Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 6237,124,820
Claim: British Isles getting “stormier” 5252
Have Fossil Fuels Diminished the World’s Sustainability and Resilience? 109109
Whew! Climate change not likely to cause ‘grolar bears’ 9797
Slime and Punishment – How AGW believers have made their own Faustian Bargain 126126
First Peoples: The warming alarm-dog that didn’t bark 9494
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 5237,014,295
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #186 86
The Pope’s Encyclical Exposes Real Agenda Behind Global Warming 18172
Climate concerns fading, despite Paris hype 12923
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 4236,934,859
2°C or not 2°C–that is the question 25320
An Ecologist’s Perspective on Pope Francis’s Encyclical Letter 1444
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 3236,858,698
Oddly, ‘Nobel prize winner’ Michael Mann was not invited to sign The Mainau Declaration for climate protection 1902
A sad commentary on global warming alarmism: Science says one thing, scientists another 14010
That Didn’t Take Long: North & South Carolina Shark Attacks Blamed on Global Warming 1412
New Pew Center study finds global warming to be a mostly political issue 544
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 2236,762,371
El Niño begins to curtail the Pause 1837
When EPA worries about regulating puddles, it has gone too far 991
About the Fourth of July and ISIS – from a friend who is a police officer, and a ‘spook’ 27616
One-sided science ignores the fact that ‘Sea ice is not a stable habitat for polar bears’ 500
A Physician’s Perspective on the EPA’s “Data Derangement Syndrome” 431
Claim: Universe to end with a ‘big rip’ where ‘atoms are ripped apart’ 2512
WUWT index page for 2015 Jul 1236,645,021
With Pollution Levels Dropping, is Small Particle Air Pollution Really Killing Americans? 1172
Meet the Mutants – the latest Government effort to defeat Climate Change 1300
Climate Craziness of the Week: Center for Biological Diversity petitions EPA to list CO2 as a ‘toxic substance’ 1650
Climate change & ocean acidification set to cause global seafood crisis by 2050 930
Hump Day Hilarity – more hilarious hate mail 1981
A Way To Calculate Effective N 1815
WUWT index page for 2015 Jun 30236,529,106
The Pope and Chemistry Errors at ClimateProgress 850
Debunking Bloomberg’s ‘alarming’ climate graph: Are we really on track for 4°C global warming by 2100? 610
More pointless worrying from NOAA: July 4th fireworks cause a spike in particulate matter for a day 790
Good news: posited global warming won’t kill off ocean phytoplankton 360
The Conclusions of a Press Release Should Match the Scientific Study, Don’t Ya Think? 1050
Did green madness help create the Greek debt crisis? 1520
WUWT index page for 2015 Jun 29236,416,116
Study: Arctic sea ice retreat is creating ocean circulation changes 1890
New findings on sprite formation above thunderstorms 620
Generalization, Specialization And Climatology 1220
WUWT index page for 2015 Jun 28236,305,861
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #185 70
Pope recruits Naomi Klein to fight Climate Change and Capitalism 3030
WUWT index page for 2015 Jun 27236,220,602
I only ask because I want to know 4893
Bloomberg’s made-up climate widget 1410
Weekend Open Thread 1220
The Problem of the Electorate 1410
Repeated Trials, Autocorrelation, and Albedo 3420
WUWT index page for 2015 Jun 26236,127,901
Nature Rebounds – the world is getting better, not worse 1480
Climate Model Inadequacies for Sea Ice 500
Claim: Credit Agencies are miscalculating climate risk 840
June 2015 ENSO Update – Tropical Pacific Approaching the Threshold of a Strong El Niño 1360
Friday funny – a very PC prayer for our times 1490
WUWT index page for 2015 Jun 25236,029,717
The 2014/15 El Niño Was Not Focused on the Region Used By NOAA for their Oceanic NINO Index 500
New transparency and reproducibility initiative for science 490
Analyzing ocean mixing reveals insight on climate 1250
Apocalyptic Fear-mongering: Sometimes Rush Limbaugh is Right! 2610
WUWT index page for 2015 Jun 24235,916,699
Green Energy ‘steals’ from the Biosphere 1340
More methane seeps discovered in the deep ocean 2050
UK MET Office: Fastest decline in solar activity since the last ice age 4700
Weak El Niños and La Niñas Come and Go from NOAA’s Oceanic NINO Index (ONI) with Each SST Dataset Revision 910
Can heat be controlled as waves? 590
Aussie government slashes renewable target 970
WUWT index page for 2015 Jun 23235,793,375
Tuesday toon – Mont Doom 900
A shift in climate ‘forcing’ led to demise of Laurentide ice sheet 9000 years ago 1830
Dr. Willie Soon on the Vatican’s repeat of its Galileo debacle 1772

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.