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   PHILANDER A. SPAULDING was born in Chenango County, New York, in 1818. His father, John Spaulding, came to Chenango County from New England, and settled there when quite a young man, marrying about the year 1812 Miss Margaret Peterson, daughter of Philip Peterson, of the Mohawk Valley. They came to the town of Stockbridge in 1827, and, buying a small farm. were able to add to it later, making in all about eighty acres. The nearest market to the farmers then for their produce was at Albany, N.Y., which was one hundred miles away; and, as there were none of the modern conveniences of travel that we now enjoy, the journey had to be made by wagon, with horses or oxen. This pioneer couple had thirteen children, eleven of them growing to manhood and womanhood. At the present time there are seven living. The mother died at the age of seventy-five. (For further notice see sketch of Ira Spaulding.)
   Mr. Philander A. Spaulding has known no other life but that of the hardest work on a farm. When only nine years of age, he went into the field with his father to hoe corn and labor as any other workman. Very few advantages in education were given him. Scarcely did he have the opportunity to attend the brief terms of the small school of the district. When he was twenty years of age, his father, in recognition of his faithful services, telling him that, while he could give him no money, he would give him his time, allowed him to start out for himself. He obtained work on a farm for ten dollars per month, and for the second year received thirteen dollars a month. For four years he continued in this position, when he married Miss Miranda Parker, of Madison County, daughter of Joel Parker, a farmer, and one of the earliest settlers from the Eastern States. The marriage took place March 10, 1842.
   Mr. Spaulding worked a farm on shares for one year, and then bought about thirty-two acres of land for thirty dollars per acre. Two years later he sold this at an advance of one hundred dollars, and purchased another farm of one hundred and eighteen acres in the town of Stockbridge, N. Y. In 1863 he went to his present home in the town of Lenox, first buying one hundred and eight, and afterwards one hundred and sixty acres, together making a goodly farm of two hundred and sixty-eight acres. He has another large one near the "Five Chimneys," in the town of Stockbridge, and also various tracts elsewhere, being one of the largest land-owners of the county.
   Mr. and Mrs. Spaulding had four daughters: Rosalie, wife of David L. Davis, a farmer of Munnsville, has four children; Idalia, wife of Herman Cooper, a railroad employee, five children; Sarah B., wife of R. Holdridge, five children; Emeline, wife of Warren Vedder, one daughter. The mother, Mrs. Miranda P. Spaulding, died April 5, 1855. The second wife of Mr. Spaulding was Miss Sarah M. Marshall, whom he married December 24, 1856. Her children were: William P. Spaulding, a farmer of Augusta, N.Y.; and Judd M., a resident of Oneida, who has a wife and five children. Mrs. Sarah M. Spaulding died October 4, 1867. In 1869 Mr. Spaulding married a third wife, Elizabeth A. Kirk, of Oswego.
   Mr. Spaulding does general farming, and also has from five to seven acres of hops, which pays him the best of any of his crops. In politics he is a sturdy Republican, decided and unflinching in his adherence to the principles of that party. He has been Constable for eighteen years, Deputy Sheriff for six years, and was at one time Assistant Revenue Collector of his town. In 1870 Mr. Spaulding, in company with three others, Milton Barnett, James D. Kilborn, and Walter E. Northrup, started the Central Bank of Oneida. Mr. Barnett dying in 1874, Mr. Kilborn sold out to Messrs. Spaulding and Northrup, by whom the bank is still run. Mrs. Spaulding is a faithful Episcopalian, a communicant of St. John's Church, Oneida.
   Although in his seventy-fifth year, Mr. Spaulding is an active and vigorous man yet, looking after the interests of his dairy and his stock of twenty-six cows, and going through frost and snow to inspect his farm and see that everything is in order. His constitution is still robust, despite the hardships of his childhood and his many years of toil; and there seems no doubt that he will live to a green old age. Noted for his good common sense and practical knowledge of affairs, which have served him in good stead in the lack of scholarly attainments, he is a favorite among his fellow-citizens, being widely known and deservedly respected.

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