BOLDUC
GENEALOGY


This volume will trace the descent of Arthur J. Bolduc, Sr., from his ancestors, early settlers of New France, the Province of Quebec.  Not very much material has been found on this or related families.  Enough information exists, however, to warrant this separate volume, and the research to add to the data found here goes on.


This page will include a scant amount of information on the origins of the BOLDUC surname.  The French origin of Louis BOLDUC (BOULDUC), early settler and first BOLDUC of Canada, has been established by sources written mostly in French.  Besides their antiquity, the language used was Canadian French, so some nuances of a term or phrase maybe mistranslated.  

Several fairly qualified people have checked my translation to English, and only one correction was suggested.  Where Louis is referred to in a negative sense, as a thief, embezzler, etc.; one student of French has claimed that the inflections, spelling, and use of expressions seem to indicate that his corruption went far deeper, to the point of being considered "evil".  

Many points about these accusations have never been cleared up, however, his benefactor Comte De Louis de Buade Frontenac was a party to those transactions that caused Bolduc's infamous reputation, and a great deal of documentation exists concerning Frontenac.  As governor of the Province of Quebec, twice, a constant political battle with the clergy and other officials seems to have included others around Frontenac, including, it seems, Louis1 Bolduc.  This is not to say he was innocent of all charges, but one explanation of what might have been (and probably was) involved in his transgressions.  

I have included all information I have found so far on this early settler of Quebec, so that the reader may decide the extent, if any, of Louis' corruption.  After Louis, much of my research is drawn from the Dictionairre Genealogique, Volume II, by Tanguay, and from the Catholic marriage records compiled and indexed by Pere Antonin Loiselle of the Convent Des Dominicains in Montreal.

According to Les Canadiens-Francais, Origine Des Familles, by N.D. Dion, the name Bolduc was originally a corruption of "Bois-le-Duc" (translated to Duke of the Woods/or Forest).  Bois-le-Duc is the capital of North Brabant province, in the southern-central part of the Netherlands. Its Dutch name is s'Hertogenbosch. 

Bois-le-Duc was originally founded by Geoffrey III, Duke of Brabant, in 1184. He can probably be considered the first known Bolduc, though the use of surnames was not practiced yet.

The city separated from the Dutch states, and suffered a great deal during the 16th century religious wars.  It was captured by the Dutch in 1629.  The French defeated the English at Bois-le-Duc on 14 September 1794.  On 9 October of the same year the city surrendered to Pichegru.  It was taken by the Prussians, in January 1814, but the citadel held out. It was a strong fortress up to 1876, but was not kept up as such, and was heavily damaged in WWII.

The city is 49 miles southeast of Amsterdam at the junction of the Dammel and Aa rivers, forming the Diest. The city is located within a plain where the dukes of Brabant would go hunting. According to Robert Bolduc, a consulate at the Canadian Embassy for Quebec, in Boston, Ma., there is a town in the north eastern Province of Quebec near Thetford-Mines, called Bolduc P.O. that is just a building surrounded by farms and perhaps a church. There is also a family homestead - the Bolduc Farm, near St. Joochim, on the road to St. Anne DeBeaupres.

Which Bolduc settled there is not exactly known.  Robert claims it was Louis 0 home. House's a large, stone, Normandy style bldg.  Bolducs were still living there as of 20 years ago.  Robert (above) is the son of Ernest Bolduc and ? Tremblay.  The Encyclopedia Americana, shows the town of Bolduc in Beauce County, Quebec, on the west side of the Chauidiere River, just below 460.

In 1950 the population was 1,992. An advertisement/pamphlet for the Annual Jour de Fete - (2nd Weekend in August) - in Ste. Genevieve Missouri, 60 miles south of St. Louis, shows one of its historic attractions as the Bolduc House.

The Bolduc House was built around 1770, moved to present site around 1784. This house is regarded as the most authentically restored Creole House in the country. A stockade fence, frontier kitchen and living quarters, and 18th century garden show its accurate restoration.  

So, it appears that branches of the Bolduc family followed the River trail of the Mississippi, blazed by Frontenac (discussed later), to settle the U.S. The Bolduc line to be shown in this page, however, remained in Quebec until ca 1890, when some emigrated to Cambridge, Ma.

The first Canadian settler (Bolduc) was Louis BOLDUC, born in France in 1648. The following material on Louis is my translation of an article on Louis BOULDUC ( from the Canadian French version of the National Dictionary of Quebec, Canada; Part II, 1508 to 1760. I will herein offer some clarifications of items discussed in the article.

Translation of Article on Louis Boulduc, from the Canadian French in National Dictionary of Quebec, Part II, 1608 - 1760. Translated (roughly) by Jerry Lovejoy & wife Denise Dolbear Lovejoy. (I'm not sure I've got the paragraphing exactly the same, I copied the article in the original form from a microfiche reader at a Mormon Temple many years ago.)

NOTE 1: The Carignan-Salieres Regiment, which brought Louis to Quebec as one of its soldiers, was the largest body of French troops ever sent to New France. The troop of over 1000 men came to the settlement in 1665 torender the lower St. Lawrence valley safe from Indian-raids. Its mission was very successful, and almost half of the soldiers of the regiment remained behind to settle Quebec. Louis was one of these men.

NOTE 2: The town of Charlesbourg where Louis originally settled in Quebec is in S. Quebec, on the St. Charles River. It is one of the oldest parishes in Quebec, settled in 1659 as Bourg Royal.

NOTE 3: According to Your Ancient Canadian Ties, 1972, by OLIVER; Louis was "adjutant for M. de Lotbiniere, and became public prosecutor for the king."

NOTE 4: FRONTENAC, Louis de Buade, comte de 1620-98, French governor of New France(1672-82, 1689-92). Dealt successfully with the Indians, encouraged explorations, and aided in establishment of forts. Sought to restrain British in French and Indian Wars. Reestablished Fort Frontenac, on site of Kingston, Ontario in 1696. La Salle was commandant of original fort (1673). Its capture by British in 1758 gave them control of Lake Ontario.

French colonial officer: B. France 1630: d. Quebec, 28 Nov. 1698. He entered the army in 1635 and at an early age became brigadier. In 1672 he was appointed governor of the French possessions in North America. Of an imperious nature, the new governor was nevertheless most energetic and aimed at an orderly, well-directed administration of the colony, which he believed would herald an era of great prosperity. To this end he inaugurated a city administration in Quebec and convened the clergy, nobles and commons. Frontenac's reforms met with little favor from his sovereign and he was shorn of much of his power. Quarrels with the Jesuits, the new intendant and the governor of Montreal divided the colony, and the news spreading to France, Frontenac was recalled in 1682. In spite of his violent temper he gained the confidence of the settlers and the respect of the Indians, and in 1689, when to the horror of constant attacks from the Iroquois the misery of a war with England was added, he was again sent out by the king, as the only man who could rouse the colonists to hope and action. During the next nine years he loosed his savage allies on the defenseless villages on New England, repulsed a British attack on Quebec and so broke the power of the Iroquois that they were never again a terror to the colony.

NOTE 5: Louis XIV - (1643 - 1715) was king of France at the time, during the Renaissance. The reigns of his predecessor (Louis XIII - 1610-43) and his own reign had parts which were dominated by cardinals RICHELIEU and MAZARIN, and made France a nearly absolute monarchy. In a series of costly wars they raised France to the chief power of Europe.

NOTE 6: Supporting the idea that there were other branches of the Boulduc family in France, is the following reference to a Boulduc in the court of Louis XV, sometime during or after the year 1718.

Robert Bolduc, of the Quebec embassy in Boston, believes that Louis was the last Bolduc in France, and that after his return to France with his wife and daughters, was seen no more. Robert had a friend who was also a genealogist, who claimed no more Bolducs could be found in Europe after Louis. My own family's oral tradition has it that Louis was put to death upon his return. This seems unlikely, after noting the career of Louis patron Frontenac, whom it seems was perhaps a pawn in the political battle between Frontenac and the clergy, but is possible. However I believe there were other branches of the Boulduc family, as shown above, that were in France at least after 1718.

One Boulduc researchers, Eleanor Bolduc of Falmouth, MA. has indicated (in a listing in the "Roots" cellar of Everton Publishers of Utah) that she descends from a Pierre Bolduc who married in 1810 at Quebec, but also from a Pierre Bolduc who was born in 1827 in France. There seems to be enough evidence to allow us to assume Louis was but a branch of the Bolducs of France, and that the three sons left behind in Quebec were not the last of the line.

As far as Louis1 Bolduc's performance in Canada, the records indicate infamy, and nothing I have yet found, will prove or disprove these changes. The following is the current extent of my information on my descent form Louis 0 Boulduc.

1. LOUIS BOULDUC1, born 1648, at St. Benoit de Paris, Ile- De-France, son of Pierre and Gilette (PIJART) BOULDUC; sent to Quebec as a member of the Carignan Regiment de Salieres in 1665 (age 17), remained behind to settle when regiment left, lived Charlesbourg.

He married on 20 Aug. 1668 at Quebec, Quebec Province to Elisabeth HUBERT, ( born 1651 at St. Gervais, Paris, France to Claude and Isabelle (FONTAINE) HUBERT; moved from Charlesbourg to Quebec 1668.

A protégé of the Provincial Governor Frontenac, he was adjutant for M. de Lotbiniere, then became public prosecutor for the king; Louis was probably recalled to France in 1628, with his friend Frontenac (also godfather to one of Louis' daughters): he brought his wife and one dtr; Louise. (some reports say he brought all six dtrs., however, all but two Louise - age 15 and Elizabeth - (who died the year before) were married in Canada later.) The dates and places of Louis & wife Elisabeth's deaths are unknown, but we can assume that they died in Paris, hopefully of old age.

Children:

2. LOUIS2, son of LOUIS1, b. 14 JULY 1669 at Ste. Anne, Quebec; left behind in 1682 at age 13; m. to Louise CARON, 6 MARCH 1697 at St. Anne, Quebec; d. 1738 at age 69.

Children:
(all b. in Province of Quebec, town ?)

11. JEAN-GERMAIN3, son of LOUIS2, b. between 1700 and 1703; m. Marie-Anne FILION, on 8 Oct. 1725 at Barbell;d. 29 DEC 1760 at St. Joachin;

Children:
(*Note that four died within last two weeks of DEC. 1733.)

29. JOSEPH4, son of JEAN-GERMAIN3, b. ?, m. to Emerence BOUCHARD, on 8 NOV. 1763 at Baie-St. Paul.

Children:
(All b. at Baie-St. Paul)

34. ANTOINE5, son of JOSEPH4, b. ca 1770 at Baie-St. Paul; m. to Theotiste PRADET, see family (d), on 13 NOV. 1798 at Baie-St. Paul.

Children:

38. ANTOINE6, son of ANTOINE5,G. b. ca 1800; m. to Lucille COTE, on 24 NOV 1829 at St. Urbain, Co. Charlevoix.

Children:

39. MARCEL7, son of ANTOINE6, b. ca 1830; m. to Marie TREMBLAY, on 17 FEB 1855 at ST. JOACHIM, Co. Montmorency, Quebec.

Children:
(Possibly all born at St. Joachim, Co. Montmorency)

40. RAOUL8, son of MARCEL7, b. 1862 or 1863 in Quebec; m. to Lea CANTIN on 11 JAN. 1892 St-Tite des Caps; moved to U.S. with wife and first four children, to Cambridge, MA., about 1900; worked as a laborer for Diamond Coal Co. (Went out of business in 1973) located on same street as Raoul's residence, Sherman St., Cambridge. Raoul retired from Diamond Coal, then pursued his hobby of gardening, selling from a push cart. Family tradition has it that he was known to have the best corn in the city. Moved to 41 Cogswell Ave, in Cambridge.

Raoul refused to learn the english language, but his wife Lea insisted that her children would. Lea acquired U.S. Citizenship, which was unusual for a woman back then, but Raoul was never naturalized. He died 16 NOV. 1938, at his home in Cambridge, of carcinoma of the stomach. Buried at St. Paul's Cemetary at Arlington, Ma.

Children:

50. ARTHUR JOSEPH, SR.9, son of RAOUL8, b. 9 JULY 1908 at Cambridge, MA., christened at Notre Dame de Pitie in Somerville, MA.; Married Mabel Constance ROGAN, 22 DEC 1929 at St. Catherine's of Genoa in Somerville, Mass. by Rev. John B. Peterson, with Water Bolduc (#48) and Maria Stratton as witnesses. After marriage, lived at 70 Park St, with Mabel's mother, for a few years. At date of marriage his occupation was listed as clerk, his wife as a stenographer. He became a fireman. According to the Cambridge Fire Dept. records, he became "permanent in the dept" on Sept/ 2, 1934. He was assigned to Engines 4, 7, and 9. In 1948 he worked in the Kendall Square station in Cambridge, (assigned to engine 8?) Several of his brothers were also firemen in Cambridge. His brother Lawrence (Larry) #47, worked with him.

The story of his death is an unusual one, as told by his son Arthur Jr. Q (#53), and is included here. In a fire at a building across from the MBTA car barns, in North Cambridge, on March 17, 1948; Arthur Sr. passed out while inside the building. He was rescued and revived, and then sent back into the fire. He again passed out from smoke inhalation, and was again rescued and revived, but stayed out of the building after that. A few days to a week later, he was in a fire at Dewey and Almy's Chemical Co., on Harvey St., Cambridge, (at what now is R.L. Grace Chemical Co. ).

While inside the building on fire, he bent down to a crouching position to check a hose connection, and another fireman walked by without seeing him. However the passing fireman was carrying an axe, swinging down by his legs, that clipped Arthur St. in the head, knocking him unconscious. He also succumbed to smoke inhalation while laying there, for an unknown length of time. When he was finally found, he was pronounced dead. He "came back to life" minutes later, according to an attending priest's account to Arthur's wife Mabel.

No other account of this death and return to life exists, but Arthur did spend the next two weeks in the hospital. An attending physician informed the wife that her husband had in ured his "heart muscle". Not realizing this meant his heart had been damaged she became highly optimistic about his recovery. Arthur apparently had some sense of his impending death, because during the next week spent at home in bed, he summoned his brother (either Albert #94, or Ralph #46) to his bedside to make arrangements for his death. Every night that week, his wife would wake up to find her husband in the kitchen, staring at photos in the family album. According to his wife, he seemed to be "trying to memorize the photos.

He died at his home at 28 Murray Hill Road, Cambridge, MA., on 7 MAY 1948. His death certificate lists the cause of death as "coronary thrombosis following accidental smoke inhalation while working as a fireman at a fire." He was buried at Cambridge Catholic Cemetary, what was once called St. John's Cemetary.

Children:

53. ARTHUR JOSEPH, JR.10, son of ARTHUR JOSEPH SR.9, born 30 April 1940, at Cambridge City Hospital (at Cahill House) Cambridge, Mass., married Roberta Castagnaro, dtr. of Ralph and Ruth Castagnaro of Mendon, on 3 JULY 1965. Was a Senior Computer analyst - self employed, living in Carver, Mass. Currently living in North Carolina. Retired.

Children:

54. BARBARA MARY11, b. 3 NOV 1967 at Framingham, MA.

55. MICHELLE ANN11, b., 16 JAN 1968, Milford, MA.

56. NICOLE MARIE11, b. 29 Sept. 1972, Worcester, MA.


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Last Updated January 15, 2005
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