Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 21210,571,767
Will Green Politics soon be a thing of the Past? 4545
Surprise: sea water salinity matters to sea level on long time scales 3939
Introducing a New Blog – More on Miriam O’Brien’s HotWhopper 162162
Renewable Energy – Solar and Wind-Power: capital costs and effectiveness compared 171171
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 20210,444,501
Fountain of Youth Underlies Antarctic Mountains 5645
Hotwhopper’s Miriam O’Brien – Hoisted by Her Own Petard! 238118
It’s always something: crops to blame for increased annual variation of CO2 10221
Claim: reindeer suffering in Arctic due to ‘extreme weather’ supposedly caused by global warming 696
Claim: Climate change will slow China’s progress in reducing infectious diseases 527
Australian Government Rebukes Obama’s Climate Claims 13617
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 19210,305,273
Quicky Mid-November 2014 ENSO Update 895
Newspapers Mislead Public About Polar Bear Numbers 1223
Fossils cast doubt on climate-change model projections on habitats 853
Claim: ‘the pause’ is caused by small volcanic eruptions 16310
Axel Timmermann and Kevin Trenberth Highlight the Importance of Natural Variability in Global Warming... 791
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 18210,138,751
Get Laki, Get Unlaki 1745
If 97% of Scientists Say Global Warming is Real, 100% Say It Has Nearly Stopped 1945
All 50 states have below freezing temperatures 1922
Who needs an Orbiting Carbon Observatory to track it when you can model Carbon Dioxide movement? 1570
GWPF Calls For Halt To UK Low Carbon International Climate Funding 630
Study: Beaufort sea polar bears largely recovered from a 2004-2006 decline 750
EPA’s next regulatory tsunami 660
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 17209,965,580
Climate change was not to blame for the collapse of the Bronze Age 1481
Quote of the week – 5th anniversary of Climategate 1530
Germany abandons their climate target, as their Chancellor sings to the crowd 1112
Evidence that Dr Michael Mann misled a court 2641
Climate Perception, Projection and Propaganda 1301
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 16209,810,507
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #156 120
New term: ‘Grubering’ and how it applies to Climate Alarmism 2750
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 15209,693,520
Dr. Trenberth Redux 3250
Some cool fractal-like photography 560
October 2014 Global Surface (Land+Ocean) and Lower Troposphere Temperature Anomaly & Model-Data Difference Update 680
Interview with physicist Will Happer on climate change 1782
Is the Hockey Stick Graph Dead? 1500
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 14209,582,658
We Need a Name for the Imaginary Planet Simulated by Climate Models for the IPCC 6922
Claim: Warmest oceans ever recorded 3070
Friday Funny: Australians bury their heads in the sand to protest inaction on climate change 2150
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 13209,456,787
Guy Stewart Callendar 1910
Claim: “golden age of climate science, models” is upon us 2025
Greens sneering at Democracy again in wake of Obama climate deal 2710
Seven Years Ago, An IPCC Lead Author Exposed Critical Weaknesses of the IPCC Foretelling Tools 1390
“Meltdown: Terror at the Top of the World" — new book exploits polar bear attack to sell fear of sea ice decline 990
How Climate Alarmists Continue to Hijack Successful Walrus Conservation 260
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 12209,316,848
More insane conspiracy theory from Dr. Stephan Lewandowsky of Bristol University 1880
TLE…transient luminous event captured on video from a thunderstorm 430
Penguins, Polar Bears and Sea Ice 280
Robots in the Antarctic study ‘rapidly melting ice’ 770
Kashmir Floods Nothing New, Not Due To Climate Change 250
US-China Climate Statement Is No Breakthrough 1720
Study: Farmers and scientists divided over climate change 2240
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 11209,185,049
Cloud Feedback 2981
El Niño fades without westerly wind bursts 980
Gone fishing open thread 2280
The 2014/15 El Niño – Part 20 – November Update – The Little El Niño That Shoulda’-Woulda’-Coulda’ 880
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 10209,064,578
Claim: New Global Maps Detail Human-Caused Ocean Acidification 2710
Even China can’t jump-start the electric car 2640
Climate change – follow the money 1390
On the Elusive Absolute Global Mean Surface Temperature – A Model-Data Comparison 1110
US Midterms: Sierra Club declares Victory 1750
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 9208,925,369
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #155 130
UEA Claim: Global warming distracts bees by making them horny 1440
Wrapped in Lew Papers: The psychology of climate psychologization – Part3 920
Man-made Global Warming (AGW) is Real: Men Really Created It 1000
WUWT index page for 2014 Nov 8208,815,070
An Empirical Review of Recent Trends in the Greenhouse Effect 2030
Irreversible 880
The Ultimate Irony: Camille Parmesan argues “Texas textbooks need to get the facts straight” on global warming 1580
Wrapped in Lew Papers: The psychology of climate psychologization – Part2 450

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. And last I saw, I don't think they work.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 April 24.