The Wheelmen
Bicycle Club Football
1892 & 1893

Railroad YMCA

1886 - 1905

Philadelphia FC
Philadelphia's First All
Professional  Football Team

Phillies vs. Athletics
National Football League

Corley CC
of Southwark
Inaugural Season

US Army
Ambulance Corps


Conshohocken AC
Eastern Penna. Champions

Union Club
of Phoenixville
US Pro Claimants

Ships & Yards
Football Along the Delaware

Holmesburg AC
Philadelphia City Champions
1919 & 1920

Union Quakers
Philadelphia City Champions

Pottsville Maroons
Anthracite League

Bethlehem Bears
Eastern League Claimants

Yellow Jackets

National Football League

Philadelphia Quakers
American Football League

Millville F & AC
Highs & Lows

Frankford Legion
Independent Professional
Champions of Penna.

The NFL's Forgotten
Thanksgiving Rivalry

Green Bay Packers
Frankford Yellow Jackets

Scrapbook Library

News Article Index

Philadelphia's Pro
Football Stadiums

Pro Football &
Philly Sports Links

Site News & Updates

Sources &


Sources & Acknowledgements


The information found on the many pages here at Ghosts of the Gridiron is a combination of original research and information from secondary sources.  Below is an attempt to both document these sources and acknowledge the fact that others, through their efforts, have contributed to the success of this website.


In addition to the sources listed below, this site has also benefited from a direct exchange of information, through e-mail and electronic message forums, with football researchers from across the country.  These researchers include Bob Carroll, Philip Carver, Ken Crippen, Bob Gill, Brian Harris, Paul Johnson, Dennis Kuno, Paul Lutcher, Tod Maher, Jeff Miller, Mike Moran, Steve Presar and Roy Sye.

Special thanks to Joan Avera, Beth Campanella, Paul Hurm, Don Remmey, Bill Scutta and John Wasilko for sharing their insights, family histories and memorabilia.

I'd also like to express my appreciation to: the ever helpful staff of the Historical Society of the Phoenixville Area for allowing me access to their collection; the Historical Society of Frankford for making their library of Yellow Jackets' game programs available; Dorinda Morrison-Garrard of the Polk County Historical & Genealogical Library; and to the staff of the Newspaper and Microfilm Center at the Free Library of Philadelphia for both their fine collection and the help that they so willingly provide.


1960 Philadelphia Eagles: The Team That (They Said) Had Nothing But A Championship; Gordon; Sports Publishing, LLC, 2001

2003 NFL Record & Fact Book; Workman Publishing, 2003

57 Years of Phoenixville Football; Wayne D. Jones, Jr.; Clark Printing House, 1949

A Century of Philadelphia Sports; Rich Westcott; Temple University Press, 2001

A Documentary Scrapbook of Football in Frankford; Howard Lee Barnes; Historical Society of Frankford, 1981

Holmesburg Scrap Book, Vol. 2; collection of the Holmesburg Branch of the Free Library of Philadelphia

Philadelphia's Old Ballparks; Rich Westcott; Temple University Press, 1996

Pigskin: The Early Years of Pro Football; Robert Peterson; Oxford University Press, 1997

Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League; edited by Carroll, Gershman, Neft and Thorn; Harper-Collins Publishing, 1997

Total Football II: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League; edited by Carroll, Gershman, Neft and Thorn; Harper-Collins Publishing, 1999

Montgomery County: The Second Hundred Years, Vol. 1; edited by Toll and Schwager; Montgomery County Federation of Historical Societies, 1983

Athletic Record of James R. Ludlow Wray, From 1920 to 1930, Vols. 1 & 2; scrapbooks in the collection of Mrs. Joan Avera, Blue Bell, PA

Magazine & Periodical Articles

"The Stolen Championship - The Saga of the 1925 Pottsville Maroons," Gudelunas, North American Society for Sport History - Proceedings & Newsletter, 1981

"The Stolen Championship of the Pottsville Maroons: A Case Study in the Emergence of Modern Professional Football," Gudelunas and Couch, Journal of Sport History, No. 1, 1982

"The Frankford Yellow Jackets, Part 1: Pre-NFL," Richard Pagano and C.C. Staph, The Coffin Corner, Vol. 9, No. 2, 1987

"The Frankford Yellow Jackets, Part 2: The Good Years," Richard Pagano and C.C. Staph, The Coffin Corner, Vol. 9, No. 4, 1987

"The Grange League," The Coffin Corner, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1997

"Bull Behman and the Jackets," Al Myers, The Coffin Corner, Vol. 5, No. 8, 1984

"1925 Pottsville Maroons: Discarded Championship," Joe Horrigan, Bob Braunwart and Bob Carroll, The Coffin Corner, Vol. 3, No. 5, 1981


Allentown Morning Call, Allentown, PA

Bethlehem Globe-Times, Bethlehem, PA

Bristol Courier, Bristol, PA

Buffalo Courier, Buffalo, NY

Conshohocken Recorder, Conshohocken, PA

Daily Republican, Phoenixville, PA

Evening Bulletin, Philadelphia, PA

Evening Public Ledger, Philadelphia, PA

Frankford Gazette, Philadelphia, PA

Frankford Times, Philadelphia, PA

Lakeland Star Telegram, Lakeland, FL

Millville Daily Republican, Millville, NJ

News Gleaner, Philadelphia, PA

Northeast Times, Philadelphia, PA

Philadelphia Daily News, Philadelphia, PA

Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia, PA

Philadelphia Record, Philadelphia, PA

Pottsville Republican, Pottsville, PA

Public Ledger, Philadelphia, PA

Winter Haven Daily Chief, Winter Haven, FL

Washington Post, Washington, DC

Washington Times, Washington, DC

Electronic Resources

LA 84 Foundation

Buffalo All-Americans/Bisons Historical Society

Pennsylvania Railroad Technical & Historical Society, Philadelphia Chapter

Professional Football Hall of Fame

Professional Football Researchers Association

John J. Fenton, 2012-2004, all rights reserved.