Favorite 100 Nonfiction Books in Translation
Published in English Since 1900

CounterPunch is a bi-weekly muckraking newsletter edited by Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair. In 2001 the editors compiled a list of their favorite 100 books of nonfiction first published in English in the 20th century. A year later they prepared this list noting that since the first list generated much commentary and debate they prepared this list of nonfiction books in translation published in English since 1900. "The titles are presented here in alphabetic order by author. In general, the rule was only one title per author. But we made two exceptions: for Foucault and Freud. Also some will note the inclusion of several books (I Ching, Marx, Kraft-Ebing) that were written prior to 1900. But our interest here is when they were published in English." There are actually 138 titles in this list.


Roald Amundsen The South Pole: An Account of the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1912
Antonin Artaud Theater and Its Double
Theodor Adorno Minima Moralia: Reflections from a Damaged Life
Philippe Aries The Hour of Our Death
Eric Auerbach Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature
Gaston Bachelard The Poetics of Space
Roland Barthes Mythologies
Georges Bataille Eroticism: Death and Sensuality
Hanna Batatu  The Egyptian, Syrian, and Iraqi Revolutions: Some Observations on Their Underlying Causes and Social Character
Andre Bazin Orson Welles: A Critical View
Walter Benjamin Illuminations
Black Elk Black Elk Speaks
Marc Bloch Feudal Society
Franz Boas Chinook Texts
Jorge Luis Borges Other Inquisitions
Fernand Braudel The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II
Bertolt Brecht The Development of an Aesthetic
Andre Breton Manifestoes of Surrealism
Abbe Henri Breuil The Evolution of Rock Art in the Caves of France
Luis Bunuel My Last Sigh
Walter Burkert Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth
Roger Caillois Man, Play and Games
Cornelius Castoriadis Political and Social Writings
Alexander V. Chayanov Theory of Peasant Economy
Le Corbusier Towards a New Architecture
Curnonsky Traditional French Cooking
Euclides da Cunha Rebellion in the Backlands
Salavador Dali The Secret Life of Salvador Dali
Simone de Beauvoir The Second Sex
Guy Debord The Society of the Spectacle
Jacques Derrida Of Grammatology
Marcel Detienne Gardens of Adonis: Spices in Greek Mythology
Rene Dumont Stranglehold on Africa
Emile Durkheim Suicide: A Study in Sociology
Sergei Eisenstein Film Form
Mircea Eliaade The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion
Norbert Elias The Civilizing Process
Frantz Fanon The Wretched of the Earth
Hassan Fathy Architecture for the Poor: An Experiment in Rural Egypt
Elie Faure History of Art
Michel Foucault Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
Michel Foucault The History of Sexuality: An Introduction
Anne Frank The Diary of a Young Girl
Paulo Freire Pedagogy of the Oppressed
Sigmund Freud The Psychopathology of Everyday Life
Sigmund Freud Three Essays in the Theory of Sexuality
Karl von Frisch The Dancing Bees: An Account of the Life and Senses of the Honey Bee
Birute Galdikas Reflections of Eden: My Years with the Orangutans of Borneo
Eduardo Galeano Memory of Fire
Mohandas Gandhi Gandhi: An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth
Vo Nguyen Giap How We Won the War
Andre Gide Travels in the Congo
Sigfried Giedion Mechanization Takes Command
P.V. Glob The Bog People: Iron Age Man Preserved
Andre Gorz Capitalism, Socialism, Ecology
Serge Guilbaut How New York Stole the Idea of Modern Art
Ernst Hans Gombrich Art and Illusion
Antonio Gramsci Prison Notebooks
Ernesto "Che" Guevera Episodes of the Cuban Revolutionary War, 1956-58
Gustavo Gutierrez A Theology of Liberation: History, Politics and Salvation
Heinrich Harrer Seven Years in Tibet
Arnold Hauser The Social History of Art
Martin Heidegger Being and Time
Thor Heyerdahl Kon-Tiki
Max Horkheimer & Theodor Adorno The Dialectic of Enlightenment
Johan Huizinga Autumn of the Middle Ages
Luce Irigary This Sex Which Is Not One
Teiji Itoh The Gardens of Japan
Hans Jonas The Gnostic Religion
Carl Jung (Introduction) I Ching 
Carl Jung Memories, Dreams, Reflections
Alain Danielou (Translator) Kama-Sutra: Complete and Unexpurgated Translation
Lilikala Kame'Eleihiwa Kamapua'a: The Hawai'ian Pig-God
Jan Kott Shakespeare Our Contemporary
Richard von Krafft-Ebing Psychopathia Sexualis
Petr Kropotkin The Conquest of Bread
Emmanuel Le Roi Ladurie Montaillou: The Promised Land of Error
Vladimir Lenin The State and Revolution
Georges Lefebvre The Coming of the French Revolution
Henri Lefebvre Critique of Everyday Life
Miguel Leon-Portilla The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico
Claude Levi-Strauss Tristes Tropiques
Carlo Levi Christ Stopped at Eboli: The Story of a Year
Primo Levi The Periodic Table
El Lissitsky Russia: An Architecture for World Revolution
Adolf Loos Ornament and Crime
Konrad Lorenz Man Meets Dog
Georg Lukacs History and Class Consciousness
Patrice Lumumba Lumumba Speaks: The Speaches and Writings of Patrice Lumumba
Rosa Luxemburg Luxenburg Speaks
Alma Mahler-Werfel The Diaries
Samuel Manaiakalani Kamakau The Works of the People of Old: Na Hana a Ka Po'E Kahiko
Mao Tse-Tung On Guerilla Warfare
Subcomandante Marcos Shadows of Tender Fury: The Letters and Communiques of Subcomandante Marcos and the Zapista Army of National Liberation
Karl Marx The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
Marcel Mauss The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies
Rigoberta Menchu I, Rigobeta Menchu: An Indian Woman in Guatemala
Maurice Merleau Ponty Sense and Non-Sense
Dmitry Svyatopolk Mirsky A History of Russian Literature: From Its beginnings to 1900
Miyamoto Musashi The Book of Five Rings
Arne Naess Ecology, Community and Lifestyle: Outline of an Ecosophy
Franz Neuman Behemoth: The Structure and Practice of National Socialism, 1933-44
Kenzaburo Oe Hiroshima Notes
Erwin Panofsky Perspective As Symbolic Form
Vilfredo Pareto The Mind and Society
Pele My Life and the Beautiful Game
Vladimir Aioakovlevich Propp Morphology of the Folktale
Wilhelm Reich Character Analysis
Jean Renoir Renoir, My Father
Alain Robbe-Grillet For a New Novel
Nawal el Saadawi Memoirs from the Women's Prison
Marquis de Sade Letters from Prison
Jean-Paul Sartre War Diaries: Notebooks from a Phony War, 1939-40
Ferdinand de Saussure Course in General Linguistics
Gershom Gerhard Scholem Sabbatai Sevi: The Mystical Messiah
Gaynor Sekimori (Translator) Hibakusha: Accounts by Survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Victor Serge Memoirs of a Revolutionary
Sei Shonagon Pillow Book of Sei Shonagon
Georg Simmel The Philosophy of Money
Peter Sloterdijk Critique of Cynical Reason
Georges Sorel Reflections on Violence
Konstantin Stanislavski An Actor Prepares
N.N. Sukhanov The Russian Revolution, 1917
D.T. Suzuki Zen Buddhism
Dennis Tedlock (Translator) Popol Vuh: The Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life
Robert Thurman (Translator) Tibetan Book of the Dead
Niko Tinbergen Curious Naturalists
Ernst Troeltsch The Social Teachings of the Christian Churches
Francois Truffaut The Films in My Life
Vincent Van Gogh The Complete Letters
Immanuel Velikovsky Worlds in Collision
Paul Veyne The Roman Empire
Franz Werfel The Forty Days of Musa Dagh
Max Weber The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
Karl August Wittfogel Oriental Despotism: A Comparative Study of Total Power
Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophical Investigations
Peter Wollen (Editor) On the Passage of a Few People Through a Rather Brief Moment in Time: Situationist International, 1957-1972
Stefan Zweig A World of Yesterday