Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 24206,825,198
Is NOAA Wrong? 1616
Massive X class flare erupts from the sunspot 2192 6969
Past Climate Change Was Caused by the Ocean, Not Just the Atmosphere, New Rutgers Study Finds 9191
Friday Funny – You’re a climate denier if: 131131
New Study Predicts a Slight Cooling of North Atlantic Sea Surface Temperatures over the Next Decade 5656
Europe commits economic suicide – agrees to massive emission cuts 221221
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 23206,692,560
Newsbytes: World food production at record levels 10146
Sanity: Subsidies for solar farms to be cut to help safeguard farmland 6121
Finally Some Reality from RealClimate – But, Unfortunately, They Remained Unreal about Some Things 7813
Weather Channel Founder John Coleman: There is no significant man-made global warming at this time 14616
Solar Update October 2014 1057
Scary climate stories for Halloween from the AGU 695
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 22206,552,502
Solar flare danger – massive sunspot the size of Jupiter takes aim at Earth 1038
Claim: Recently discovered Arctic microbe is key player in climate change 902
Where Was Climate Research Before Computer Models? 1428
What would Thucydides do? How to create negative atmospheric pressure in the Ebola hot-zone 13620
Study: Changing winds cause melting of coastal Antarctic glaciers 920
Splattergate II: Machine Gun Shopping Mall massacre promoted as an expression of Green Conscience 1462
Quicky Mid-October 2014 El Niño Update 814
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 21206,411,050
Eye roller: ‘Climate change shrinks goats’ 1773
Quote of the week – massive climate FAIL by Mashable’s Andrew Freedman 732
Climate Craziness of the Week: ‘Exhale up to the atmosphere. Love away the carbon dioxide.’ 1004
Bolt: Bob Ward should apologize to Dr. Bob Carter over ‘the pause’ 890
John Cook’s claim of a ‘warmer southern ocean’ is proven wrong 1300
The Answer is NOT always in the data – why data analysis is always contaminated by human value judgements 491
New paper debunks ‘ocean acidification’ scare, finds warming increases pH 1166
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 20206,258,083
Video: Why science reporter Seth Borenstein at the Associated Press is more about ‘New Catch Phrases’ and less about science 1051
Red or Blue pill? Light sensitive diatoms may hold key to a big portion of the climate puzzle 420
Slimed by Naomi Oreskes – In Defense of Dr. Fred Singer 1760
FEMA edict to U.S. states: ‘Provide a Climate Plan or Lose Funding’ 3672
California trees ‘smart response’ to drought 886
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 19206,105,275
Fire at Didcot power station means the UK power grid is in for a rough ride this winter 1410
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #154 171
Study: Improved electricity access has little impact on climate change 450
Secret Post Facto Changes in the IPCC AR5 Report 1470
Poland To Veto EU’s 40% CO2 Reduction Proposal 921
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 18205,993,130
Claim: Cheap energy stimulates the economy too much – Natural Gas will not reduce CO2 1580
World Disasters Report for 2013 – lowest number of catastrophies and deaths in 10 years 670
We weren’t lying, we were oversimplifying – the Conversation’s latest ‘dog ate homework’ excuse for climate insanity 1730
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 17205,896,070
Climate Dialogue about the sun 3100
Friday Funny – Renewable Energy Fails Protesters Calling for More Renewable Energy 1400
With ARGO, There is a Wide Range Warming (and Cooling) Rates of the Oceans to Depths of 2000 Meters 1020
Backyard Birds Spreading as Climate Changes 940
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 16205,771,141
A Simple Truth; Computer Climate Models Cannot Work 3010
Early snowfall on the big Island of Hawaii seen on satellite 750
Major Hurricane Gonzalo Gives an “Eye-opening” Performance 280
NOAA: Another warm winter likely for western U.S., South may see colder weather Repeat of last year’s extremely cold, snowy winter east of Rockies unlikely 1060
Revealed: the breakthrough 2015 Paris Climate Agreement – ‘do your own thing’ 900
Given the cold water going into winter, the current “Ice Breaking Fleet” operating on the Great Lakes may be inadequate this year 850
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 15205,593,140
Cabot Institute, Bristol University releases Mann Video 1240
The Weather History Time Machine 530
Encouraging: Skunk Works Reveals Compact Fusion Reactor Details 2660
Eye roller – ‘Concrete’s life span is shortened by climate change’ 1350
Another IPCC modeling failure – so THAT’s where the atmospheric methane went 640
Smells fishy: Alexa’s data blunder hits Drudge, WUWT, mostly favors leftist news sites over conservative news sites 1610
Can ‘big data’ make sense of the big sticky mess of ‘climate change’? 570
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 14205,382,987
NASA Study Finds 1934 Had Worst Drought of Last Thousand Years 960
Michael Mann loses the Nobel Prize – again 1260
Claim: No change in sea level until modern times – but that change is dwarfed by sea levels of the past 1190
Water temperature of the Great Lakes is over 6 degrees colder than last year, 3 degrees colder than normal 2630
Yet another significant paper finds low climate sensitivity to CO2, suggesting there is no global warming crisis at hand 1770
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 13205,168,070
Another major misunderstood climate issue – models ‘underplay plant CO2 absorption’ 1170
Letter: Warmists Watch Wrong Weather Warnings 1550
CERN video: Cloudy climate change – How clouds affect Earth’s temperature 700
John Kerry, climate scepticism, and the mystery of Cthulhu 1140
Dr. Patrick Moore’s Australian Tour Schedule 640
Oh that’s going to leave a mark – Owen Paterson To Call For Suspension Of UK Climate Change Act 710
‘Icebergs once drifted to Florida’ 1150
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 12205,018,449
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #153 90
Climate Science: Separating Mistakes From Malfeasance 880
Is Tamino’s ‘Open Mind’ dead, or just in an extended ‘pause’? 1820
The Trouble with Physics – Another branch of science captured by groupthink 2500
September 2014 Global Surface (Land+Ocean) and Lower Troposphere Temperature Anomaly Update 450
New paper finds West Antarctic glacier likely melting from geothermal heat below 730
WUWT index page for 2014 Oct 11204,893,210
Video: why renewables equal death 890
Shock! Horror! Australian Climate and Meteorology Scientists told to raise their own funds 1140
Saturday Silliness – Naomi Klein comprehends the pause? 1060
About those claims of declining bird populations due to ‘climate change’ 860
In a stunning reversal, the Australian Labor Party bails out on the ‘carbon tax’ 1090
The ‘methane hotspot’ identified in the Four Corners area of the U.S. Southwest can be fixed with some preventative maintenence 960
A Comparison Of The Efficacy Of Greenhouse Gas Forcing And Solar Forcing 1090
Agricultural Losses in 2014 due to Cold Temperatures 980

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. And last I saw, I don't think they work.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 April 24.