The Ralph Waldo Emerson Award of $2,500 is offered annually by Phi Beta Kappa for scholarly studies of the intellectual and cultural condition of man. It was established in 1960. The purpose of the award is to recognize comprehensive studies that contribute significantly to historical, philosophical, or religious interpretations of the human condition. History, philosophy, and religion are conceived in sufficiently broad terms to permit the inclusion of appropriate work in related fields. Biographies in which a narrative emphasis predominates are not eligible.


2001 Debora Silverman Van Gogh and Gauguin: The Search for Sacred Art
2000 Peter Novick The Holocaust in American Life
1999 H. C. Erik Midelfort A History of Madness in Sixteenth-Century Germany
1998 Jill Lepore The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity
1997 Steven B. Smith Spinoza, Liberalism, and the Question of Jewish Identity
1996 Eloise Quinones Keber Codex Telleriano-Remensis: Ritual, Divination, and History in a Pictorial Aztec Manuscript
1995 Caroline Walker Bynum The Resurrection of the Body in Western Christianity, 220-1336
1994 David Levering Lewis W.E.B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919
1993 Theda Skocpol Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States
1992 Gordon S. Wood The Radicalism of the American Revolution
1991 Carl M. Degler In Search of Human Nature: The Decline and Revival of Darwinism in American Social Thought
1990 William L. Vance America's Rome, Volumes I and II
1989 Peter Brown The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity
1988 David Montgomery The Fall of the House of Labor
1987 Alfred W. Crosby Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900
1986 Benjamin I. Schwartz The World of Thought in Ancient China
1985 Joel Williamson The Crucible of Race: Black-White Relations in the American South since Emancipation
1984 David G. Roskies Against the Apocalypse: Responses to Catastrophe in Modern Jewish Culture
1983 Daniel Joseph Singal The War Within: From Victorian to Modernist Thought in the South, 1919-1945
1982 Robert Nozick Philosophical Explanations
1981 George M. Frederickson White Supremacy: A comparative Study in American and South African History
1980 Frank E. Manuel & Fritzie P. Manuel Utopian Thought in the Western World
1979 Elizabeth L. Eisenstein The Printing Press as an Agent of Change, Volumes I and II
1978 Bruce Kuklick The Rise of American Philosophy: Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1860-1930
1977 Eugen Weber Peasants into Frenchmen: The Modernization of Rural France, 1870-1914
1976 Paul Fussell The Great War and Modern Memory
1975 Marshall G. S. Hodgson The Venture of Islam
1974 Frederic C. Lane Venice: A Maritime Republic
1973 Barrington Moore, Jr. Reflections on the Causes of Human Misery and upon Certain Proposals to Eliminate Them
1972 John Rawls A Theory of Justice
1971 Charles A. Barker American Convictions: Cycles of Public Thought, 1600-1850
1970 Rollo May Love and Will
1969 Peter Gay Weimar Culture: The Outsider as Insider
1968 Winthrop D. Jordan White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812
1967 Robert Coles Children of Crisis: A Study of Courage and Fear
1966 John Herman Randall, Jr. The Career of Philosophy: From the German Enlightenment to the Age of Darwin
1965 Howard Mumford Jones O Strange New World: American Culture - The Formative Years
1964 Thomas F. Gossett Race: The History of an Idea in America
1963 Richard Hofstadter Anti-Intellectualism in American Life
1962 Herbert J. Muller Freedom in the Ancient World
1961 W. T. Stace Mysticism and Philosophy
1960 Albert William Levi Philosophy and the Modern World