Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 22197,104,764
The EU, Climate change, and the giant sucking sound 4745
Historic Variations in Arctic Sea Ice – Part Two 298
The Climate Sensitivity Dutch Auction 361
Antarctic sea ice has been above average for 1000 straight days 561
A new twist on an old grade school science project 19310
Life found below Antarctica’s ice sheet 622
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 21197,016,597
Climate Craziness of the Week: Lowbrow science schtick for the Florida Governor 1020
Will the Next El Niño Bring an End to the Slowdown in Global Surface Warming? 832
Cause for ‘The Pause’ #38 – Cause of global warming hiatus found deep in the Atlantic Ocean 760
Weakest solar wind of the space age and the current “mini” solar maximum 791
William Connolley demonstrates once again why Wikipedia is an untrustworthy reference source 1050
‘Climate scientists’ laid bare: ♫ Feeelings…nothing more than feelings ♬ 2351
Claim: study published in Nature shows that small variations in the climate system can result in dramatic temperature changes 610
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 20196,896,936
Irish Famines, Politics, and Climate History 791
Bárðarbunga volcano getting ready to blow? 1000 Earthquakes felt as magma moves into ice covered caldera 1344
Ooops – According to NASA, ozone destroying CCl4 remains in atmosphere, and continues to be emitted 660
Nigerian climate scammers continue to bilk the climate clueless 421
UHI – worse than we thought 680
What’s wrong with climate activism and some climate scientists in one ugly nutshell 940
‘unexpected link between solar activity and climate change’ found in Greenland ice 1000
Crickets, it’s whats for dinner 1201
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 19196,788,512
UK flooding tied to proximity of urbanization and population growth 580
Terraforming Mars may be less expensive than climate change mitigation 1440
Quote of the week – the numerology of “dialing in” climate science 1321
Excuse #31 for ‘the pause’ – El Niño and longer solar cycles 1500
Too late for Oregon’s coal terminal: Exporting US coal to Asia could drop emissions 21 percent 550
NOAA: Lots of land cover change in coastal areas seen 200
Revising the Sunspot Number 2650
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 18196,682,245
A birds-eye view of the bird scorching Ivanpah solar electric power plant 1790
Pointless Ohio State study predicts the obvious with models – fish will die as streams dry out 820
Spot the portion of California drought caused by ‘climate change’ 820
Monday Mirthiness – spot the troll 1350
How the media mis-represents everyday science 421
A new low: Joe Romm of Climate Progress exploits the death of Robin Williams for climate propaganda 720
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 17196,567,137
Willis’s DDP Presentation Video 420
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #146 120
Top 10 reasons the new WordPress Beep Boop Boob editor is a stunning failure. 1090
Moore tour needs some backers 1460
Nobody expects the Spanish solar inquisition! 730
July 2014 Global Surface (Land+Ocean) and Lower Troposphere Temperature Anomaly Update 430
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 16196,475,175
Earthquake swarm in Iceland raises threat level on Bárðarbunga volcano 1090
Claim: Climate Change will disrupt the Panama Canal 650
Cruising the Northwest Passage In Style 1040
On The Recent Record-High Global Sea Surface Temperatures – The Wheres and Whys 540
New alarm book pushes the ‘Weather is never just weather’ idea 620
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 15196,400,726
All Rain Is Acid Rain 890
Open Thread 1800
Claim: Human contribution to glacier mass loss on the increase 1230
A Climate of Despair – Climategate had more effects than we realized at first 1410
Irony alert – wind turbine involved in petroleum spill at sea 770
Why ‘Deniers’ are Always Wrong – Models can’t be falsified 2260
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 14196,305,846
Claim: New analysis links tree height to climate 380
Newsbytes – U.S. Democrats Embrace Shale Boom Ahead of Midterm Elections 540
Claim: all the energy we need is just a mile above our heads- but getting it is another story 1770
Smoke from Russian Fires Over Arctic Sea 250
Microbes, rain, and climate 250
Maurice Newman, Aussie PM Abbott’s most senior advisor, on the dangers of global cooling 1220
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 13196,211,384
Newsbytes – Most Americans Don’t Believe Climate ‘Consensus’, New Survey 460
Recent Hawaiian Tropical Cyclones – Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies of the Storm Tracks 350
Snow has thinned on Arctic sea ice 1110
Global Warming: The Incompetent Politician’s Excuse? 1240
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 12196,116,794
Claim: Sea-level spikes can harm beaches worse than hurricane 440
The 2014/15 El Niño – Part 15 – August 2014 Update – An El Niño Mulligan? 660
WUWT Arctic September Average Sea Ice Prediction submitted to ARCUS 210
Steyn’s scorching new legal brief on the Michael Mann ‘defamation’ case 1440
Southampton University: We need an air travel regulator with “Teeth” 930
WAPO – ‘Has the era of the climate change refugee begun?’ 460
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 11195,989,304
Our sincerest condolences to Dr. John Christy and his family 790
SNAP: ‘Data says global cooling, physical model says it has to be warming’ 1560
A Gleissberg Solar Minimum? 4750
Canberra’s costly carbon follies outdo even the Danes 390
August Arctic Sea Ice Outlook Contest 590
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 10195,872,270
Bill Nye @TheScienceGuy and Al Gore, ‘not even wrong’ on CO2 ‘Climate 101′ experiment according to paper published in AIP Journal 1800
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup 20
The Green Inferno ‘flames out’ 800
The diminishing influence of increasing Carbon Dioxide on temperature 4940
WUWT index page for 2014 Aug 9195,791,162
Volcanoes and Drought In Asia 480
Climate Change And The Human Condition: Is It Time To Reconsider Climatic Determinism? 950
EPA power-plant rule: comments close October 16 900
Don’t mention the Nuclear Option to Greens 2840

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. And last I saw, I don't think they work.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 April 24.