Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 18228,030,676
The giant spider climate story which simply won’t die 3535
Peak Oil Re-visited 231231
Too Many Wild Cards in the Climate Game 116116
Claim: Graduates shunning climate studies 186186
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 17227,939,656
Claim: Rabbits will be impacted by climate change 167126
Audubon Society: Climate Science or just Sticking Feathers on PIGs? 5424
Ridiculous claim by Marco Tedesco: ‘Darkening of the Greenland Ice Sheet is projected to continue as a consequence of continued climate warming’ 6316
Friday funny – or not. Guardian and BBC go abhorrent on fossil fuel divestment 8224
NYT: Developing world abandoning Obama’s green agenda, turning to China for help 16530
Aussie Government gives $4 million to Bjørn Lomborg, to set up a “Consensus Centre” at Lewandowsky’s old university 16717
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 16227,830,262
Angry Birds to raise Global Warming “awareness” 751
The Paris Paradigm: The What is your ‘Skeptic Score’? 1759
Dr. Judith Curry’s Testimony before the House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space and Technology Hearing on the President’s UN Climate Pledge 1481
The Large Cliff Top Pueblos at Mesa Verde, Colorado and Treeflow Data from Lees Ferry, Arizona 408
Climate naysayers are giving climate skeptics a bad name 40221
Claim: Global warming will affect your taste in music 1121
Obama Expected to Bind US to CO2 Reduction at Paris Climate Meeting This Year 943
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 15227,713,118
Experts: Hurricane activity at 45 year low, USA major hurricane drought almost a decade 1550
Strong evidence for ‘rapid climate change’ found in past millenia 2430
U.S. House of Representatives Hearing on Obama’s UN Climate Pledge Today at 10AM Eastern 740
Former UN Climate Chief: Coal is Essential 740
March 2015 Global Surface (Land+Ocean) and Lower Troposphere Temperature Anomaly & Model-Data Difference Update 1260
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 14227,598,792
Claim: Economic collapse will prevent catastrophic global warming 1741
Abiotic methane discovered under the Arctic Ocean 2001
Oh noes! Fishy modeling study says ‘Fish and Chips’ to disappear in the UK 1471
Open Letter to U.S. Senators Ted Cruz, James Inhofe and Marco Rubio 3901
Advection: The Forgotten Weather Factor 13719
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 13227,479,704
How the climate change debate got hijacked by the ‘wrong standard-of-proof’ 2462
The Detection of Climate Regime Transitions in the Upper Colorado River Basin 460
Climate Craziness of the Week: ‘Fossil Fueled Tornado’ 1050
Carbon dioxide capture and storage ‘mooted’ by new study of risks 1040
New video: Dr. Murry Salby – Control of Atmospheric CO2 50814
Global Warming Protestors in the Snow 2330
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 12227,356,885
The Obama climate monarchy 2460
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #176 70
Last 2 years running, The White House blamed extreme cold for the faltering economy 1590
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 11227,263,447
Claim: Arctic and Antarctic will melt “in the next decade” 3010
New rust based climate proxy even easier for Michael Mann to use upside down 860
Iceland: Global Warming brings New Opportunities 1240
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 10227,170,766
New paper debunks the “Permafrost Bomb” 2081
NOAA ENSO Model Now Forecasting a Supercalifragilistic El Niño for 2015/16 Season 1230
India: We will build our own ITER Fusion Reactor 2180
Calling all supporters of Dr. Willie Soon 3630
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 9227,055,241
‘Warm blob’ in Pacific Ocean not caused by climate change, affects U.S. weather 1290
Reply to ‘Anesthetic gases raise Earth’s temperature (a little) while you sleep’ 690
New oil field near London, England – much larger than originally estimated 1350
How to convince a climate skeptic he’s wrong 5941
The trouble with Google defining ‘truth’ 1430
RSS Shows No Warming For 15 Years (Now Includes February Data) 1750
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 8226,929,398
A new global warming threat: sleeping gas 1200
A hilarious new use for those old AOL discs – carbon sequestration 980
Greenpeace storms Oil Rig 3090
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 7226,813,921
UAH Global Temperature Report: March 2015 – down slightly 1030
White House: Climate Change causes more Asthma 1640
Has The Guardian’s Dana Nuccitelli ‘Rolling Stoned’ Christy & Spencer? 1720
The Sun experiences seasonal changes, new research finds 1970
Another call to arrest climate “deniers” 2710
Claim: Western Canada to lose 70 percent of glaciers by 2100 1710
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 6226,676,583
The Vancouver Sun’s Video Interview with Freeman Dyson 1440
Monday mirthness – Gav calls it 400
El Niño or ñot, the Pause lengthens again 3110
Earth Institute: “Japan should use nuclear power” 2420
WUWT index page for 2015 Apr 5226,547,819
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #175 130
Perverse climate “morality” 1410
A reply to Born: How to represent temperature feedbacks in a simple model 2280
March 2015 ENSO Update – Will the 2014/15 El Niño Become the 2014/15/16 El Niño? 490
Agreeing to Disagree 3960

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.