Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2015 May 28232,665,756
First Eastern Pacific tropical depression of the season 1313
Study finds: ‘severe cold snap during the geological age known for its extreme greenhouse climate’ 6363
Almost Friday Funny – Tesla is apparently recharging ’emissions free’ electric cars with a diesel generator 340340
Recycled: 2035 Himalayan Glacier Claim 9797
German Government In Crisis Over Escalating Cost Of Climate Policy 9090
WUWT index page for 2015 May 27232,533,985
Climate Craziness of the Week – ‘climate change music’ 15089
The Royal Anti-Science Society of Edinburgh? 22553
NOAA Forecast: A below-normal Atlantic Hurricane Season is likely this year 698
Another advance in hearing restoration 436
Leaving the Church of Environmentalism 8950
The green plan to make Capitalism cruel 17811
EPA Busted for Ideology 736
WUWT index page for 2015 May 26232,411,300
Claim: ‘Severe ozone depletion avoided ‘ 1645
‘[EPA] regulations in the study are less likely to have economic benefits in excess of their costs.’ 672
The Role of Sulfur Dioxide Aerosols in Climate Change 13015
Climate change debate fueled by ‘echo chambers,’ new study claims 1940
Claim: New Chinese nuclear plants are unsafe 1441
WUWT index page for 2015 May 25232,288,024
How to Influence Climate Change Public Policy 1270
The sad tales of the Wikipedia gang war regarding WUWT – ‘creepy and a little scary’ 4305
New Paper Tries to Explain Disparities in Deep Ocean Warming Between Two Basins 780
Tomorrowland – the only Clooney movie I’ll probably never see 2030
Out At The Boundaries 2366
WUWT index page for 2015 May 24232,179,055
Winters not Summers Increase Mortality and Stress the Economy 1000
The Only People Denying Climate Change Are Those Calling Others Climate Change Deniers 2580
WUWT index page for 2015 May 23232,083,259
Why It’s So Hard to Convince Warmists 6470
The Ethics of Climate Change 1513
Norwegian observations confirms: The Gulf Stream has been stable over the past 20 years 940
CIA climate research effort decommissioned 810
Climate Insensitivity 18313
WUWT index page for 2015 May 22231,998,733
Uh, oh: Looks like Lewandowsky and Oreskes will be going after the AGU now for admitting the ‘hiatus’ exists 2430
What would it take to limit climate change to 1.5°C? (answer: more than they can get support for) 1951
Friday Funny – the horror of rising sea levels in context 2252
WUWT index page for 2015 May 21231,886,365
Why delegating comprehension of climate science is a bad idea 1160
Some pushback against Obama’s ridiculous climate remarks at the Coast Guard commencement 1251
An inconvenient truth from medical research: cold is far worse than global warming at killing people 1150
Claim: New evidence has linked Arctic warming with severe weather in countries including the UK and US. 1590
SOLD OUT: Skeptic book ‘Climate Change the Facts’ (but one signed copy is available) 820
Does the ‘leader’ of the free world really know so little about climate? 3574
WUWT index page for 2015 May 20231,760,994
Registration is now open for the Tenth International Conference on Climate Change 200
Why Skeptics Should Encourage Energy Use from Fossil Fuels Where Economically Justified 1090
Is NASA praying for a major U.S. Hurricane? 1520
Do Climate Projections Have Any Physical Meaning? 2322
Claim: Global warming improves urban air quality 470
CBS turns cute story of toddler’s first spring rain into dishonest climate alarm propaganda 800
WUWT index page for 2015 May 19231,633,448
I’m dead. Send flowers 3680
California surrenders their economy to Texas (and climate worries) 2520
NASA’s Dr. Gavin Schmidt goes into hiding from seven very inconvenient climate questions 4560
Oh noes! Exposure of US population to extreme heat could quadruple by mid-century 1320
The Recent Westerly Wind Burst in the Western Equatorial Pacific Could Help to Strengthen the 2015/16 El Niño 380
WUWT index page for 2015 May 18231,505,044
Climate Change Free Speech Prohibited at DailyKos 1850
Claim: US West’s power grid must be prepared for impacts of climate change – but environmentalism might be a bigger threat 1130
Mainstream climate scientist pushes back against Lewandowsky’s ‘seepage’ 1320
The unspeakable BBC parks its tanks on my lawn 379-1
2 Deg C Global-Warming Limit in the News – Recent Comments by James Hansen, Godfather of Climate Alarmism 1810
WUWT index page for 2015 May 17231,370,213
New paper: How much of the global temperature change is natural? 1750
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #180 60
Palynology: A Proxy Indicator of Climate Used To Make Remarkable Claim 2100
WUWT index page for 2015 May 16231,269,909
Headline: “Indications Arctic May Become Temperate Zone” 1590
Thorium: the last great opportunity of the industrial age 3770
Forecast super El Niño for fall nearly double the strength of 1998 Super El Niño 1140
China, India: Where’s that $100 billion you promised? 1000
WUWT index page for 2015 May 15231,167,097
Now available in print – Climate Change The Facts – Let’s send ‘DeSmog Blog’ a message for their recent falsehood 1950
New Claims ‘Murky’ Global Warming Statistics Are ‘Guessed At’ 2230
Friday funny – The Shy Scientists 390
New Freeman Dyson Book: Dreams of Earth and Sky 1520
Things In General 2200

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.