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Wrenches and Other Tools


Walden-Worcester 982 13/16x7/8 Tappet Wrench

[Walden-Worcester 982 13/16x7/8 Tappet Wrench]
Fig. 128. Walden-Worcester 982 13/16x7/8 Tappet Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 128 shows a Walden 982 13/16x7/8 tappet wrench, marked "Walden Worcester" in forged raised letters on the shank, with "Chrome-Alloy" forged on the reverse. One face is stamped with "Made in U.S.A." and a code resembling a backwards "Z", likely a date code.

The overall length is 9.0 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.

The backwards "Z" code on the face probably indicates the manufacturing date, but we do not yet have the decoder ring for these codes.


Walden-Worcester 1723 3/8x7/16 Open-End Wrench

[Walden 1723 3/8x7/16 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 129. Walden 1723 3/8x7/16 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 129 shows a Walden 1723 3/8x7/16 open-end wrench, marked with the "Walden Worcester" logo forged into the shank, with "Chrome-Alloy" on the reverse. The faces are stamped with the model number and "Made in U.S.A.", though the markings are difficult to read.

The overall length is 5.5 inches. The original finish appears to have been nickel plating, but most has been lost due to rust.


Walden-Worcester 1725 7/16x1/2 Open-End Wrench

[Walden 1725 7/16x1/2 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 130. Walden 1725 7/16x1/2 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 130 shows a Walden 1725 7/16x1/2 open-end wrench, marked with "Walden Worcester" forged into the shank and "Chrome-Alloy" on the reverse, and with "Made in U.S.A." stamped on one face.

The overall length is 5.5 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.


Walden-Worcester 1727 9/16x5/8 Open-End Wrench

[Walden 1727 9/16x5/8 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 131. Walden 1727 9/16x5/8 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 131 shows a Walden 1727 9/16x5/8 open-end wrench, stamped "Made in U.S.A." on the face with a reversed "Z" date code below. The shank is marked with "Walden Worcester" forged into the front, with "Chrome-Alloy" on the reverse,

The overall length is 7.0 inches. The finish appears to be nickel plating, but with extensive losses due to wear.


Walden-Worcester 1027A 5/8x11/16 Open-End Wrench

[Walden 1027A 5/8x11/16 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 132. Walden 1027A 5/8x11/16 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 132 shows a Walden 1027A 5/8x11/16 open-end wrench, with "Walden Worcester" forged into the shank and "Chrome-Alloy" on the reverse. One face is stamped "Made in U.S.A." with a small reversed "F" date code.

The overall length is 7.5 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.


Walden-Worcester 1729 Open-End Wrench

[Walden 1729 5/8x3/4 Open-End Wrench]
Fig. 133. Walden 1729 5/8x3/4 Open-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 133 shows a Walden 1729 5/8x3/4 open-end wrench, marked "Walden Worcester" in forged raised letters, with "Chrome-Alloy" on the reverse. The faces are stamped with the model number at one end and "Made in U.S.A." at the other, though both are difficult to read due to the pitted surface.

The overall length is 7.5 inches. The finish is chrome plating, with some loss due to rust.


Walden-Worcester 485 Short Offset Box-End Wrench

[Walden 485 1/2x9/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 134. Walden 485 1/2x9/16 Short Offset Box Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 134 shows a Walden 485 1/2x9/16 short offset box wrench, marked "Walden Worcester" in forged raised letters, with "Chrome Alloy" and "Made in USA" forged on the reverse.

The overall length is 5.6 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


Walden-Worcester 486 Short Offset Box-End Wrench

[Walden 486 5/8x11/16 Short Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 135. Walden 486 5/8x11/16 Short Offset Box Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 135 shows a Walden 486 5/8x11/16 short offset box wrench, marked "Walden Worcester" in forged raised letters, with "Chrome Alloy" and "Made in USA" forged on the reverse.

The overall length is 6.2 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


Walden-Worcester 2114 "Boxtite" 7/16 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench

Walden-Worcester was one of several companies to produce box-end wrenches in a single-offset configuration, a style popular in the late 1920s through 1930s. (The other companies included Blackhawk, Bonney, Snap-On, and Williams, so it was a good group to join.) These wrenches offered two openings of the same size, with one end straight and the other offset.

[Walden 2114 7/16 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 136. Walden 2114 7/16 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Our first example of this style is shown in Fig. 136 at the left, a Walden 2114 7/16 single-offset box wrench with 12-point broachings. The wrench is marked "Walden-Worcester" in forged raised letters, with "Chrome-Alloy" and "Made in U.S.A." forged on the reverse.

The overall length is 5.6 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating. (This was the standard finish, according to the Sligo catalog.)

The 1930 Sligo catalog lists these as "Walden Boxtite Wrenches", the only known reference to that name.

The side view shows the design of the offset box, with an elongated and tapered form almost like a socket. The Boxtite single-offset wrenches were available in sizes ranging from model 2112 (3/8) up to 2132 (1 inch).

Examples of the single-offset wrench style from other makers include the Blackhawk 2720 Wrench, Blue Point X-16 Wrench, Bonney 2818 Wrench, and Williams 8140 Wrench.


Walden-Worcester 2118 "Boxtite" 9/16 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench

[Walden 2118 9/16 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 137. Walden 2118 9/16 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 137 at the left shows a Walden 2118 9/16 single-offset box wrench, marked "Walden Worcester" in raised letters, with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 7.8 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


Walden-Worcester 2120 "Boxtite" 5/8 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench

[Walden 2120 5/8 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 138. Walden 2120 5/8 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 138 shows a Walden 2120 5/8 single-offset box wrench, marked with "Walden Worcester" forged into the shank, with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the reverse.

The overall length is 8.6 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.


Walden-Worcester 2122 "Boxtite" 11/16 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench

[Walden 2122 11/16 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 139. Walden 2122 11/16 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 139 shows a Walden 2122 11/16 single-offset box wrench, marked with "Walden Worcester" forged into the shank, with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the reverse.

The overall length is 9.2 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.


Walden-Worcester 2124 "Boxtite" 3/4 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench

[Walden 2124 3/4 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 140. Walden 2124 3/4 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 140 shows a Walden 2124 3/4 single-offset box wrench, marked with "Walden Worcester" forged into the shank, with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the reverse.

The overall length is 10.0 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.


Walden-Worcester 2128 "Boxtite" 7/8 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench

[Walden 2128 7/8 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 141. Walden 2128 7/8 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench, with Insets for Side View and Reverse Detail.

Fig. 141 shows a Walden 2128 7/8 single-offset box wrench, marked with "Walden Worcester" forged into the shank, with "Made in U.S.A." forged into the reverse.

The overall length is 11.2 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.


Stevens-Walden 2112 "Boxtite" 3/8 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench

[Walden 2112 3/8 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 142. Walden 2112 3/8 Single-Offset Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Our final example of the single-offset style is shown in Fig. 142, a Walden 2112 3/8 single-offset box wrench, marked "Stevens Walden Worcester" in forged raised letters.

The overall length is 5.0 inches, and the finish is plain steel.

Stevens & Company merged with Walden-Worcester in 1926, but the companies continued to mark their products separately for some years after that. The Stevens marking on this wrench indicates that is likely more recent than the previous example.


Walden-Worcester 3807 Flex-Box Wrench

[Walden 3807 9/16x5/8 Flex-Box Wrench]
Fig. 143. Walden 3807 9/16x5/8 Flex-Box Wrench, with Inset for Broaching.

Fig. 143 shows a Walden 3807 9/16x5/8 flex-box wrench, marked "Walden-Worcester" with "Chrome Alloy" and "Made in U.S.A.", although some markings have been obscured by grinding.

The overall length is 8.1 inches.

The shank shows a small mark resembling a "t" that is presumed to be a date code, but the interpretation is not yet known.

Flex-box wrenches were made by a number of manufacturers. An early example is the Herbrand 6827 Flex-Box Wrench shown on our page for Herbrand.


Combination Wrenches

The next several figures show examples of early Walden combination wrenches, featuring a distinctive Walden-Worcester logo with an extended "W" in raised letters.


Walden-Worcester 2150 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2150 3/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 144. Walden 2150 3/8 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 144 shows a Walden 2150 3/8 combination wrench, marked "Walden Worcester" with "Chrome-Alloy" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 5.0 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.


Walden-Worcester 2153 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2153 9/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 145. Walden 2153 9/16 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 145 shows a Walden 2153 9/16 combination wrench, marked "Walden Worcester" with "Chrome-Alloy" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 6.8 inches, and the finish is nickel plating with polished faces.


Walden-Worcester 2154 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2154 5/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 146. Walden 2154 5/8 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 146 shows a Walden 2154 5/8 combination wrench, marked "Walden Worcester" with "Chrome-Alloy" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse. The overall length is 7.7 inches.

This example is finished in a heavy nickel plate.


Walden-Worcester 2155 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2155 11/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 147. Walden 2155 11/16 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

The overall length is 8.7 inches.


Walden-Worcester 2156 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2156 3/4 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 148. Walden 2156 3/4 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

The overall length is 9.5 inches.

The finish is plain steel, with no evidence of a prior plated finish.


Walden-Worcester 2157 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2157 7/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 149. Walden 2157 7/8 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 149 shows a Walden 2157 7/8 combination wrench, marked with the "Walden Worcester" logo forged into the shank, with "Chrome-Alloy" and "Made in U.S.A." forged into the reverse. The reverse face (not shown) is stamped with the 2157 model number.

The overall length is 10.9 inches, and the finish is plain steel.


Walden-Worcester 2159 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2159 1 Inch Combination Wrench]
Fig. 150. Walden 2159 1 Inch Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

The overall length is 11.9 inches, and the finish is heavy nickel plate with polished faces.


Walden-Worcester 2161 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2161 1-1/8 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 151. Walden 2161 1-1/8 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Reverse Detail.

Fig. 151 shows a Walden 2161 1-1/8 combination wrench marked "Walden Worcester" in forged raised letters, with "Chrome-Alloy" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 14.0 inches, and the finish is heavy nickel plate with polished faces.


Walden-Worcester 2162 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2162 1-1/4 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 152. Walden 2162 1-1/4 Combination Wrench, with Insets for Side view and Reverse Detail.

Our largest example in this series is shown in Fig. 152, a Walden 2162 1-1/4 combination wrench marked "Walden Worcester" in forged raised letters, with "Chrome-Alloy" and "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 15.0 inches, and the finish is heavy nickel plate with polished faces.


Specialty Tools


Walden-Worcester 459 Ford Brake Wrench

[Walden 459 7/16x1/2 8-Point Box-End Wrench]
Fig. 153. Walden 459 7/16x1/2 8-Point Ford Brake Box-End Wrench, with Inset for Reverse.

Walden 369 Water Pump Pliers

[Walden 369 Wate Pump Pliers]
Fig. 154. Walden 369 Water Pump Pliers.

Fig. 154 shows a pair of Walden 369 water pump pliers, stamped "Walden-Worcester" and "Made in U.S.A." on one handle, with "Chrome Alloy" and "Water Pump Wrench" on the other.

The overall length is 10.6 inches, and the finish is chrome plating.


Stevens Walden T-615 Chain Repair Pliers

[Stevens Walden T-615 Chain Repair Pliers]
Fig. 155. Stevens Walden T-615 Chain Repair Pliers, with Insets for Side View and Marking Detail.

Fig. 155 shows a pair of Stevens Walden T-615 chain repair pliers, stamped "Stevens Walden Worcester" and "Made in U.S.A." near the pivot.

The overall length is 7.0 inches. The original finish was nickel plating, but much has been lost due to rust.

Pliers of this style were used for opening and closing the links in tire chains when making repairs.

Although not marked with a patent notice, these pliers are covered by patent #1,338,804, issued to D.C. Woodworth in 1920. Another example of these pliers can be seen as the E.T. Company Chain Repair Pliers.


Walden-Worcester 867 Refrigeration Ratchet

[Walden 867 1/4-Drive Refrigeration Ratchet]
Fig. 156. Walden 867 1/4-Drive Refrigeration Ratchet, with Inset for Reverse.

Fig. 156 shows a Walden-Worcester 867 1/4-drive refrigeration ratchet, marked "Walden-Worcester" with "Made in U.S.A." on the reverse.

The overall length is 6.0 inches, and the finish is cadmium plating.

Refrigeration ratchets typically include several additional wrench openings in the handle, and this tool has openings for 7/32 square, 1/4 square, and 1/2 hex.


Modern Production


Walden 2122 Combination Wrench

[Walden 2122 11/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 157. Walden 2122 11/16 Combination Wrench, with Inset for Side View.

Fig. 157 shows a Walden 2122 11/16 combination wrench marked with just the company name, model, and fractional size.

The overall length is 9.0 inches, and the finish is plain steel with polished ends.


Walden 2156A Combination Wrench

In its later years Walden apparently found it advantageous to use contract manufacturers for some items that had previously been made in-house. The next figure shows an example of a combination wrench clearly made by Vlchek, but marked for Walden.

[Walden 2156A 13/16 Combination Wrench]
Fig. 158. Walden 2156A 13/16 Combination Wrench.

In Fig. 158 we see a Walden 2156A 13/16 combination wrench, with "U.S.A." and "Alloy" stamped on the shank.

The overall length is 10.5 inches, and the finish is chrome plating with polished ends.


References and Resources

Photographs and observations of particular tools are based on items in the Alloy Artifacts collection.

The Walden Manufacturing Company and Walden-Worcester are mentioned briefly in American Wrench Makers 1830-1930, 2nd Edition by Kenneth Cope (Astragal Press, 2002). The text includes a helpful list of patent dates used for various Walden tools.


Catalog Coverage

Product information for Walden tools was obtained from a limited selection of the company's own catalogs, supplemented by listings in various industrial and automotive supplier catalogs.

Catalog Year Format Prices Notes
C 1923 Half Yes Lists fixed-socket wrenches for servicing various brands of automobiles. Interchangeable sockets in 1/2-drive only.
No. 263 1928? Half Yes Includes listings of Stevens tools. Sockets and drive tools in 1/2, 3/4, and 1 inch (hex) drive.
N/A 1957 Full Yes Full line of sockets and drive tools.
N/A 1962 Brochure No Socket sets.

Walden tools were available from a number of automotive and industrial supply catalogs, and some examples of these publications are listed below.

  • Central Auto Supply 1916. A 1916 catalog from Central Automobile Supply (Des Moines, IA) lists a modest number of Walden fixed socket wrenches. Interestingly, the socket wrenches didn't have model numbers at this point, but instead had codes such as "OFF" for offset (see the Walden 2524), "SST" for a short Tee (see the Walden 2620), "LST" for a long Tee (see the Walden 2718), and so on.

  • Cray Brothers 1916. A 1916 catalog from Cray Brothers (Cleveland, Ohio) lists a three pages of Walden tools, including fixed socket wrenches, pressed-steel socket sets, and valve grinding tools. The socket sets listed included the No.4 and No. 6 sets, and fixed socket wrenches included the 1620, 3240, 3648, and 5810. The valve grinding tools listed were the VG2 brace and VG3 hand tool.

  • General Sales 1918. The 1918 catalog No. 18 from the General Sales Company, a Detroit-based dealer of automobile supplies, lists several pages of Walden tools, including socket sets and fixed socket wrenches. The socket sets illustrated are the No. 4, No. 6, and No. 12 "Combination Socket Wrench Sets".

  • Chandler & Farquhar 1919. The 1919 catalog from Chandler & Farquhar, an industrial distributor, lists one page of Walden fixed socket wrenches. The tools include the 25xx offset wrenches, 26xx short T-handle wrenches, 27xx long T-handle wrenches, 60xx speed wrenches, and a DGB series of brace socket wrenches.

  • C.W. Marwedel Catalog No. 11. The 1922 catalog No. 11 from the C.W. Marwedel Company, an industrial supplier, includes five pages of Walden tools. Of particular interest is the listing of the early 1/2-drive interchangeable socket sets, which shows the 1xx and 2xx socket series, the 11xx drive tools, and the contents of complete socket sets. Fixed socket wrenches and speeders are offered as well.

  • Ducommun Catalog "F". The 1924 catalog "F" from the Ducommun Corporation, a west-coast industrial supplier, lists a variety of Walden tools on pages 263 through 276. The listings include interchangeable sockets and drive tools and a fairly complete selection of fixed socket wrenches. Especially notable is the inclusion of the 15xx series of brace socket wrenches, currently our only catalog reference for this interesting tool.

  • Dunham, Carrigan Catalog No. 73. The 1925 catalog No. 73 from the Dunham, Carrigan & Hayden Company includes extensive listings of Walden tools on pages 1474 through 1494. Most notable was an illustration of the No. 1100 merchandising cabinet, offering "Chrome Nickel Interchangeable Sockets Handle Parts", one of the earliest references to alloy steel sockets. The catalog listings include socket sets, sockets and drive tools, and what must be a nearly complete listing of Walden's socket wrench and speeder wrench tools.

  • Williams Hardware 1925-1926. The Williams Hardware Company (not to be confused with J.H. Williams & Co.) catalog for 1925-1926 includes six pages of Walden tools, including fixed socket wrenches, rim wrenches, and interchangeable socket sets. In addition, it shows a huge cross-reference table giving the recommended Walden tool for each of various service jobs (rows) on 47 brands of automobiles (columns)!

  • C.W. Marwedel Catalog No. 12. The C.W. Marwedel catalog No. 12 of 1929 lists seven pages of Walden and Stevens tools, including socket sets, Spintite wrenches, and fixed socket tools. The socket sets include No. 16-R, 25-R, 26-R, 27-R, 28-R, and No. 500, the latter of 1 inch hex drive. Also shown are 1/2-drive sockets in the 1xx 4-point, 2xx 6-point, and 8xx 12-point series, and the OR916 ratchet.

  • Sligo Iron Store Catalog No. 70. The 1930 catalog No. 70 from the Sligo Iron Store Company lists four pages of Walden tools, including socket sets in 1/2-drive, 5/8-drive, and 1-inch hex drive. The catalog also lists individual sockets and drive tools, and shows the Walden "Boxtite" single-offset box wrenches.


Patent and Trademark Information

Patent information was obtained from the U.S. Patents and Trademarks Office (USPTO) web site at uspto.gov. Patent documents were obtained from sites offering free downloads, notably freepatentsonline.com.


Feedback

If any readers have additional information regarding Walden-Worcester or its tools, please let us know via the "Contact Us" link on the home page. Your comments and suggestions are welcome as well.


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