Bill & Eden's Web Bits on Food:

(last updated: August 2001)

 

This is an index of the illustrations/entries in Luisa Cogliati Aran's "the Medieval Health Handbook", a collection of illustrations from various Tacuinum Sanitatis manuscripts.

 

For crossreferencing, "Cerruti" refers to the page # in Judith Spencer's "The Four Seasons of the House of Cerruti"

 

 

Name

Translation

B/W item#

color plate #

Cerruti

absintium

Wormwood

 

 

44

acetum

vinegar

59

 

62

adeps et pinguedo

Fat and Lard

 

 

105

Aer epidinicus

 

 

 

 

Agrestum

Grape Juice [Verjuice!!??]

54

 

62

Alae et colla

 

 

 

 

Alea

Garlic

96, 97

 

47

Ambra

Ambergris

 

 

123

Amidum

 

 

 

 

Amigdale amare

 

 

 

 

Amigdale dulces

sweet almonds

17, 98

 

37

Amilum

Starch

 

 

65

anates et anseres

Ducks and geese

99, 100

 

115

Aneti

Dill

101, 102

I

42

Anguille

 

 

 

 

Animalia castrata

Meat of gelded animals

47

 

22

Anisum

Anise

 

 

42

Apium

Celery

103, 104

 

8

Aqua aliminoxa

Alum Water

 

 

14

Aqua calda

 

 

II

92

Aqua calidatis nimie

 

 

 

 

Aqua canphore

 

 

 

 

Aqua delectabilis calidatatis

Water of pleasurable warmth

77

 

 

Aqua excellentis frigiditatis

 

 

 

 

Aqua fontium

Spring water

73

 

64

Aqua frigida

 

 

 

 

Aqua Ordei

Barley Water

105, 106

 

53

Aqua pluuialis

Rain water

74

 

14

Aqua salsa

Salt Water

78, 107

 

122

Aquz rosacea

Rose Water

 

 

64

Armoniaca

Apricots

12, 108, 109

 

31

Assum in aere

 

 

 

 

Assum super carbones

 

 

 

 

Auicule et durdi

Small birds and thrushes

 

 

118

Autumpnus

Autumn

86, 110, 111

III

 

Avelane

Hazelnuts

 

 

75

Avena

 

 

 

 

Bacha lauri

Bay Tree Berries

 

 

77

Balneum

Bathing

76

 

 

Basilicum citrarum

Basil

 

 

38

Blete

Beetroot

 

IV

102

Brodium cicerum

Chick Pea soup

25, 112

 

 

Brugna

Plums

5

 

32

Butirum

Butter

36

 

111

Camamille

 

 

 

 

Camere estivales

Summer rooms

113, 114

 

66

Camere et aer ipsius

Rooms and their air

79

 

 

Camere hyemnales

Winter rooms

115, 116

 

92

Camphora

Camphor

 

 

65

Cana melle

Cane sugar

 

 

15

Candele

Candles

 

 

123

Candi

 

 

 

 

Cantus

singing with Organ Music & strings

 

 

134

Capari

Capers

117, 118, 119

 

79

Capita animalium

(Calf's) Head

 

 

99

Carnes arietum

Ram Meat

42, 120, 121

 

23

Carnes caprarum et proprie edorum

kid meat

43, 122

 

23

Carnes gazelarum (Carnes capreolorum silvestrium)

Gazelle meat

48

 

95

Carnes leporinae et silvestrium

 

 

 

 

Carnes leporine

Hare meat

49

 

95

Carnes porcine

Pork

46

 

85

Carnes salite sicce

Dried and Salt Meat

 

 

98

Carnes sufrixe recentes

 

 

 

 

Carnes sufrixe salite

 

 

 

 

Carnes sufryxe

Roasted meat

123, 124

 

96

Carnes uachine et camelorum

Cow meat and camel meat

45, 125

 

98

Carnes vitulorum

Calf meat [veal -er]

44, 126, 127

 

24

Carube

Carob Beans

 

 

82

Cascus recens

Fresh cheese

37, 128

 

49

Cascus vetus

Old cheese

38, 129

 

111

Casia fulnis

 

 

 

 

Castanee

Chestnuts

130, 131

V

74

Caues onati

Cabbages

 

VI

102

Caules

 

 

 

 

Causes idest verze

 

 

 

 

Cefalones id est datili

Dates

132, 133

 

87

Cepe

onions

134, 135

 

79

Cerebra animalum

Brains

 

 

99

Cerosa acetosa

Morello cherries

15, 136, 137

VII

30

Cerosa dulcia

Sweet cherries

16, 138

 

30

Cetrona

Bitter Oranges

 

VIII

120

Civera

Chick Peas

 

 

56

Citonia

Quince

9, 139

 

71

Citra

Lemons

 

 

117

Cleera

 

 

 

 

Cohitus

Coitus

68

IX

 

Coia seu cutes

 

 

 

 

Coliandorum

 

 

 

 

Confablator

Chatting

140

 

133

Confabulationes in sompnis

Talking in ones sleep

 

 

132

conturnices

 

 

 

 

Corda animalum

Heart

 

 

100

coriandrum

 

 

 

 

Crochus

Saffron

 

 

11

Cucumeres et citruli

watermelons and cucumbers

141, 142

X

39

Cucurbite

Squash

20, 143, 144

XI

36

Ebrietas

Drunkenness

 

 

131

Enula

Elecampane

145, 146

 

18

Epata animalium

Liver

 

 

104

Equitatio

Horsemanship

69, 149

 

129

Eruca et Nasturtium

Garden Nasturtiums

18, 151, 152

 

19

Estas

Summer

85, 153

XII

 

Exercitium lene

 

 

 

 

Exercitium moderatum cum pila

 

 

 

 

Faba

Fava Beans (broad Beans)

 

 

17

Faxani

Pheasants

154, 155

 

22

Faxioli

Beans

24

 

59

Feniculus

Fennel

22, 156, 157

XIII

80

Festuce

 

 

 

 

Fichus

Figs

2, 158

 

70

Ficus sice

Dried figs

 

 

116

Foca ordeaccum, idest al certusia

 

 

 

 

Fructus madragone

Fruit of the Mandragora

187, 188

XX

20

Frumentum

wheat

26, 159

XIV

51

Frumentum elixum

boiled wheat

30

 

107

Funghi

 

 

 

 

Galenga

Galingale

 

 

40

Galli

roosters

160, 161

 

115

Galline

 

 

 

 

Gambari (seu Cancri)

Crawfish (or crab)

62, 162, 163

 

25

Gaudia

 

 

 

 

Geletina

Gelatin

 

 

50

Glandes

Acorns

164

XV

74

Granata Acetosa

sour pomegranates

8, 165, 166

XVI

72

Granata dulcia

sweet pomegranates

7, 167, 168

 

72

Grues

Crane

51, 169, 170

 

119

Herba piretri

Pellitory of Spain

 

 

46

Hyemps

Winter

87, 171

XVII

 

Intestina, id est busecha

Tripe (or entrails)

50, 172, 173

 

105

Ira

Anger

67, 174, 175, 176

 

130

Juiube

Jujubes

 

 

73

Jumpenis

 

 

 

 

Lac acetosum

Sour Milk

 

 

48

Lac coagulum (Juncata)

Coagulated Milk (Junket)

177

 

50

Lac dulce

Sweet Milk

35, 178, 179, 180

 

48

Lactuce

Lettuce

181, 182

XVIII

57

Lamprete

Lamprey

 

 

88

Langune

 

 

 

 

Lentes

 

 

 

 

Lilia

 

 

 

12

Liquiritia

Liquorice

 

 

83

Lisergia

 

 

 

 

Liuistichum

Mountain Celery

 

 

80

Luctatio

Fencing

70

 

128

Lupinin

 

 

 

58

Maiorana

Sweet Marjoram

183, 184

XIX

43

Mala acetosa

sour apples

11, 185, 186

 

34

Mala dulcia

sweet apples

10

 

73

Marubium

Horehound

 

 

45

Mel

Honey

64

 

26

Melita (Melega)

Sorghum

189, 190

 

55

Melones dulces

Sweet Melons

191, 192

 

34

Melones indi et palestini

Palestinian and indian melons

193, 194

XXI

35

Melones insipidi

tasteless melons (watermelons?)

195, 196

 

35

Melongiana

eggplants

 

 

36

Menta

Mint

 

 

43

Mesch, id est Cicerchia

Vetchling

 

 

56

Milium

Millet

28, 197, 198

XXII

55

Mirtus

 

 

 

 

Mora acerba

 

 

 

 

Motus

Activity

 

 

128

Muscus

Musk

 

 

124

Musse

Bananas

 

 

82

Mustum

Must

55, 199

 

 

Nabach, id est Cedrum

Citrons

 

 

121

Napones

Turnips

23, 200, 201

XXIII

58

Nespula

Medlar

14

 

31

Nix et glacies

Snow and Ice

75, 202, 203

 

94

Nuces

Walnuts

 

 

76

Nux indie

Nutmeg

 

 

76

Oculi animalium

Eyes

 

 

100

Oleum Amidolarum

Almond Oil

 

XXIV

112

Oleum Olive

 

 

XXV

112

Oleum violaceum

 

 

 

 

Olive nigre

 

 

 

113

Ordium

Barley

204, 205

 

52

Organara cantum uel sonare

singing with Organ Music & strings

 

 

134

Ova anserum

Goose eggs

206, 207

 

114

Ova austrum

Ostrich eggs

41

 

 

Ova galinacea

chicken eggs

40, 208

 

114

Ova perdicum

Partridge eggs

 

 

21

Ozimum citratum (Basilicum gariofolatum)

Basil Ocymum

 

 

38

Panicum

Panic Grass (Italian Millet)

209, 210

 

54

Panis azimus

Unleavened bread

34, 211

 

110

Panis de fumo vel faculis

 

 

 

 

Panis de simila

Very fine white bread

32, 213, 214

 

16

Panis milii

Millet Bread

212

 

110

Panis opus

Black Bread

33

 

16

Panis rizon

Rice bread

223

 

 

Panis sub testo coctus

Cooked bread

215

 

 

Passule

Raisins

 

 

116

Pastinace

Parsnips

 

 

81

Pavones

Peacocks

53

 

119

Pedes et tibie

Feet and legs

 

 

25

Perdices

Partridges

216, 217

 

21

Persica

Peaches

4, 218

 

33

Petrosilum

Parsley

 

 

19

Pines

Pine Nuts

 

 

77

Pira

Pears

6

 

33

Pisca

 

 

 

 

Pisces infusi in aceto

Pickled Fish

 

 

60

Pisces recentes

Fresh fish

60

 

60

Pisces saliti

Salted fish

61

 

122

Pori

Leeks

 

 

108

Portulaca et citareia

Purslane

219

 

 

pulces furmenti

Wheat Soup

29

 

 

puli columbini

Pigeons

 

 

118

Pultes ordei

Barley soup

31

 

53?

Pultes tritici

Barley soup (Savich)

220

 

53, 106

Purgatio

 

 

 

 

Qualee

Quail

52

 

85

Quies

 

 

 

 

Rafani

Horseradish

 

 

78

Rape

Turnips

 

 

109

Recocta

Ricotta

39221

 

49

Regio meridionalis

Southerly region

89

 

 

Regio occidentalis

Westerly Region

91

 

 

Regio orientalis

Easterly Region

90

 

 

Regio septentrionalis

Northerly region

88

 

 

Ribes

 

 

 

 

Rizon

Rice

222

 

84

Rob de ribes

 

 

 

 

Roxe

Roses

65

 

12

Rucula

Watercress

150

 

 

Rusuri id est datili

Dates

 

 

87

Ruta

Rue

 

 

44

Rutab is est datilus

Dates

 

 

86

Sal

Salt

 

 

61

Salvia

Sage

19, 224, 225

 

40

Scariola

 

 

 

 

Sicomuri

Sycamore

13

 

13

Siligo

Rye

27, 226, 227

 

52

Sinapi

Mustard

 

 

47

Siropis acetosus

syrup of vinegar

 

 

61

Siropus de citoniis

 

 

 

 

Siropus de papaveribus

 

 

 

 

Siropus rosatius

 

 

 

 

Siropus talep, confectus in aqua rosata

 

 

 

 

Sompnus

Sleep

 

 

132

Sonare et balare

Music playing and Dancing

66

 

135

Spargus

Asparagus

 

XXXVIII

18

Spelta

Spelt

228, 229

XXXIX

107

Sperma

 

 

 

 

Spinachie

Spinach

 

XL

103

Splenes

 

 

 

104

Tartufule

Truffles

21

 

84

Testiculi

Testicles

 

 

101

Triacha

Theriac

230, 231

XLI

124

Trifolium

 

 

 

 

Trii (formentini)

Wheat Pasta

232, 233

XLII

106

Turtures

Turtledoves

 

 

120

Ubera animalium

Udder

 

 

101

Uve

Grapes

3, 234, 235

XLIII

70

Venatio terrestris

Terrestrial Hunting

71

 

129

Ventus meridionalis

Southerly wind

80

XLIV

88

Ventus occidentalis

Westerly wind

82, 236

 

10

Ventus orientalis

Easterly wind

83, 237

 

10

Ventus septentrionalis

Northerly wind

81, 238

 

94

Ver

Spring water

84, 239

XLV

 

Verecondia

Shyness

 

 

130

Vestis de seta

Silk clothes

 

 

93

Vestis lanea

Woolen clothing

72

XLVI

93

Vestis linea

Linene clothes

 

XLVII

66

Vigilie

Wakefulness

 

 

133

Vinum

Wine

56

 

 

Vinum album

White Wine

 

 

63

Vinum citrinum

Yellow colored wine

58, 240

 

26

Vinum de dactilis

 

 

 

 

Vinum incipiens fieri acetosum

 

 

 

 

Vinum rubeum grossum

Robust Red Wine

 

 

96

Vinum vetus odoriferum

Old Fragrant wine

57

 

97

Viole

Violets

241

 

11

Vomitus

Vomit

242, 243

 

131

Xilo aloes

 

 

 

 

Ysopus

Hyssop

 

 

41

Zucharum

Sugar

63

XLVIII

15

 

 

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