Pauline's Guide to Homeschooling in PA
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One of the strengths of homeschooling is that the parent gets to decide what to teach and when. If you are new at this, you’ll soon realize that there are many different approaches and philosophies regarding home education. New homeschoolers can be overwhelmed at the choices available. Here are some resources I’ve found useful to help me decide what (and how) to teach my kids. Remember, though -- a good education does not mean the same thing for each child – do what is best for your child and your family.
There are as many different approaches to homeschooling as there are homeschooling families. Take some time to figure out what approach might work for you and your child. There are many homeschooling books on the market, and most libraries carry a selection of them. If one style doesn’t sound like it’s a good fit, keep looking!
As far as materials, it's not necessary to spend a lot of money. In fact, your most valuable resource is your library card. Nonetheless, most homeschoolers do buy some "school" stuff -- everything from a book or two to complete curriculum packages. There are many companies providing curriculum materials and other resources to homeschoolers. Some materials are also available at local teacher supply stores – check the Yellow Pages. If you're starting out, though, don't spend a whole lot of money at first – many people change curriculum in their first year. PA Home educators can borrow textbooks from their local school district.
Some districts allow homeschooled students access to public school sports, clubs, and classes, an option that may or may not be the right choice for you. (In many cases, similar opportunities are available in the homeschool community.) To learn more, see my page on Homeschoolers in the Public Schools - Sports, Clubs, & Classes - Why & How
“Scope and Sequence” means what you are going to teach and when. Some homeschoolers use a packaged curriculum, like Calvert, Sonlight, or Abeka, which tells you exactly what to teach at each grade level. Others prefer to put together their own plan each year, taking into account their child’s interests, strengths, and needs, combined with opportunities such as family travel, local classes for homeschoolers, and so on. If you lean towards creating your own curriculum, it can help to get familiar with a typical scope-and-sequence. No need to follow one slavishly, rather, you can look to these resources to get ideas. For example, you can get ideas for science “unit studies”, or see what math skills you can integrate into daily life, or find literature topics to discuss while reading aloud. Again - these resources should be used as suggestions – not directives set in stone.
Ø Typical Course of Study, (from World Book) – a good place to start, as this list is not as detailed (and not as overwhelming) as the Virginia SOL’s.
Ø Virginia Standards of Learning – I like to use these standards to get a sense of what public school kids are being taught. They are especially useful for math and science scope-and-sequence and overall approach. If you are a relaxed homeschoolers, it can also be helpful to see what standards your children are covering through play and daily life. Again, use them for ideas – every child will be different.
Ø Home Learning Year by Year : How to Design a Homeschool Curriculum from Preschool Through High School – This is my favorite resource – Rebecca Rupp lists ideas of what kinds of things you might want to teach at each grade level, and suggests resources to use. It’s a great resource for choosing topics for a science co-op, etc. If you’re a unit-studies, relaxed homeschooling, eclectic type of person, you’ll love this book.
Ø The Well-Trained Mind: A Guide to Classical Education at Home – This book gives a rigorous plan for teaching from a classical perspective in a more school-at-home way. The author’s plan is strong on history and English, not so strong on science.
Ø Designing Your Own Classical Curriculum: A Guide to Catholic Home Education – A nice complement to The Well-Trained Mind if you are Catholic. The chapter in which she argues for leaving college work for college (rather than doing it in high school) is well worth reading.
Ø Catalogs – Order a ton of homeschooling catalogs – you’ll find many of them are packed with resources and guidance. A very comprehensive one is Rainbow Resource.
"The school district of residence shall, at the request of the supervisor, lend to the home education program copies of the school district's planned courses, textbooks and other curriculum materials appropriate to the student's age and grade level."
Many home educators in PA do not bother with borrowing textbooks. Some families find it useful to borrow them to see what kids in public school are doing. You may also find them useful if your child will be returning to school, if your child is coming out of high school and would like to continue using the same texts, or if you want to use textbooks and cannot afford to purchase them. Some families find the math textbooks particularly useful.
Keep in mind that schools do not always use textbooks, and therefore may not be able to lend them. For example, elementary classes often do not use textbooks for science or social studies.
Those who request textbooks have found that districts sometimes take quite a while to come up with them. The PDE's FAQ page says "The law does not require that the requested materials be provided within a particular period of time. However, PDE encourages school districts to work cooperatively with their homeschooling families in this regard in order to assist these families in providing a good educational experience to their children, and to provide the texts and materials within a week of the request if possible." If you are having problems in this regard, contact the PDE to see if they can help.
If you do borrow books, do not feel that you must be a slave to the textbook. Remember that classroom teachers rarely use the entire textbook; rather they pick and choose based on the time available and the needs of their students, and supplement with activities and possibly field trips. You can do the same.
Use the Library!
Remember, your most important homeschooling resource is your library card.
If you use the library a lot, and especially if you use multiple libraries, you might want to subscribe to Library Elf, a great service that keeps track of the books you've checked out and sends you reminder emails before the books are overdue. There is a small fee for the service, but it's saved me many more times as much in library fines, so I think it's worth it!
There are tons of mail-order catalogs full of homeschooling supplies. Rather than try to keep an up-to-date list, I am including here some links to other people's lists. I've also included a few of my favorites. As always, you must decide what's right for you and your family. Use the information here that works for you, and ignore the rest.
OTHER PEOPLE'S LISTS OF HOMESCHOOL SUPPLIERS & RESOURCES:
Ø A to Z Home's Cool - Homeschooling Web
Ø Ultimate Guide
to Christian Resources Homeschooling
Ø Favorite Resources for Catholic
Homeschoolers - Favorite Suppliers
Ø Jon's Homeschool Resource Page
Ø Look through homeschool catalogs at Christmas time. There are all kinds of educational things that make great gifts! Puzzles, games, historical paper dolls, science kits, art supplies and books of all kinds - you can even get ideas for the adults on your list!
can't keep everything - there's just not enough room! So often you can find the stuff you want
second hand. Local groups often
hold curriculum "flea markets" in the spring and fall. These are also great for browsing and
getting familiar with different resources.
Search for Out of Print and Used Books
Homeschool conferences usually combine talks on various topics with vendors selling homeschooling materials. Many families take the opportunity to look at materials from a variety of vendors before buying. A conference can be informative and inspirational, giving a homeschool mom renewed energy and ideas. Most of these conferences are held annually.
The most comprehensive information about homeschooling conferences, including lists of conferences and tips for attending, is here. A smaller list of Christian homeschool conferences is here. A few tips for going to a large conference are here.
Other Resources -
Two homeschooling sites that have been around forever: