News Clippings from the Past
Part 1A collection of news clippings from West Coast newspapers during 1942.
Courtesy of Yoriko Watanabe Sasaki; in printed form by James Watanabe,
JAPANESE PACK THEIR OWN FIREWOOD
Everybody works at the Puyallup camp for evacuated
Japanese. Since all the camp's stoves are wood burners, every family
developed a tremendous interest in wood deliveries made at street ends
in trucks. A volunteer wood detail unloads the truck, but after that
its every man (and woman) for himself. Other volunteer details work on
camp's streets and handle baggage of incoming
Although restricted to their camp area at the
Army's assembly center at Puyallup, Japanese evacuees have their own
government. William Mimbu, attorney and the camp's chief executive, has
an office and two stenographers -- Ruth Ogawa (left) and Cherry
Japanese cooks at the Puyallup assembly center
prepare all the meals eaten by evacuees. Joe Shiga, shown here, for 23
years a cook at Blanc's Cafe, runs the kitchen in one of the camp's
mess halls. He has named his mess hall "Blanc's."
Somewhere in China: I have just read a magazine piece
reporting that some Americans are urging persecution of Japanese war
prisoners and of Japanese civilians
interned in the United States. Such rabble-rousing by professional
patriots makes my blood boil, and when we veterans of this war get home
we are going to puncture some of these windbags. We don't want to lose
in our own country what we are fighting for elsewhere. I have known a
lot of Japanese-American soldiers, and let me assure you
that there is no more loyal group in any country. They are giving their
lives for our country, especially on the Italian fronts, and could
anybody ask for more? SERGT. JOE.
IN THE NEWS
Portuguese and the Jesuits had been driven out of Japan, the Dutch and
English sought to take their places as traders.
The means adopted
by these rivals of the Portuguese were not very creditable to Western
civilization and seemed to explain, if not to justify, the desire of
the Japanese to get rid of all these Western
The Japanese government had firmly conceived the idea
that the sole object of these Western adventurers was to exploit and
enslave the people of Japan.
It was not a "new order" that the
Japanese government desired at that time, but rather the old order of
"Japan for the Japanese."
The plans and processes of the Japanese
to accomplish their design, and crystallize their old order into a
homogeneous whole, were drastic and violent in the extreme.
government not only
expelled the traders and persecuted the Christians to the point of
extinction, but for a couple of
centuries went to the length of shutting itself off from the rest of
the world by a policy of almost complete exclusion.
This policy of
the "closed door" was announced by Iyemitzu by special edict in
"For the future let none SO LONG AS THE SUN ILLUMINATES THE
WORLD presume to sail to Japan -- not even in the quality of
ambassadors. And this declaration is never to be revoked on pain of
The next step
towards extinguishing all foreign influences was to eradicate the new
Christian religion completely.
Then began "the great martyrdom of
which added enormously to the "noble army of martyrs."
in "The Transactions of the Asiatic Society
of Japan" says:
"We read of Christians being executed in a
barbarous manner in sight of each other--
"Of their being hurled
from the top of precipices--
"Of their being buried alive--
being torn asunder by oxen--
"Of their being tied up in rice bags
which were heaped up together, and of the pile thus formed being set on
"Others were tortured before death by the insertion of sharp
spikes under the nails of their hands and feet.
"An examination of
the Japanese records will show that the case is not
Fresh edicts against the Christians were
continually issued, and the Japanese inquisitors carried out their
iniquitous provisions with frightful
It is reported that more than a quarter of a million
Japanese converts to Christianity suffered death or else torture to
The inmates of every dwelling were forced
publicly to trample upon pictures of Christ and the Virgin
The persecution was so thorough and the penalties so dreadful
that Mr. Lecky cites this attempt to exterminate the faith as at least
one instance which apparently achieved its end.
rebellion of Christians arose in Shimabara.
people, including 13,000
women and children, shut themselves up in the castle of that
Here they long withstood a violent siege.
armies of the Japanese inquisitors found that their own artillery was
unequal to the task of reducing the castle, they asked the assistance
of Koeckerbocker, head of the Dutch traders and fleets in the
He came promptly and gladly to the scene, and says Mr.
"To his eternal infamy and to the everlasting dishonor of
his country he not only sent his most powerfully armed ships to
Shimabara, which lay on the sea safe against any ships that the
Japanese possessed, but WENT IN COMMAND HIMSELF."
excuse of this brutal and greedy Hollander (for greed was at the bottom
of his brutality) was that he had been instructed by his government "to
save at any price the commerce with Japan."
Thus the castle of
Shimabara fell and the 33,000 Christians and the 13,000 women and
children were bloodily massacred to save the Dutch trade in the Indies
-- a profitable trade of Christian lives for heathen gold."
leaders of the revolutionists were not merely killed, but
Along the Gulf of Shimabara there drift sometimes at
nightfall on the surface of sea, pale red globes like great iridescent
They are in reality the
phosphorescent lights from countless animalculae of the sea groups in
But they are known as the "souls of Christian
martyrs" -- of men, women and children crucified, to use the Bryan
metaphor, upon a cross of gold.
Not all Dutchmen
approved of the help given the Japanese executioners by the brutal
Dutch Koeckerbocker -- Judas to his creed and to his Christ.
Kaempfer, the Dutch historian, says:
this submissive readiness to assist the emperor, in the execution of
his designs with regard to the final execution of Christianity, 'tis
true, indeed, that we stood our ground so far as to maintain ourselves
in the country, and to be permitted to carry on our trade."
many generous and noble persons at court and in the empire. judge quite
otherwise of our conduct and not too favorably."
The Dutch profited
but little by their base behavior.
They were compelled to reside on
a little island in the harbor of Nagasaki -- an Alcatraz -- a "rock"
only 200 yards long by eighty yards wide.
constricted spot were the Dutchmen confined.
But as Kaempfer says:
"So great was the alluring power of Japanese gold that rather than quit
their advantage of trade they willingly underwent an almost perpetual
imprisonment and chose... to be remiss in performing Divine service on
Sundays and to leave off praying and singing Psalms in publick and
entirely to avoid the sign of the cross or the calling upon Christ in
the presence of natives, and all outward marks of
The English behaved
better than the Dutch, but received no greater consideration.
a century later King Charles II of England endeavored to reopen
intercourse with Japan, but all English ships were ordered away when
the Japanese learned that the English monarch had married a Portuguese
It was not until the American, Perry, came in his black
ships that the Japanese regained some confidence in the honesty and
sincerity of foreigners and opened up their ports to the flag of the
Now trade has brought distrust again -- and
CASH RECEIPTS FOR MEALS
Colorado Willing To Take
DENVER, Feb. 28.-- (I.N.S.) -- As its contribution to the
war effort, Colorado-will accept Japanese and other Axis aliens being
evacuated from the West Coast, it was announced tonight by Gov. Ralph
L. Carr. He made his announcement in face of vigorous protests from
farm, labor and civic groups throughout the state.
termed the evacuees as
"unwelcome guests" but added that Colorado could control them,
"We announce to the world that 1,118,000 red-blooded
citizens of this state are able to take care of 3,500 or any number of
enemies, if that be the task which is allotted to us."
Carr was the first chief executive in the Mountain States to formally
open the way for the acceptance of the aliens. Governors of other
states in the region indicated to Representative John T. Tolan,
Democrat, of California, chairman of the congressional committee now in
Seattle investigating the alien enemy problem, that they did not want
MILLIKIN ASKS JAP OUSTER
AT HEARING HERE
Mayor Cain Opposed; Langlie Avoids Stand
but Cites East Side Opposition
By Dan B. Markel
Japanese residents from the Puget Sound area was urged by Seattle's
Mayor, Earl Millikin, and opposed by Tacoma's Mayor Harry P. Cain, at
opening hearings of the powerful Tolan committee here
Gov. Arthur B. Langlie voiced no direct opinion on the
question of whether evacuation should he undertaken, but said that
should be the first consideration commented on the concentration of war
industries here, and spoke of fire hazards in the state's timbered and
Congressman John H. Tolan of California, chairman of
the committee, requested by the war, navy and justice departments to
investigate alien problems on the Pacific Coast with respect to
probable large-scale movements, presided.
Carl T. Curtis of Nebraska and Laurence F. Arnold of Illinois
participated 1n the brisk questioning throughout the hearing, which was
attended by many younger generation Japanese.
Langlie at the outset
of his testimony
declared public sentiment is opposed to locating any evacuated Japanese
"In that part of the state there are irrigation
systems, orchards, pea and beet fields which can be fire hazards, large
timber stands, dams," he explained.
SAYS PROBLEM SAME
sections of the
state feel they have as much, in their way, to protect from sabotage as
does the West Side, where our industries are mainly located. The
problems on the East Side is about the same as the West
"What responsibility do you feel the state has?" Arnold
"Our responsibility is to go along on what the government
outlines," Langlie replied. "We are concerned primarily with safety of
operation. Safety to our airplane plants, shipyards, aluminum, yes, and
food industries, must be our first
"Being closest to the enemy and
a possible point of first attack, we have a responsibility also to our
"It is pretty necessary for us to keep some
reserve in Eastern Washington for the care of our own loyal citizens,
in the event they may have to be moved or evacuated in the case of
attack. We have to keep channels open so that in the event of a
civilian evacuation people would a place to go in the Eastern part of
Red Cross Told Captives Well
Treated by Japs
The American Red Cross has received direct
assurance that American prisoners of war and interned civilians are
receiving "good treatment," John N. Zydeman, Red Cross state
representative, said here yesterday.
They are allowed the following
daily rations, according to a report from the prisoners of war bureau
of the Japanese government in Tokyo: meat (beef, pork, ham and liver),
fish, 350 grams each; fresh fruits and vegetables; tea with cream and
sugar; 690 grams of bread and jam, and on Sundays one egg and coffee.
Only requests are for more tobacco and toilet articles.
said the American Red Cross, in conjunction with the British, Canadian
and Australian Red Cross Societies, hopes soon to be able to ship
supplementary food and clothing from Australia to prisoners of war and
interned civilians held by the Japanese. Negotiations are under way
with the Japanese government to clear the way for this.
may be sent by individuals to prisoners of war,
Zydeman stressed. As soon as the Red Cross completes the arrangements
now under way with Japan, details will be announced, he
Little Tokyo Lifeless as 'Movie' Set
L. A. Japs Solve
By GLADWIN HILL
ANGELES, March 11.-(Wide World Service) -- "Everybody gone..."
wrinkled old Japanese storekeeper down in Little Tokyo shrugged his
shoulders and peered helplessly up and down the empty street.
days ago this was the teeming heart of the biggest Japanese community
in the world outside Japan. Today it stood almost as lifeless and
ghostly as a "movie" set.
Little Tokyo had
solved its own evacuation problem, a few days ahead of the United
States Army, by decamping en masse for the hinterland. to live with
compatriots on farms or start carving a new life out of the public
Little Left to Keep Them
was little left in Little Tokyo to keep them there. One establishment
after another -- banks, restaurants, "movie" theatres still postered
with fading Japanese Gables and Grables -- sealed by the ubiquitous
placard: "This property is under the control of the United States
government. All persons are hereby prohibited from entering the
premises under penalty of law. H. Morgenthau, Jr."
A few Oriental
figures shuffled up and down the lonely streets, looking aimless,
dazed. A young Japanese-American girl, in jitterbug saddle shoes and
socks, and her small, wrinkled mother inspecting an open-air fish stall
......An aged Japanese, meeting a young fellow on the sidewalk, pausing
for a farewell handshake and words of advice in the harsh consonants of
Many establishments had been closed voluntarily,
their show-windows still displaying
"God bless America. This place of business owned and
operated by 100 per cent Americans"... "We are 100 per cent for the U.
Oriental bustle had been
supplanted by a tense atmosphere of martial authority. A
brown-uniformed Treasury guard watched a warehouse... That elderly
American in blue dungarees -- he looked like a laborer or a hobo, but
you bumped into him every time you turned a corner -- constantly
patrolling, always giving you the
The natives of the district knew they were being
watched. They never appeared to see you, but if you turned suddenly,
you caught them eyeing you...
The big Koyasan Buddhist Temple, in a
courtyard off East First Street, that might have been transplanted from
Tokyo, stood with its portals open, its big hall and ornate altar
deserted, minded only by two inscrutable custodians in the outer
The few places left open did only desultory business. The
Iwaki drug store... the Nisei-Do jewelry store... at the big Asia
Company, importers, piled bags of rice lying untouched...
100 per cent for the U. S...."
The hole-in-the-wall barber shops
were busiest, with farewell haircuts. In one, an old Japanese woman
barber shaved a customer. The man in blue dungarees, rounding that
block for the third time in an hour, looked in...
One place remained
indomitably open, although it was doing no business -the Nakano
in its window a placard:
"My son is in service of the U. S. Army.
GIVE GROWERS AMPLE SEED
Offspring of Original Japanese Imports
Furnish Ranchers Enough Stock, Says Kincaid
By ROBERT N.
Five years ago the
Pacific war, by cutting off imports of seed oysters from Japan, would
most of the Pacific Coast's thriving young oyster industry.
today, even with the war in full swing, there is no such danger. Oyster
ranchers in the shallow bays of the Oregon and Washington coasts are
planting more oysters than
ever before, and they are absolutely independent of the Japanese for
their seed supply.
came about mostly through the scientific curiosity and experiment of
Prof. Trevor Kincaid of the University of Washington zoology
department, a man who was not satisfied to let the closemouthed oyster
keep its secret to itself.
Kincaid got what he
laughingly calls a "Nisei" oyster -- a Pacific oyster grown from seed
spawned in America, under American care, but of Japanese lineage. It's
what you're eating today.
At one time the Japanese held an
air-tight monopoly on the production of seed oysters -- young
oysters ready for transplanting to the beds. Each year oyster ranchers
in America had to import seed oysters from Japan. As late as 1939 the
majority of seed oysters used on our coast came from Japanese
"Always there was the possibility that there might come a
time when we would be cut off from importing the seed," Professor
Kincaid said. "So we decided to try
to develop our own. We simply imitated the Japanese. And now we are
able to grow all the coast oyster ranchers can plant."
Kincaid's experiments took place in Willapa Bay, where he
himself has forty-three acres of oyster land. Now Willapa Bay grows all
its own seed, and exports seed to Yaquina and Coos Bays in Oregon and
to various locations in Washington.
The method of gathering seed
oysters is simple. Each year, at the first of July, just before the
adult oysters spawn, strings of old oyster shells are suspended in the
water over the oyster beds. The microscopic oyster larvae, called
"seeds", swim around until they fasten themselves to one of the old
shells to mature.
Within several months the young oysters have
reached fingernail size. Then the strings of shells are raised and
shipped. Seed oysters can survive out of water for a month, Kincaid
said, so shipping is merely a matter of boxing the shells.
young oysters are dumped overboard in their shallow farming grounds and
left alone. Three years later they appear on your dinner
JAP ADOPTIONS PROPOSED HERE
plan that would save loyal American-born Japanese children from
evacuation and permit them to remain in school classes was advanced
yesterday by Carl Dakan, professor of finance at the University of
He suggested that Seattle families be permitted to
adopt them "for the duration," and assume full responsibility for their
"I believe the idea could be worked out and that
trustworthy and loyal young Japanese-Americans could be spared the
suffering they are bound to experience through removal to inland
points," he explained.
"I feel the plan is worth serious
consideration, at least."
He declared that though he has four
children of his own, he is willing to take a young
Japanese-American into his own home for the duration and assume full
responsibility for his or her conduct.
"Of course those offering
homes for these children should be reputable and dependable citizens,"
he continued, "parents should be permitted to make their own selection
from children whose loyalty is unquestioned.
"The children should
not be assigned
to homes arbitrarily.
"I hate to see these young people oppressed
with the feeling that there is no way to separate the good from the
bad. I feel that this may be the solution.
"Of course the plan
would require a considerable amount of detailed investigation. There
would be the danger that some families might adopt the children to use
them as household servants. But I believe the effort would be worth
WASHINGTON. -- Isolationist Senator Hiram Johnson of
California, who fought every major measure to prepare for an Axis
attack, was one of the loudest clamorers for evacuating West Coast Japs
at the secret pow-wow of senate and house congressmen from California,
However, Johnson got his ears pinned back when he tried to
put over a resolution aimed at the President, demanding the removal
only of Japs, and not German and Italian aliens.
emphatically will not
agree to anything like that," snapped Representative Bertrand Gearhart.
"I'll walk out of this meeting first."
"What's the reason for your
objection?" demanded Johnson.
"I'll admit that the Japs are the
most dangerous element on the Coast," shot back Gearhart, "but if you
don't know it, we also are fighting Germany and Italy. Further, your
proposal is unconstitutional. We can't single out a special class for
evacuation. The law has to apply to all enemy
Representatives Ed Izac and John Costello of California
strongly supported this view, and for a moment it looked as if the
meeting would blow up in a hot row. Several other congressmen also
inferentially accused Johnson of playing politics by trying to curry
favor with German-American and Italian-American
NIPPONESE TAKEN IN F.
B. I. ROUND-UP HERE
Here are some of the 103
Japanese rounded up by federal authorities in Seattle yesterday. All
the prisoners were members of what the government said are pro-Japanese
societies. The federal agencies ???? prisoner take a small amount of
baggage with him, and here you see
the result: The man on the left, with a suitcase; the second man,
peering around at the
cameraman, has a package in his arms while others carry shopping bags.
They are shown as they were taken
into the Immigration Station, ??? Airport Way, for detention. None
Americans Ill Of Japs' Prison
CHUNGKING, March 9.--(AP)-Recent arrivals from
Japanese-occupied Hongkong reported today that Vaughn Meisling,
Associated Press corespondent, and two other Americans had been
confined to Stanley prison under conditions of privation.
report said that persons confined there were given
but one bowl of rice and a bowl of fish or meat soup daily, and that
many were suffering from dysentery and stomach ulcers, it was
Meisling and his two companions first were allowed to live in
the Gloucester Hotel, where a Japanese army intelligence officer tried
to induce them to write and sign articles saying they were getting good
treatment, it was reported. When his efforts were useless, the men were
transferred to the prison.
KOBE, WELL FED
A radio message, confirming earlier
reports that Everett B. Wooliscroft, formerly of Seattle, is alive and
a prisoner of the Japanese, was recorded by the United Press listening
post in San Francisco yesterday, the news agency reported.
message, from Wooliscroft to his father, David Wooliscroft, at Three
Tree Point, said Wooliscroft, an engineer, was "safe and well."
am safe and well in Kobe," the message asserted. "We are quartered in a
large mansion surrounded by gardens and lawns. Ample quantities of
excellent food are served us three times daily.
Company, 333 Montgomery St., San Francisco. We are all in good spirits
and looking forward hopefully to the day we will be returned to our
homes so that we may work for better understanding between American and
"Do not worry or become discouraged because
everything will turn out all right. Please inform Jean that this
message is also intended for her."
one of a number of engineers working on Guam when the island was taken
by the Japs.
The broadcast was one of four recorded by United
Press. The three others were from William G. Johnston, Franklin, Tenn.;
Charles F. Greggs, Los Angeles, ???? manager for Pan American Airways,
and Harley Lucke, ????, Calif., all of whom were in Guam with
RELIGIOUS PEACE HELD
This is no time for Christian denominations and Jews
to be fighting among themselves or to be indifferent to each other, the
Rev. Dr. Henry Smith Leiper of New York City, American executive
secretary of the World Council of Churches, told the Seattle Council of
Churches and Christian Education at the noon meeting today at the Y. W.
"Rather we should forget our minor differences and strengthen
the whole spiritual morale, bringing all we have to bear upon this
problem of democracy," Dr. Leiper said.
Beliefs Do Count
Leiper was in Europe when the Second World War started. The last time
he was in Germany was in 1936, when he had an opportunity to see
"You hear 'It doesn't make any difference what a man
believes.' It does make a difference whether he believes Hitler is the
final law or not," Dr. Leiper said. "If we, as a nation, believe in God
as the Japanese do in the Emperor, we will have a more powerful drive
in this business of saving democracy."
Newton E. Moats, president of the Seattle council, said the council
should realize it cannot ignore certain problems in the evacuation of
Christian Japanese from this area.
"We have complete confidence in
those in authority," he said, "but we must be interested in seeing that
Japanese children have schools and medical care wherever they are
The Rev. Dr. Harold Jensen, pastor of the First Baptist
Church and chairman of the council's civics committee, urged that all
member vote in the municipal election tomorrow, particularly on the
proposed 3-mill tax levy for city
JAPS HELD IN BLAST PROBE
Pending an Army investigation of an
explosion and fire on railroad property near Port Townsend Saturday
night, Army officials ordered removal of nine arrested Japanese members
of a section crew to the Immigration Service detention headquarters in
Seattle, the Associated Press reported today.
The blast destroyed a
railroad speeder, a tool shed and two old coaches belonging to the Port
Townsend Southern Railroad.
The laborers were arrested by Arny
sentries and taken to the Jefferson County Jail for removal to Seattle.
They are held without charge.
Railroad officials, who said no
estimate has been made of damage, reported the fire broke out after the
crew had been summoned for a repair job on the isolated Olympic
Peninsula Railroad. This line, which runs from Port Angeles to Port
Townsend and other points on the Olympic Peninsula, is connected to
other railroads only by ferry connections with Seattle.
were on patrol in the vicinity when the speeder being taken from the
shed, burst into flames. Along with the shed, several barrels of oil
ignited and a number of stocks of dynamite exploded.
were listed by Jefferson County officers as Kanshicki Kanno, Jinhichi
Kurisu, Ichitaro Taniwa, Yuki Matsuoka, Kanzo Nakamura. Tadao Ka????,
JAPANESE FACE QUICK TAX
County Treasurer Ralph S. Stacy's revenue deputies today were
to begin investigation of properties owned by more than 300 Japanese
here on "quick-collect" orders from County Assessor Roy B.
In issuing the orders, Misener expressed belief that the
county might lose property taxes for the past year against Japanese
facing evacuation unless the county acts promptly to collect.
Streeter, chief revenue deputy, said
restraint orders against Japanese properties will be issued in cases
where there is evidence the county may be forestalled in tax
Y. Official in Tokyo to Help Prisoners
TORONTO, March 10. -- (AP) -- Russell L. Durgin, an American Y. M. C.
A. official, has arrived in Tokyo to make arrangements for aid to
United States and British prisoners of war in Japan, it was announced
today by Sir Ernest MacMillan, chairman of the War Prisoners' Aid
Branch of the Canadian Y. M. C. A.
Durgin, native of Concord, N. H., and a Dartmouth alumnus, for many
years was a secretary of the Y. M. C. A. in Tokyo and speaks Japanese
Legion Head Demands
Evacuation of Aliens
WASHINGTON, March 6.--(AP)-Lynn U. Stambaugh,
national commander of the American Legion, today demanded that all
Japanese be removed from the Pacific Coast to inland states.
War Department should immediately exercise its newly granted authority
to remove all dangerous persons from combat zones," the commander
"The presence of large numbers of enemy aliens and
potentially disloyal nationals of alien parentage in combat zones is a
menace to the safety of our country," Stambaugh
Whites Try to Buy Them Out at
Low Price, Say Japanese
Seattle-born Japanese business men, facing
possibilities of losing their establishments through evacuation, are
doing business as usual here -- but with their fingers crossed.
few, however, already are conducting "removal sales,"
and many complain that they are being annoyed by white competitors, who
want to buy the Japanese owner's stock at 5 or 10 cents on the dollar,
now that the Japanese are faced with evacuation.
The Japanese know
not at what time the government will order them to leave Seattle
immediately. Neither do they know how long they will have to dispose of
Though Seattle's American-born Japanese are facing
heavy losses, they ask no sympathy. They say their greatest heartache
is the severe blow to their pride in citizenship.
"Because we are
Americans and have been taught the American spirit, we can take it,"
said one. "We are anxious to do our part. It is a very small sacrifice
for the right to be an American."
Presidents' Names Taken
situation is that of the Beppu brothers, who operate a fishing-tackle
store at 600 Third Ave. Named after Presidents, they are Taft, Lincoln
and Grant Beppu. They have a younger brother, Monroe Beppu, who is in
the United States Army. All were born in Seattle.
They have been in
business eight years and were about to reap the profits of the
approaching fishing season. Because of their business record, much of
their stock will be taken back to wholesalers at no loss. However,
there is a great deal of other stock, which might be tied up for the
"We do not want to be idle," said Taft. "We want to do
our part. If we are sent inland, there won't be much to do in the
fishing-tackle business. But whatever the government wants us to be,
farmers, carpenters, ranchers or apple pickers, we'll do our
to do something in which we best will be serving our country. We don't
want sympathy; we want to put our shoulders to the wheel."
Kashiwagi, operators of clothing stores at 615 Jackson St., and 308
Main St., have had several offers, which would net them about 10 per
cent of their stock's value. But they said they rather would have the
government take over their business than to sell at such a
The Kashiwagi brothers are classified 3-A by the
Selective... [end of clipping]
Japanese Rescues Major
WITH THE FIFTH ARMY AT CASSINO (3) -- The
major was lying in the rain on a rocky hillside between Cassino and the
Abbey of Monte Cassino.
Everyone knew he was badly hurt, but the
nearest man to him had to cross 18 yards of open ground in the face of
German snipers and a German tank which was on the road to the
The nearest man happened to be Sgt. Gary Hisaoka, an
American of Japanese descent from Hilo, Hawaii, who came into the Army
directly from the University of Hawaii.
Hisaoka crouched down, slid
out to the end of his trench, then sprinted across the 10 yards
intervening to the officer.
he said, "I'm going to have to drag you in."
"That's all right,
boy," the major
replied, "get me back any old way."
Hisaoka then grabbed him by the
arms and dragged him across the open space to the trench and saw him
placed on a litter. The major is going to be all right after a spell in
Woman Missionary Hopes To
Keep Ties With Japanese
It's a big, fat photograph album pasted up
with snapshots of surpliced little boys carrying crucifixes,
brides in white satin, young men at sports, tiny babies being
christened, girl "chums" laughing together -- the usual kind of
snapshots found in albums.
one belongs to an American woman, Mrs. Margaret Peppers, 1220 Holgate
St, and the people in the pictures are all Japanese.
of 13 years
of missionary work among the Japanese here in Seattle unroll with the
But instead of looking backward, Mrs.
deaconess, is looking forward, hoping, if the Army agrees with the
hopes of the Rt. Rev. S. Arthur Huston, bishop of the diocese of
Olympia, that she will add more photographs of her Japanese friends in
their evacuation settlements. (PHOTO: MRS. MARGARET PEPPERS 'I've
"I have made arrangements to go with the Japanese
Episcopalians in St. Peter's Mission, 16th Avenue and King Street, or
with those in St. Paul's in Kent, from the very beginning. When I
offered my services, Bishop Huston said he had hoped I would want to
go, and both Buddhist and Christian Japanese have said the same thing.
If they are sent to open settlements I can, of course, go without
permission. If it is a guarded section, I shall have to obtain
If Mrs. Peppers does go to one of the settlements she
probably will be one of the few American women to live among the
Japanese during their evacuation.
Mrs. Peppers, godmother of 105
children of all races and nationalities, began her missionary work in
the Philippines, where she spent ten years, part of them among the
headhunters in Northern Luzon. For ten months she was the only white
woman among 897 Igorots in Tekukan.
"I gave them first aid for
everything from broken legs
to minor cuts and taught Belgian lace-making to the
Armistice News Was Slow
Mrs. Peppers also was in
charge of a home for Mestigo girls (native girls with white fathers)
and St. Stephen's Chinese Girls' School in Manila.
during the First World War, when we were so busy with the influenza
epidemic. All the trails were closed and we had no contact with the
outside world. It was three weeks before we knew the Armistice had been
When Mrs. Peppers first came to Seattle she worked among
isolated church people in Western Washington, visiting between four and
five hundred families so far from centers that they were unable to
attend church services.
Thirteen years ago she took up her work at
St. Peter's Mission, becoming a sort of liaison officer
between the younger generation, who were American in manners and
speech, and their parents, who clung to the Japanese language and
'Taught Them Everything'
"I taught them everything
from how to thread a needle and cook a meal to saying their prayers.
I've watched them grow up into men and women and the third generation
begin. This is the only Japanese Episcopal Church in Seattle, so our
people are scattered all over the city. When they are all settled --
and we hope the people in our church will be in the same settlement --
I hope I'll be with them."
The local and Kent churches may combine
congregations. If they are separated Mrs. Peppers will go "wherever I
am needed most." Mrs. Peppers was the only American among 600 Japanese
assisting Dr. Paul Shigaya when he gave typhus inoculations last Sunday
4 Japs Jailed Here For Curfew
United States District Judge John C. Bowen today
sentenced four American-born Seattle Japanese to serve 12 days in the
King County jail for violation of the wartime curfew regulations. Two
others were freed by the Court.
Those who were sentenced were Ken
Eto, 22 years old; Yoshito Takano, 23; Arthur Masanori Mahara, 27, and
Kazuo H. Yamaskai. All of the Japanese pleaded guilty to the
Judge Bowen suspended for five years imposition of
sentence against Miss Sumi Kesamaru, 25, and Yoshimi Innouye, 25.
Innouye, father of an infant son, was instructed to join his wife and
son who already have been evacuated with other Japanese from Seattle.
The four other Japanese sentenced were taken to jail by United States
Deputy Marshals Michael Green and James
Tears, Smiles Mingle as Japs Bid
By FIELDING LEMMON
Japanese, alien and American-born alike, were evacuated from the island
this forenoon, some leaving in tears, some with smiles and others with
traditional stoic faces.
The Army checked out a total of 237
persons, the remainder of the 289 on the island having left
The evacuation was a
credit to the efficiency of the Army, it was a tragedy to the Japanese
themselves and it was a said affair for island residents, most of whom
knew the Japanese personally.
Only one incident marred an orderly
evacuation. One elderly woman was stricken with a heart attack as she
awaited the ferry at Eagledale which was to take her to new
surroundings in California.
The woman was given first
aid, carried on the boat and then received medical attention when the
ferry arrived in Seattle. By 11 o'clock this forenoon the entire
Japanese population of the island had assembled, as arranged
previously, at the ferry dock in Eagledale. Soldiers under command of
Maj. C. F. Bisenius immediately segregated them by families and gave an
identification tag to each.
When the ferry Kehloken arrived
at 11:03 o'clock, the entire assemblage was ready to board. It was
accomplished in orderly fashion. There were one or more soldiers for
each family. The soldiers courteously escorted the Japanese aboard the
Once aboard, the evacuees were given the run of the boat,
except for the lower deck.
Arriving at Colman Dock shortly after
noon, the Japanese were taken immediately to a special train, which was
on the switch tracks in front of the dock.
The Japanese by this
time were smiling but there were many a soldier, including even
officers, who had tears streaming down their faces as they escorted the
evacuees aboard the train.
The Japanese had left their homes, in
which some had lived for as many as 40 years. The most touching scene,
however, was the attitude of the children, some too young to comprehend
the reason for their removal. One child, held tightly by his mother on
the ferry, asked:
"Where are we going?"
The mother rocked him
gently and said:
"I don't know, but we will be back."
captain of the ferry which brought the Japanese to Seattle was Oscar
Lundgren, who was born on the island and knew most of the Japanese who
were being removed. He was kept busy during his relief shift shaking
hands with his friends.
Tells of 'Slabwood Harry'
He told about
Hiroshita, who was known in the early part of the century as "Slabwood
Captain Lundgren explained that this nickname resulted from
the fact that Hiroshita supplied the slabwood for tubs which ran into
Port Blakely before the days of coal and oil.
scene before the ferry left Bainbridge Island was the parting between
high school classmates. Many pupils at Bainbridge High School cut
classes to bid their Japanese friends goodbye.
There was a great
of white friends at Eagledale before the evacuation was completed.
These friends, as well as soldiers, gave the departing Japanese every
It was a pathetic exodus.
There were mothers with babies
in arms, aged patriarchs with faltering steps, high school boys and
girls, and some children, too young to realize the full import of the
occasion. The youngsters frolicked about, treating the evacuation as a
There was at least one sad
Zbaristo Arota, a Filipino, remained on the island
while his Japanese wife, Miki, sadly boarded the ferry.
officials said they were compelled to deny a
request that either Arota be taken with the evacuees or Mrs. Arota be
allowed to stay.
Yesterday was a busy one for the island's "orphans
of war," as they have designated themselves. The island Japanese had
set their affairs in order in eight short days, under Army
For some it was a simple matter. Others had a
far more difficult time, as they had much personal property to sell or
store, and personal affairs, such as leases, to settle.
Nakata, proprietor of the Eagle Harbor Grocery & Market, spent a
busy day visiting customers who had invited him for farewell calls.
Earlier in the week he had arranged for leasing his business, and his
day was free.
Nakata's home, during the late afternoon, became a
gathering place for many Japanese and American friends at what he
termed a "going-away" party.
Farewell Service Held
The Rev. K.
Hirakawa, pastor of the Japanese church, was has accepted his
evacuation orders with calm philosophy, held farewell services for the
flock he has served 17 years. Services scarcely had ended when movers
arrived to store the church piano.
"What has to be, has to be,"
said Mr. Hirakawa, smiling. "I am glad for the fact we all can be
together. I think most of us will return to the island together some
Some are old and won't be back, but the rest of us will await
the day when we can come home."
The minister expressed pride over
the way members of his race accepted evacuation.
"We knew, really,
that the order was coming," he asserted. "We had hoped for the best,
however, and when it did come it was a shock. But almost 100 per cent
of the Japanese have tried to make the best of it. If this evacuation
will help the country, we are proud to obey the order."
A scene reminiscent of a
Midwest farm auction was enacted yesterday at the Kitayama Greenhouse
and Gardens at Pleasant Beach. The proprietors had much to sell. There
were plants and shrubs, tools and fertilizers, automobiles and trucks,
household furnishings, and even a flock of chickens.
stormed the place, and by nightfall nearly everything was gone. A few
chickens remained, but a neighbor agreed to take care of them.
problem was foreseen over the evacuation of Yoshio Katayama, his mother
and two sisters. Katayama owns the island's largest rhubarb farm, which
will have a harvest estimated at $1,000. Katayama said he had been
unable to obtain a lessee, and fears his entire rhubarb crop will go to
Strawberry and pea fields were almost deserted yesterday, a
strange occurrence for this time of year, when workers usually are busy
every day, even Sundays, weeding and cultivating.
Every Field to
The Japanese pointed
proudly however, to one thing: Every field on the island is in perfect
order. For the past week, they have toiled to put each strawberry field
in "apple pie" condition. The peas are cultivated and staked. Pea
plants are two to three inches tall, and the rows spread in geometrical
order, are weed-free.
F. O. Nagatani, Island Center, said every
Japanese on the island has striven for the past eight days to make his
land ready for production.
"We won't be here to harvest the crop,
but the crop is there," Nagatani said. "It will be as good or better
crop than any previous year. We hope it will aid the war effort."
strange collection of material began gathering in the storehouse opened
at Winslow by the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, custodian for
enemy-alien property. Among articles the Japanese asked the bank to
care for were a 50gallon barrel of strawberry preserves,
and 68 wrestling mats owned by the island's Japanese
There were many scenes of pathos yesterday. The
Japanese can take only personal belongings with them. The Army made no
arrangements for pets. This was a hard blow to many children who had to
part with dogs and cats.
The dog situation was eased by citizens
who agreed to care for the animals until the Japanese return, or until
the dogs can be shipped to the resettlement center -- Army rules
Little Kejo Leaves Kitty
There was no
solution, however, as to what to do about little Kejo Nishimira's
kitten. The little girl, scarcer 4 years old, said, with tears in her
"It can't take my kitty."
hard-boiled guys from Brooklyn in the Army group indicated they would
gladly smuggle little Kejo's kitten aboard the ferry if they thought
she could take it along with her to California.
They knew she
couldn't, however, and
it appeared that one company might have a new mascot -a
Japanese are regretful but not bitter about their
departure. John Ichero summed up the general attitude when he
join the Army, others the Navy. We do our part by evacuating."
evacuees can ???? this restriction, many families are discarding staple
articles in favor of personal ones. Two families, for instance, are
taking small Buddhist altars. Another is taking a scrapbook of
clippings, which tell of a son's Bainbridge High School athletic
career. The M. Nakata family carefully packed away a poster which says
a son is in the United States Army. Lieut. Col. Paul B. Malone, 9th
Corps Area, was on the island to aid evacuation procedure. He had high
praise for the manner in which the Japanese had
C. of C.
Appeals to Farmers To Take Over Jap Acreages
Appeal to individual
operators to step forward and take over farm lands which must be
abandoned by evacuated Japanese was made here yesterday by the Wartime
Civil Control Administration.
Washington State, it was revealed at
a meeting held at the Chamber of Commerce, lags far behind other Coast
states in Japanese evacuation and in placing new operators on land
formerly farmed by Japanese. It was estimated that only 20 per cent of
Japanese-operated farms had been transferred to white operators,
whereas the take-over in California is as high as 90 per
shippers and packers attended the meeting, some of them directing
complaints to Laurence I. Hewes, director of the agricultural division
of W. C. C. A., who presided, that slowness in granting loans to
operators was holding up the take-over of land.
Only 25 Loans
Oles, manager of the Washington Produce Shippers' Association, learning
that 25 loans had been consummated in King County to provide for
operation of about 375 acres of farmland, said that figure represented
about 10 per cent of the acreage which must be taken over when the
Japanese are evacuated. Oles said there were 550 farm units in the
White River Valley alone, for which about 120 loan applications had
Oles also stated that Victory Farms, Inc., which
proposed to take over Japanese farms from Bothell to Tacoma as a purely
patriotic venture, had been "turned down cold" by the W. C. C. A. for a
loan despite the fact the government agency had asked white operators
to help solve the abandoned farm problem.
"All right," said Hewes,
"the idea was our baby. All right, we made a mistake. We are sorry. But
Victory Farms is free to go on, free to submit another docket. If it
assists evacuation, the door still is wide open.
Idea Good, Plan
"Victory Farms is a
fine, patriotic thing. We are thankful to you and hope you may be able
to work out a more orthodox, conventional pattern of
said the Victoria Farms loan request was turned down because it asked
for "an open line of credit," with a $400,000 advance, plus another
$300,000 and perhaps more money "without regard for specific operation
on specific lands."
"My farm people told me it
was so unusual that it could not succeed in operation," Hewes
"Several large corporation interests are trying to enter the
takeover field. One wanted to spend $5,000,000 if we gave it a first
'pick over' of the land involved.
"Victory Farms tends to
individual operator. The Japanese feel no compulsion to get out in a
hurry if they think a million-dollar corporation will take care of
Olih also disclosed that greenhouse operators,
seeking to aid in evacuation, had organized, elected Peter Rosaia of
Seattle president and presented a proposal to operate Japanese
horse on us, too," Hewes said. 'We invited it."
If the greenhouse
individual take-overs, Hewes explained, the W. C A. A. would not look
favorably upon a request for a loan.
Rossia said a $75,000 to
$85,000 crop of tomatoes and cucumbers in about 30 King and Pierce
County greenhouses would be lost unless they were taken over by white
operators. He said the operators could supply the necessary
"We have a corporation ready, the crop is 30 to 45 days away
and we can salvage this crop," Oles explained.
Corporation "Why a corporation?" Hewes asked. "Why not have each
individual white operator spread out and take over the
Hewes and Oles disagreed upon the ability of a
Japanese to find a substitute operator. Oles said he doubted that lone
Japanese operators could find substitutes but Hewes, citing experiences
in California evacuation, said many Japanese
waited until the last day on the farms before revealing they had
concluded negotiations for takeovers.
Hewes and L. N. McKown,
representative of the fruit department of Libby, McNeill & Libby,
disagreed over time required to obtain loans. Hewes said loan
applications were taken care of in four days while McKown said "it is
more like four weeks." MeKown cited an instance of 280 acres of
tomatoes in California being lost because "a prospective operator had
been held at arm's length so long he said, 'The hell with
"There is no consistency in the requirements for loans,"
McKown said. "What happened in California can happen here."
complaint was that a white operator, proposing to expand and take over
a Japanese operation, was asked to mortgage his own crop in order to
obtain a loan. Hewes replied that the mortgages were desired, but were
not absolutely necessary.
During discussion of labor shortage for
operation, Pete Desimone, King County farm operator, broke
"What is all this talk about workers? We're in a war and we've
got to work. We've got to forget about the 40-hour week. What we need
is a 75-hour week if we are going to lick
GROUP OF JAPANESE GOES
The week's second contingent of Japanese
evacuees was being transferred to the Puyallup assembly center from
Seattle under Army supervision today.
Almost 2,100 Japanese will be
evacuated from the South End and northwest sector of the city this
week. The third and last group will go tomorrow. The first went
Meanwhile, Portland, Or., was preparing for its first
evacuation by registering Japanese. Removal to the assembly center at
the converted Pacific International Livestock
Exposition grounds will begin tomorrow, the Associated Press
The Wartime Civilian
Control Administration announced many of the Japanese evacuated from
the Portland area probably will be sent to the Tule Lake section near
Klamath Falls, Or.
DIDN'T HURT TRADE
In the Pike Place Public markets, Inc., yesterday reflected the
usual Saturday crowds, despite the evacuation. Stalls formerly occupied
by the Japanese, who are
barred from the central business district by wartime restrictions, were
taken over by Italians and
others of different nationalities. "Under New Management" signs
announced new stall operators. A section of the brisk shopping crowd is
JAPANESE AID FAMILY SOCIETY
As a token of
appreciation for aid given Japanese by the Family Society in solving
problems of evacuation, the Association of Japanese Cannery Workers has
$50 to the general welfare fund of the Family Society at Seattle, it
was announced yesterday.
"While our contribution is too small to
approximate the extent to which you have aided our members and their
families in the crisis which confronts the Japanese population of the
Pacific Coast, we hope the enclosed amount will serve as a token of
appreciation," a letter accompanying the donation said. It was signed
by Dyke Miyagawa, president of the
"There is abundant assurance, we feel sure, that the
Japanese of the Northwest will not forget the friends they have been so
fortunate to find in your society," Miyagawa wrote.
The Western Defense Command yesterday ordered the evacuation
of 2,000 more Japanese from Seattle. The upper sketch shows two new
areas to be cleared. They are indicated in black on the map of Seattle
(lower). The area marked in diagonals already has been evacuated,
leaving only the areas in gray where Japanese still may
2,000 More City Japs Will Be
(Continued From Page One)
[previous clipping missing]...sible member of each family
register all members of a family.
The movement of the Japanese to
Puyallup will start Friday afternoon and must be completed by Saturday
noon, the orders said. California Japanese will go to assembly centers
at the Santa Anita and Tanforan race tracks, those from Arizona to the
Cave Creek reception center, 50 miles north of Phoenix and the Mayer
reception center, 85 miles northwest of Phoenix.
issuance of the orders, Col. Karl R. Bendetsen, assistant chief of
staff, civil affairs division, reiterated his
previous announcement that there is no basis of fact to rumors that
Japanese in rural areas will not be removed until crops are
"Military necessity is an
unrelenting taskmaster, and the harvesting of crops or other
agriculture tasks cannot be allowed to retard the evacuation program,"
the colonel said.
Evacuee Writes Japanese
Like Puyallup 'Home'
Japanese who have been evacuated from Seattle
now are settled at the assembly center in Puyallup are surprisingly
pleased with their new "home," according to a letter received yesterday
from Edward K. Shimomura, a pharmacist formerly employed
"I'm not the least bit worried now after witnessing how
courteously and splendidly the Army has equipped us in these cabins
with all the facilities to make it comfortable, the special food that
they give the children and the balanced meals which we receive. In more
ways than one we are thankful."
The pharmacist said that his
sojourn so far "certainly seems like a vacation to me to be away from
my work at the drug store and to be taking it so easy."
indicated, however, that he soon would be busy. He has been assigned to
the hospital staff. He continued:
"The hospital staff will be put
to work in taking some 800 new recruits through a strict physical
examination. My job is to give the smallpox vaccine. I feel sorry for
my first 10 or 15 'guinea pigs' upon whom I will have to
"We are getting here in Puyallup one
of the best equipped and the most modern hospitals in a camp of this
type in the United States, for which we are lucky. As it is not yet
completed I am unable to describe it to you. I am not going to be a bit
surprised if this becomes our permanent settlement for the duration.
Everything so far seems to indicate it."
Shimomura said the
Japanese are permitted radios and newspapers and that salesmen are
allowed to call at the camp.
"We are confined to the camp," he
said, "but are not restricted."
Army to Get Petitions On Japs -- Protest on
Workers Will Be Made
Petitions asking the dismissal of Japanese
office girls from Seattle public schools will be presented to the
Second Interceptor Command by the end of the week, Mrs. Esther M.
Sekor, chairman of a committee of Gatewood mothers conducting the
campaign, said yesterday.
She announced that the
petitions, put in circulation Monday, carried more than 250 signatures
She is planning to increase the size of the committee
to expedite the work.
"We believe it would be
better to file our protest with the Interceptor Command rather than the
school board," she explained. "The matter is probably one that a branch
of the government charged with the defense of this area should
"The announcement of our determined stand to
remove these girls for the safety of our children has met with an
reception. Members of our committee have been swamped with phone calls
from people all over Seattle commending us on our action and offering
PAY SCALE LOW
officials pointed out that they cannot legally refuse the girls
employment since they are native born Americans.
commented that it is difficult to get clerical help other than Japanese
at the scale of 30 cents an hour for the first year, 35 cents an hour
for the second and 40 cents an hour for the third year. Officials
explained that this is the pay for beginner or apprentice office
26 Japanese Girls Leave School
FOR THE DURATION -- Mariko Ozaki, one of the Japanese girls
employed as clerks in Seattle public schools who resigned in a body
yesterday, closes her desk at the Bailey Gatzert School where she has
worked four years. --(Picture by Post-Intelligencer Staff
Clerks Resign En Masse After
Protests by Mothers
Seattle's twenty-six Japanese girls employed as
clerks in school offices and another on a department staff at school
headquarters resigned in a body yesterday by letter to the school
board. They asked immediate acceptance.
Members of the school board
said they would accept at tomorrow's meeting. The girls decided upon
their course after meetings Tuesday and early yesterday morning. In
their letter they declared they were taking the step because they have
the best interest of the Seattle school system at
They spent yesterday breaking in
successors and preparing to leave their positions. Their resignation
followed two requests for their dismissal lodged with the school board
by Parent-Teacher Association officers of Seattle
The controversy was brought to a head an Monday when
mothers of the Gatewood District started circulating petitions
protesting against employment of the Japanese girls in Seattle public
The girls gave their reasons for resigning in the
following statement addressed to the Seattle school board, which is
quoted in part:
"We, the undersigned American citizens of Japanese
ancestry have learned that our presence as employee in the Seattle
school system has been protected by certain persons and
"Therefore, we respectfully request the Seattle
school board to accept our resignations immediately.
"We take this
step to prove our loyalty to the schools and to the United States by
not becoming a contributing factor to dissension and disunity when
national unity in spirit and deed is vitally necessary to the defense
of and complete victory for America.
"We bear no ill will toward
those who have protested our employment in the school system. We feel
that is their privilege. We
only hope the welfare of the schools will be served by our action in
resigning from the positions we now occupy.
"Finally, we wish to
express our heartfelt appreciation to the school board, superintendent,
principals and teachers for the kind treatment accorded us."
absence from the city of Superintendent Worth McClure, Samuel E.
Fleming, assistant superintendent, issued a statement commending the
girls for that action.
PRAISED BY FLEMING
letter of resignation of Japanese clerks speaks for itself," he said.
"I am sure that our principals and teachers would want to join me in
words of highest appreciation of the courtesy, industry, efficiency and
loyalty of the girls.
"Their statement, supported by their
voluntary withdrawal from school employment, makes us feel that out
good opinion and our confidence have not been misplaced."
Esther M. Sekor, chairman of a committee of Gatewood District mothers
who started the petition, also praised the action."
evacuee among the advance
party was 3-month-old Brian Kashiwagi, shown above with his father,
Mits Kashiwagi, as they arrived for registration. Kashiwagi, who lived
at 8508 Genesee St., is a bookkeeper. The assembly center provides
facilities so that mothers of small babies like Brian can prepare
formula. The arrivals yesterday were an "advance cadre" of a larger
JAPANESE UNLOAD AT NEW HOME
Vans jammed with the personal belongings of
Seattle Japanese are shown as they were unloaded at the Puyallup
assembly center yesterday. The vans and buses and private
automobiles filled with evacuees traveled in one long
WAR BOND WINNER
At Kent Junior High School, an assembly
was called hurriedly yesterday so that G. S. Robinson (left), assistant
vice president of the Pacific National Bank of Seattle, could
present $25 war bond prizes to May Hanada (center), 14 years old, and
Betty McAlexander, 13. May will
be among evacuees soon to go to the Puyallup center, and won third
prize in a state-wide junior
high school war bond po?? contest. Betty won second place among
elementary school entrants. The contest was sponsored by the ????
Department of the American Legion. It drew 347
Japanese Sells Store, Buys $13,500
PORTLAND, May 1. -- A 24year-old, American-born
Japanese, Chicalo Shioshi, gathered his belongings yesterday and
prepared to enter an assembly camp, after closing his grocery store and
buying $13,500 worth of war bonds with profits accumulated in five
years at operation.
Shioshi and his brother, Sam, founded the
grocery in 1937, after both had graduated from Benson Tech and
completed post-graduate course. They are the sons of T. S. Shioshi, a
Japanese merchant who came to America in 1898. Recently Sam was
inducted into the Army -and Chicalo, class 1-A, received? a call
shortly after he moved east of the
First Group of Seattle
Japs Moves Right in at Puyallup
1,600 Japanese to be evacuated from Seattle during the next three days
will be welcomed at the Puyallup evacuation center by an advance guard
of 474 Japanese technicians, who established themselves in their new
homes last night, completing a mass evacuation from Seattle.
they were used to mass moving, the advance party moved in shortly after
noon. They "took over," transforming the almost uninhabited camp into a
bustling community. The center already appears ready for the larger
parties to follow.
The long lines of apartments were barren when
the first parties arrived by bus and private automobile. Within a few
minutes, men, women and children were busy with home-making
There were beds to erect, mattresses to
arrange, bedding to spread, stoves to set up, sandboxes to fill, and
fuel to gather. There were lamps and radios to plug in, knickknacks to
Built in 15 Days
The evacuation center
was constructed in a brief 15 days. The first group settled in Area A,
a 19-acre tract outside and at the northeast edge of the fair grounds.
It has a capacity of 3,000 persons and contains six of the center's
twelve mess halls.
The first mess hall was in readiness
for the advance group, having already fed 96 Alaskan Japanese who
arrived at the center Monday. As soon as the new arrivals had inspected
their quarters, they ate luncheon, for they had been on the move from
Seattle "pickup" points since early morning.
caused a specially-called assembly at Kent Junior High School, where
May Hanada, 14 years old, and Betty McAlexander, 13, were presented $25
war bonds as prizes for the best-designed? war bond posters. May and
her parents, Kent farmers, are among evacuees to go to Puyallup center
during the next two weeks.
The prizes were presented by S.
Robinson, assistant vice president of the Pacific National Bank of
At Puyallup, evacuees were registered by a staff of 27
persons under direction of Robert F. Tur?? of the Wartime Civil Control
Administration, manager of the assembly center, and then shown to their
apartments, which had been assigned before their arrival.
were gratified at the way evacuees began their new life. Most of them
accepted it as something they'd have foregone willingly,
but so long as it had ?? come, they'd make the best of it.
Farm Crisis Foreseen
Meanwhile, officials of the W.
C. C. A. said a crisis is approaching in the need for finding new
operators of evacuees' farm lands, particularly in the Seattle area,
where only 23.4 per cent of the registered acreage has been
In San Francisco, the W. C. C. A. said 4,290 farms out
of 6,4?? being given up by evacuated Japanese have been transferred to
new operators, the Associated Press reported.
However, in Arizona.
per cent have been transferred, in Oregon 93.7 Per cent and in
Washington 77.3 per cent.
' The W. C. C. A. said nearly 40,000?
acres in Pacific Coast defense zones still are available for new?
Tastes Victory and Defeat: Hears James Young
Young, fast-talking -- he speaks
with the rapidity and the crisp click of a machine gun -- word-tossing,
dynamic denouncer of the Japanese, last evening brought phrases of
singing hope to the Sunset Club when he predicted ultimate victory for
the United States as opposed to a devastating
defeat by the Japanese. Likewise, he carried grim warnings for this
"The greatest communique, the
first one, that went to the Emperor today on his forty-first birthday,
was the trouble that the United States is having in Johnstown, Pa. -the
strike. When will this war end? When we don't get reports of 'no work
in Johnstown.' How is it going to end? Well, no matter what Japan
possesses, wherever she goes, she cannot win the war. We have soma bad
headlines ahead, but we'll write the last
chapter of this war --
Mr. Young, who spent thirteen years as a foreign
correspondent in Japan, and also 16 days in a Tokyo jail because he
dared to write that the Japanese had failed in China and why they'd
continue to fail, presented a varied assortment of chapters in his
extended talk at the Sunset Club. And he illustrated these
conversational chapters with prints that were frightful, hideous,
cruel, far removed from the muted, soft gray, feathery prints that have
become famous as examples of Japanese art. (PHOTO: MR. JAMES R.
YOUNG -- Victory for United States)
there was that chapter on the Chinese chicanery and courage which
completely defeats and baffles the Japanese, which posts the amazing
bulletins that although the Japanese have lost 1,200,000 people in
their combat against China, they have failed to conquer the Chinese.
Confucius for the Japanese is utterly confusing!
Chinese capital and the Chinese keep on smiling and move the capital.
Faint victory," commented Mr. Young. "The general tells the Chinese to
plant cotton in Manchuria and up comes corn -- the Chinese planted
corn. The general set the Chinese to building railroads in Manchuria
and the Chinese hid the rails in the lakes. They moved the Shanghai
Express 1,000 miles away, including 200 miles of railroad, and then
sent their bandits down to the occupied Japanese territory for 300 more
miles of rails. They build adobe walls to protect the rails from theft,
and all the time the Chinese knew the walls would melt in the spring
There was that bitter chapter, which rents like gritty
ashes in the mouth of Mr. Young -- the gallant, generous manner in
which America is treating Japanese in this country as compared to the
manner in which Americans are being treated in Japan.
interested to see that the Japanese evacuated from Seattle have nice
comfortable mattresses," commented Mr. Young. "That they have plenty of
fuel. That they were fed on Vienna sausage, potatoes, string beans,
fruit pudding and coffee. The Americans in Japan, I assure you, don't
have mattresses. They have no potatoes, because there have bean no
potatoes there for two years. They have had no fuel all winter. They
are fed, these Americans in Japan, on rice and cabbage. At White
Sulphur Springs, Va., this country is spending $2,000 a day to take
care of the members of the Japanese embassy. I think the United States
should hire Chinese cooks and Filipino boys to wait on those Japs at
White Sulphur Springs, just so the Japs will feel at home.
the real stories come out about Shanghai, Hongkong and Manila, you will
be amazed, stunned at the true stories of brutality and atrocities. The
Japanese are beasts when they cut loose. They do not respect the sign
of the Red Cross. They stop at nothing. Their loyalty over here? Well,
that's a big question and one which I will not go into here, but I am
certainly glad they are moving all the Japanese inland here.
incensed when I was here in January to meet Japanese redcaps at your
railroad station. I don't want Japs working around any station in the
United States. I am glad to see that they have been replaced, and there
was not a Japanese redcap at the station today when I arrived."
Young predicted that the West Coast would be attacked by the Japanese
but sounded an optimistic note when he observed:
course, we have the Navy between the Japs and the West Coast, and the
Navy is doing an excellent job. The Japs never expected
the bombing of Tokyo. That was a fine way to deliver lend-lease goods.
The fall of Singapore was as big a surprise to the Japanese as it was
to us. Corregidor and the Philippines also have held their surprises.
Singapore has slowed us up, but the fact that we've sent planes over
Japan has helped us mightily."
'Brats' in Back Yard
observations made by the lecturer were:
"The parade for the
Emperor's birthday was canceled because the weather was bad. Well,
there's going to be a lot of bad weather from now on.
States was sitting in the parlor of a house of diplomacy while Nazis
played in the front yard and Jap brats in the back.
goddess made a three-point
landing at the Emperor's palace. Under one arm she carried a sword, a
jewel and a mirror, while under the other arm were two iron bridges,
both of them made in Hamburg, Germany.
"We, Americans, quickly put
many of our customs and our goods in Japan: Santa Clauses in the
department stores; spinach and the story of Popeye, the Sailor; chewing
gum, beer halls and
"Whatever the Emperor does, the rest of the Japanese
imitate. That shows the regimentation of the country. The day the
Emperor donned a wrist watch, every Japanese went off to get a wrist
watch. The Emperor grew a Charlie Chaplin mustache, all the Japanese
grew like mustaches. He put on spectacles and there was a huge demand
"The Japanese love to buy cash registers and sewing
machines. They will buy anything so long as they cannot figure it
Distance Our Problem
never sold the Japanese an airplane because, the I Russians said, 'We
don't know where they're going.'
"The Japs don't know what the
Russians are going to do and neither do we. The Russians plague the
life out of the Japs.
"The Japanese cabinet is so weak it hasn't
the strength to change. Mr. Young declared that America surpasses Japan
in man power, the replacement of planes and ships and the stamina of
its people, but that America has the problem of distance. He listed as
some of Japan's great troubles:
Malnutrition and the general
breakdown of health in Japan, with typhoid, dysentery and the increase
of tuberculosis greatly alarming the Japanese government; the lack of
oil and ball-bearing machinery; the breakdown of the iron
industry... [end of clipping]
Japanese Organize Own Government at
Although the Army's assembly center in Puyallup for
Japanese evacuees has been occupied for only a few days, its population
is increasing like that of a gold-rush town, and it already has a
mayor, a local government, several postmasters, street signs, and the
beginning of a newspaper.
The main street along wooden barracks in
which 2,179 Seattle Japanese now are living, bears a sign "Burma Road."
Mess halls are named Jackson Cafe, Spike's Cafe, and Blanc's Cafe. The
mayor, a young attorney named William Mimbu, has an office and two
stenographers. The camp had a dance last Saturday night. There was no
orchestra but all the portable radios around were set up in a mess hall
and tuned to the same station.
The Seattle Japanese,
first to arrive in Puyallup, are quartered in what is known as Area A
-- a 19acre parking lot across the street from the Western Washington
Eventually there will be 8,000 Japanese occupying
four assembly areas, almost exactly doubling the population of
Puyallup. As yet all but Area A, which the Japanese have named Camp
Harmony, are empty. When their people arrive, methods which the Seattle
Japanese worked out will be used to settle them.
themselves are handling all the diverse problems which arise when
thousands of people are moved from their homes to camps with only a
minimum of belongings. The 2,000 occupants of Camp Harmony were moved
into it in a week, with more than 1,500 people and their baggage
arriving in two consecutive days.
Three hundred people, mostly men,
arrived first. They included the mayor, named by the Japanese American
Citizens' League, six section leaders who are heads of six divisions of
the camp, crews of six mess hall and details to handle baggage, wood,
and a postmaster for each section.
All this work is
hundreds of complaints in his first week in office. Roofs leaked;
children strayed; because a canteen was not yet built, residents could
not buy cigarettes, razor blades and other incidentals. There was a
lack of hot water in the laundry. There was mud in the streets when it
But, Mimbu said, most of the complaints were only those
associated with settling into new homes and a new routine. All of Camp
Harmony's population, he says, have volunteered for tasks which must be
done in the camp and have done them well.
Expert Cooks Prepare
Cooks from many
Seattle restaurants prepare the meals for Camp Harmony. Best known
probably is Joe Shiga, who was a chef at Blanc's Cafe for 23 years. His
mess hall bears the sign Blanc's. Cooks get Army rations to prepare for
adults. Each mess hall, however, has special meals for children from 2
to 14 years old, and other food for infants under a year.
who have not yet been evacuated have been acting as buyers for those
who have, and have been going back and forth between the camp and
Puyallup stores with ice cream cones, fruit, cigarettes, and other
incidentals which will be on sale inside the camp as soon as its
Younger Japanese children at Camp Harmony think the
place is marvelous -- it hasn't any school yet and every day is like
vacation. Their parents aren't so enthusiastic about the no-school
idea, but most of them are treating their stay in camp as a vacation,
and are performing their chores in the same spirit as if they were on a
Quarters are about the
size of those in a tourist cabin. If a family is too big for one room,
the wooden partition between two is opened and more room provided. They
are scantily furnished. Each has a stove, beds and a table. But... [end
JAPS, ABOUT TO GO, PLAN
residents, for many of whom tomorrow is their last day in the city
until the war ends, were planning numerous "farewell parties" in
observation of their forthcoming evacuation from their homes beginning
Many of them, never away from Seattle since birth, seemed
to realize for the first time yesterday, when they began registering
for evacuation at two Seattle centers, 2100 Second Ave., and 1319
Rainier Ave., that they were facing an entirely new life beginning
Tuesday, when the first group will be taken to an assembly center at
Hundreds registered yesterday for the evacuation, leaving
only a small handful of those in Seattle's two restricted areas who
still face the task of enrolling today. The small number of Japanese
living in other portions of Seattle will be evacuated during
The registration yesterday was uneventful, about 500 heads of
families taking care of the task for their wives, husbands, sons and
daughters. About 2,100 Japanese are to be evacuated this week.
in First Removal
group, a comparatively small gathering of 330, will be moved to the
Western Washington Fair Grounds at Puyallup Tuesday, to prepare the
assembly center for the others. The rest will start moving Wednesday,
and all 2,100 will have been moved by next Saturday.
somber aspects of the registration, the Japanese were in a happy mood
as they lined up, resigned to the need for their removal and cognizant
of the fact that war has made the evacuation necessary.
registration was under
direction of the Wartime Civil Control Administration and the Army,
which had on hand, for the assistance of the Japanese, staffs from the
Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, the Farm Security Administration
and Social Security agencies.
Many Sign in California
coincided with registration of another 4,950 Japanese in Ventura, Santa
Barbara, San Luis Obispo, Monterey and Santa Cruz Counties in
Seattle Japanese eventually
will be removed from the center at Puyallup to relocation and
resettlement centers in Idaho.
evacuees will be joined at Puyallup by 200 Japanese who have been
residing in Alaska, the W. C. C. A. announced. The time of their
arrival and the port of disembarkation will not be announced, but
officials said the evacuees will be accorded the same privileges as
those who live in continental United
Registration of Jap Evacuees Gets
Under Way in Seattle
Those Listed Yesterday Will Be Sent To
Puyallup Fair Grounds
With an efficiency and smoothness that
gave no indication that a whole community was being uprooted, the
registration of prospective
Japanese evacuees started in Seattle yesterday.
It was carried out
at two civil control stations -- one at 2100 2nd Ave. for residents of
the North End exclusion area, and the other at 1319 Rainier Ave. for
residents of the South End exclusion area.
Registration will be
continued at both stations today, from 8 a. m. to 5 p. m. by which time
army officers anticipate that all the 2,000 Japanese who are to be
evacuated this week will have been processed.
Officers pointed out
registration is mandatory under the civilian exclusion orders issued by
Lieut. Gen. John De Witt, commanding general of the Western Defense
Command and Fourth Army, and that every Japanese resident of the
exclusion areas must be registered by tonight. Japanese living alone
must register individually, but any responsible member, preferably the
head, may register for a family.
All Japanese registering yesterday
and today will be sent to the assembly center at the Western Washington
Fair Grounds in Puyallup by noon next Friday. At that time the
exclusion orders go into effect, and no Japanese, whether American
citizens or aliens, will be permitted inside the exclusion
Japanese residents of the rest
of the city -- roughly that portion north of Yesler Way and east of
Roosevelt Way and Eastlake and 6th Aves. -- are not being required to
register as yet, but it is expected that all will be evacuated before
At the control stations the Japanese went through a regular
assembly line process. They were greeted by volunteer receptionists
-members of their own community who offered to serve as interpreters
for those without a full grasp of the English language -- and supplied
with a set of forms required by the different government agencies which
are assisting the army in the evacuation.
Because of the large
number of people being handled, medical examinations were deferred
tomorrow, but an army liaison officer allotted each family or
individual to specific living quarters at the assembly center in
Members of the advance party which will go to the
assembly center Tuesday were given priority in registration.
other residents of the exclusion area will be
sent to Puyallup on Thursday and Friday, moving in convoys of about ten
Evacuees will be allowed to take with them
bedding and linen for each member of a family (but no mattresses);
toilet articles, extra clothing, table ware and essential personal
It was announced that personal effects included flat irons
or electric irons, cribs or bassinets, bed pillows, small portable
radios with a range of not less than 540 nor more than 1750 kilocycles,
folding camp stools, cards and games, wash boards, clothes lines and
clothes pins, baby carriages, portable sewing machines, portable
typewriters and coat hooks.
There was a
proviso, however, that families will be allowed to take only articles
which they can pack and carry.
Prepare to Leave
THEIR TURN -- Members of Seattle's Japanese community in the course of
being processed at the civil control station at 2100 2nd Ave. in
preparation for evacuation. The
envelopes they are carrying contain the different blanks used by all of
the various government agencies working on the
NOVEL AUDIENCE --
Scene in the old theater at 1319 Rainier Ave., which has been converted
into a civil control station for
the evacuation of Japanese from Seattle this week. The Japanese passed
from table to table and when the "show" was over they were ready for
their trip to the assembly center in Puyallup. -- (Pictures by Post
MINNEAPOLIS. April 25 -- (AP) -W. C. Coffey, president of
the University of Minnesota, said today that the board of regents has
voted "not to accept Japanese students pending formulation of a policy
by the Federal government."
Farms In Production!
The threat that 80 per cent of Japanese
farms in Western Washington will go out of production this month is the
worst that this region has yet faced as the result of war
says that evacuation must proceed on schedule. Crops, in most cases,
are in and growing. There will be a tremendous economic waste if the
vegetables are not harvested, heavy losses to owners and hardship for
the entire region.
The problem can be solved. It
has been solved in California, where transfers of acreage make it
certain that production will proceed, virtually uninterrupted.
takes two to make a bargain.
Japanese should remember that they
have had ample warning of evacuation plans and that every day's delay
in arranging a "deal" for their farms lessens their chances of making a
But the government evacuation procedure is not planned
for the purpose of depriving the Japanese of their properties for the
benefit of grasping individuals.
Prospective purchasers and lessees should remember that for them, too,
the time is growing short.
Beyond the interests of individuals,
each attempting to make
the best possible deal, is the interest of this region.
strongly of the opinion that the most satisfactory situation, all
around, is to be found in arrangements between the Japanese and
individual purchasers or lessees, aided if necessary by such loans as
the Farm Security Administration can provide.
But because much more
than individual interests are
affected, we urge that chambers of commerce, the State Grange and other
farm organizations and groups representing business and the general
public, devote their utmost efforts, in cooperation with the Farm
Security Administration, toward finding a solution to this problem. The
first effort should be devoted toward bringing prospective buyer
and prospective seller together -- and impressing upon both that
neither should seek to take undue advantage of the other.
two to make a
bargain. Both sides must come to a bargaining frame of mind. And the
time is growing short.
Warren Urges Cooperation
Church leaders and and civil
liberties groups Sunday night joined with Gov. Earl Warren in a plea to
west coast residents to uphold the constitutional privileges of
Japanese allowed to return to the west coast at the same time some
legislators and individuals bitterly predicted outbreaks of
A proclamation by Warren asked the people of California
to respect and to comply with the revocation order. Emphasizing that it
was the "most important function of citizenship as well as government
to protect constitutional rights and to maintain order," he added that
public unrest resulting from "intemperate action" will retard the war
Rev. John C. Leffler, president of the San Francisco
council of churches, said his organization thought the "controlled
return" of the Japanese-Americans was "eminently just" and pledged
with government agencies in relocating and assimilating the
In contrast to a statement by Maj. Gen. Henry C. Pratt.
commanding general of the WDC, that he expected little violence,
Assemblyman Chester F. Gannon, Sacramento,
Calif., chairmen of the California Committee on Japanese Problems,
predicted that the Japanese government can smuggle in Japanese to
mingle unobserved with American Japanese.
A spokesman for the
Pacific coast committee on American principles and fair play said,
however, peace officers should be capable of enforcing law and order
when the Japanese-Americans return.
State Sen. Hugh P. Donnelly,
chairman of the California senate fact finding committee on Japanese
resettlement said he "bitterly regretted" the War department order
permitting Japanese to return to the west coast and reiterated the
action might lead to "bloodshed and violence."
(AP) -- President Benjamin Smith of the "Remember Pearl Harbor" league,
organized in the White and Puyallup river valleys of this state to
oppose the resettlement of Japanese Sunday said his organization plans
to continue a boycott against the Japanese despite the War department's
lifting of the west coast exclusion
JAPANESE WILL LIVE
IN MANZANAR, CALIF., YESTERDAY
snow-capped peaks of the Sierra Nevada tower in the West as workmen
rush construction of the huge reception center in the Owens Valley to
receive the first of the 10,000 evacuated Japanese from Southern
California. Lieut. Gen. John L. DeWitt of the Western Defense Command
6,020 acres for the boom town. The project will be completed in 60
days. -- A. P. wirephoto.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 20. -(AP) -- When
1,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans leave Los Angeles voluntarily
early next week for an alien-reception center, they will start the
largest orderly mass movement of civilians in history," the Western
Defense Command Wartime Civilian Control Board said today.
Japanese evacuees from Los Angeles, headed for Manzanar, reception
center in Owens Valley, are the vanguard of 179,985 enemy aliens and
Japanese-Americans on the Pacific Coast subject to evacuation
The great bulk of those who will be evacuated from military
areas are Japanese and their descendants, said Dr. C. L. Dedrick,
statistician for the civilian control branch of the Western Defense
Command. The Japanese group totals 112,985. Next come Germans. Italians
form the smallest group.
MANZANAR, Calif., March 20. -(AP) -- The
West's newest boom
town, designed to house 10,000 Japanese evacuees from Southern
California, is being constructed in the midst of 6,020 acres in Owens
Four hundred carpenters went to work yesterday. In a
few hours they erected one barracks and started the framework for an
administration building and a 150-bed hospital. Speed is essential. The
project is scheduled to be completed in 60 days. The first 1,000
Japanese are due Monday.
Japanese will raise farm and garden
unused irrigation ditches, which two decades ago furnished water for
fruit growing, are being reopened.
Jap Pupils Face Unfinished School Term
There will be 320 vacant
desks in the Bailey Gatzart Grade School, 12th Avenue South and Weller
Street, when the Army decides that it is time for Japanese to be
evacuated from Seattle.
Of the 720
students in the modern school, there are 320 Japanese students, most of
whom were born in Seattle, who will be forced by the government to move
inland with their parents.
The Lady Stirling Chapter of the
Daughters of the American Revolution today fingerprinted children, and
issued identification tags to children of pre-school age. Many were
Japanese children under 6 years old, attending kindergarten and
pre-school classes at Bailey Gatzert School.
Their parents, who
do not know when they will be ordered out of the zone by the Army, and
even the small children, alike showed a strain of uneasiness over the
A large part of the
expected vacancy will be filled by new white, Chinese and Negro
children who are enrolling in the school, according to Miss Ada J.
Mahon, school principal.
Miss Mahon said that 13 new students
today and that there were 15 new students admitted last week.
of these new children are moving with their parents into the Yesler Way
Terrace," Miss Mahon said. "At the rate of the past two weeks, the
vacancies would be filled in a short time, provided that children
continue to move into the housing project."
Miss Mahon said that no
racial prejudice exists among the students.
"We like to refer to our student body as 'little
democracy'," Miss Mahon said. "We attribute our success to the work of
our 'Good American Citizens' Club,' which is made up of 'upperclassmen'
of the fifth and sixth grades.
"The students organize many
committees, such as committee for clean grounds, good deeds, safety,
clean shoes, turn-off-the-faucets and activities like that. The
children are so busy helping each other, they have no time for
Group to Protect Jap
HOOD RIVER, Ore., March 22 -- (I.N.S.) -- While
organizations in other sections of the state criticized Japanese and
protested settlement of evacuees in their areas, the Hood River Traffic
Association appointed a committee to protect Nipponese against
The association, which represents leading
fruit growers and shippers of the Hood River Valley, appointed the
committee to advise nearly 100 Japanese in the area on sale of their
property and crops and to prevent unscrupulous persons from buying
their belongings at a fraction of the true value. Reports of attempts
at such deals had come from other sections of the Pacific
The Camp Harmony N
E W S - L E T T E R
July 10, 1942 Page 3
Ass't. Managing Editor....Taka
Sports Editor..........Kenji Tani
Reporters......Ruth Yoshimoto, Gertrude Takayama
Yagi, Hanako Okamoto.
OUR PAPER FAMINE.....
We're apologizing again, and
following up fast with the same old alibi. The alibi is tattered,
moldy, almost putrescent
from repeated use, but it still stands defiantly true.
We had high
hopes of shooting the patriotic works
and knocking another wheel off the Axis war-machine with a special 4th
of July edition. We visualized and we labored, but we could
not conceive. Hopes, we 1earned again, are not enough.
are not in the 1east hesitant
about drawing the center's attention to our dilemma, and we might add,
our despair. The NEWS LETTER is the ONLY newspaper among some ten
center sheets which has never been able to come out on
Tanforan's TOTALIZER, Santa Anita's
PACEMAKER, Pinedale's LOGGER, Tulare's NEWS, Manzanar's FREE PRESS,
Portland's EVACUAZETTE -- all, whether they be weeklies or bi-weeklies,
are able to supply their centers regularly with from
six to eight pages of news. We limp along, not on schedule but whatever
we can, on four skimpy pages.
The staff is at present collecting
pennies for a
telegram to Donald Nelson of the War Production Board. Mr. Nelson will
be asked if there is some spare mimeograph paper
somewhere in the land which can be allocated for Camp Harmony and it's
paper-starved NEWS LETTER.
ART SHOW SLATED FOR
Intrepid artists last week pooled their joint efforts and,
under the auspices of the headquarters art department, displayed their
varied and conglomerate talent at an art exhibit in Area D in the
first of a series of such showings.
Thirty entrants submitted 103
water color and oil paintings, charcoal, pen and pencil drawings to the
display which attracted a large gallery during the two days of its
showing in a makeshift salon adjacent to the Area D library.
was not a strict adherence to "art" in reference to
paintings inasmuch as woodcarving and its allied arts were
More than half of the pictures entered depicted life
in the camp. Sketches ranged from simple line drawing to a water color
rendition, bordering on the surrealistic, of an Area
Portraits, show-cards, even Japanese "kakemono" were among
the various entries. A part of the exhibit was devoted to the art
department's war bond posters -- huge display signs which were printed
by the art and sign staffs and used as a featured part of Puyallup's
recent Fourth of July parade.
The exhibit in other areas were
completed yesterday by the art staff with Area A scheduled to hold the
display today and Saturday in the area visiting
The FINISH Line
We will gladly give our formula for dandelion wine to the
talented rowdies of the Art Department if they will give or throw away
their harmonica and guitar. The boys may have good reasons for
celebrating after their prodigious labors on the 4th of July posters,
but we wish they would remember they are only two doors down from the
peaceful NEWS-LETTER office. Webster's definitions for discord, bedlam
caterwauling are totally inadequate when Keith Oka's paint and brush
gang cuts loose with "She'll Be Coming 'Round the Mountain."
We can't say it's our sense of decorum, but the
center's cuties should be warned that every wall in camp will soon be
full of man-made knot holes. The village gallants are still busy with
their knives, but not just to carve out the name's of their prize
fillies. That's passe. The male hobby of the week is making rings cut
of knots. So if you hear a banging on your walls, remember it ain't the
carpenter. And run for cover accordingly.
next time you want to call the Headquarters Staff a bunch of
buckpassers or worse, think twice. Area D's mammoth kitchen was caught
flat with a labor shortage -- right smack in the middle of last week's
heat wave. George Taki's Operations Department sent out frantic calls
for temporary pot washers, and the first volunteers were members of the
camp's top administrative staff. They who gave up their cool confines
in Headquarters and stripped themselves to the waist to scrub the big
pots for five torrid days were Bill and Rube Hosokawa, Yoshi Takayoshi,
George Minato, Tom Iseri, Dick Na???, Dick Setsuda, Tom Kanae, Chick
Uno and Michie Sainoda. (Jimmie Sakamoto's Man Friday.)
lollipops to the headquarters
Seattle Japs Packed Up and
Ready to Move
READY TO GO -- N. Shibata, Japanese stationer and
baker, yesterday was packing his stock into boxes and barrels for
storage for the duration of the war. His bakery goods he was selling
Many Will Lose
Their Livelihood When Evacuated
By Doug Welch
like a black cloud over Seattle's numerous Japanese community.
some homes all but the bedding and
kitchenware has been packed against a hasty departure -a summons which,
for all local Japanese know, may come in the night.
business houses and hole-in-the-wall stores stock already is being
removed from the shelves and counters and laid away in boxes and
barrels -- for storage until the war is over.
But mostly the
Japanese, alien [section missing] cash from the sale of business. His
biggest asset is the good will of his readers, and with evacuation that
ceases. He'll turn the key in the door of the Japanese-American Courier
with only $200 or $300 realized from the sale of a secondhand
linotype and a few fonts of type.
RESIGNED TO LEAVING
to lose my living," he said yesterday. "I have a wife and two children
to support. I am also supporting my aged parents who have lived here
forty-seven years. I don't know what kind of work I can do in the
interior. However, this is war, I'm a good American citizen, and if
I've got to go, I've got to go; that's all."
Setsuda, a merchant, 452 12th Ave., was selling his stock back to
wholesalers yesterday, attempting to raise a little each for whatever
has... [end of
COAST ALIEN RESETTLEMENT PLAN
SAN FRANCISCO, March 6 -(AP)-- Civilian agencies of
the government are cooperating with the army in plans for resettlement
of enemy aliens with Japanese-Americans to be evacuated from the
Coast's vital defense zones, army headquarters of the western Defense
Command and Fourth Army announced tonight.
"The Pacific Coast
program is proceeding along American lines," the announcement said, "in
accordance with Gen. John L. DeWitt's plan of tempering stern military
necessity with every practicable safeguard for individual and property
Vital areas for defense and important
industrial plants must be safeguarded through closing them to enemy
aliens and Japanese-Americans, the Army statement said.
evacuation plans will attempt to minimize the disruption
of normal life among both those required to move and those remaining in
the regions affected.
Japs? 'Get Tough' --
WASHINGTON, March 21. -- Senator Tom Stewart, Democrat,
Tennessee, thinks the nation should "get tough in this war" and deny
all privileges of citizenship to Japanese -- even those who were born
in this country. "A Jap's a Jap anywhere," said
SHE KEEPS JOB
Naomi Fugita, 18-year-old daughter of a
Japanese father and Occidental mother, was back at her job in a
5-and-10-cent store, selling novelties and playing records about
slapping the Japs. When customers complained of her employment, the
manager decided to transfer her to the stock room. Naomi balked and
went home. Then it was learned that the girl had two brothers in the
United States Army. Result: Naomi is back on the job. -- A.P.
Filipinos Beat American-Born Jap
William Yamatuchi, American-born Japanese, 1909 Minor
Ave, was knocked down and beaten and threatened with a knife by two
Filipinos in Fourth Avenue at Madison Street at 12:45 o'clock this
Yamatuchi told Patrolmen F. E. Pinsley and E. N. Johnson
he was approached by the Filipinos while he was walking along Fourth
Avenue. One of them struck him and knocked him down, he said. The other
hit him and drew a hunting knife from his pocket.
when he saw the knife. He reported to police after he had reached home
half an hour later.
One of the Filipinos was described as being
"very thin" with "pop" eyes. He was wearing a green hat and tan coat
and carried a large knife.
The other was described as having "lots
of grease in
EVACUEE TAKES APPETITE
AT SANTA ANITA
When this 2-year old Japanese lad left his
home in the Los Angeles Harbor area and was taken to the Japanese
assembly center at Santa Anita Race Track along with other evacuees he
brought his appetite along -- and a good one it was, too. He was served
this dinner in the mess hall formerly used by track employee. -- A. P.
SEABISCUIT LOOKS ON
An interned Japanese family inspects the statue
of Seabiscuit, the famous race horse, after arrival at Santa Anita Race
Track from the Los Angeles Harbor area yesterday. The race course has
been converted into an assembly center for evacuated Japanese. By
Sunday 3,000 Japanese will be at the track. -- A. P.
SANTA ANITA RACE TRACK, Calif., April
4. --(AP)-- Guided by soldier-laden Army "jeep" cars, the first
contingent of 1,000 Japanese moved into famed Santa Anita Race Track
yesterday as the final evacuation of aliens got underway in the vital
Los Angeles Harbor district.
It was a different Santa Anita that
presented itself today. Stables that once held the mightiest
thoroughbreds of the turf -- Seabiscuit, Cavalcade, Discovery, Twenty
Grand, Equipoise and company -were converted into two-room apartments
for human occupation.
MRS. F. R.
SENDS EVACUEES CHEER
Evacuated Japanese may be assured of
against "vigilantes and misguided private citizens," Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt advised the Seattle Chapter of the Japanese-American
Citizens' League in a letter which James Y. Sakamoto, leader of the
league, made public today.
Sakamoto wrote to President Roosevelt
saying Japanese have been discredited completely under the present
evacuation system and asked him to point out "we are not traitors to
A copy of the letter to the President was
sent to Mrs. Roosevelt. She answered:
"I know the many difficulties
confronting the American-born Japanese, and also the loyal Japanese
nationals. I am confident that the government will do everything
possible to make the evacuation as decent and as comfortable as
possible, and it will provide protection against vigilantes and
'No Army Has Done So Much With So
Little' -- MacArthur
By Associated Press.
April 10. -- Gen. Douglas MacArthur said today of the defenders of
Bataan: "No army has ever done so much with so little."
commander, hero of Bataan's first successful defense, said:
Bataan force went out as it would have wished -- fighting to the end of
its flickering, forlorn hope.
"No army has ever done so much with
"Nothing became it more than its last hour of trial and
agony. "To the weeping mothers of its dead I only say that the
sacrifice and halo of Jesus of Nazareth has descended upon their sons
and that God will take them unto himself."
The supreme commander
wrote this tribute to the Bataan defenders in his hotel suite.
was read to newspaper men from a ruled sheet of paper -- on which the
words were written in pencil in the general's own
JAPANESE GROUP PLEDGES TOTAL
League Praises Treatment Given Persons
Interior; Meeting Observes Curfew Rule
Full and willing cooperation
with the government in all evacuation steps was pledged last night by
100 members of the Japanese-American Citizens League of Seattle in a
session, which may be their last prior to removal to the
Appreciation of the "extraordinary measures" taken to
safeguard safety and economic welfare of evacuated persons also was
expressed in the resolution which was introduced by James Y. Sakamoto,
editor of the Japanese-American Courier, and adopted
The session was held at 517 Main Street.
Arai, attorney, presided. Discussions were ended early to enable all
members to be in their homes not later than 8 o'clock, the curfew time
set by military authorities.
The text of the
"Whereas, the military authorities of the United States
have decreed that all persons of Japanese descent must he removed from
certain zones designated as military areas, and whereas such steps have
been taken as a matter of strategic necessity to the safety and defense
of the United States;
"And whereas, no sacrifice is too great in
realizing our avowed objective in prosecuting this war to a successful
conclusion, and whereas the government of the United States has taken
extraordinary measures under the circumstances to safeguard the
comfort, safety and economic welfare of the persons due to be
whereas, it is the first duty of loyal Americans to obey the orders of
their government; "Therefore be it resolved that the Japanese-American
Citizens League of Seattle go on record as endorsing cheerful and
willing cooperation by the community with the government agencies in
the carrying out of evacuation proceedings, and that individual members
of the League set an example of good Americanism by doing everything
possible to facilitate the execution of a measure deemed necessary to
the victory effort of our
JAPANESE SIGN, TOO, FOR
Men from 45 to 64 years old -- many of them veterans of the
First World War -- registered today at the Field Artillery Armory under
the Selective Service Act. Unusual
sight was men like Shimekichi Mori (left), 61 years old, Japanese, in
the line. Several Japanese
registered for the draft, then went elsewhere to register for
evacuation. Mori said he was willing to be
drafted by the Army.
GOOD-NATURED AS THEY REGISTER
Almost in the happy mood of
Saturday-night patrons lined up in wait of a seat at a motion-picture
theatre, Seattle Japanese lined up yesterday to register for evacuation
from the city next week. About 2,100 Japanese are to be moved, but only
500 heads of families registered. This picture was taken at 2100 Second
Ave., one of two registration centers which were signing evacuees
yesterday and today. The registrants were gay, apparently resigned to
any eventuality caused by the war.
Head Denies Part In Japs' Transfer
MOSCOW, Idaho, April 25.
--(AP)-The University of
Idaho, in a statement issued by President H. C. Dale, has disclaimed
responsibility for the arrival of six Japanese-American students from
the University of Washington. President Dale said only one of the
families which received the students was a "university family" -- and
he described it as "a former Seattle family which gave temporary
housing to two 19-year-old girls."
"The university has nothing
whatever to do with finding homes for the students," Dale added. "The
civil and military authorities in Seattle had been notified that no
Japanese-American boys and girls would be admitted to the university.
We had no information that the Army planned to send any of these
Japanese-American students to Moscow, and heard of it only when
informed that they had actually arrived.
The Board of Regents will
confer with Dale on the matter.
U. W. Dean Unavailable For Comment
Dean Newhouse, dean of men at the University of
Washington, and both his assistants were out of the city today and
unavailable for comment on the arrival last week of six
Japanese-American students at the University of Idaho from the
University of Washington.
Other University officials here said,
however, that there was no "official note" to the change of
universities. They said the students made the transfer voluntarily and