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This Iraqi Security Force (ISF) update provides a summary of changes to the ISF during January 2014. The Iraqi Security Force Order of Battle is updated as of 31 January 2014.
- MoD: Only one site is official for IMoD; 3 part plan reiterated; Working to establish Corps and Area Commands; Supply Directorate improving; Logistics and Transport; JOC; Romanian and Indonesian buys possible.
- Army: Divisional Intel Battalions; Armor, Mech and Engineering focus; new artillery buy?; 4 Commando Battalions built up; 16/4 Brigade Re-equipped; 33 Infantry Regiments trained; New tank deal?; all brigades equipped with 120mm Mortar Battalions; 2 new Brigades identified in west Baghdad; new tanks in 5th Mech Division?
- Aviation: Italian helos and UAVs?; preparing for new aircraft; Mi-35s delivered/Mi-28s have not; ADC status – building from bottom-up; 500 Hellfire and 24 AH64 to be bought – 6 AH64 to be leased for training pending delivery.
- Navy: More Italian vessels?
- MoI: Basrah FP Brigade in Baghdad.
- KRG: 14 helicopters for the KRG MoI.
A new survey is to the right concerning a possible reorganization of the ISF pages similar to the KRG Page. I.E. Each page being an Operational Command with currently subordinate IA, ISOF, FP/EP, DBE, and Oil Police listed. There are pros and cons to this. I am looking for comments more than votes as I weight comments more than just votes. If you do not wish to publically comment – e-mail me.
Iraqi Ministry of Defense
In the 2 January Khaima, the Iraqi MOD reiterated that it does not have any official twitter, face book or website other than MOD.MIL.IQ. The 9 January edition repeated this and stated: “To all TV channels and media sources. Contact email@example.com to obtain official videos and media from the only official MOD source.”
The 2 January Khaima also provided additional items of interest:
- According to the Chief of Staff: In 2007 we established a committee with the US allies and NATO to build a complete 3 stage plan for the buildup of the Iraqi Armed Forces in three stages through to 2020. We managed to beat our plan for the first stage of the development plan (2008-2012). But the security situation has forced the MOD to build new units outside the scope of the original plan. But in the future we will stick to the original plan.
- Assistant to the Chief of Staff for Operations: The “Joint Operations Command” has become effective in bringing together large units. Right now we are in the process of building up our organizations to reach the levels of corps or regional commands. We are building specialized wireless, troposcatter, and fiber optic network with the Korean contract.
- Assistant to the Chief of Staff for Supply: Recent progress has been the creation of the munitions directorate and linking the old military industrial companies (from pre 2003 era) to it to enable the resumption of the production of parts, munitions and weapons. We have expanded the import of weapons from multiple sources instead of one, as well as induct a large number of women to the support units in line with the development in developed militaries. We opened 5 strategic reserve fuel depots spread around the country. For the future we are looking to build up our central depot, regain our lands and build the necessary housing units for soldiers.
The 9 January Khaima provided data on the Directorate of Logistics and Transport, JOC, and hinted at future Romanian and Indonesian arms deals.
- Director of Logistics and Transport. Consists of the following regiments: HQ Transport Regiment, Tank Transporter Regiment, Fuel Transporter Regiment, Light Vehicle Depot [battalion], Recycled [salvaged] Vehicle Depot [battalion], Main Life Support [sustainment] Depot [battalion], Military Bakeries Command, Military Fire Fighting Command, and a Heavy Transport Company (as part of the HQ regiment) – recently established. In addition: In every brigade there is a transport and logistics company. Every operations command has a transport and logistics unit. We are planning on returning to service all the transport and logistics units we had before 2003. The Transport Command brings all the weapons purchases from the ports to the distribution centers including the Korean and Serbian contracts.
- Commander of the Jazira and Badiya Operations Command [JOC]. The unit started in Rabia area on the Syrian border last year. 428km of border area is secured by the unit, and that has since expanded to 1600km. In Ninawa it covers Sinjar, Rabia and the area towards Ba’aj plus all the way down to Hafr al Batin in the south. The depth of the OC is about 90km officially. But in reality we cover areas beyond that 90km, and in reality cover about 200km depth along the border. WE have borders with Ninawa Operations Command [NiOC], 4th Division, 7th Division north of Rutba, and in the south with the Border Police [DBE] and the V Border Region. In reality there are 2 border commands there [in JOC], the II and V Border Divisions. We have additional units attached to us, equivalent to about a division including the 37/9 Brigade, 38/10 Mech Brigade, some units from the 11th Division including the 3-44/11 Battalion, and most of the 9th [Armor] Division with about 17 battalions is operating under our command. The command is split into north of Euphrates and south of Euphrates. The mobile HQs setup include Rabia HQ, Al Qaim HQ, 2nd Division from south of Khansa’a to Arar, and from there the V Border Division with a depth of operation of 90km. All the units fall under a single command structure including Army, Police, and Border Guards.
- General Directorate for Defense Development and Needs. Collaborating with a number of international partners on the plans including the US, Indonesia, Romania. [Note: Probably a buy of wheeled APCs planned for motorized forces.]
The 2 January Khaima had some IA specific items:
- We are now working on closing the gaps in the reconnaissance and intelligence battalions for the divisions as well as working on an integrated data system.
- We are working on filling the equipment gaps in our armored and mechanized units, both in equipment and support facilities and staff. We are doing constant monitoring and maintenance for the armor units, their equipment and training readiness. We are also developing the engineering and chemical defense forces. We are constantly training on improving the training and capabilities of all the engineering, EOD units.
- We are working on filling the equipment gaps in the artillery units, improving their training, tracking their readiness and constant maintenance of the equipment. As part of our third phase of the armed forces build up we looked at the latest organizational, weapon and training developments in armies around the world and incorporated best practice into our plans. We also signed contracts to buy the latest in weapons and equipment for our forces as part of phase 3. [What contract?]
- We have built up the commando battalions of the 2nd, 4th, 10th, and 14th Divisions.
- Equipped the 16/4 Brigade at Kirkush. [With what? Rumors of its desertion to KRG appear to be exaggerated.]
- Sent through training 33 infantry regiments.
- The armor corps. We are about to import modern tanks to equip our armored and mechanized divisions. They will be supplied from high quality international suppliers. [What tank deal?]
- The artillery directorate. Prepared more than 90 artillery weapons for the army. Every brigade has 120mm mortar unit.
The 59/6 Brigade is reported operating north of Baghdad and the 60/17 Brigade is reported operating in the Arsan area of Abu Ghraib. There are 3 Brigades over strength reported in 6th and 17th Divisions indicating a minimum of 1 and probably 2 new divisions being formed in western Baghdad.
The 22 January Khaima mentioned “Pre-emptive operation by the tank regiments of the 5th Mechanized Division.” Where these new tanks are from has not been mentioned. The only tank type they have been training on is T72s.
The 2 January Khaima had some details concerning Aviation and Air Defense:
- General Secretary of the MOD welcomed the Italian Defense Attaché. They finalized details of the upcoming signing of a deal for Italian companies to help Iraq in helicopter construction and unmanned aerial vehicle technology. [Coproduction of Italian helicopters and UAVs?]
- Commander of the Air Force. Our three main airbases: Assad, Balad, Imam Ali and the Air Academy are undergoing expansion and upgrading in preparation for receiving the new aircraft in 2014. 600 staff is being prepared to operate and maintain the F16 aircraft alone. We are planning on opening a new air college near Baghdad soon. We have also bought top training aircraft which will see the light of day soon. We are also working on building up an electronic warfare capability.
- Mi35s have arrived and Mi28s will arrive. [Both Russian and Iraqi official sources state that no Mi28s have been delivered yet. Rumors and claims in the press appear to be false. According to an aviation source: "I asked a well-informed Russian contact: Mi-28 has not even entered testing! 6 new Mi-35M are already in Iraq and the war. So apparently the Mi-35Ms have been delivered, the Mi-28N not."]
- Air Defense Command. We are evaluating a large number of air defense systems from different countries. The current units are: 1st Unguided Surface to Air [AAA] Battalion, 2nd Unguided Surface to Air Battalion, 3rd Unguided Surface to Air Battalion, 1st Early Warning and Control Battalion, 5th Early Warning and Control Battalion, Avenger SAM Battalion, IGLA SAM Battalion, PANTSIR SAM Battalion, and Southern Operations Center. We received from Egypt 23mm guns for the 1st Unguided Surface to Air Battalion. We also evaluated systems from the US, France, China, and Russia. In 2013 we obtained an Avenger Battery from the US as well as 2 radars for medium-high altitude coverage of 90% of Iraq’s airspace. We will soon receive modern weapons from the Russian contract. Our plan for the development of the ADC start with providing basic early warning, then short range air defense coverage followed by wider air defense system. [This confirms that the ADC is being built from the bottom up and will not be a true IADS for probably another decade.]
Three DSCA Notices to Congress concerning possible aviation arms sales have posted in January. It should be kept in mind that the sales have not been contracted and the prices quoted are life-span amounts with all the bells and whistles included. Sales might not occur and prices are invariably lower.
- Jan23: Possible sale of 500 AGM-114K/R Hellfire missiles.
- Jan27: Possible sale of 8 AN/AAR-57 Common Missile Warning System, 3 T-700-GE-701D engines, 3 AN/ASQ-170 Modernized Target Acquisition and Designation Sight (MTADS), 3 AN/AAQ-11 Modernized Pilot Night Vision Sensors (PNVS), 152 AGM-114 K-A HELLFIRE Missiles, 14 HELLFIRE M299 Launchers, 6 AN/APR-39A(V)4 Radar Warning Systems with training Universal Data Modems (UDM), 2 Embedded Global Positioning System Inertial Navigation System (EGI), 6 AN/AVR-2A/B Laser Warning Detectors, 12 M261 2.75 inch Rocket Launchers, M206 Infrared Countermeasure flares, M211 and M212 Advanced Infrared Countermeasure Munitions (AIRCM) flares, Internal Auxiliary Fuel Systems (IAFS), Aviator’s Night Vision Goggles, Aviation Mission Planning System, training ammunition, helmets, transportation, spare and repair parts, support equipment, publications and technical data, personnel training and training equipment, site surveys, U.S. Government and contractor technical assistance, and other related elements of program and logistics support. This will allow Iraqi Security Forces to begin training on the operation and maintenance of six leased U.S. APACHE helicopters in preparation of their receipt of new-build aircraft.
- Jan27: Possible sale of 24 AH-64E APACHE LONGBOW Attack Helicopters, 56 T700-GE-701D Engines, 27 AN/ASQ-170 Modernized Target Acquisition and Designation Sight, 27 AN/AAR-11 Modernized Pilot Night Vision Sensors, 12 AN/APG-78 Fire Control Radars with Radar Electronics Unit (LONGBOW component), 28 AN/AAR-57(V)7 Common Missile Warning Systems, 28 AN/AVR-2B Laser Detecting Sets, 28 AN/APR-39A(V)4 or APR-39C(V)2 Radar Signal Detecting Sets, 28 AN/ALQ-136A(V)5 Radar Jammers, 52 AN/AVS-6, 90 Apache Aviator Integrated Helmets, 60 HELLFIRE Missile Launchers, and 480 AGM-114R HELLFIRE Missiles. Also included are AN/APR-48 Modernized Radar Frequency Interferometers, AN/APX-117 Identification Friend-or-Foe Transponders, Embedded Global Positioning Systems with Inertial Navigation with Multi Mode Receiver, MXF-4027 UHF/VHF Radios, 30mm Automatic Chain Guns, Aircraft Ground Power Units, 2.75 in Hydra Rockets, 30mm rounds, M211 and M212 Advanced Infrared Countermeasure Munitions flares, spare and repair parts, support equipment, publications and technical data, personnel training and training equipment, site surveys, U.S. government and contractor engineering, technical, and logistics support services, design and construction, and other related elements of logistics support.
The 2 January Khaima mentioned that: The General Secretary of the MOD welcomes the Italian Defense Attaché. In addition they discussed the offers for the construction, maintenance and preparation of navy vessels for the Iraqi Navy. [More Italian vessels for the IqN? Rumors of more US vessels remain unconfirmed.]
Ministry of Interior
The Basrah Federal Police Brigade has been reported operating in Baghdad. Most of the FP training establishment is in Baghdad which has made rotating FP units through there for training common. However, this could be backfill for other Baghdad ISF forces deployed to Anbar.
Kurdish Regional Government
On 3 January it was reported that 14 helicopters are being delivered to the Kurdistan Regional Government. MD Helicopters Inc. will officially hand over the helicopters Friday. They will be used for law enforcement, firefighting and medical purposes, according to representatives of the company. The Arizona-produced helicopters will be used by the KRG’s Ministry of the Interior. [Previous reporting indicates these are 12 MD530F and 2 MD902.]