In 1965 Cyril Connolly published The Modern Movement, 100 Key Books from England, France and America, 1880-1950. These books, in his opinion, best illustrated the spirit of the modern movement which "dawned with Flaubert and Baudelaire, reached its zenith early in the century and only became past history in the fifties - if it has become past history." The list is limited to French , English and American literature because, as Connolly put it "without knowing German or Russian, I cannot absolutely judge a book from translation, however perfect..."



1880 Gustav Flaubert Bouvard et Pecuchet
1881 Henry James Portrait of a Lady
1883 Villiers De L'Isle-Adam Contes Cruels
1884 J.K. Huysmans A Rebours
1885 Guy de Maupassant Bel Ami
1886 Arthur Rimbaud Les Illuminations
1887 Charles Baudelaire Oeuvres Posthumes
1887 Stephane Mallarme Poesies
1887 Edmond & Jules de Goncourt Journal (1887-96)
1891 J.K. Huysmans La-Bas
1896 Alfred Jarry Ubu Roi
1899 Henry James The Awkward Age
1902 Andre Gide The Immoralist
1902 Joseph Conrad Youth
1903 Henry James The Ambassadors
1906 George Moore Memoirs of My Dead Life
1907 Joseph Conrad The Secret Agent
1907 J.M. Synge The Playboy of the Western World
1907 E.M. Forster The Longest Journey
1911 Norman Douglas Siren Land
1913 D.H. Lawrence Sons and Lovers
1913 Guillaume Apollinaire Alcools
1913 Marcel Proust Du Cote de Chez Swann
1914 W.B. Yeats Responsibilities
1914 Thomas Hardy Satires of Circumstance
1915 Ford Madox Ford The Good Soldier
1916 Ezra Pound Lustra
1916 James Joyce Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
1917 Norman Douglas South Wind
1917 T.S. Eliot Prufrock and Other Observations
1917 Paul Valery Le Jeune Parque
1918 Percy Wyndham Lewis Tarr
1918 Guillaume Apollinaire Calligrammes
1918 Gerard Manley Hopkins Poems
1918 Arthur Waley One Hundred and Seventy Chinese Poems
1918 Lytton Strachey Eminent Victorians
1920 Ezra Pound Mauberley
1920 Wolfred Owen Poems
1921 D.H. Lawrence Sea and Sardinia
1921 Aldous Huxley Crome Yellow
1922 Katherine Mansfield The Garden Party
1922 W.B. Yeats Later Poems
1922 James Joyce Ulysses
1922 T.S. Eliot The Waste Land
1922 Paul Valery Charmes
1923 Raymond Radiquet Le Diable au Corps
1923 Ronald Firbank The Flower Beneath the Foot
1923 Wallace Stevens Harmonium
1923 E.E. Cummings Tulips and Chimneys
1924 E.M. Forster A Passage to India
1924 Ernest hemingway In Our Time
1925 F. Scott Fitzgerald The Great Gatsby
1926 B.E. Cummings Is 5
1926 Ernest Hemingway The Sun Also Rises
1926 Andre Gide Si le Grain Ne Meurt
1926 William Plomer Turbott Wolfe
1926 W. Somerset Maugham The Casuarina Tree
1927 Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse
1928 Andre Breton Nadja
1928 W.B. Yeats The Tower
1928 D.H. Lawrence Lady Chatterley's Lover
1928 Evelyn Waugh Decline and Fall
1929 W.B. Yeats The Winding Stair
1929 Henry Green Living
1929 Ernest hemingway A Farewell to Arms
1929 Robert Graves Goodbye to All That
1929 Jean Cocteau Les Enfants Terribles
1929 Ivy Compton-Burnett Brothers and Sisters
1929 T.S. Eliot Ash Wednesday
1930 Hart Crane The Bridge
1930 Ezra Pound Thirty Cantos
1930 Edith Sitwell Collected Poems
1931 Antoine de Saint-Exupery Vol de Nuit
1931 William Faulkner Sanctuary
1931 Virginia Woolf The Waves
1931 Edmund Wilson Axel's Castle
1932 T.S. Eliot Selected Essays
1932 W.H. Auden The Orators
1932 Luis-Ferdinand Celine Voyage au Bout de la Nuit
1932 Aldous Huxley Brave New World
1933 Nathanael West Miss Lonelyhearts
1933 Andre Malraux La Condition Humaine
1934 Dylan Thomas Eighteen Poems
1934 F. Scott Fitzgerald Tender Is the Night
1934 Henry James The Art of the Novel
1935 Marianne Moore Selected Poems
1936 Dylan Thomas Twenty-Five Poems
1936 Henri de Montherlant Les Jeunes Filles (1936-39)
1936 Henri Michaux Voyage en Grande Garabagne
1938 Jean-Paul Sartre La Nausee
1939 Louis MacNeice Autumn Journal
1939 Christopher Isherwood Goodbye to Berlin
1939 James Joyce Finnegans Wake
1940 Graham Greene The Power and the Glory
1940 Arthur Koestler Darkness at Noon
1940 W.H. Auden Another Time
1941 Henri Michaux Au Pays de la Magie
1941 Albert Camus L'Etranger
1942 Stephen Spender Ruins and Visions
1943 T.S. Eliot Four Quartets (1943-44)
1945 George Orwell Animal Farm
1946 Dylan Thomas Deaths and Entrances
1946 William Carlos Williams Patterson 1, 2, 3, 4 (1946-51)
1947 Albert Camus La Peste
1948 John Betjeman Selected Poems
1948 Ezra Pound The Pisan Cantos
1949 George Orwell 1984