Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 23184,145,343
Hearing restoration with gene therapy – I knew this day would come 8282
America’s Power Grid at the Limit: The Road to Electrical Blackouts 5252
The Empire of the Viscount Strikes Back! 137137
Best Dana-dodge™, ever 4141
Claim: Odds of storm waters overflowing Manhattan seawall up 20-fold, new study shows 6363
Alarmists are just now discovering ‘Dynamic Atolls’ 8787
Some hype sorting on the claim that Asian pollution is intensifying Pacific Storms 2424
March 2014 Global Surface (Land+Ocean) Temperature Anomaly Update 4040
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 22184,031,247
Dana Nuccitelli’s lie of omission in the Guardian 5011
Climatologist Judith Curry levels both barrels against alarmist climate science 9238
New paper finds solar UV-B output is correlated to global mean temperature 8416
Multi-million dollar global warming disaster epic ‘Years of Living Dangerously’ beaten in TV ratings by ‘Bob’s Burgers’ reruns 11918
Believers in global warming unchanged since 2001, 1 in 4 Americans don’t buy it at all 614
A speech from the president on Earth Day – with warming as the topic 656
Scientists with frickin’ weather control lasers in their heads 510
Today’s Antarctic region once as hot as California, Florida 566
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 21183,908,257
Idiots on parade: Portland water bureau’s tenuous grasp of science 1243
Ouch. Corn biofuel could generate more greenhouse gases than gasoline 756
Tornado season so far may be the slowest in a century 501
Ice dating from Krypton 412
Ridley: IPCC & OECD reports are telling us clear as a bell that we cannot ruin the climate with CO2 unless we have a population explosion 790
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup 60
The 2014/15 El Niño – Part 5 – The Relationship Between the PDO and ENSO 741
Elements of the Mann-Steyn case: Climate Science, Free Speech and Legal Liability – Part 1 1080
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 20183,799,067
Climate Chaos, and hanging out with, like, marmots and wolverines 630
Dueling climate reports – this one is worth sharing on your own blog 2532
People and Data Cherry-Picked For the IPCC Political Agenda 631
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 19183,735,817
26 multi-kiloton nuclear sized explosions detected in Earth’s atmosphere since 2001 1463
Can we deduce climate sensitivity from temperature? 993
Open thread – with an important question 4410
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 18 
Telling ‘Noble Cause Lies’ About Climate Change Will Backfire 1362
Holdren Is Wrong – Cold Winters Are Not Getting More Common 1400
Friday Funny – climate ‘cliff notes’ 370
The 2014/15 El Niño – Part 4 – Early Evolution – Comparison with Other Satellite-Era El Niños 430
Al Gore dupes 9000 people in Hawaii, insults the rest 1240
My Friend Billy 51018
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 17 
When Greenland was green in warmer times 850
The Holdren ‘cherry blossom vortex’, Information Quality Act, and U.S. weather history 680
Using Intellectual Property agreements to defeat public disclosure 630
Decision in the Mann/UVa case, a blow to open science 1060
Not quite Friday Funny: The new Ty-D-Bol Man – a rising tide floats all, er, boats 200
Lewandowsky on ‘leakage’ 1050
Tilted planets may actually have more life favorable climate 510
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 16 
A Clear Example of IPCC Ideology Trumping Fact 1250
UN IPCC AR5 report infected with fatal technical and procedural flaws 280
Satellite captures five volcanoes erupting at once on the Russian Kamchatka Peninsula 600
Decision expected tomorrow in Mann UVa FOIA case 430
More tabloid climatology: gloom and doom about the jet stream, winters, and global warming 640
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 15 
UN IPCC AR5 climate reports: Conjecture disguised as certainty 660
Good news: no ‘ozone hole’ in the Arctic 1330
Climate Craziness of the Week: Oh noes! Moths affected by ‘hidden’ factors of climate change 1470
Ditto, Tom – ‘here are some things I believe’ 1140
Quote of the week – beyond ‘noble cause corruption’ 770
A quorum of drama queens at Polar Bears International? 1280
Major Errors Apparent in Climate Model Evaporation Estimates 920
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 14 
JPL Claim: Asian Pollution makes US Storms Worse 480
IPCC WGIII: throwing the greens under the bus 1520
Another ‘fish story’ about ocean acidification where researchers fool themselves into thinking they are actually doing science 680
Seattle’s climate instantly cools 1.5 degrees 1130
2014/15 El Niño – Part 3 – Early Evolution – Comparison with 1982/83 & 1997/98 El Niño Events 610
Exploiting Human Misery and Distorting the Science: An environmentalist’s critique of “Years of Living Dangerously” 820
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 13 
Weekly Climate and Energy news Roundup 230
Cosmic Rays, Sunspots, and Beryllium 2420
Climate Schlock: Joe Romm goes for the Herb Tarleck pitch 720
Earth to Lovejoy: 0.9 C° in a century is not ‘huge’ 820
DIY Climate Psychology Lewpaper Generator 1210
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 12 
A Modtran Mystery 1590
Your chance to predict future El Niño headlines 2090
Mann the delayer 670
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 11 
Lovejoy’s 99% ‘confidence’ vs. measurement uncertainty 26810
Claim: Odds that global warming is due to natural factors: Slim to none 1861
Frontiers fires back again on the hype surrounding Lewandowsky’s retracted Recursive Fury paper 1300
The 2014/15 El Niño – Part 2 – The Alarmist Misinformation (BS) Begins 760
Methane: The Irrelevant Greenhouse Gas 2510
WUWT index page for 2014 Apr 10 
Solar Periodicity 2930
Noctilucent clouds on the increase, climate change will likely be blamed 350
The Great Credibility Gap yawns ever wider 1740
More support for Svensmark’s cosmic ray modulation of Earth’s climate hypothesis 2440
The La Brea Tars Pits gets themselves in a sticky wicket over climate change and adaptation 1900
Alarmist movie preview the ‘Years of Living Dangerously’ 900
Why a compelling theory is not enough 1120

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. And last I saw, I don't think they work.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 April 13.