Only forty-three men have held our nation's highest office, that of President of the United States, and as set forth in the Constitution of the United States, Article II, Section 1, Clause 5:

"No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States."

As required by Article II, Section 1, Clause 8, of the Constitution, before entering office, each of our Presidents took the following Oath or Affirmation of office:

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."

Q1: Which words have been repeated immediately following the required oath of office? And the answer is...
Q2: Which president started this tradition? And the answer is...
Q3: Which president was the only one to "affirm" when taking the oath of office? And the answer is...

Click on the names of the Presidents
for fast facts, links and more.

[Only those Presidents indicated with the word "NEW" included in the flashing icon to
the left of their names are fully functioning. The others are still under construction.]

Don't miss the comprehensive Abraham Lincoln page,
and the recently started Barack Obama page.

The William Clinton and George W. Bush pages provide initial contemporary introductions for these two presidents. 
As the history that these two men caused to be written is so recent, additional anaylsis will continue as we put them into historical context.

The page for Theodore Roosevelt is the next to be completed.
It is nearly finished and already has the "TR" quiz, numerous fast facts and links.

[Following this table is a quiz... so take notes, or if you think your ready go there now.]

    President Years
in Office
Party Place of Birth
1. George Washington 1789-1797 Federalist Westomoreland County, Virginia
2. John Adams 1797-1801 Federalist Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts
3. Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 Democratic-
Shadwell, Virginia
4. James Madison 1809-1817 Democratic-
Port Conway, Virginia
5. James Monroe 1817-1825 Democratic-
Westmoreland County, Virginia
6. John Quincy Adams 1825-1929 Democratic-
Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts
7. Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 Democratic Waxhaw, South Carolina
8. Martin Van Buren 1837-1841 Democratic Kinderhook, New York
9. William Henry Harrison 1841 Whig Berkeley, Virginia
10. John Tyler 1841-1845 Whig Charles City County, Virginia
11. James K. Polk 1845-1849 Democratic Mecklenburg County,
North Carolina
12. Zachary Taylor 1849-1850 Whig Orange County, Virginia
13. Millard Fillmore 1850-1853 Whig Summer Hill, Cayuga County,
New York
14. Franklin Pierce 1853-1857 Democratic Hillsboro, New Hampshire
15. James Buchanan 1857-1861 Democratic Franklin County, Pennsylvania
16. Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865 Republican Hardin County, Kentucky
17. Andrew Johnson 1865-1869 Democrat Raleigh, North Carolina
18. Ulysses S. Grant 1869-1877 Republican Point Pleasant, Ohio
19. Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881 Republican Delaware, Ohio
20. James A. Garfield 1881 Republican Orange County, Ohio
21. Chester A. Arthur 1881-1885 Republican Fairfield, Vermont
22. Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 Democratic Caldwell, New Jersey
23. Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893 Republican North Bend, Ohio
24. Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 Democratic Caldwell, New Jersey
25. William McKinley 1897-1901 Republican Niles, Ohio
26. Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909 Republican New York, New York
27. William Taft 1909-1913 Republican Cincinnati, Ohio
28. Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 Democratic Staunton, Virginia
29. Warren G. Harding 1921-1923 Republican Corsica, Ohio
30. Calvin Coolidge 1923-1929 Republican Plymouth, Vermont
31. Herbert Hoover 1929-1933 Republican West Branch, Iowa
32. Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945 Democratic Hyde Park, New York
33. Harry S. Truman 1945-1953 Democratic Lamar, Missouri
34. Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1961 Republican Denison, Texas
35. John F. Kennedy 1961-1963 Democratic Brookline, Massachusetts
36. Lyndon B. Johnson 1963-1969 Democratic Stonewall, Texas
37. Richard M. Nixon 1969-1974 Republican Yorba Linda, California
38. Gerald R. Ford 1974-1977 Republican Omaha, Nebraska
39. James E. Carter 1977-1981 Democratic Plains, Georgia
40. Ronald Reagan 1981-1989 Republican Tampico, Illinois
41. George H.W. Bush 1989-1993 Republican Milton, Massachusetts
42. William Jefferson Clinton 1993-2001 Democratic Hope, Arkansas
43. George W. Bush 2001-2009 Republican New Haven, Connecticut
44. Barack H. Obama 2009- Democrat Honolulu, Hawaii

Q4: Who were our tallest, shortest and heaviest presidents? And the answer is...
Q5: Who served the shortest time as president, William Henry Harrison? or James Garfield?
Q6: Who served the longest time as president? And the answer is...
Q7: Which president is the only one to have earned a doctorate degree? And the answer is...
Q8: Other than William Jefferson Clinton, which president is the only other President to have been impeached by the United States Congress, Andrew Johnson or Richard Nixon?
Q9: Who was the youngest president when first taking the oath of office, Theodore Roosevelt or John F. Kennedy?
Q10: Due to the "Electoral College" system of Presidential Elections established in the Constitution, four of our presidents were elected despite the fact that one of their opponents received more votes from the people on election day. Who are they? And the answer is...
Q11: One of our former presidents never ran for election as vice president, and lost the only presidential election in which he was a candidate. Who is he? And the answer is...
Q12: How many vice presidents later went on to become presidents themselves: 5, 9, 14, or 24?
[So how did you do?
If you have not yet visited the individual pages for each of the Presidents, and you want to brush-up on your Fast Facts or you just want more quiz questions..........
Click here to return to top of the table.]

Vice Presidents Who Became President

Vice President Who Became
How He Became
1. John Adams
Elected in 1796 *
2. Thomas Jefferson
1797-1801 Elected in 1800 *
3. Martin Van Buren
Elected in 1836 *
4. John Tyler
Following the Death of
President Harrison
5. Millard Fillmore
Following the Death of
President Taylor
6. Andrew Johnson
Following the Assassination of
President Lincoln
7. Chester A. Arthur
Following the Assassination of
President Garfield
8. Theodore Roosevelt
Following the Assassination of
President McKinley
9. Calvin Coolidge
Following the Death of
President Harding
10. Harry S. Truman
Following the Death of
President Franklin Roosevelt
11. Lyndon B. Johnson
Following the Assassination of
President Kennedy
12. Richard M. Nixon
Elected in 1968**
13. Gerald R. Ford
Following the Resignation of
President Nixon
14. George H.W. Bush
Elected in 1988 *

* Only four sitting Vice Presidents were elected President for terms of office immediately following their terms as Vice President. As indicated above they were: John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Martin Van Buren, and George H.W. Bush.

** Only one additional Vice President was later elected President without having first assumed that office by completing the unfinished term of his predecessor. He was Richard Nixon.

Built on the site approved by George Washington in 1791, the White House has become the official residence of every president since John Adams, who moved into the still uncompleted residence in 1800. Go to the White House History page for more information.

For twenty years, C-SPAN has provided all American's with tremendous access to their government. Currently, that television network is in the process of providing the most extensive look ever at our American Presidents, by presenting each of their "Life Portraits."

Download the AMERICAN PRESIDENTS SCREENSAVER from Always Great Software.  This comprehensive screensaver shows images of every President of the United States, and most images are accompanied by a quote from or about that president.

Return to the TJL1886 Main Page ... to checkout my other pages.

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1999-2009 Thomas J. Lemmer

(This page was last edited on January 30, 2009 by Thomas J. Lemmer)