Clifford G. Rice




7239 48th Way NW


(360) 866-2468


Olympia, WA  90502  USA


(360) 902-2245





     Personal:   Birth date:  August 19, 1950

                       Birthplace:     Bilaspur, Madhya Pradesh, India

                     Citizenship:          U.S.A.


Personal Statement:

As a wildlife biologist, I have experience in many aspects of natural resource management, monitoring, research, and administration.  My contributions to the field have covered a range of species and subject areas in a variety of countries and climates with state, federal, and non-governmental organizations.  In all my work, I strive to continually improve my capabilities to meet the challenges of natural resource stewardship and conservation.




Game Surveys Coordinator

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Olympia, Washington

The function of this position is to assess and improve the quality of Washington State game population monitoring.  To accomplish this, I analyze survey designs for sufficiency in meeting management needs (e.g. statistical power analysis of bear bait station surveys, utility of pheasant surveys) and collaborate with the Staff Game Biologist to enhance precision and cost-effectiveness of the state's mail survey for estimating game harvest levels.  In addition, I confer with headquarters and regional wildlife program managers and my Diversity Division counterpart to balance conflicting priorities and to comprehensively plan and schedule surveys to ensure that they are within available staffing limits.  Upon request, I provide analytical and statistical advice to other biologists and staff, and I compile state-wide status and trend reports for all game species.  In addition to my salaried work, I am senior co-investigator for an international collaborative project on the ecology, behavior, and conservation of sloth bear in India.



US Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories

Champaign, Illinois

As Principal Investigator for the U.S. Army’s research and development project on Inventory and Monitoring of Threatened and Endangered Species, I formulated and developed approaches, techniques, methods, tools, and standards to assist land managers at Army installations in achieving regulatory and stewardship objectives.  This included program development, planning, management, supervision, and contract management.  Particular projects were Guidelines for Biodiversity Inventory, and Protocols for Inventory and Monitoring of Threatened and Endangered Species.  I was also Assistant Investigator for projects on remote monitoring of wildlife, which focused on new approaches to telemetry, and computer-based automated call recognition for surveying birds.  I organized an interagency workshop on threatened and endangered species R&D.  As a special assignment, I was the U.S. counterpart for a joint project between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Wildlife Institute of India for a study of the ecology, behavior and conservation of sloth bear in India.


Research Associate

Department of Range and Wildlife Management,

Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas

I evaluated the methods developed for ecological monitoring of birds and small mammals on U.S. Army lands under the Land Condition Trend Analysis (LCTA) program.  For this, I designed, planned, and executed field studies to test appropriate methods and sampling intensity, supervised field technicians, and analyzed statistical power and prepared reports on findings.


Wildlife Biologist III,

Wildlife Section Supervisor


Division of Fish and Wildlife,

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

In addition to research and management activities listed below as big game biologist, I supervised 2 biologists and 2 technicians and administered the $250,000 wildlife research and management program for the Commonwealth.  Activities included hiring staff, holding public hearings, meeting with developers to plan environmental assessment and mitigation, monitoring progress and completion of mitigation efforts, drafting Division regulations, working with the Division's legal counsel and reviewing legislation, coordinating with municipal governments, U.S. Soil Conservation Service, and other Commonwealth agencies, planning and coordinating trips to remote islands with the U.S. Coast Guard, coordinating and submitting Federal Aid documents, federal permit applications, and preparing the annual budget.  I also conducted fruit bat and seabird counts, led Commonwealth snake interdiction efforts, and drafted regulations to prevent snake introduction.


Wildlife Biologist II

Division of Fish and Wildlife,

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

Big game biologist responsible for research and management on the 14 islands of the Commonwealth.  Projects included the elimination of feral goats and the introduction of sambar deer (Cervus mariannus) on the island of Aguijan, monitoring the sambar deer and incipient feral pig populations on the island of Rota, and the experimental use of a solar-electric fence to exclude feral animals from a wetland on the remote island of Pagan. Completed inter-agency coordination of the ecological rehabilitation of Aguijan, acquired land for wildlife conservation, disseminated public information, prepared Federal Aid documents, and reviewed environmental assessments.


Research Fellow

Wildlife Conservation International,

New York Zoological Society, Bronx, New York.

Projects in Southeast Asia: Reconnaissance for field studies on babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa) and anoa (Bubalus depressicornis and B. quarlesi) in Indonesia; sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) and Malay tapir (Tapiris indicus) in Malaysia; and surveys of protected areas in Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo).


Curatorial Intern

Department of Mammalogy,

New York Zoological Society, Bronx, New York.

Supervised the maintenance, care, and exhibition, and collection management of the Bronx Zoo mammals (120 species).  Work involved the restraint and handling of a wide diversity of mammal species, planning new exhibits, preparing exhibit graphics, and developing new techniques in captive management. The latter included the experimental implementation of freeze marking and implantation of subcutaneous identification microchips.


Research Fellow

Wildlife Conservation International,

  New York Zoological Society, Bronx, New York.

Authored scientific papers on the behavior and ecology of Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius) covering predator-prey relationships, social behavior, conservation, and general ecology.  Also completed a key to the grasses of Eravikulam National Park, Kerala, India.



Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences,

Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

Developed microcomputer programs on home range analysis for use in undergraduate instruction.  (5 months).


Research Assistant

Casear Kleberg Program in Wildlife Ecology,

Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

Analyzed data from field study of Nilgiri tahr and developed microcomputer programs for the analysis of grouping patterns and social behavior.


Junior Fellow

American Institute of Indian Studies,

New Delhi.

Conducted dissertation research on the behavior and ecology of Nilgiri tahr in Eravikulam National Park, Kerala, India.  One subpopulation of about 120 tahr was habituated to close observation for this study of social behavior, mother-infant relations, population dynamics, reproductive biology, predation, and conservation.  Worked with local and U.S. zoos to promote captive management of this species.  This project resulted in over 10 scientific publications.

1978 & 77.


Mountain Travel,

Solano, California.

Provided ecological and cultural interpretation for trekking clients in Nepal.  (2 months).


Field Assistant

Smithsonian Tiger Ecology Project,

 Chitwan National Park, Nepal.

Assisted in immobilizing, radio-tagging and tracking tigers.  (1 month).


Peace Corps Volunteer

Royal Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve,

National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Office, Nepal.

As Resident Ecologist, designed studies of tiger and ungulate population levels and grassland ecology.  Compiled a checklist of birds found within the reserve.



Office of Zoological Research

National Zoological Park, Washington, D.C.

Participated in research on the reproductive behavior of Eld's deer (Cervus eldi) (2 months).


Student Researcher

Student Program in Behavioral Research,

Chicago Zoological Park, Chicago, Illinois.

Conducted research on the behavior of captive addax (Addax nasomaculatus) (3 months).


Ph.D.  1984.  Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. (Wildlife Science).  Dissertation title:  The Ecology and Behavior of Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius).


Goethe Institute, Schwaebisch Hall, West Germany.  1982.  Intensive German language instruction (Grundstuffe I).


Landour Language School, Landour, Mussoorie, U.P.  India.  1977. Intensive Hindustani language instruction.


M.Sc.  1975.  Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, Colorado. (Zoology). Thesis title:  Temporal and Qualitative Behavior Patterns and Individual Distance in a Group of Captive Addax (Addax nasomaculatus De Blainville, 1816). 


B.A.  1973.  Macalester College, St. Paul, Minnesota.  (Biology).


Grants and Fellowships:  

1999.       Ecology, Behavior, and Conservation of Sloth Bear.  John Sheldon Bevins Memorial Foundation, International Association For Bear Research And Management.


1996.       Ecology, Behavior, and Conservation of Sloth Bear.  Conservation and Research Committee, The Chicago Zoological Society.


1995.       Ecology, Behavior, and Conservation of Sloth Bear.  Committee for Research and Exploration, The National Geographic Society.


1987.       Survey and Reconnaissance in South Asia.  Wildlife Conservation International, New York Zoological Society.


1982.    Learn German in Germany Program.  Deutscher Academischer Austauschdienst (DAAD).


1981.       Wildlife Conservation in Oman.  Animal Research and Conservation Center, New York Zoological Society.


1979.    The Behavior and Ecology of Nilgiri Tahr.  Animal Research and Conservation Center, New York Zoological Society.


1979.    The Behavior and Ecology of Nilgiri Tahr.  Junior Fellow, American Institute of Indian Studies.


1978.       Investigations on Nilgiri Tahr.  Animal Research and Conservation Center, New York Zoological Society.


1974.    The Behavior of Addax Antelope.  Student Program in Behavioral Research, Chicago Zoological Park.


Language Skills:

General ability to communicate:  Nepali - advanced; Hindi and Spanish - intermediate; Tamil, Indonesian, Malay, and German - basic.


Self-taught Skills:

Computers:   Extensive knowledge of MS-DOS, Windows, and Macintosh systems including Word, WordPerfect, Excel, Quatro Pro, FileMaker Pro, SPSS, SAS, JMP, DeltaGraph, SigmaPlot, Power Point, Extend, Resampling Stats, and cross-platform operations.


Photography:  Emphasis on natural history and landscape photography.  Photographs have been published in popular wildlife magazines.



The Wildlife Society (member, Biometrics Working Group)

Bombay Natural History Society (Life Member)

International Association for Bear Research and Management


Professional Affiliations:    

Member, Caprinae Specialist Group, Species Survival Commission, IUCN - The World Conservation Union.  (1981-1991).


Member, Antelope Specialist Group, Species Survival Commission, IUCN - The World Conservation Union.  (1988-1994).


Member, Bear Specialist Group, Species Survival Commission, IUCN - The World Conservation Union.  (1991-present).


President, Association of Graduate Wildlife and Fisheries Scientists, Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A & M University.  (1982-83).


Scientific Publications:   

Blakeslee, C.K., C.G. Rice, and K. Ralls.


Behavior and reproduction of captive brow-antlered deer, Cervus eldi thamin (Thomas, 1918).

Säugetierkundliche Mitteilungen 27:114-127.





Rice, C.G.


DOMSORT:  An Apple II program for sorting interaction matrices to find the dominance order.

Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers 18:389-392.





Rice, C.G. and G. Edblom.


An artificial key to the grasses of Eravikulam National Park (Kerala, India) based on vegetative characteristics.

Phytologica 59:291-310.





Rice, C.G.


Observations on predators and prey at Eravikulam National Park, Kerala.

Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 83:283-305.





Rice, C.G.


Dermal shields of Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus).

Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 84:671-673.





Rice, C.G.


Agonistic and sexual behavior of Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius).

Ethology 87:89-112.





Rice, C.G.


Notes on food habits of Nilgiri tahr.

Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 85:188-189.





Rice, C.G.


Habitat, population dynamics, and conservation of Nilgiri tahr, Hemitragus hylocrius.

Biological Conservation 44:137-156.





Rice, C.G.


Reproductive biology of Nilgiri tahr, Hemitragus hylocrius  (Mammalia: Bovidae).

Journal of Zoology, London 214:269-284.





Rice, C.G.


A further range extension of the Black-breasted Thrush Chlamydochaera jefferyi in Kalimantan.

Kukila 4:47-48.





Rice, C.G.


Growth, maturation, and physical characteristics of Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius).

Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 86:129-134.





Rice, C.G.


Nilgiri tahr, Eravikulam National Park, and conservation.

Pp. 387-399 in J.C. Daniel and J.S. Serrao, eds., Conservation in developing countries: problems and prospects.  Oxford University Press, New Delhi.





Rice, C.G. and P. Kalk.


Evaluation of liquid nitrogen and dry ice-alcohol refrigerants for freeze marking three mammal species.

Zoo Biology 10:261-272.





Rice, C.G.


The status of four-horned antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis).

Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 88:63-66.





Rice, C.G.


Goat removal from Aguijan Island: lessons for future efforts.

1991 Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society 27:42-46.





Rice, C.G., E. Jorgensen, and S. Demarais.


A comparison of herpetofauna detection capture techniques in southern New Mexico.

Texas Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources 7:107-114.





Rice, C.G.


On the origin of sexual displays in caprids.

Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 60:53-62.





Rice, C.G.


The trailmaster® camera system for detecting wildlife - the dark side.

Wildlife Society Bulletin 23:110-113.





Stinson, D.W., R.E. Johnson, M.R. Lusk, C.G. Rice, and D. T. Aldan.


New bird records in the Mariana Islands.

Micronesica 28:109-117.





Rice, C.G. and P. Kalk.


Identification and marking techniques.

Pp.  56-66 in:  Wild Mammals in Captivity.  D.G. Kleiman, M.E Allen, K.V. Thompson, and S. Lumpkin (eds.).  University of Chicago Press.





Rice, C.G. and S. Demarais.


A table of values for Fisher’s a diversity index.

Texas Journal of Science 48:147-158.





Rice, C.G. S. Demarais, and R.W. Hansen.


Statistical power for evaluating monitoring methods and analysis.

Pp. 323-334 in:  Measuring and monitoring biodiversity.  F. Dallmeier and J.A. Comiskey (eds).  Man and the Bioshpere Series Vol. 20.  UNESCO and Parthenon Publ. Group.





Rice, C.G., J. Rohlman, J. Beecham, and S. Pozzanghera

in press

Are bait stations useful for monitoring bear populations?  Some approaches to power analysis.



Popular Publications:  (with photographs by the author)

Rice, C.G.


Courting 'Round the Mountain.


Animal Kingdom 88(6):22-31.

Rice, C.G.


The Nilgiri tahr.  (Cover story).

Sanctuary Asia 5(2):126-135.


Rice, C.G.


The Nilgiri tahr.  (Cover story).

The India Magazine 8(4):20-31.


Rice, C.G.


Don't Forget to Pack the Trunk, Dear.  (Elephant translocation in Malaysia).


Wildlife Conservation 93(4):58-67.

Rice, C.G.


Tahrs (Genus Hemitragus).

Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals Vol. 5:542-544.


Rice, C.G.


To Be One of the Herd.

International Wildlife 21(2):24-27.



John Pierce

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

600 Capitol Way North

Olympia, WA  98501-1091

Tel: 360/902-2200


Dr. John Skalski

Center for Quantitative Science

School of Fisheries

University of Washington

Seattle, WA  98195

Tel: 206/616-4851

Dr. David Tazik

Supervisory Biologist

U.S. Army Engineering Waterways Experiment Station

ATTN: CEWES--EN David Tazik

3909 Halls Ferry Road

Vickesburg, MS  39180-6199

Tel: 601/634-2610

Dr. James G. Teer

Professor Emeritus

Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences

Texas A&M University

College Station, TX  77843

Tel: 979/845-5708