Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 31243,046,077
Study: Wind farms offer diminishing returns as they grow more widespread 9494
The Epistemology of Explaining Climate Forecasting so an 8 Year Old Can Understand it 140140
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #194 55
The artificial tree: the “green” replacement for real trees? 4040
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 30242,937,177
Climate issues we need to address 7230
Shades of Lewandowsky and Cook: When psychological science isn’t so sciency 14038
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 29242,844,343
President Obama forced to defend Arctic Drilling Decision 14530
Where Is the Top Of The Atmosphere (TOA)? 18949
The Hood Robin Syndrome 24536
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 28242,759,520
How fast is the Earth warming? 29229
A detailed review of the book: ‘A Disgrace to the Profession’, by Mark Steyn 25728
Friday Funny Bonus: blinkered @greenpeace activists can’t tell the difference between steam and CO2 1161
On NASA’s recent sea level claim: “Science Isn’t Broken” (Except when it is) 825
Friday funny – Stern words 480
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 27242,649,951
Throwback Thursday #5 – failed global warming driven hurricane predictions 10 years after Katrina 1170
Claim: Climate change is affecting the dirt (but only in Europe) 1231
Ten years after Katrina: let’s learn from those predictions of more & bigger hurricanes 504
Wednesday wit – Josh on yet more wasted Green 470
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 26242,537,322
Naomi Klein: “we need to be very careful raising expectations over Paris” 1670
TEX-86 proxy for past ocean temperature reconstructions challenged, possible 21°C error 830
The ‘Cult’ of Climate Change (née Global Warming) 2105
Climate Models Fail: Global Ocean Heat Content (Based on TOA Energy Imbalance) 1530
Obama: $12 billion new federal loan guarantees for renewables 1200
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 25242,419,804
Obvious science: NASA finds vegetation essential for limiting city warming effects 1370
Tuesday titter – Carbon trading by Josh 360
If only Lewandowsky, Cook, Nuccitelli, Hayhoe and others could learn from their OWN mistakes… 1321
Two Cape Verde lows following path of hurricane Danny may develop into tropical storms 290
13 year study claims severe weather is causing longer power outages, but not more of them 840
Stockholm Environment Institute: Carbon credits undercut climate change action 590
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 24242,309,214
As predicted: Alarmists blame “global warming” for mystery lights in the sky 740
The easy solution to the looming monster methane apocalypse 480
Hurricane expert: 10 years after Katrina, North Atlantic hurricane activity well below normal 530
Collusion exposed between Governors, White House, and Tom Steyer’s climate advocacy groups 1720
Wrong Again, Again 1110
Lags and Leads 1050
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 23242,192,082
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #193 110
Will BBC really fire the Met Office ? 1642
Sunday sketch – BBC splits from the Met Office 750
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 22242,096,976
Realities Of Climate Change, Politics And Public Knowledge. 1390
Meet the Climate Survivalists: the new Consumer Demographic 650
Climate Crisis, Inc. 710
Apple and Google Pour Billions Down a Green Drain 2250
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 21242,019,490
Claim: Global warming makes frost damage worse 1600
Claim: For trout fishermen, climate change will mean more driving time, less angling 1280
Europe hit by one of the worst droughts since 2003 920
Dueling press releases – one says GHG’s ’caused’ end of last ice age, other says ‘lead factor’ 2060
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 20241,921,103
Throwback Thursday #4 – IPCC’s Pachauri says ‘2012 will be too late’ to stop climate change 550
Power plant to blow steam rings to announce carbon footprint 710
Claim: You need science fiction to make sense of climate change 1870
Better late than never: Danny is first Atlantic hurricane of the season 460
‘Islamic Declaration on Global Climate Change’ suggests we are going to hell in a handbasket, links climate to Nepal earthquake 1040
Spin Cycle: EPA Deflates Climate Impacts, Inflates Significance 1190
Ridiculous claim from Columbia University: ‘Warming climate is deepening California drought ‘ 1340
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 19241,797,110
Peer review is broken – Springer announces 64 papers retracted due to fake reviews 1440
Claim: China has emitted 15% less CO2 than previously estimated 960
How Does The IPCC Explain the Severe Storms Of History? 1100
Climate Craziness of the Week: James Hansen is using children to sue US government over climate 1730
The ‘Arctic Methane Emergency’ appears canceled due to methane eating bacteria 1170
Is The Signal Detectable? 1350
The Missing ~ 11-Year Signal 2510
WUWT index page for 2015 Aug 18241,677,168
EPA’s gross negligence at Gold King Mine includes disappearing 191 incident photos from their website 1242
Tuesday Tantrums, I get hate mail 2450
The next big worry: Claim of major U.S. aquifers contaminated by Uranium – but is it really a problem to health? 910
Claim: A pioneer “frontier mentality” causes climate denial 3290
Cooling and Warming, Clouds and Thunderstorms 1360

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
N.B. this is generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.