In Essays of an Information Scientist (Vol. 10, 1987), Eugene Garfield reported the findings of a quantitative analysis of cited works in the Arts & Humanities index. He noted that "Our list of 50 publications ... differs  in a few important ways from any other great-books list. For one, the selection of these titles is rooted in quantitative analysis (number of citations), rather than in personal subjective criteria. (I soften that distinction by reminding readers that citations reflect the subjective choices of those citing the work; the point is that the mechanism of our selection was objective.) To my knowledge, quantitative analysis played little part in the compilation of previous lists." The 50 titles listed in the following table are sorted in order of most-frequently-cited.


1 T.S. Kuhn The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 1962
2 J. Joyce Ulysses. 1922
3 N. Frye Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. 1957
4 L. Wittgenstein Philosophical Investigations
5 N. Chomsky Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. 1965
6 M. Foucault The Order of Things. 1966
7 J. Derrida Of Grammatology
8 R. Barthes S/Z. 1970
9 M. Heidegger Being and Time. 1927
10 E.R. Curtius European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages. 1948
11 H-G Gardmer Truth and Method. 1960
12 J. Rawls A Theory of Justice. 1971
13 J. Joyce Finnegan's Wake. 1939
14 J.R. Searle Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. 1969
15 J. Culler Structuralist Poetics: Structuralism, Linguistics, and the Study of Literature. 1975
16 G. Genette Figures. 1966
17 N. Chomsky & M. Halle The Sound Pattern of English. 1968
18 T.S. Eliot The Waste Land. 1922
19 J.L. Austin How to Do Things with Words. 1962
20 W.V.O. Quine Word and Object. 1960
21 M. Proust Remembrance of Things Past. 1914
22 L. Wittgenstein Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. 1922
23 J. Joyce A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. 1916
24 W.C. Booth The Rhetoric of Fiction. 1961
25 C. Levi-Strauss Structural Anthropology. 1958
26 S. Freud The Interpretation of Dreams. 1900
27 V.Y. Propp Morphology of the Folktale. 1928
28 F.D. Saussure Course in General Linguistics. 1915
29 J-P, Sartre Being and Nothingness. 1943
30 S.A. Kripke "Naming and Necessity" 1972
31 E. Benveniste Problems in General Linguistics. 1966
32 K.R. Popper Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. 1963
33 J. Lacan Lacan Ecrits
34 J. Derrida Writing and Difference. 1967
35 N. Chomsky Chomsky Syntactic Structures. 1957
36 R. Jacobson "Linguistics and Poetics" 1960
37 E.D. Hirsch Validity in Interpretation. 1967
38 C. Levi-Strauss The Savage Mind. 1962
39 E. Pound The Cantos of Ezra Pound. 1925
40 P.L. Berger & T. Luckmann The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. 1966
41 M.M. Bakhtin Rabelais and His World. 1965
42 M. Merleau-Ponty Phenomenology of Perception. 1945
43 W. Iser The Act of Reading. 1976
44 K.R. Popper Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach. 1972
45 U.A. Eco Theory of Semiotics. 1976
46 E. Auerbach Mimesis: The Representation of Reality in Western Literature. 1946
47 E.H. Gombrich Art and Illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation. 1960
48 E.P. Thompson The Making of the English Working Class. 1964
49 J. Habermas Knowledge and Human Interest. 1968
50 K.R. Popper The Logic of Scientific Discovery. 1935