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Pliers and Specialty Tools

Herbrand produced a wide variety of specialty tools for automotive applications.


31-7 Diagonal Cutters

The next two figures show examples of the Herbrand 31-7 diagonal cutters.

[Herbrand 31-7 7 Inch Diagonal Cutters]
Fig. 163. Herbrand 31-7 7 Inch Diagonal Cutters, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 163 shows an earlier pair of Herbrand 31-7 7 inch diagonal cutters, stamped "Herbrand" and "Fremont, O. U.S.A." around the pivot.

The overall length is 7.2 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


[Herbrand 31-7 7 Inch Diagonal Cutters]
Fig. 164. Herbrand 31-7 7 Inch Diagonal Cutters, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 164 shows a later pair of Herbrand 31-7 7 inch diagonal cutters, marked "USA" with the Herbrand name.

The overall length is 7.3 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


32-7 7 Inch Diagonal Cutters

[Herbrand 32-7 7 Inch Diagonal Cutters]
Fig. 165. Herbrand 32-7 7 Inch Diagonal Cutters.

Fig. 165 shows a pair of Herbrand 32-7 7 inch diagonal cutters, marked "Fremont, O. U.S.A." under the Herbrand name.

The overall length is 7.1 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

These pliers were listed in the 1941 and later catalogs, but not in the 1937 catalog. Although not marked with an indication of the alloy steel, the 1941 catalog states that these were made of nickel molybdenum steel.


34-8 8 Inch Combination Pliers

[Herbrand 34-8 8 Inch Combination Pliers]
Fig. 166. Herbrand 34-8 8 Inch Combination Pliers, with Inset for Side View, ca. 1950s.

Fig. 166 shows a pair of Herbrand 34-8 8 inch combination pliers, stamped "Fremont, Ohio" and "Made in U.S.A." near the pivot.

The overall length is 8.0 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

These pliers are easily recognized as Utica production by the distinctive "3-Diamonds" gripping pattern on the handles. A similar Utica model can be see as the Utica 511-10 Combination Pliers.


35-7 Slip-Joint Pliers

[Herbrand 35-7 Slip-Joint Pliers]
Fig. 167. Herbrand 35-7 Slip-Joint Pliers.

Fig. 167 shows a pair of Herbrand 35-7 slip-joint pliers, marked Fremont Ohio" and "Made in U.S.A." near the pivot.

The overall length is 7.8 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


36-6 6 Inch Needlenose Pliers

[Herbrand 36-6 6 Inch Needlenose Pliers]
Fig. 168. Herbrand 36-6 6 Inch Needlenose Pliers.

Fig. 168 shows a pair of Herbrand 36-6 6 inch needlenose pliers, marked "Herbrand USA" near the pivot.

The overall length is 6.3 inches, and the finish is black oxide.


37-6 6 Inch Needlenose Pliers with Side Cutters

[Herbrand 37-6 6 Inch Needlenose Pliers]
Fig. 169. Herbrand 37-6 6 Inch Needlenose Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 169 shows a pair of Herbrand 37-6 6 inch needlenose pliers with side cutters, stamped "Herbrand" and "Fremont, O. USA" around the pivot.

The overall length is 6.2 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


158 Fender-Bolt Specialty Pliers

[Herbrand 158 Fender-Bolt Pliers]
Fig. 170. Herbrand 158 Fender-Bolt Pliers, with Insets for Jaw Construction, ca. 1930s to 1940s.

Fig. 170 shows a pair of Herbrand 158 fender-bolt specialty pliers, stamped with "Van-Chrome" and the model number on the upper handle, with "Made in U.S.A." on the lower handle.

The overall length is 11.0 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

These pliers were designed for holding fender bolts with slotted heads, with the screwdriver blade held in place by the curved arms.


161 Chain Repair Pliers

[Herbrand 161 Chain Repair Pliers]
Fig. 171. Herbrand 161 Chain Repair Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail, 1931.

Fig. 171 shows a pair of Herbrand 161 chain repair pliers, stamped "Fremont, O." and "Since 1881" with the Herbrand script logo near the pivot. The pliers are also marked with "Chrome Alloy" on one handle, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse (see lower inset).

The overall length is 10.7 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

The uncommon "Since 1881" marking is believed to indicate production in 1931, the 50th anniversary year for Herbrand.


166 "Multi Grip" 10 Inch Waterpump Pliers

[Herbrand 166 Multi Grip 10 Inch Waterpump Pliers]
Fig. 172. Herbrand 166 "Multi Grip" 10 Inch Waterpump Pliers.

Fig. 172 shows a pair of Herbrand 166 10 inch waterpump pliers, marked "Van-Chrome" and "Multi Grip" with the Herbrand script logo.

The overall length is 9.8 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


166-1/2 "Multi Grip" 10 Inch Waterpump Pliers

[Herbrand 166-1/2 Multi Grip 10 Inch Waterpump Pliers]
Fig. 173. Herbrand 166-1/2 "Multi Grip" 10 Inch Waterpump Pliers, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 173 shows a pair of Herbrand 166-1/2 waterpump pliers, stamped "Multi Grip" with the Herbrand script logo, with "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse. (The inset has been rotated for readability.)

The overall length is 9.5 inches closed and 10.0 inches fully extended. The finish is nickel plating.

The model 166-1/2 waterpump pliers provided six adjustment positions to fit a wider range of pump nut sizes.


167 "Multigrip Midget" 4.5 Inch Ignition Pliers

[Herbrand 167 Multigrip Midget 4.5 Inch Ignition Pliers]
Fig. 174. Herbrand 167 "Multigrip Midget" 4.5 Inch Ignition Pliers, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 174 shows a pair of Herbrand 167 4.5 inch ignition pliers, stamped "Multigrip Midget" and "Van-Chrome", with "Patent Pending" on the reverse. (The inset has been rotated for readability.)

The overall length is 4.6 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

The patent corresponding to the pending status has not yet been identified.


173 Valve Stem Wrench

Our next figure shows an unusual tool for servicing the valve stem lock nuts on certain early tires.

[Herbrand 173 11/16x3/4 Valve Stem Wrench]
Fig. 175. Herbrand 173 11/16x3/4 Valve Stem Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 175 at the left shows a Herbrand 173 11/16x3/4 valve stem wrench, marked "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the front, with "For Use on Valve Stem Nuts Only" on the reverse.

The overall length is 6.5 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

Although this wrench is similar to a flare-nut wrench, the wrench heads are tapered on both sides.


175 Hose Clamp Pliers

[Herbrand 175 Hose Clamp Pliers]
Fig. 176. Herbrand 175 Hose Clamp Pliers.

Fig. 176 at the left shows a pair of Herbrand 175 hose clamp pliers, marked "U.S.A." near the pivot.

The overall length is 9.0 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.


177 Battery Terminal Pliers

[Herbrand 177 Battery Terminal Pliers]
Fig. 177. Herbrand 177 Battery Terminal Pliers, with Insets for Top View and Reverse Detail, ca. 1942-1945.

Fig. 177 shows a pair of Herbrand 177 battery terminal lifter pliers, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the lower handle, with an "8742" code forged into the reverse (see right inset).

The overall length is 10.7 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

The left inset shows a view from the top, looking down the nose of the pliers. In operation, the prongs of the lower jaw were placed under the battery terminal, with the upper jaw arm resting on top of the battery stud. Then as the handles are closed, the battery terminal is lifted off of the post.

Although not marked with a patent notice, these pliers are covered by patent #1,678,313, filed by R.L.S. Atkinson in 1925 and issued in 1928.


178 "Multi-Duty" Compound Leverage Pliers

[Herbrand 178 Multi-Duty 178 Compound Leverage Pliers]
Fig. 178. Herbrand 178 "Multi Duty" Compound Leverage Pliers, with Inset for Side View, 1931.

Fig. 178 shows a pair of Herbrand 178 "Multi Duty" compound leverage pliers, stamped "Multi Duty" and "Fremont Since 1881" with the Herbrand script logo on the upper handle, with the model number and "Van-Chrome" on the lower jaw. The pliers are also stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse (not shown).

The overall length is 8.9 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


179 Battery Pliers

[Herbrand 179 Battery Pliers]
Fig. 179. Herbrand 179 Battery Pliers.

Fig. 179 shows a pair of Herbrand 179 battery pliers, marked "Chrome-Alloy" with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 8.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

The extensive corrosion and pitting is typical for tools of this type, due to the frequent contact with battery acid.


182 Short Brake Spring Pliers

The next figures show two examples of the Herbrand No. 182 short brake spring pliers.

[Herbrand No. 182 Brake Spring Pliers]
Fig. 180. Herbrand No. 182 Brake Spring Pliers.

Fig. 180 shows a pair of Herbrand No. 182 short brake spring pliers, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on one handle.

The overall length is 8.4 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

[Herbrand No. 182 Brake Spring Pliers]
Fig. 181. Herbrand No. 182 Brake Spring Pliers, with Insets for Reverse Detail, ca. 1942-1945.

Fig. 181 shows another very similar pair of short brake spring pliers, easily recognized as the Herbrand No. 182 model, but marked only with the stamped "Made in U.S.A." on one handle, and with a forged-in "8742" code on the reverse.

The overall length is 8.5 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

The upper inset shows the "8742" code forged into the reverse side, indicating the use of AISI 8742 steel, an alloy of nickel, chromium, and molybdenum.

Also of interest is the indistinct marking in the lower inset, which appears to be "1340", a reference to AISI 1340 carbon steel. The "1340" marking appears to have been partially removed by grinding, suggesting that a forging die was remade to change the alloy specification.

The missing company name marking and cadmium finish suggest that this tool was made for a military contract during the 1942-1945 wartime era.


183 Brake Spring Pliers

[Herbrand 183 Brake Spring Pliers]
Fig. 182. Herbrand 183 Brake Spring Pliers, with Inset for Marking Detail.

Fig. 182 shows a pair of Herbrand No. 183 brake spring pliers, stamped "Fremont, O. U.S.A." and "Van-Chrome" on one jaw (see inset).

The overall length is 14.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


185 Parallel-Jaw Lock-Ring Pliers

[Herbrand No. 185 Parallel-Jaw Lock-Ring Pliers]
Fig. 183. Herbrand No. 185 Parallel-Jaw Lock-Ring Pliers.

Fig. 183 shows a pair of Herbrand No. 185 parallel-jaw lock-ring pliers, stamped "USA" with the Herbrand script logo.

The overall length is 10.0 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

Pliers of this type were intended primarily for removing the horseshoe-shaped locking clips used on some brake systems, although other applications are possible as well.


186 Horseshoe Lock-Ring Pliers

[Herbrand 186 Horseshoe Lockring Pliers]
Fig. 184. Herbrand 186 Horseshoe Lock-Ring Pliers.

Fig. 184 shows a pair of Herbrand No. 186 lockring pliers, stamped "Made in U.S.A." near the pivot.

The overall length is 7.8 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

These pliers were intended primarily for removing the horseshoe-shaped locking clips used on some brake systems, although other applications are possible as well. (The working tips of these pliers have been modified somewhat for some other purpose.)


188 Brake Spring Pliers

[Herbrand No. 188 Brake Spring Pliers]
Fig. 185. Herbrand No. 188 Brake Spring Pliers.

Fig. 185 shows a pair of Herbrand No. 188 brake spring pliers stamped "Made in U.S.A." below the name and model number.

The overall length is 10.9 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

According to the 1937 catalog, the No. 188 pliers were designed for removing the tension lock-washers on Huck brakes, used on Chevrolet models in 1936 and later. These pliers remained in production for a number of years, and were still available in the 1960 catalog.

The 1937 catalog includes a "Patent Applied For" notice in the description for these pliers, but the corresponding patent (if issued) has not been found.


193 Drain Plug Wrench

[Herbrand 193 Drain Plug Wrench]
Fig. 186. Herbrand 193 Drain Plug Wrench.

Fig. 186 shows a Herbrand 193 drain plug wrench, marked "Van Chrome" with the Herbrand script logo, and with "Made in U.S.A." stamped in the shank.

The overall length is 8.2 inches.


194 Drain Plug Wrench

[Herbrand 194 Drain Plug Wrench]
Fig. 187. Herbrand 194 Drain Plug Wrench.

Fig. 187 shows the complementary drain plug wrench, the Herbrand 194 with hex and double-square broachings. The wrench is stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the shaft, and the overall length is 9.2 inches.

This wrench features two hex openings, each stepped to provide two sizes, plus three 8-point openings.


195 3/16x1/4 Brake Wrench

[Herbrand 195 3/16x1/4 Brake Wrench]
Fig. 188. Herbrand 195 3/16x1/4 Brake Wrench, with Insets for Reverse and Side.

Fig. 188 shows a Herbrand 195 brake wrench, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the shank, with "Brake Eccentric Wrench" on the reverse.

The overall length is 5.5 inches.

The slotted openings have sizes 3/16x1/4. The 1937 catalog lists this tool for adjusting Bendix internal brakes.


242 15/16x1-1/16 Long Open-End Wrench for Brake Applications

[Herbrand 242 15/16x1-1/16 Long Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 189. Herbrand 242 15/16x1-1/16 Long Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 189 shows a Herbrand 242 15/16x1-1/16 long open-end wrench for brake applications, stamped "Herbrand" and "Van-Chrome" on the shank, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 16.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

This wrench is listed in the Herbrand catalog 46-M from around 1933, where it is described as an "Extra Long" wrench for servicing anchor nuts on Bendix (and other) mechanical brakes.


255 Offset Single-Box Wrench

[Herbrand 255 7/16 Offset Box Wrench]
Fig. 190. Herbrand 255 Offset Box Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 190 shows a Herbrand 255 7/16 offset box wrench, marked "Made in USA" on the shank.

The overall length is 12.7 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


270 Brake Wrench

[Herbrand 270 1/4x3/8 Brake Wrench]
Fig. 191. Herbrand 270 1/4x5/16 Brake Wrench.

Fig. 191 shows another brake specialty tool, a Herbrand 270 1/4x3/8 hex socket wrench marked "U.S.A." on the shank.

The overall length is 6.6 inches, and the finish is nickel plate.

This tool was designed as a brake bleeder wrench, and the hex sockets have a hole drilled to allow air and brake fluid to escape.

This tool is listed in a 1966 Herbrand catalog, but not in the 1960 catalog, so it was apparently developed at a later point. Herbrand was known to recycle its model numbers on occasion, and their catalogs from the 1930s and 1940s have model 270 assigned to a brake pedal depresser.


272 "Steeldraulic" Pliers

During the late 1920s and early 1930s, the "Steeldraulic" brand of mechanical brakes were used on several makes of automobiles, for example the Hupmobile. These brakes had an adjustment mechanism in an awkward position, and required a special type of pliers to make the adjustment.

[Herbrand 272 Steeldraulic Pliers]
Fig. 192. Herbrand 272 Steeldraulic Pliers.

Fig. 192 shows a pair of Herbrand No. 272 "Steeldraulic" pliers, marked "Van-Chrome" on the handle. The overall length is 5.3 inches.

The pliers have a heavy nickel plating, with a satin finish on the handles and polished in the jaw area.

A number of other companies also made Steeldraulic pliers, all similar in the design of the jaws (as required by the application), but with some variation in the handles. Some examples include the Blackhawk 2581 Pliers, Bonney 2581 Pliers, Duro-Chrome 2120 Pliers, Utica 516 Pliers, and Vacuum Grip No. 14 Pliers.


276 Battery Wrench

[Herbrand 276 9/16x5/8 Battery Wrench]
Fig. 193. Herbrand 276 9/16x5/8 Battery Wrench.

Fig. 193 shows a Herbrand 276 9/16x5/8 battery wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." on the panelled handle.

The overall length is 5.5 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.


290 Clutch Drain Plug Wrench

[Herbrand 290 Clutch Drain Plug Wrench]
Fig. 194. Herbrand 290 Clutch Drain Plug Wrench, with Insets for Construction and Marking Detail, ca. Mid 1930s.

Fig. 194 shows a Herbrand 290 clutch drain plug wrench, stamped "Herbrand" and "Clutch Drain Wrench" on the shank.

The overall length is 7.6 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

The 1935 Herbrand catalog 48-M lists this tool for Hudson and Essex service in the 1932 and 1933 model years, and also recommends it for Plymouth transmission plugs. The nominal sizes of the plugs are specified as 5/16 square and 7/16 hex, although the square plug on this example measured a little oversize at 0.33 inches.


301 Brake Spoons

The next figures show examples of the Herbrand 301 brake adjusting spoon.

[Herbrand 301 Brake Spoon]
Fig. 195. Herbrand 301 Brake Spoon, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail.

Fig. 195 shows a earlier Herbrand 301 brake spoon, stamped "Brake Tool" and "Made in U.S.A." with "Chrome-Alloy" on the reverse.

The overall length is 7.4 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

[Herbrand 301 Brake Spoon]
Fig. 196. Herbrand 301 Brake Spoon, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 196 shows a later example of the Herbrand 301 brake spoon, stamped "Made in USA" on the shank.

The overall length is 7.5 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


No. 1936 Starter & Manifold Half-Moon Box Wrenches

Herbrand offered several models of double-box wrenches with a half-moon or elbow shape, typically designed for servicing starter or manifold nuts, or other operations in tight places. The next several figures show examples of these wrenches.

[Herbrand No. 1936 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Wrench]
Fig. 197. Herbrand No. 1936 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 197 shows a Herbrand No. 1936 9/16x5/8 half-moon wrench, marked "Starter & Manifold" with "Made in U.S.A." and "Van-Chrome" on the reverse.

The overall length is 7.8 inches.

[Herbrand No. 1936 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Wrench]
Fig. 198. Herbrand No. 1936 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1942-1945.

Fig. 198 shows another example of the Herbrand No. 1936 half-moon wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." with "8742" forged into the reverse (see inset).

The overall length is 7.8 inches, and the finish is plain steel with traces of cadmium plating.

The inset shows the "8742" code forged into the reverse side, indicating the use of AISI 8742 steel. This steel is a triple alloy of nickel, chromium, and molybdenum, but with no vanadium, and Herbrand has accordingly omitted the Van-Chrome trademark.


No. 1940 Half-Moon Wrenches

[Herbrand Van-Chrome No. 1940 5/8x3/4 Half-Moon Wrench]
Fig. 199. Herbrand "Van-Chrome" No. 1940 5/8x3/4 Half-Moon Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 199 shows another example of the half-moon style, a Herbrand No. 1940 5/8x3/4 half-moon box wrench with raised panels. The shank is stamped "Herbrand" and "Van-Chrome" on the front, with "Made in U.S.A." and the model number on the reverse. (The markings are difficult to read due to the extensive pitting.)

The overall length is 7.4 inches. The original finish was probably nickel plating, but all traces have been lost due to extensive rust and pitting.

[Herbrand No. 1940 5/8x3/4 Half-Moon Wrench]
Fig. 200. Herbrand No. 1940 5/8x3/4 Half-Moon Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 200 shows another Herbrand No. 1940 5/8x3/4 half-moon box wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the raised panel, and with the number "8742" forged into the reverse side.

The overall length is 7.5 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished panels and ends.

The inset shows the marking "8742" forged into the reverse side, indicating the use of AISI 8742 steel. This steel is a triple alloy of nickel, chromium, and molybdenum, but with no vanadium in use, Herbrand has omitted the Van-Chrome trademark.


2146 Chrysler Starter & Manifold 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Box Wrench

[Herbrand 2146 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Box Wrench]
Fig. 201. Herbrand 2146 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Box Wrench.

Fig. 201 shows a Herbrand 2146 9/16x5/8 half-moon box wrench, marked "Van Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." with the Herbrand name in script.

The overall length is 7.0 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished ends and faces.

The 1937 Herbrand catalog lists this tool for starter and manifold service on "late-model Chrysler" automobiles. It remained in production for a number of years, at least through 1954.


2410 1-1/4x1-7/16 Specialty Box-End Wrench

[Herbrand 2410 1-1/4x1-7/16 Specialty Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 202. Herbrand 2410 1-1/4x1-7/16 Specialty Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Marking Detail, 1934.

Fig. 202 shows a Herbrand 2410 1-1/4x1-7/16 specialty box-end wrench, stamped "Herbrand" and "Van Chrome" on the shank, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse. The shank also has a forged-in code "DZ." on the left, shown as a close-up in the left inset.

The overall length is 20.2 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

The 1937 Herbrand catalog lists this as a "Knuckle Support Yoke Wrench" for Buick and Oldsmobile service. The catalog description explains the work performed by this tool, then concludes with the statement "Ordinary wrenches are useless."

The forged-in code "DZ." is actually a Bonney Date Code, indicating that this tool was made for Herbrand by Bonney. The "Z" year code in the Bonney date code system indicates production in 1934.


1937 Chevrolet Main Bearing 5/8x3/4 Socket Wrench

Our next example is a specialty socket wrench intended for Chevrolet main bearing service.

[Herbrand 1937 5/8x3/4 Main Bearing Socket Wrench]
Fig. 203. Herbrand 1937 5/8x3/4 Main Bearing Socket Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Detail.

Fig. 203 shows a Herbrand 1937 5/8x3/4 double socket wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." and "Van-Chrome" on the shank, with "Chevrolet Main Bearing" on the reverse.

The overall length is 14.8 inches. The finish is nickel plating with polished ends, though now worn and darkened by rust.

The side view of the wrench in the top inset shows the angled socket ends, providing clearance for its intended application. The sockets have 12-point broachings.


2331 Ford Main Bearing 9/16x3/4 Socket Wrench

Previously we saw a specialty socket wrench for Chevrolet main bearing service, and this next figure illustrates the equivalent tool for Ford service.

[Herbrand 2331 9/16x3/4 Main Bearing Socket Wrench]
Fig. 204. Herbrand 2331 9/16x3/4 Main Bearing Socket Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Detail.

Fig. 204 shows a Herbrand 2331 9/16x3/4 double socket wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." and "Van-Chrome" on the shank, with "9/16 SQ Ford Main Bearing 3/4 HEX" on the reverse.

The overall length is 15.2 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.

The 9/16 socket has an 8-point broaching to service square nuts, and the 3/4 end has a 12-point broaching.


2333 Ford Brake 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Box Wrench

[Herbrand 2333 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Box Wrench]
Fig. 205. Herbrand 2333 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Box Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Marking for Detail.

Fig. 205 shows a Herbrand 2333 7/16x1/2 double-square (8-point) box wrench for Ford brake applications, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on one side, with "7/16 SQ. Ford Brakes 1/2 SQ." on the reverse.

The overall length is 11.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

Brake wrenches with 7/16 and 1/2 8-point openings were standard for Ford applications. Similar tools made by other manufacturers include the Duro-Chrome 268 Brake Wrench.


2333V V-8 Ford Brake 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Box Wrenches

The next two figures show examples of the Herbrand 2333V specialty box-end wrench, designed for V-8 Ford brake applications.

[Herbrand 2333V 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Box Wrench]
Fig. 206. Herbrand 2333V 7/16x1/2 Double-Square Box Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail.

Fig. 206 at the left shows a Herbrand 2333V 7/16x1/2 8-point box wrench with a stepped flat shank, stamped "Van-Chrome" and "Made in U.S.A." on the shank.

The overall length is 14.5 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

The top inset shows the stepped offsets in the shank, designed for better obstacle clearance in the V-8 Ford models. Brake wrenches with 7/16 and 1/2 inch 8-point openings were standard for Ford applications, but the addition of the stepped offsets made this wrench especially suitable for V-8 Fords.

[Herbrand 2333V 7/16x1/2 8-Point Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 207. Herbrand 2333V 7/16x1/2 8-Point Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Marking Detail.

Fig. 207 shows another Herbrand 2333V 8-point brake wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the shank.

The overall length is 15.0 inches. The wrench has a dull plated finish, which according to the 1937 catalog is a satin nickel finish. (Herbrand continued to use nickel plated finishes after most other tool companies had switched to chrome over nickel.)


2373 Drain Plug Box Wrench

[Herbrand 2373 2 Inch Drain Plug Box Wrench]
Fig. 208. Herbrand 2373 2 Inch Drain Plug Box Wrench.

Fig. 208 shows a Herbrand 2373 drain plug wrench with a 2 inch opening, designed to service the crankcase drain plug on 1939 Ford and Lincoln automobiles. The shank is marked "Van-Chrome" and "Fremont, O. U.S.A." on a raised panel.

The overall length is 11.2 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.


2375 3/8-Drive 1/2 Distributor Wrench

[Herbrand 2375 3/8-Drive 1/2 Distributor Wrench]
Fig. 209. Herbrand 2375 3/8-Drive 1/2 Distributor Wrench, with Inset for Broaching.

Fig. 209 shows a 3/8-drive Herbrand 2375 1/2 distributor wrench, marked "Made in U.S.A." on the shaft.

The overall length is 8.3 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


2376 3/8-Drive 9/16 Distributor Wrench

[Herbrand 2376 3/8-Drive 9/16 Distributor Wrench]
Fig. 210. Herbrand 2376 3/8-Drive 9/16 Distributor Wrench, with Insets for Detail.

Fig. 210 shows a 3/8-drive Herbrand 2376 9/16 distributor wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the shaft.

The overall length is 9.6 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


820 1/2-Drive Stud Extractor

Stud extractors are specialty tools for removing broken studs, or for installing a new stud. There are several different designs for stud pullers in common use, of which the eccentric cam is probably the most common.

[Herbrand 820 1/2-Drive Stud Puller]
Fig. 211. Herbrand 820 1/2-Drive Stud Puller, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 211 shows a 1/2-drive Herbrand 820 stud extractor of the eccentric cam type, marked "Van-Chrome" with the Herbrand name in script.

The diameter of the body is 2.0 inches and the overall height is 2.1 inches. The finish is nickel plating.

The body is equipped with two holes for the stud with diameters of 0.50 and 0.75 inches. To use the extractor, the stud to be removed (or installed) is inserted in the appropriate hole, with the cam moved to one side. The cam is then driven with a ratchet or breaker bar, and the eccentric pivot means that the cam will grip tighter as more force is applied.


832 Two-Jaw Gear Puller

Herbrand produced a variety of gear pullers and related specialty tools, including bar pullers, two- and three-jaw models, hub pullers, and presses.

[Herbrand 832 Two-Jaw Gear Puller]
Fig. 212. Herbrand 832 Two-Jaw Gear Puller, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 212 shows a Herbrand 832 two-jaw gear puller, marked "U.S.A." with the Herbrand name in script. The overall length (exclusive of the pressure screw) is 4.1 inches.

The design of this puller is based on the classic patent #1,709,913, issued to R.A. Kaplan of OTC, and acknowledged in the Herbrand catalog.

The inset shows the reverse side of the connecting bar, with the rotating notched steel plate used to secure the pins. Typically this style of puller uses nuts and bolts to secure the jaws, but the notched plate provides a quick and convenient mechanism.


840 Reversible Three-Jaw Gear Puller

[Herbrand 840 Reversible Three-Jaw Gear Puller]
Fig. 213. Herbrand 840 Reversible Three-Jaw Gear Puller.

Fig. 213 shows another Herbrand gear puller, a Herbrand 840 three-jaw puller with reversible jaws. The puller is marked with the Herbrand script logo and "U.S.A." on one of the connecting links.

The length of the pressure screw is 6.6 inches, and the length of the jaws is 4.9 inches.

As with the previous figure, this puller is based on the classic patent #1,709,913, issued to R.A. Kaplan of OTC and noted in the Herbrand catalog.

The reversible jaws provide a choice of a wide or narrow gripping surface, with the puller configured for the narrow end in the photograph. The jaws can also be turned over to grip on the inside edge if needed.


S-60 1/2-Drive Narrow-Sweep Torque Adapter

[Herbrand S-60 1/2-Drive 5/8 Narrow-Sweep Torque Adapter]
Fig. 214. Herbrand S-60 1/2-Drive 5/8 Narrow-Sweep Torque Adapter, with Insets for Side View and Broaching.

Fig. 214 shows a 1/2-drive Herbrand S-60 5/8 narrow-sweep torque adapter, marked "Made in U.S.A." with the "Van-Chrome" trademark.

The overall length is 6.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

The 1941 Herbrand catalogs lists this tool for Buick head-bolt applications, along with the corresponding S-63 wide-sweep model. (See next figure.) Other models were listed for Chevrolet service applications.


S-63 1/2-Drive Wide-Sweep Torque Adapter

[Herbrand S-63 1/2-Drive 5/8 Wide-Sweep Torque Adapter]
Fig. 215. Herbrand S-63 1/2-Drive 5/8 Wide-Sweep Torque Adapter, ca. 1941.

Fig. 215 shows a 1/2-drive Herbrand S-63 5/8 wide-sweep torque adapter, marked "Made in U.S.A." with the "Van-Chrome" trademark.

The overall length is 5.9 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

This tool and the similar S-60 model (see figure above) were listed in the 1941 Herbrand catalog for Buick head-bolt applciations.


VL-530 Valve Lock Installer

[Herbrand VL-530 Valve Lock Installer]
Fig. 216. Herbrand VL-530 Valve Lock Installer, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 216 shows a Herbrand VL-530 valve lock installer, stamped "Fremont, Ohio" and "Made in U.S.A." with the Herbrand script logo, and with a "Pat. No. 2,091,500" patent notice.

The overall length is 8.4 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

The design of this tool is described by patent #2,091,500, filed by I.J. Clark in 1936 and issued in 1937.


VL-540 Valve Lifter

[Herbrand VL-540 Valve Lifter]
Fig. 217. Herbrand VL-540 Valve Lifter, with Inset for Top View.

Fig. 217 shows a Herbrand VL-540 valve lifter, stamped "Fremont, Ohio" and "Made in U.S.A." with the Herbrand script logo, and with a "Pat. No. 2,119,128" patent notice.

The overall length is 9.2 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

The design of this tool is described by patent #2,119,128, issued to I.J. Clark in 1938.

Hammers and Striking Tools


BP-16 Ballpeen Hammer

[Herbrand BP-16 Ballpeen Hammer]
Fig. 218. Herbrand BP-16 Ballpeen Hammer, with Insets for Head Detail.

Fig. 218 shows a Herbrand BP-16 ballpeen hammer, marked "Made in U.S.A." with the Herbrand script logo.

The length of the head is 4.0 inches, and the overall length is 14.2 inches.


406 1 Inch Flat Chisel

[Herbrand 406 1 Inch Flat Chisel]
Fig. 219. Herbrand 406 1 Inch Flat Chisel.

Fig. 219 shows a Herbrand 406 1 inch flat chisel, marked "Made in U.S.A." with the Herbrand script logo.

The overall length is 7.0 inches.


Outsourced Production


Adjustable Wrenches

Although Herbrand produced a variety of adjustable "auto" wrenches and bicycle wrenches in its earlier years, the company didn't offer Crescent-style adjustable wrenches until about 1940. The illustrations in the 1941 catalog show adjustable wrenches with raised panels on the shank, closely resembling the Utica production of this time period. In addition, the catalog description notes the better grip on square nuts made possible by the square opening of the wrench, instead of the more common hexagonal opening. Based on these features we have identified Utica as the contract producer of the Herbrand wrenches.


Early 21-6 6 Inch Adjustable Wrench

[Herbrand Early 21-6 6 Inch Adjustable Wrench]
Fig. 220. Herbrand Early 21-6 6 Inch Adjustable Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. 1941.

Fig. 220 shows an early Herbrand 21-6 6 inch adjustable wrench with web-like raised panels, stamped "Herbrand" and "Fremont, Ohio" on the front panel with the model number on the reverse panel. The shank also has forged-in markings "Alloy Steel" on the front with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 6.4 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

This wrench closely resembles the Utica production as illustrated by the Utica No. 91-10 Adjustable Wrench. Similar models produced by Utica for other customers include the Bonney BW8 Adjustable Wrench and the Plomb 708 Adjustable Wrench.


21-4 4 Inch Adjustable Wrench

[Herbrand 21-4 4 Inch Adjustable Wrench]
Fig. 221. Herbrand 21-4 4 Inch Adjustable Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 221 shows a Herbrand 21-4 4 inch adjustable wrench, stamped "Herbrand" with the model and "Made in U.S.A." on one side, with "4 In." and "Drop-Forged-Alloy" on the reverse.

The overall length is 4.2 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


21-8 8 Inch Adjustable Wrenches

The next two figures show examples of the 21-8 adjustable wrench model.

[Herbrand 21-8 8 Inch Adjustable Wrench]
Fig. 222. Herbrand 21-8 8 Inch Adjustable Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 222 shows a Herbrand 21-8 8 inch adjustable wrench, stamped "Herbrand" with the model and "Made in U.S.A." on one side, with "8 In." and "Drop-Forged-Alloy" on the reverse.

The overall length is 8.0 inches.

[Herbrand 21-8 8 Inch Adjustable Wrench]
Fig. 223. Herbrand 21-8 8 Inch Adjustable Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 223 shows another Herbrand 21-8 8 inch adjustable wrench but with a chrome-plated finish. The shank is stamped "Herbrand" with the model and "Made in U.S.A." on one side, with "8 In." and "Drop-Forged-Alloy" on the reverse.

The overall length is 8.0 inches and the maximum opening is 1.1 inches. The head thickness was measured at 0.44 inches.

The finish is chrome plating.


21-10 10 Inch Adjustable Wrench

[Herbrand 21-10 10 Inch Adjustable Wrench]
Fig. 224. Herbrand 21-10 10 Inch Adjustable Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 224 shows a Herbrand 21-10 10 inch adjustable wrench, stamped "Herbrand" with the model and "Made in U.S.A." on one side, with "10 In." and "Drop-Forged-Alloy" on the reverse.

The overall length is 10.0 inches.


21-12 12 Inch Adjustable Wrench

[Herbrand 21-12 12 Inch Adjustable Wrench]
Fig. 225. Herbrand 21-12 12 Inch Adjustable Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 225 shows a Herbrand 21-12 12 inch adjustable wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the handle, with "12 In." and "Drop-Forged-Alloy" on the reverse (not shown).

The overall length is 12.2 inches, and the maximum opening is 1.4 inches. The maximum head thickness was measured at 0.71 inches.

The finish is cadmium plating.


Economy Tools: The Vi-Chrome Line

During the 1950s a number of tool manufacturers experimented with second brands of economy tools. Examples include the Bonney Bon-E-Con line, the Fleet and Challenger lines from Penens (part of the Proto empire), and the Tru-Fit brand from S-K/Lectrolite.

Herbrand also introduced an economy line under the Vi-Chrome brand, and we'll look at some examples of these tools in this section.


Vi-Chrome 26800 3/8-Drive Ratchet

[Vi-Chrome 26800 3/8-Drive Ratchet]
Fig. 226. Vi-Chrome 26800 3/8-Drive Ratchet, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 226 at the left shows a 3/8-drive Vi-Chrome 26800 ratchet, marked "USA" on the shank.

The overall length is 7.2 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


Vi-Chrome 12020 Combination Wrench

The next several figures show examples of combination wrenches marked with the Vi-Chrome brand, but easily recognizable as Vlchek production.

[Vi-Chrome 12020 5/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 227. Vi-Chrome 12020 5/8 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 227 shows a Vi-Chrome 12020 5/8 combination wrench, stamped "U.S.A." on the shank. A forged-in number "15" can also be seen on the shank at the left.

The overall length is 8.2 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.

Readers familiar with our Vlchek article should immediately recognize this wrench as an example of Vlchek production. The narrow oval shank, rounded edges on the box end, and forged-in number are all characterisitic of Vlchek. (See for example the Vlchek WBE24 Combination Wrench.)


Vi-Chrome 12022 Combination Wrench

[Vi-Chrome 12022 11/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 228. Vi-Chrome 12022 11/16 Combination Wrench.

Fig. 228 shows a Vi-Chrome 12022 11/16 combination wrench, stamped "U.S.A." on the shank. A forged-in number "12" can also be seen on the shank at the left.

The overall length is 8.9 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


Vi-Chrome 12024 Combination Wrench

[Vi-Chrome 12024 3/4 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 229. Vi-Chrome 12024 3/4 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 229 shows a Vi-Chrome 12024 3/4 combination wrench, stamped "U.S.A." on the shank. A forged-in number "14" can also be seen on the shank at the left.

The overall length is 9.7 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


Vi-Chrome 12028 Combination Wrench

[Vi-Chrome 12028 7/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 230. Vi-Chrome 12028 7/8 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 230 shows a Vi-Chrome 12028 7/8 combination wrench, stamped "U.S.A." on the shank. A forged-in number "4" can also be seen on the shank at the left.

The overall length is 11.4 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


Contract Production

Herbrand had large production facilities and probably did contract production work for a number of customers. Some contract production was marked simply with the H-Diamond logo without a specific brand, but in other cases the tools were marked with another company's brand name.


Chromium Vanadium

In the early 1930s Herbrand tools were sold through Western Auto catalogs under the Herbrand name, and the catalog descriptions specifically mention the brands Van-Chrome and MultiHex. During this period Western Auto frequently used the term "Chromium Vanadium" as a brand name for their alloy-steel tools, and at least some of the Herbrand production for Western Auto was marked with this brand.

It's worth noting here that the "Chromium Vanadium" marking was also used extensively by Duro Metal Products, perhaps initially for their Western Auto contract production, but later for their own tools as well. Duro and Herbrand each had specific production characteristics, but in some cases there may be some uncertainty as to the maker of a particular tool.

Western Auto later developed a "ChromeXQuality" brand, and Herbrand was chosen as a supplier some of those tools as well, as will be seen in the next section.


Chromium Vanadium 1/2x9/16 Short Box-End Wrench

[Chromium Vanadium 1/2x9/16 Short Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 231. Chromium Vanadium 1/2x9/16 Short Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 231 shows a 1/2x9/16 box-end wrench marked "Chromium Vanadium" with the fractional sizes. The overall length is 4.6 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.

This wrench closely resembles the Herbrand 6725-B Multihex Wrench shown earlier in this article.


Chromium Vanadium 5/8x11/16 Short Box-End Wrench

[Chromium Vanadium 5/8x11/16 Short Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 232. Chromium Vanadium 5/8x11/16 Short Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 232 shows a similar example, a 5/8x11/16 box-end wrench marked "Chromium Vanadium" with the fractional sizes.

The overall length is 5.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished ends.

This wrench is very similar to the Herbrand 6727A Multihex Wrench shown earlier, and the figure below shows a side-by-side comparison of the two wrenches.


[Comparison of Herbrand 6727A (Bottom) and Chromium Vanadium 5/8x11/16 (Top) Wrenches]
Fig. 233. Comparison of Herbrand 6727A Box Wrench (Bottom) with
Chromium Vanadium 5/8x11/16 Box Wrench (Top).

Fig. 233 at the left shows a comparison between the Herbrand 6727A wrench on the bottom and the present 5/8x11/16 Chromium Vanadium wrench on the top. As the photograph illustrates, the design and construction are very similar, with the Herbrand 6727A having a slightly more refined finish. (The edges of the Chromium Vanadium wrench still show some trimming marks.)


ChromeXQuality

Western Auto had sold Herbrand tools through its catalogs since the early 1930s, and the early catalog descriptions specifically mention the brands Van-Chrome and MultiHex. Around 1936 Western Auto developed a private brand for tools called "ChromeXQuality", and Herbrand was chosen as a supplier for at least some of the items, as the figures below will show.

The other major suppliers for the ChromeXQuality line were Duro Metal Products and Vlchek Tool, and information on their tools can be found in the sections on Duro and Vlchek contract production.


ChromeXQuality 9/16 Combination Wrench

[ChromeXQuality 9/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 234A. ChromeXQuality 9/16 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1936-1939.

Fig. 234A shows a ChromeXQuality 9/16 combination wrench with depressed panels, stamped with "Chrome X Quality" on the front, with "Chromium Vanadium" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 6.0 inches.

The distinctive design marks this as Herbrand production, and the dimensions are virtually identical to the Herbrand 1218 "Multitype" Wrench shown in another figure.


ChromeXQuality 11/16 Combination Wrench

[ChromeXQuality 11/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 234B. ChromeXQuality 11/16 Combination Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. 1936-1939.

Fig. 234B shows a ChromeXQuality 11/16 combination wrench with depressed panels, stamped with "Chrome X Quality" on the front, with "Chromium Vanadium" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 7.1 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

The distinctive design marks this as Herbrand production, and the dimensions are virtually identical to the Herbrand 1222 "Multitype" Wrench shown in another figure.


ChromeXQuality 1/2x9/16 Box-End Wrench

[ChromeXQuality 1/2x9/16 Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 235. ChromeXQuality 1/2x9/16 Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail, ca. 1936-1939.

Fig. 235 shows a ChromeXQuality 1/2x9/16 box-end wrench, stamped "Chromium Vanadium" on the reverse.

The overall length is 8.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

This wrench has a distinctive angular shank of nearly the same thickness as the box end, the characteristics of the Herbrand "Angular Multihex" wrench series. An example can be seen in the Herbrand 5731-A Angular Multihex Wrench.


ChromeXQuality 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Box Wrench

[ChromeXQuality 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Box Wrench]
Fig. 236. ChromeXQuality 9/16x5/8 Half-Moon Box Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. 1936-1939.

Fig. 236 shows a ChromeXQuality 9/16x5/8 half-moon box wrench for starter and manifold applications. The wrench is stamped with "Made in U.S.A." and "Chromium Vanadium" on the shank, with "ChromeXQuality" on the reverse.

The overall length is 7.8 inches.

This wrench closely resembles the Herbrand 1936 Starter & Manifold Wrench shown in a previous figure. The 1937 Western Auto catalog offered the ChromeXQuality model for a $0.57 net price.


ChromeXQuality Tappet Wrench

[ChromeXQuality 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 237. ChromeXQuality 1/2x9/16 Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. 1936-1939.

Fig. 237 shows a ChromeXQuality 1/2x9/16 tappet wrench marked "Chromium Vanadium" on the reverse. The overall length is 7.9 inches, and the finish is plated chrome.

This dimensions of this wrench match very closely to those of the Herbrand H-2 tappet wrench shown above.


ChromeXQuality V-8 Ford Brake Wrench

[ChromeXQuality 7/16x1/2 8-Point V-8 Ford Brake Wrench]
Fig. 238. ChromeXQuality 7/16x1/2 8-Point V-8 Ford Brake Wrench, with Inset for Reverse, ca. 1936-1939.

Fig. 238 shows a ChromeXQuality 7/16x1/2 8-point brake wrench for V-8 Ford applications, marked "Chromium Vanadium" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse. The overall length is 14.4 inches.

The finish is plated chrome.

This brake wrench has the same distinctive design as the Herbrand 2333V brake wrench shown in a previous figure.


ChromeXQuality Battery Pliers

[ChromeXQuality Battery Pliers]
Fig. 239. ChromeXQuality Battery Pliers, ca. Late 1930s.

Fig. 239 shows a pair of ChromeXQuality battery pliers, marked "Made in U.S.A." and "Chromium Vanadium".

The overall length is 8.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

These pliers are nearly identical to the Herbrand 179 Battery Pliers shown above, with closely matching dimensions and curves in the handles.


ChromeXQuality Waterpump Pliers

[ChromeXQuality Waterpump Pliers]
Fig. 240. ChromeXQuality Waterpump Pliers, with Inset for Reverse Detail, ca. Late 1930s.

Fig. 240 shows a pair of ChromeXQuality waterpump pliers, stamped "Chromium Vanadium" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length (fully extended) is 10.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating.

These pliers are very similar to the Herbrand 166 "Multigrip" Pliers shown in an earlier figure.


Riverside

Riverside was a registered trademark of Montgomery Ward and was used for various automobile-related items, including hand tools. Herbrand has recently been identified as one of their tool suppliers, based on the close similarity of the Riverside-marked tool shown below with the Herbrand equivalent.

Another known supplier for the Riverside brand was Duro Metal Products, and some examples of their tools can be seen on our page for Duro Contract Production.


Riverside 1/2x9/16 Offset Box-End Wrench

[Riverside 1/2x9/16 Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 241. Riverside 1/2x9/16 Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 241 shows a Riverside 1/2x9/16 offset box-end wrench, marked "Chromium Vanadium" on the reverse.

The overall length is 5.6 inches.

The wrench is very similar in dimension and construction to the Herbrand 4725B Wrench shown above.


Riverside 9/16x5/8 S-Shaped Box-End Wrench

[Riverside 9/16x5/8 S-Shaped Box Wrench]
Fig. 242. Riverside 9/16x5/8 S-Shaped Box Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 242 shows a Riverside 9/16x5/8 S-shaped box-end wrench, marked "Chromium Vanadium" on the reverse.

The overall length is 8.0 inches.


Truth Tool

During the 1930s Herbrand produced some specialty wrenches for Truth Tool, in particular the 18xx series of obstruction wrenches for brake service. Currently we don't have any examples of these tools to display, but the catalog illustrations closely resemble the Herbrand tools, and the description mentions the "Obstructo" brand name used by Herbrand.


References and Resources

Photographs and observations of particular tools are based on items in the Alloy Artifacts collection.

Herbrand is mentioned briefly in American Wrench Makers 1830-1930, 2nd Edition by Kenneth L. Cope (Astragal Press, 2002), cited as AWM2e in the text.

Information on particular steels was obtained from Machinery's Handbook, Revised 21st Edition, published in 1979 (and many other editions) by Industrial Press Inc. (New York). This tome of 2,400+ pages is a standard reference for machinists, mechanical engineers, and anyone needing information on machine shop practice.


Catalog Coverage

Product information was obtained from a number of Herbrand catalogs, as summarized in the table below.

Catalog Year Format Notes
N/A 1929 Full Loose-leaf catalog sheets. Shows Van-Chrome H-series tappet and open-end wrenches. Trademark registration pending.
46-M 1933? Half Rare catalog. Insert page with "Multitype" combination wrenches. Full line of hot-forged sockets with reversible ratchet.
47-M 1934 Half Rare catalog. Shows full line of hot-forged sockets. Reversible ratchet available.
48-M 1935 Half Rare catalog.
50-M 1937 Mini  
51 1939 Full  
52-M 1941 Mini  
54-MS 1948 Mini  
55 1954 Full  
V-20001959 Full Vi-Chrome economy tool line
56M 1960 Full  
66 1966 Full Herbrand now a division of Kelsey-Hayes

Herbrand product information was also found in catalogs from various automotive tools distributors.

  • The 1922 catalog No. 11 from the C.W. Marwedel Company, an industrial supplier, lists a Herbrand "Vest Pocket Adjustable Wrench" on page 323. The wrench resembles a Billings Model A bicycle wrench, and was priced at just $0.50, compared with $1.65 for the Billings wrench. (The catalog may have more listings for Herbrand, but doesn't include a manufacturer's index.)

  • A 1924 Beckley-Ralston catalog shows Herbrand tappet wrenches, not mentioned by name but identified by the model numbers H-1 through H-4.

  • The 1932 and 1933 Western Auto catalogs list a number of Herbrand products by name, in some cases showing the Herbrand script, and mentioning the Van-Chrome and Multihex brands. Herbrand remained as a supplier to Western Auto for their ChromeXQuality brand.

  • More surprisingly, a 1935-1936 catalog for Thorsen Tools devotes almost half of its pages to listings of Herbrand products, clearly showing the Herbrand script and Van-Chrome logos. (It appears that Thorsen at this time was as much a tool retailer as manufacturer.)


Patents and Trademarks

Patent and trademark information was obtained from the U.S. Patents and Trademarks Office (USPTO) web site at uspto.gov. Patent documents were obtained from sites offering free downloads, notably freepatentsonline.com.


Feedback

If any readers have additional information about Herbrand, please let us know via the "Contact Us" link on the home page. Your comments and suggestions are welcome as well.


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