Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 29239,673,206
The perfect storm for environmentalists: GMO engineered rice reduces greenhouse gas emissions to near zero 7070
The OAS becomes a signatory for the Transparency and Openness Promotion Guidelines initiative 1111
The Gore effect continues…down under 109109
Climate models fail to model accurately – again: ‘decision makers [should] not rely on a single model for predicting what the future of the Arctic’ 5050
The Green Mirage 311311
Why Volcanoes Don’t Matter Much 2222
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 28239,556,477
‘Carbon sink’ detected underneath world’s deserts 12892
A co-founder of Greenpeace tells the truth on CO2 25825
So much for the ‘lizards are facing mass extinction due to climate change’ scare… 545
Hillary Clinton – the Jetset Climate Warrior 1293
The Great Immensity aka The Great Stonewall 1044
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 27239,437,130
The Mathematics of Carbon Dioxide Part 2 16418
Berkeley Earth endorses Natural Gas as a ‘bridge fuel’ 1678
Younger Dryas cooling event said to be comet related 26953
Another unknown climate feedback – plankton blooms create brighter clouds 1020
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 26239,327,435
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #189 41
Dr. James Hansen’s recent alarm of catastrophic CO2 driven sea level rise looks to just be spurious correlation in his own mind 1631
Ocean Heat: New Study Shows Climate Scientists Can Still Torture Data until the Data Confess 1460
Climate Skeptic Piers Corbyn’s brother may be next British Prime Minister 1651
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 25239,230,582
Saturday satire – The Strange World of John Cook 490
Where’s Lewandowsky and Cook when they are needed to look at REAL ‘conspiracy ideation’, like murder plots from ‘big oil’? 1571
EPA Said Global Warming Unproven To Obtain A Legal Ruling For Their Climate Regulations 860
The Mathematics of Carbon Dioxide, Part 1 36820
Yet Even More Nonsense from Grant Foster (Tamino) et al. on the Bias Adjustments in the New NOAA Pause-Buster Sea Surface Temperature Dataset 1000
US Billionaire Tom Steyer to candidates: Back 50% renewables by 2030, if you want my financial support 1220
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 24239,138,731
Friday Funny – ‘tree hugging’ taken to the extreme 2300
Ship of Fools Leader: Humans didn’t kill the Mammoths – climate did 1741
Impact of “Pause-Buster” Adjustment on GISS Monthly Data 1650
Scientists Link Earlier Melting Of Snow To Dark Aerosols 750
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 23239,025,837
The 2015 El Niño is shaping up to be a big one 1810
Yes, why DOES John Cook of ‘SkepticalScience’ and the 97% have to use identity theft in his ‘research’? 4213
Throwback Thursday #2 – Al Gore’s Arctic Facepalm Forecast 850
Plight of the Bumble Bees: How shabby climate analyses and lax peer review promote a dreadful remedy 1000
Great Britain still lecturing the colonies – on climate policy 1010
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 22238,893,830
Patrick J. Michaels testifies before the Committee of Natural Resources at the hearing “An Analysis of the Obama Administration’s Social Cost of Carbon” 2110
Can you spot the global warming, er climate change, er #poisonedweather in this picture? 1310
Arctic expedition to study global warming put on hold because of too much ice 2220
Pope Francis: Climate change causes human trafficking 1810
Why we live on Earth and not Venus 30530
Arnold Schwarzenegger: Climate change is not science fiction 1380
Volcanic Legends Keep Erupting 1611
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 21238,763,669
Tamino (Grant Foster) is Back at His Old Tricks...That Everyone (But His Followers) Can See Through 1670
When it comes to CO2 reduction, economy rules, activism drools 670
Science vs. Assumpsence: The Act of Knowing What You’re Quarreling About 1300
Is our certain fate a coal-burning climate apocalypse? No! 1300
Study: wide-ranging species will have an edge in warming seas 460
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 20238,641,018
Claim: Huge Earthquake overdue Pacific North West 1960
Another excuse for ‘the pause’ – it’s a ‘blip’ from volcanoes, or something 1510
The Open Atmospheric Society achieves 501(c)(3) status – ready to roll – seeking applications for the board 920
Fundamental Differences between the NOAA and UAH Global Temperature Updates 1350
Kiribati “Climate Refugee” loses appeal 660
Cooking In New York 1470
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 19238,521,706
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #188 70
Questions raised about Met Office claims of a new high temperature record 1450
Another “end of snow” prediction 1670
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 18238,428,219
Climate Change, Baltic Herring And The Reformation? 580
Science trumps politics and patronage: Al Gore is ‘losing the bet’ against scientific forecasting 2140
A carbon accounting conundrum 1150
Heathrow Hijinks 2610
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 17238,338,559
Where Pope Francis Got His Advice on Global Warming 2410
500 sign petition to Smithsonian in defense of Dr. Willie Soon – Guess Smithsonian’s answer 1130
Friday Funny – backspin, balls, gravity, and the atmosphere 760
Al Gore criticises Obama climate policy 1210
One more thing for Greece to worry about – undersea pools of carbon dioxide 970
Despite the ‘urgency’ of Paris climate talks, a U.N. sponsored global poll rates climate change dead last 1210
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 16238,233,640
The Three Faces of the GISS Land-Ocean Temperature Index (LOTI) 620
Throwback Thursday #1 – Joe Romm’s “permanent drought” 770
Oceans slowed global temperature rise, scientists report 1340
Claim: low solar activity will melt Greenland’s ice faster 1260
What NOAA NCEI isn’t telling you in their 2014 State of the Climate Report released today 860

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.