Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 27194,413,561
The DDP Conference 1919
Rate Of Climate Change and Rate of Adaptation Deliberately Distorted 1919
There must be a Paul Ehrlich week in climate science 2626
‘Prediction is very difficult, especially about the future.’ 104104
Climactic headline shifts 131131
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 26194,326,152
Quote of the week – the last word on ’97% consensus’, now in a bumper sticker 9430
The 2014/15 El Niño – Part 14 – Warm Water Recirculated? 6511
NOAA’s own trend calculator helps confirm ‘the pause’ and lack of ocean warming in the 21st century 8723
Taking Keating seriously part 2: the IPCC’s human-attribution claim is prima facie unscientific 10247
Solar Cycle Driven Ocean Temperature Variations 17261
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 25194,247,139
The law of unintended climate consequences at work – study says 23% of warming in Europe since 1980 due to clean air laws 482
Video summary of the Heartland #ICCC9 conference – plus a look at the “big oil” connection 430
June 2014 Global Surface (Land+Ocean) and Lower Troposphere Temperature Anomaly Update 550
New paper finds the climate to be ‘highly nonlinear’ 822
Taking Keating’s $30,000 skeptic challenge seriously, part 1 1885
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 24194,155,641
Onwards, Ever Onwards 703
Union of Concerned ‘Scientists’ frackivists taken to task for willful misrepresentation of facts in Erie, Colorado 790
California’s future energy pipe dream 1524
Climate Science; Winning The Science Battle, But Losing the Policy War 680
‘Climate models not only significantly over-predict observed warming in the tropical troposphere, but they represent it in a fundamentally different way than is observed’ 502
Another benefit of global warming – increased forage plants 300
The Tyranny of Tautology 20910
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 23194,055,342
Uncertainty in the dirt: another climate feedback loop 542
Greens go by air: Internal food fight over excutive response to airplane travel at Greenpeace – firings demanded 1660
New Climate Model Introduced, now with knobs! 730
New paper finds transient climate sensitivity to doubling of CO2 is about 1°C 2160
OCO: I can see your house emitting CO2 from here 600
I wonder how this dedicated weather observer feels about having his readings adjusted by NCDC? 1290
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 22193,946,266
Of mountains, molehills, and noisy bumps in the sea-ice record 780
New climate alarm mascot – white ringtail possums 1210
Mann’s Hockey Stick Goes Zombie 1460
‘Goldilocks zone’ exoplanets would not be habitable without an ocean 980
Claim: Antartica record high sea ice partially an artifact of an algorithm 2230
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 21193,840,679
Claim: natural variation ‘masked’ global warming, creating ‘the pause’ 2265
Claim: we should all be vegetarians to stop global warming 1970
Deep Oceans Are Cooling Amidst A Sea of Modeling Uncertainty: New Research on Ocean Heat Content 1070
Sea Ice News Volume 5 Number 4 – Are polar satellite sea ice sensors going wonky? 770
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 20193,731,011
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup 250
Lewandowsky and Oreskes Are Co-Authors of a Paper about ENSO, Climate Models and Sea Surface Temperature Trends (Go Figure!) 3810
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 19193,652,270
A courtesy note ahead of publication for Risbey et al. 2014 3360
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 18193,563,720
Another carbon tax domino falls – South Korea goes cold on ETS 2180
A conversation with Dr. Roger Pielke Jr. on the Kaya Identity 3950
Hard times for Aussie Alarmists – Flannery begs in new video 1100
A flip-flop on Arctic permafrost thaws – actually a net cooling rather than a warming 230
The stark reality of green tech’s solar and wind contribution to world energy 1490
New pictures of the hole in Yamal – and Pingo was its name-o 780
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 17193,455,793
Dueling “weather is not climate” press releases – see if you can spot the politically biased one 1780
Australia: No longer a carbon tax nation 2280
The Law of Unintended Carbon Tax Consequences 750
Headed into ‘Lew-world’ in the U.K. – I could use your help 1440
NASA GISS runs ‘hot’ and ‘cold’ as an outlier again 530
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 16193,342,063
RIP Australia’s Carbon Tax 1050
Climate Consensus? Nonsense! 840
Macro, Meso, and Micro Climates: The Importance of Trees in Urban Climates 360
Put a cork in it! Claim: wine corks deteriorating due to ‘climate change’ 720
Calling all UK Skeptics – Free Talk with 97% Bias – plus the ability to ask questions 1530
Another missing piece of the climate model puzzle – dust 340
Latest NOAA mean sea level trend data through 2013 confirms lack of sea level rise acceleration 680
Mending Fences 6120
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 15193,226,601
How Can You Tell? 840
Climate Craziness of the Week: Crater in Yamal caused by ‘global warming’ 1590
Breaking news on the ISEE-3 mission: it may not be lost – it’s those “O” rings again 250
Michael Mann’s ‘damages’ over FOIA emails? A piddling $250 840
The Science Publishing Complex – 1% publish 41% of all papers 360
UK Government Study: Greens use more electricity than skeptics 900
sWINDle 680
What an Engineer Finds Extraordinary about Climate 2500
WUWT index page for 2014 Jul 14193,089,052
Quote of the Week – NOAA: ‘However, we think it’s likely that the atmosphere will get on board soon’ 850
The law of unintended consequences in action: Imagine replacing all CO2 emissions with H2O emissions 1190
The 2014/15 El Niño – Part 13 – More Mixed Signals 330
Barking Mad – A rave, prompted by facing insane heating costs 1250
Dr. Roy Spencer’s Keynote Speech at #ICCC9 700

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. And last I saw, I don't think they work.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 April 24.