Ric Werme's Guide to
Watts Up With That

Anthony Watts' Watts Up With That? blog is hosted by Wordpress, a blog host that works best for bloggers who post a few articles each week. Anthony and his crew post several articles per day, and trying to hunt down old articles is a bit frustrating. There is a search mechanism, but that seems limited to keywords in the original article. You can also look at a day's posts, but that's an inefficient way to browse through old articles.

People making comments have no hints as to how to format them. There used to be the barest of hints below the comment box, but it was a poor list, even wrong in places, and no longer displays. See the bottom of this document for better guidance.

WUWT Navigation Bars

Every so often, please take a break from reading the recent posts and comments to check the two navigation bars.

The top bar (with labels from "Home" to "WUWT stuff" goes to permanent posts that are updated frequently, sometimes automatically, sometimes manually. The most important label is "Resource Pages". When you hover the cursor over it, a submenu appears listing the the various domains WUWT covers. The most popular of these is the Sea Ice Reference Page. Many readers like to follow the progression of Arctic sea ice extent each summer because of the frequent handwringing from Al Gore and the NSIDC about how soon we'll have an ice free Arctic. Given that we've only had good data for this since polar satellites started returning images of ice cover, no one can make authoritative predictions for the current season, let alone the next.

The right side nav bar is a potpourri of information and links to internal and external sites. The search box searches the content WUWT posts but not the comments. It's a good way to hunt down some post on a subject you remember reading about. Some links go to Anthony's business, Weather Shop (please buy stuff there!), some have current images of a subject and a link to more information. Anthony's lists of other blogs is unique in that he links to blogs that are major detractors of WUWT, most of which disparage WUWT but don't link to it.

Everything else is pretty much self explanatory. It changes frequently enough so a periodic check is worthwhile to see what's new and what you've forgotten about.

WUWT Tables of Contents

Two series of ToCs are available:

Monthly - This is good to check if you know approximately when something happened and want to look for relevant posts. Even better, this is a good way to see what else was happening then.

Categories - This is good to check if you are interested in particular topics. Even better, if you are looking for topics to be interested in, check out the list.

You can also use the right side nav bar to find the same information displayed as WordPress see fit. This includes some text at the beginning of each post. My pages only have the title, and everything is in a single web page. They both have their merits.

WUWT Classics

Here are some posts that deserve to used as reference works, not just as comment-du-jour. The real reference is usually elsewhere, but a lot of us heard it first here.

Guest poster Willis Eschenbach always comes up with fascinating posts. Even his autobiographical posts are remarkable. He's collected An Index to Willis's Writings up to May 2011 and deserves this special entry here.

Titles and Links for the Last Two Weeks

Information here (and in the monthly and category pages) is collected soon after midnight Pacific time (which is WUWT time, at least as far as dates go). The "Recent" column is the number of comments made yesterday and may be most useful for finding older posts that are still active for some reason. Sometimes those reasons are an interesting exchange of information and collaboration. Sometimes it's just two pig-headed bores who don't know when to stop. Sometimes you can't tell the difference!

Daily summary Total WUWT
views to date
WUWT index page for 2015 Mar 3222,759,287
California’s hockey-sticked temperature outliers 6767
In defense of a scientist in the humble quest for truth 9595
Believe It or Not There Are Plans for a 6th Assessment Report from the IPCC 5959
Climate FAIL: Antarctic Sea Ice Did The Exact Opposite Of What Models Predicted 126126
Lago Enriquillo Revisted 3838
Cold weather: Snow on the beach, plus waterspouts near Los Angeles 9292
Countdown to alarm 114114
WUWT index page for 2015 Mar 2222,604,592
Statement by Dr. Willie Soon 33014
Quote of the week: former IPCC head Pachauri’s emails could be a whole new potboiler novel 1574
Mann’s meme generator, from ‘false hockey sticks’ to ‘false pauses’ 1190
Statement from Heartland on the climate skeptic witch-hunt 1130
Test at Tonopah solar project ignites hundreds of birds in mid-air 3236
What is the Optimum Temperature with respect to human mortality? 1422
WUWT index page for 2015 Mar 1222,438,870
Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #170 180
Study: The sun has more impact on the climate in cool periods 3283
Out on bail, IPCC’s Pachauri’s downward spiral continues: Resignation from the Indian Climate Council 1670
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 28222,327,548
Climatic Jihad? 3750
Housekeeping: Adobe Typekit is being flagged by Ghostery browser extension as a problem program 1619
Cultural Tipping Point Reached – Hollywood has started mocking global warming 2190
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 27222,214,397
Congessional Republicans push back against the climate witch-hunt 3491
Faux outrage over Willie Soon’s disclosure? Joe Romm failed to disclose his political financial ties in a scientific paper 1660
For The Love Of Models: A Global Warming Allegory 1840
Global warming research: strong storms to become stronger, weak storms to become weaker 1670
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 26222,085,787
Anatomy of a climate witch-hunt letter from U.S. Representative Raúl M. Grijalva 2090
On Steinman et al. (2015) – Michael Mann and Company Redefine Multidecadal Variability And Wind Up Illustrating Climate Model Failings 1360
Greenpeace: The roots of Climate Smear 920
Giant red blob seen in the skies over the western USA 530
Eye roller: Global warming affects maple leaves, and the ponds they fall into 880
Swivel eyed lunacy – posted by Josh 1180
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 25221,949,591
Almost 30 years after Hansen’s 1988 “alarm” on global warming, a claim of confirmation on CO2 forcing 5180
GWPF Calls On Governments To Overhaul ‘Missionary’ IPCC 720
Roger Pielke, Jr. Being Investigated by Representative Grijalva for Presenting Inconvenient Data 2380
Local sea level rose 4 inches in the Northeast US and Newfoundland, global warming not to blame 1160
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 24221,799,763
The Peril of Great Causes 3410
More bad news for warmists: EU ‘Backtracks’ On CO2 Targets In UN Accounting Fudge 890
Josh on Pachauri’s “hacked” emails and resignation 1080
Non-Quote of the week – what the IPCC didn’t say about Pachauri’s looming sex scandal 950
UN IPCC climate head Rajendra Pachauri resigns amid sexual harassment allegations 2090
Are Climate Modelers Scientists? 4501
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 23221,637,098
Greenpeace enlists Justin Gillis & John Schwartz of the NY Times in Journalistic Terrorist Attack on Willie Soon – Miss Target, Hit Smithsonian Instead 3660
Study finds massive climate change in North America before there was even an argument about it 900
Study: Climate skeptics and proponents score highest on climate science literacy…but are the most polarized 1210
Inconvenient study: La Niña killed coral reefs 4100 years ago and lasted over two millennia 920
Smear campaign: “His judgment cometh and that right soon” 1370
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 22221,493,176
Weekly climate and energy news roundup #169 310
The Disparity Between IPCC Science Reports, Summary For Policymakers and Reality, Requires a Political Science Solution 1550
Great Lakes Ice Coverage In Striking Distance of a Record 1520
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 21221,337,870
Weekend Open Thread 3390
Eastern U.S. record breaking cold and snow as seen from space 2570
Unsubstantiated Claim Over One Cyclone: Climate Change is “Expanding the Tropics” 1250
The CERES Calculated Surface Datasets 1210
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 20221,114,849
Friday Funny Bonus: East Coast Frozen Blizzard Edition 1470
Friday Funny: Well if I was a ‘denier’ I guess I’d be on notice by Barack Obama 4040
Believing In Six Impossible Things Before Breakfast, And Climate Models 1980
Canada: Climate Extremists a credible threat 1370
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 19220,982,619
Cyclone Marcia: Climate crank wishing suffering on “deniers” 1410
Twenty good reasons not to worry about polar bears and climate change 660
Data, Models, and the Australian ABC 660
Eye roller: Study finds climate change induced ‘extreme weather’ may dramatically reduce wheat production 1210
4 of the 5 Great Lakes about to freeze over 2280
Fawlty Towers and Ivory Towers 650
WUWT index page for 2015 Feb 18220,839,741
Can we stop the doom mongering? 3910
Newspaper: U.N. IPCC chair Rajenda Pachauri faces sexual harassment charges – story then disappears from website 1490
The UN Climate End Game 1710
Jim Hansen’s 99% Surety on Global Warming Doesn’t Hold Up 1570
BP: CO2 reduction efforts futile 650
TAO And TAO Again 1590

Formatting in comments

Neither WUWT nor WordPress provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has start and end pieces and has general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the ending. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text Command strong does the same
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text Command em (emphasize) does the same
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress, e.g. See http://wermenh.com
blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text
quoted text
More of my text
Quoted text can be many paragraphs long. WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike  
pre ("preformatted" - use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn't do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> Wordpress handles this very differently See http://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.
iframe <iframe src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/yaBNjTtCxd4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> Useful for including Youtube videos, see below.

The following commands appear to work only in replies to comments or in block quotes. There seems to be no explanation of why or how WordPress does this. I assume it's a bug, I assume they meant to prevent these commands from passing through at all. It may be that they let almost anything else through too. Oh my, these only work for me if I'm logged into my WordPress account (they don't work if I use my FaceBook account). It may be they work only because I have the ability to post new articles.

Bottom line: don't expect the following to work....

u (underline) This is <u>underlined</u> text This is underlined text Why, WordPress, why?
hr (horizontal rule) <hr>This has hr commands before and after the text<hr>
This has hr commands before and after the text
There's no ending command. You're expected to use <hr /> commands.
h1 <h1>Header size 1</h1>

Header size 1

These are used for section headers in long web pages, so may not be all that useful or welcome on WUWT. On my browser they display large blue sans-serif text.
h2 <h2>Header size 2</h2>

Header size 2

h3 <h3>Header size 3</h3>

Header size 3

h4 <h4>Header size 4</h4>

Header size 4

Levels 4, 5, and 6 all seem to do the same thing. They display small black text, subsequent text is normal size and hence bigger. In a reply, the header is in a serif font, in a block quote, it's a sans serif font like the rest of the quote.
h5 <h5>Header size 5</h5>
Header size 5
h6 <h6>Header size 6</h6>
Header size 6

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, YouTube accepts the HTML for "embedded" videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the "embed" button and it will suggest HTML like:
<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

You can change the size of the frame to display by selecting one in the "Video size" menu below, I suggest not copying the width and height attributes, WordPress should choose a large size.

Copy and paste the HTML into your comment and it WordPress will generate something like:

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today's international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that's the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type thisTo getNotes
&lt;<Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&deg;°Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for digits 0-9)
&pound;£British pound
&ntilde;ñFor La Niña & El Niño
&micro;µMu, micro
&plusmn;±Plus or minus
&ne;Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt;>Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is "hidden" under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose "Copy link location" from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you're writing. You should see something like http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The "#<label>" at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, Wordpress will create a link for you, you don't need to add an <a> command around it.

Climate Audit Assistant

Another approach to dealing with this is a Firefox add-on that replaces the edit window with a better one that has buttons for formatting text. It's a two piece install, see the web page for details. It coexists okay with the "It's all Text" extension that lets you send the text in a text edit window to your regular editor.

Contact Ric Werme or return to his home page.

Written 2009 Dec 5, last updated 2014 December 28.