53 year-old with subarachnoid and intraventricular hemorrhage






CT noncontrast



       
Right internal carotid artery injection arterial phase frontal and lateral  views




Right internal carotid artery injection venous phase lateral view



Findings:

Markedly slow cerebral contrast transit with faster external carotid reflux flow than internal flow (arterial phase) and delayed arterial clearing (venous phase).  Right ICA aneurysm (cause of SAH)

DDX:

inadvertent external carotid (instead of internal carotid) injection, vasospasm, cerebral hypoperfusion,



Diagnosis:

ICA aneurysm rupture with severe SAH and cerebral swelling and hypoperfusion.  


Discussion:

This degree of cerebral hypoperfusion while not equivalent to "brain death", nevertheless indicates a very poor prognosis.  It was elected to withdraw support and not treat the aneurysm.  SPECT demonstrated brain death.



Submitted by Dean Shibata, MD, UW Neuroradiology

Return to UW Neuroradiology Teaching Files