "SHUT" with "Bonney" and "Made in U.S.A." on one side, with "OPEN" and "RF22" forged into the other side. The shank also has a forged-in code "JW." visible at the right.

The overall length is 6.0 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

The "W" year code indicates production in 1945.

As noted above, Bonney generally made the ratchet bodies with the most popular RF22 model forged into the shank.


RF45 Refrigeration Ratchet, 1/4 Female Drive

In later years Bonney offered a reversible refrigeration ratchet, as shown in the next figure.

[Bonney RF45 1/4 Female Drive Refrigeration Ratchet]
Fig. 339. Bonney RF45 1/4 Female Drive Refrigeration Ratchet, with Inset for Reverse, ca. 1963+.

Fig. 339 shows a Bonney RF45 1/4 female drive refrigeration ratchet, marked "Bonney USA" in an outline pattern with "RF45" on the reverse.

The overall length is 6.0 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

The "outline" pattern markings suggest production in 1963 or later.


2618 7/16x9/16 Flare-Nut Wrench

[Bonney 2618 7/16x9/16 Flare-Nut Wrench]
Fig. 340. Bonney 2618 7/16x9/16 Flare-Nut Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1947.

Fig. 340 shows a Bonney 2618 7/16x9/16 flare-nut wrench, marked with "Bonney" and the fractional sizes forged into the shank, with the model number forged into the reverse. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "CY.." visible at the left.

The overall length is 4.9 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

The "Y" year code indicates production in 1947.


RF54A 3/4x7/8 Flare-Nut Wrench

[Bonney RF54A 3/4x7/8 Flare-Nut Wrench]
Fig. 341. Bonney RF54A 3/4x7/8 Flare-Nut Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1945.

Fig. 341 shows a Bonney RF54A 3/4x7/8 flare-nut wrench, marked with "Bonney" forged into the shank, and with the model number forged into the reverse. (Note that the "A" suffix of the model is stamped.) The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "DW." visible at the right.

The overall length is 7.9 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The "W" year code and plain steel finish indicates production in 1945.


RF55A 7/8x1 Flare-Nut Wrench

[Bonney RF55A 7/8x1 Flare-Nut Wrench]
Fig. 342. Bonney RF55A 7/8x1 Flare-Nut Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 342 shows a Bonney RF55A 7/8x1 flare-nut wrench, marked with "Bonney" forged into the shank, and with the model number forged into the reverse. (Note that the "A" suffix of the model is stamped.) The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "LM.." visible at the right, and shown as a close-up in the middle inset.

The overall length is 9.5 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

Modern Wrenches

In the late 1940s Bonney introduced a new "Streamlined" design for their open-end and combination wrenches, featuring a rectangular shank with dart-shaped depressions and a raised oval in the center. The heads were also somewhat thinner, making the wrenches lighter and easier to handle. The Streamlined design was first listed in a supplement to catalog C-1 from the late 1940s, and was included in the regular printing of catalog C-3 from 1950.

By 1963 the depressed darts and raised ovals of the streamlined design had been replaced by simple outlines stamped into the shank, giving the wrenches a flat profile. We'll call this the "Outline" design, for lack of a better term.

The final style in the development of Bonney wrenches featured a flat shank with a fully polished finish. Open ends were designed with a V-shaped gullet, probably from the Herbrand design, and in the latest models the box ends used the "Loc-Rite" broaching. (See our article on the Loc-Rite Wrench for details.)

Since by now the reader should be very familiar with the different types of wrenches, the examples in this section will be grouped by the design style rather than by functional type.


The Streamlined Style

The standard markings for the Streamlined design include the Bonney name stamped on the raised center oval with the model number on the reverse oval. The opening size(s) are stamped on the face(s), and the reverse side has "USA" forged into the shank.

Notably absent from the markings are "Bonaloy" or other indications of the alloy steel, although the catalogs confirm that the streamlined wrenches were being made with alloy steel.

The early production of the Streamlined style was given a distinctive finish, with highly polished ovals and faces contrasting with the matte surface of the shank. The later production though had a rather different appearance, with a uniform rough polished surface for both shank and faces, possibly from a tumbling operation.

Forged-in codes can generally be found on the earlier production of the Streamlined style. However, after the change in the finishing process the forged-in codes were no longer present, either having been omitted from the dies or lost in the finishing process. Currently the latest observed date code was from 1959, so this could be considered as the approximate change-over date.

The streamlined style was intended as a replacement for the older Bonaloy open-end and combination wrenches, but in the case of the open-end wrenches, both the older and newer styles were offered until at least 1954 or later. To assist with this extended product transition, the streamlined wrenches were given new E-series model numbers with the sizes encoded in 32nds.

For the combination wrenches the new style retained the same model numbers and appears to have replaced the old product line immediately, at least for sizes of 1 inch and under. Larger sizes were still being made in the older style until at least 1954.


1116H Streamlined 1/2 6-Point Combination Wrench

The streamlined combination wrenches were also offered in a long format with model numbers in the 11xx series, in both 12-point and 6-point (single-hex) broachings. The single hex model numbers were distinguished by an "H" suffix.

[Bonney 1116H Streamlined 1/2 6-Point Combination Wrench]
Fig. 343. Bonney 1116H Streamlined 1/2 Long Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, 1949.

Fig. 343 shows an early example of a long format wrench in the Streamlined style, a Bonney 1116H 1/2 single-hex combination wrench. The wrench is marked "U.S.A." on the reverse, with a forged-in code of "L:M" visible at the far right.

The overall length is 8.2 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

The streamlined design with the year code "M" indicates production in 1949, the beginning of the third cycle of the Bonney date code system. This is currently our earliest example of the Streamlined design.


1161 Streamlined 7/16 Combination Wrench

[Bonney 1161 Streamlined 7/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 344. Bonney 1161 Streamlined 7/16 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, 1952.

Fig. 344 shows a Bonney 1161 7/16 streamlined combination wrench with the standard markings. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "AP.." visible at the right.

The overall length is 5.1 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

The streamlined design with the year code "P" indicates production in 1952, in the third cycle of the Bonney date code system.


1162 Streamlined 1/2 Combination Wrench

[Bonney 1162 Streamlined 1/2 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 345. Bonney 1162 Streamlined 1/2 Combination Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1953.

Fig. 345 shows another example of the Streamlined design, a Bonney 1162 1/2 combination wrench with the standard markings. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "HQ.." visible at the right.

The overall length is 5.9 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

The streamlined design with the year code "Q" indicates production in 1953, in the third cycle of the Bonney date code system.


1164 Streamlined 5/8 Combination Wrench

[Bonney 1164 Streamlined 5/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 346. Bonney 1164 Streamlined 5/8 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, 1952.

Fig. 346 shows a Bonney 1164 5/8 combination wrench in the streamlined style with the standard markings. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "AP.." visible at the right.

The overall length is 7.3 inches. The finish is chrome plating with polished faces, now worn away in some places.

The streamlined design with the year code "P" indicates production in 1952, in the third cycle of the Bonney date code system.


1165 Streamlined 11/16 Combination Wrench

[Bonney 1165 Streamlined 11/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 347. Bonney 1165 Streamlined 11/16 Combination Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1950.

Fig. 347 shows a Bonney 1165 11/16 streamlined-style combination wrench with the standard markings. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "DN.." visible at the right.

The overall length is 8.2 inches. The finish is chrome plating with polished faces, with some losses due to wear and rust.

The streamlined design with the year code "N" indicates production in 1950.


1167A Streamlined 13/16 Combination Wrench

[Bonney 1167A Streamlined 13/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 348. Bonney 1167A Streamlined 13/16 Combination Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1950.

Fig. 348 shows a Bonney 1167A 13/16 streamlined combination wrench with the standard markings. The reverse shank also has a forged-in code "EN..." visible at the right.

The overall length is 10.2 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

The streamlined design with the year code "N" indicates production in 1950.


1160 Streamlined 3/8 Combination Wrench

The next two figures show examples of the later production of the Streamlined style, finished with a uniform rough polish.

[Bonney 1160 Streamlined 3/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 349. Bonney 1160 Streamlined 3/8 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1960-1962.

Fig. 349 shows a Bonney 1160 3/8 combination wrench in the streamlined style with the standard markings, but with the later style finish.

The overall length is 4.5 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

No forged-in code was found on this example, and the production date was estimated based on the finish style.


1166 Streamlined 3/4 Combination Wrench

[Bonney 1166 Streamlined 3/4 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 350. Bonney 1166 Streamlined 3/4 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1960-1962.

Fig. 350 shows a Bonney 1166 3/4 streamlined combination wrench with the standard markings, but with the later style finish.

The overall length is 9.1 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.


E810 Streamlined 1/4x5/16 Open-End Wrench

[Bonney E810 1/4x5/16 Streamlined Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 351. Bonney E810 1/4x5/16 Streamlined Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, 1953.

An example of the streamlined design for open-end wrenches is shown in Fig. 351, a Bonney E810 1/4x5/16 open-end wrench. The shank is stamped with the Bonney name on the raised center panel, with the model number stamped on the reverse panel and "USA" forged into the reverse shank. The shank also has a forged-in code "EQ..." visible at the left.

The overall length is 4.2 inches. The finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

The streamlined design with the year code "Q" indicates production in 1953, in the third cycle of the Bonney date code system.


E2022 5/8x11/16 Open-End Wrenches, Streamlined Style

[Bonney E2022 5/8x11/16 Open-End Wrench in Streamlined Style]
Fig. 352. Bonney E2022 5/8x11/16 Streamlined Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, 1957.

Fig. 352 shows a Bonney E2022 5/8x11/16 open-end wrench in the streamlined style, stamped with the Bonney name on the raised center panel, with the model number stamped on the reverse panel and "USA" forged into the reverse shank. The shank also has a forged-in code "LU" visible at the left.

The overall length is 7.7 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

The "U" year code and streamlined style indicate production in 1957, in the third cycle of Bonney's date code system.


[Bonney E2022 5/8x11/16 Open-End Wrench in Streamlined Style]
Fig. 353. Bonney E2022 5/8x11/16 Streamlined Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, 1959.

Fig. 353 shows a slightly later Bonney E2022 open-end wrench in the streamlined style. The shank is stamped with the Bonney name on the raised center panel, with the model number stamped on the reverse panel and "USA" forged into the reverse shank. The shank also has a forged-in code "CW" visible at the left.

The overall length is 7.7 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

The "W" year code and streamlined style indicate production in 1959, in the third cycle of Bonney's date code system. This is currently the latest legible date code in our collection, though actually the forged-in code is a bit difficult to read, suggesting that changes in the finishing process were probably starting to happen at this time.


E2830 7/8x15/16 Open-End Wrench, Streamlined Style

[Bonney E2830 7/8x15/16 Open-End Wrench in Streamlined Style]
Fig. 354. Bonney E2830 7/8x15/16 Streamlined Open-End Wrench, with Insets for Reverse and Marking Detail, 1951.

Fig. 354 shows a Bonney E2830 7/8x15/16 open-end wrench in the streamlined style, stamped with the Bonney name on the raised center panel, with the model number stamped on the reverse panel. The shank has a forged-in code "AO...." visible at the left (shown as a close-up in the upper inset), with "USA" forged into the reverse shank.

The overall length is 10.7 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The year code "O" and streamlined style indicate production in 1951, in the third cycle of Bonney's date code system.


E3032 15/16x1 Open-End Wrench, Streamlined Style

[Bonney E3032 15/16x1 Open-End Wrench in Streamlined Style]
Fig. 355. Bonney E3032 15/16x1 Streamlined Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. Early 1960s.

Fig. 355 shows a Bonney E3032 15/16x1 open-end wrench in the streamlined style, stamped with the Bonney name on the raised center panel, with the model number stamped on the reverse panel. The shank is marked with "USA" forged into the reverse side.

The overall length is 11.4 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.

This wrench is of later production and the forged-in code was no longer legible after the finishing process.


The Outline Style


E1820 9/16x5/8 Open-End Wrench, Outline Style

[Bonney E1820 9/16x5/8 Open-End Wrench in Outline Style]
Fig. 356. Bonney E1820 9/16x5/8 Open-End Wrench in Outline Style, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1963+.

Fig. 356 shows an example of the outline style, a Bonney E1820 9/16x5/8 open-end wrench, stamped "USA" on the shank.

The overall length is 6.9 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.


1163 9/16 Combination Wrench, Outline Style

[Bonney 1163 Outline-Style 9/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 357. Bonney 1163 9/16 Combination Wrench in "Outline" Style, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1963+.

Fig. 357 shows an example of a combination wrench in the outline style, a Bonney 1163 9/16 combination wrench, stamped "USA" on the shank.

The overall length is 7.7 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.


1167A 13/16 Combination Wrench, Outline Style

[Bonney 1167A 13/16 Combination Wrench in Outline Style]
Fig. 358. Bonney 1167A 13/16 Combination Wrench in "Outline" Style, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1963+.

Fig. 358 shows a Bonney 1167A 13/16 combination wrench in the "Outline" style, stamped "USA" on the shank.

The overall length is 10.2 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished faces.


The Full-Polish Style


1167A 13/16 Combination Wrench, Full-Polish Style

[Bonney 1167A 13/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 359. Bonney 1174 1-5/16 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 359 shows a Bonney 1167A 13/16 combination wrench in the full-polish style, marked "USA" on the flat shank.

The overall length is 11.2 inches, and the finish is polished chrome plating.

The open end of the wrench has a V-shaped gullet, and the box end uses the rounded corners described by the Loc-Rite patent. (The rounded corners of the broaching can be seen with a close look at the photograph.)


1174 1-5/16 Combination Wrench, Full-Polish Style

[Bonney 1174 1-5/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 360. Bonney 1174 1-5/16 Combination Wrench.

Fig. 360 shows a Bonney 1174 1-5/16 combination wrench, marked "USA" on the flat shank.

The overall length is 16.6 inches, and the finish is polished chrome plating.

The open end of the wrench has a V-shaped gullet, and the box end uses the rounded corners described by the Loc-Rite patent. (The rounded corners of the broaching can be seen with a close look at the photograph.)


1116 1/2 Combination Wrench, Full-Polish Style

[Bonney 1116 1/2 Combination Wrench in Full-Polish Style]
Fig. 361. Bonney 1116 1/2 Long Combination Wrench in Full-Polish Style.

Fig. 361 shows an example of the full-polish style in a Bonney 1116 1/2 long-format combination wrench, marked "USA" on the shank.

The overall length is 7.7 inches, and the finish is polished chrome.

This wrench uses the Loc-Rite broaching for the box end, and a close look at the (enlarged) photograph shows the rounded corners of the broach.


MEB19 19mm Combination Wrench, Full-Polish Style

[Bonney MEB19 19mm Combination Wrench]
Fig. 362. Bonney MEB19 19mm Combination Wrench.

Fig. 362 shows another example in the full-polish style, a Bonney MEB19 19mm combination wrench, marked "USA" on the shank.

The overall length is 8.1 inches.

The box end of this example uses a conventional broaching.


Economy Tools and The Bon-E-Con Brand


The TuHex Brand and "Nob" Economy Tools

Bonney's experiments with economy brands actually began in the 1930s with the introduction of an obscure brand called "TuHex". The TuHex brand originated in 1934 (or earlier), around the same time that the Zenel alloy first came into use, and initially was used for a series of combination (or "TuType") wrenches.

The TuHex brand was apparently established as an early "economy" line, tools that were fully functional but could be sold at a more affordable price point. The tools were made of alloy steel, but rather than mark them with the existing "CV" brand, Bonney created the new TuHex brand. However, unlike the standard Bonney brands, the TuHex tools were not marked with the Bonney name.

The TuHex name suggests a double-hex or 12-point broaching, which in fact all of the TuHex wrenches offered, so the brand may have coincided with the introduction of 12-point wrenches.

By 1938 the selection of economy tools had been expanded and had been given the name "Nob" tools, and the 1938 catalog had a small Nob section at the back. The tools offered included several socket sets, TuHex box-end wrenches in angled and offset configurations, and the original TuHex TuType combination wrenches. The Nob tools were a forerunner for the Bon-E-Con line of economy tools established in the 1950s.


TuHex 166 3/4 Combination Wrench

[TuHex 166 3/4x7/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 363. TuHex 166 3/4 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 363 shows a TuHex 166 3/4 combination wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." with "Alloy Steel" on the reverse. The overall length is 9.5 inches.

The finish is now plain steel, but may have been cadmium plating originally. (The 1938 catalog described the tools as having a plated finish, but didn't specify the type of plating, but cadmium would be the likely choice for an economy line.)


TuHex 176 3/8x7/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench

[TuHex 176 3/8x7/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 364. TuHex 176 3/8x7/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. Mid 1930s.

Fig. 364 shows a TuHex 176 3/8x7/16 short offset box-end wrench, stamped "TuHex" and "Made in U.S.A." on the front, with "Chrome-Vanadium Steel" and the fractional sizes on the reverse.

The overall length is 4.8 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


TuHex 178 5/8x11/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench

Our next figure was at first a "mystery wrench", as no company name or brand is marked. It was identified as a TuHex series wrench by its model number and specifications, and the design and construction conform with that seen in other Bonney wrenches.

[TuHex 178 5/8x11/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 365. TuHex 178 5/8x11/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Side View, ca. Mid 1930s.

Fig. 365 shows a TuHex 178 5/8x11/16 short offset box-end wrench, marked "Alloy Steel" in forged raised letters.

The overall length is 6.3 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The shank has a forged-in code "BM....." visible at the left, a characteristic marking usually present in Bonney production.


TuHex 180 3/8x7/16 Offset Box-End Wrench

[TuHex 180 3/8x7/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 366. TuHex 180 3/8x7/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. Mid 1930s.

Fig. 366 shows a TuHex 180 3/8x7/16 offset box-end wrench, stamped "TuHex" and "Made in U.S.A." on the front, with "Chrome-Vanadium Steel" and the fractional sizes on the reverse.

The overall length is 9.5 inches, and the finish appears to be nickel plating.


TuHex 182 5/8x11/16 Offset Box-End Wrench

[TuHex 182 5/8x11/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 367. TuHex 182 5/8x11/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1941.

Fig. 367 shows a TuHex 182 5/8x11/16 offset box-end wrench, marked with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the shank, with "182" and "Alloy Steel" forged into the reverse. The reverse shank is also marked with a forged-in code "AS....", visible at the left and shown as a close-up in the middle inset.

The overall length is 9.8 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

This wrench is not marked with the TuHex brand, but was identified by the model number and Bonney-style date code. The "S" year code indicates production in 1941.


TuHex 183 3/4x25/32 Offset Box-End Wrench

[TuHex 183 3/4x25/32 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 368. TuHex 183 3/4x25/32 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1935.

Fig. 368 shows a TuHex 183 3/4x25/32 offset box-end wrench, marked with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the shank, with "183" and "Alloy Steel" forged into the reverse. The reverse shank is also marked with a forged-in code "FM.xx" (or possibly "FN.xx"), visible at the left and shown as a close-up in the middle inset.

The overall length is 11.4 inches. The finish is plain steel with traces of cadmium plating.

This wrench is not marked with the TuHex brand, but was identified by the model number and Bonney-style date code. The "M" year code indicates production in 1935.


Bon-E-Con Economy Tools

In the 1950s Bonney established an economy line of tools with the brand name "Bon-E-Con". The tools had somewhat simplified designs and markings, and were given model numbers with a "Z" prefix. (The older Zenel tools sometimes had a "Z" prefix, but the base model numbers were different so that there were no number collisions.)

Bon-E-Con tools were sometimes marked with the brand name, but other times were marked only with the B-Hex logo, a design resembling a "B" in a hex outline. (Actually it was probably intended as an updated form of the older B-Shield logo.)


Bon-E-Con ZE2428 Open-End Wrench

[Bon-E-Con ZE2428 3/4x7/8 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 369. Bon-E-Con ZE2428 3/4x7/8 Open-End Wrench.

An example of the Bonney's economy line is shown in Fig. 369, a Bon-E-Con ZE2428 3/4x7/8 open-end wrench, marked "USA" with the B-Hex logo.

The overall length is 9.7 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished ends.


Bon-E-Con ZEB26 Combination Wrench

[Bon-E-Con ZEB26 13/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 370. Bon-E-Con ZEB26 13/16 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 370 shows a Bon-E-Con ZEB26 13/16 combination wrench, marked "USA" with the B-Hex logo.

The overall length is 10.2 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished ends.


Bon-E-Con ZEB28 Combination Wrench

[Bon-E-Con ZEB28 7/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 371. Bon-E-Con ZEB28 7/8 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 371 shows a Bon-E-Con ZEB28 7/8 combination wrench, marked "USA" with the B-Hex logo.

The overall length is 11.2 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished ends.

Bon-E-Con ZA700 1/2-Drive Ratchet

[Bon-E-Con ZA700 1/2-Drive Ratchet]
Fig. 372. Bon-E-Con ZA700 1/2-Drive Ratchet, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, 1951.

Fig. 372 shows a Bon-E-Con ZA700 1/2-drive ratchet, marked with "USA" forged into the handle, and with a forged-in code "LO...." on the reverse (see middle inset).

The overall length is 10.0 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

The "O" year code indicates production in 1951.

Bon-E-Con ZA707 1/2-Drive Ratchet

[Bon-E-Con ZA707 1/2-Drive Ratchet]
Fig. 373. Bon-E-Con ZA707 1/2-Drive Ratchet, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1957-1960.

Fig. 373 shows a Bon-E-Con ZA707 1/2-drive ratchet, marked "USA" and "Pat. Pend." with the B-Hex logo.

The overall length is 10.0 inches.

The ratchet mechanism is a bit unusual, as it uses a single triangle-shaped pawl held within a cavity, but not constrained by a pivot pin. A spring plunger attached to the shifter pushes the pawl into contact with the drive gear.

The pending status refers to patent #2,957,377, filed by T.G. Hare in 1957 and issued in 1960.

Bon-E-Con ZT700 3/8-Drive Ratchet

[Bon-E-Con ZT700 3/8-Drive Ratchet]
Fig. 374. Bon-E-Con ZT700 3/8-Drive Ratchet, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 374 shows a Bon-E-Con ZT700 3/8-drive ratchet, marked "USA" on the handle.

The overall length is 6.5 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

This ratchet appears to be a reworked version of the old model T35 ratchet.


References and Resources

Photographs and observations of particular tools are based on items in the Alloy Artifacts collection.


Catalog Coverage

Product information was obtained from a number of Bonney catalogs, as summarized in the table below.

Catalog No. Year Format Notes
25 1925 Half Shows CV line of wrenches. No sockets or drive tools. First listing of CV fixed-socket wrenches.
26 1926 Booklet Shows CV line of wrenches. No sockets or drive tools.
N/A 1927? Full First listing of CV right-angle (obstruction) wrenches. First listing of sockets and drive tools, 1/2-drive 4000 series only.
630 1930 Brochure Offers new No. 18 CV Ignition Set. Includes No. H set of heavy-duty sockets and drive tools.
33 1933 Full Full line of sockets. First listing of Zenel tools. Supplement for May 1933 lists Zenel combination wrenches.
134 1934 Half  
136 1936 Half Zenel box-end wrenches listed.
138 1938 Half  
139 1939 Half Bonaloy tools listed
39R 1939 Full Refrigeration specialty catalog. Bonaloy tools listed
140 1940 Half  
43 1943-1945 Full Many items temporarily discontinued due to wartime restrictions.
C-1 1947 Half Copyright 1947. Single-offset wrenches listed with Bonaloy steel.
C-1 1949? Half Later printing. Supplemental pages include "streamlined" style combination and open-end wrenches.
C-3 1950 Half Copyright 1950. Listings show "streamlined" style combination and open-end wrenches.
M-2 1954 Full Loose-leaf binder. Copyright 1950, but most pages updated to 1954.
57 1957 Full Factory in Alliance, Ohio. No reference to Bonaloy, CV, or Zenel alloy brands.
60-S 1960 Half  
63 1963 Full  

Bonney tools were sold through a number of industrial and automotive suppliers, and the catalogs of these companies may provide helpful product information.

  • The 1925-26 catalog from the Williams Hardware Company (not to be confused with J.H. Williams & Co.) lists Bonney CV open-end and tappet wrenches. The illustration shows the open-end wrenches marked "Chrome-Vanadium" with the B-Shield Logo.

  • The 1926 catalog "G" from the Ducommun Corporation three pages of Bonney tools, including open-end wrenches, tappet wrenches, and water pump packing wrenches.

  • The C.W. Marwedel catalog No. 12 of 1929 lists one page of Bonney tools, including a set of ignition wrenches and a selection of CV water pump packing nut wrenches, with models ranging from 1228 (7/8) up to 1272 (2-1/4).


Patents and Trademarks

Patent and trademark information was obtained from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) uspto.gov web site. Patent documents were obtained from web sites offering free downloads, notably freepatentsonline.com.


Feedback

If any readers have additional information about Bonney, please let us know via the "Contact Us" link on the home page. Your comments and suggestions are welcome as well.


Go To Page: << Prev   | 1 |   | 2 |   | 3 |   | 4 |   | 5 |   | 6 | 

Alloy Artifacts Home Text and Photographs Copyright © 2005-2012 Alloy Artifacts Site Index