Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 22202,149,067
Sea Ice News Volume 5 #6 – Arctic sea ice extent turns the corner for 2014, new high sea ice record set in the Antarctic 106106
Surprising PNAS paper: CO2 emissions not the cause of U.S. West Coast warming 6666
Study: Fracked shale gas impacts have positive and negative benefits, but there’s no reason not to make it part of the energy mix 2525
Claim: Arctic sea ice helps remove CO2 from the atmosphere 5252
More Than 310 Thousand People with Skewed Priorities Flood New York 390390
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 21201,976,711
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #150 113
Salmon, Climate, And Accountability 6434
‘Paid volunteers’ for the NYC climate march 26433
@CNN asks ‘Why worry about ISIS when the danger of Climate Change is so much more clear and imminent? ‘ 10513
If you want to play the all-weather-is-influenced-by-global-warming game, you are going to lose 584
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 20201,824,612
Climate Craziness of the Week: White House fence jumper was “concerned that the atmosphere was collapsing” and wanted to alert the president 1023
A former White House science advisor speaks out about “settled science” 14717
‘The People’s Climate March’ – just another corporate multi-million-dollar fundraiser by 350.org and Avaaz 911
Royal Society In Trouble Over False Extinction Claim Paper 1253
My report on the Cook talk in Bristol – attendees are invited to leave their impressions 1768
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 19201,696,255
Antarctic Sea Ice Extent sets new record, pierces 20 million square kilometer barrier 1697
Laki caused 1783 – could Iceland’s Bardarbunga Volcano trigger another ‘Year Without a Summer’? 1768
The Federalist: Neil deGrasse Tyson and the Science of Smug Condescension 2030
Statement from the Open Atmospheric Society on the paper ‘Peak tornado activity is occurring earlier in the heart of “Tornado Alley”‘ 841
Help launch ‘Tar Sands Messiah’- A film by Tim Moen 430
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 18201,561,384
Climate.gov embraces the “cartoon science” of Mann and Marcott 1150
Claim: Fall foliage season may be later, but longer on a warmer Earth 701
UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon blinks, responds to WUWT story 1660
Open Thread 2910
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 17201,420,396
Claim: Global shift away from cars saves US$100 trillion, eliminates 1,700 MT of CO2 pollution 3320
Quote of the week: The link between ‘defending Michael Mann is defending climate science’ seems to have been broken 1610
Another benefit of climate change and increased CO2 – trees continue to grow at a faster rate 1020
Claim: Tornadoes occurring earlier in “Tornado Alley” 910
NCSE: Texas schoolbooks should stick to the climate dogma 1080
Sierra Club and Sierra Club Foundation Accused of Tax Law Violations 1040
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 16201,259,470
Decrying “Wishful Science” on NPR(!) 1300
August 2014 Global Surface (Land+Ocean) and Lower Troposphere Temperature Anomaly Update 800
Obama’s Lonely Climate Summit – world leaders are staying home 3560
And then they came for The Holocene: New paper suggests “removing the Holocene Epoch from the geologic timescale” 2404
A new professional society for meteorology and climatology is announced 2160
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 15 
Weather, Climate, Arctic Ice And The Franklin Expedition 1181
Report – emails reveal ‘collusion’ with green activist groups over EPA climate agenda 1480
NASA GISS Tweaks the Short-Term Global Temperature Trend Upwards 1151
Claim: New Antarctic sea-ice extent due to wind and ‘atmospheric warming’ – what warming? 1220
Previous rules of thumb for climate change worsened wet/dry turned upside down 800
New paper links Arctic sea ice extent to absorption of sunlight by clouds 430
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 14200,744,504
Where’s our money? Greens accuse billionaire Richard Branson of not fulfilling pledges 1200
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #149 230
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 13200,613,098
Virginia Sea Level 1400
Prof Bob Carter warns of unpreparedness for Global Cooling 2441
New all-time satellite-era record for Antarctic sea ice extent 1170
The Weather Channel is losing viewers to global warming and other pointless programming 1260
NSF says the best way to deal with a warming climate is to evolve with it 760
Offshore Wind power: Even Germany Can’t get it Right 2600
Stanford publishes a report on the balanced use of fracking 550
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 12200,473,351
The big chill comes early – record winter blast hits Northern Plains 1650
UN Global Warming Propaganda Campaign: Return to Perceived Success Indicates Desperation 850
Is the atmospheric ozone recovery real, or just for scoring political points? 1611
Methane – damned if you do, dammed if you don’t 691
Friday Funny – 52 excuses to blow your carbon diet 490
Brussels Anti-Green Purge – New EU Leaders Neuter Green Lobby 700
Climate Craziness of the week: “We Have Five Years to Stop Building Coal Plants and Gas-Powered Cars” 850
A look at carbon dioxide vs. global temperature 2080
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 11200,313,428
Excuse #52 for ‘the pause’ in global warming – natural climate variability as secular trends 910
List of excuses for ‘the pause’ in global warming is now up to 52 981
Microscopic Diamonds Suggest Cosmic Impact Responsible for Major Period of Climate Change 1856
Data Reveal Florida Keys Sea Surface Temperatures Haven’t Warmed in 80+ Years* 1190
Michael Mann caught telling a ‘porky’ to the court (again) in legal filings 2135
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 10200,157,877
A Guide for Those Perplexed About Global Warming 2580
Claim: Ocean Warming Affecting Florida Reefs 880
2014 Hurricane season a bust so far – no named storms at peak of season, last time was 1992 600
Overwhelming Majority Of Conservative MPs Are Climate Sceptics 750
WUWT at 200 Million Views 1850
Great moments in climate science: “we could have forecast ‘the pause’ – if we had the tools of the future back then” 2260
Quote of the week: ‘It’s a remarkable document’ 510
WUWT index page for 2014 Sep 9199,996,286
Study Shows Record-High Increases For Atmospheric CO2 In 2013 – but there’s still no warming 1840
How ‘scientific consensus’ ended up with a bad reputation 4622
Great moments in forecasting – UK winter weather to be ‘ very mild, wet and stormy to extremely cold and snowy’ 1170
The Climate Science Zombie Apocalypse is coming 930
WSJ: Matt Ridley Replies to Jeff Sachs and Bob Ward, cleans up their ‘intellectual mess’ 2170
edX: Explore Statistics with R – starts today 160
All Great Lakes water level is at or above normal for first time in 14 years 1290
Are greenhouse gas emissions a reason to keep Africa starving? 880

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. And last I saw, I don't think they work.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 April 24.