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   RICHARD W. ELPHICK, one of the brave veterans of the late war who fought so nobly in defence of the Union, is now assisting in carrying on the intensive agricultural interests of this county, owning and successfully managing a good farm in Stockbridge, which he devotes to general husbandry.
Mr. Elphick's early home was in Oneida County, where he was born January 1, 1841. He is of sterling English stock. His paternal grandfather, Richard Elphick, a native of England, came to this country and settled on a farm in Hubbardsville, dying there at an advanced age. His parents, Charles and Ann (Wright) Elphick, were born, reared, and married in England.
   Charles Elphick was a farmer by occupation; and, when he came to America in 1836, he bought land in Clinton, and actively engaged in cultivating the soil and in stock-raising. He resided on his farm some thirty years; but the latter part of his life was spent in Poolville, where he died at the ripe age of eighty-three years. He had ever been a loyal citizen to his adopted country, and the Republican party found in him a stanch adherent. His wife lived to be seventy-nine years old. They reared fourteen children, of whom eleven are living, as follows: Robert, a resident of Iowa; Emeline, of Nelson; Nancy Jane, of California; Richard W.; Wallace, a farmer of the town of Fenner, who was a soldier during the Civil War, a member of the One Hundred and Fourteenth New York Infantry, and was wounded at Cedar Creek; Sarah, a resident of Hamilton; Luther, of Stockbridge; Josephine Adaline and De Forest, residents of Hamilton; and Martha, of Otselic. One son, Charles, who entered the One Hundred and Thirty-fifth New York Infantry at the time of the war, gave up his life for his country while fighting at the battle of Antietam.
   The subject of this biographical sketch was trained in his boyhood to industrial habits, and early became self-supporting. At the age of fourteen he left his native county, and was employed in working out at twelve dollars a month until the war began. He then learned the moulder's trade. In 1863 the government was in sore need of good soldiers, and true, to help put down the rebellion; and, feeling it his duty to respond to his country's call, in that year he laid aside his work to join the boys in blue at the front, enlisting in Company A, First New York Artillery, under command of Thomas H. Bates. The opening years of his manhood were passed on Southern battlefields, where he won a fine record for good soldiership. He was honorably discharged at the expiration of his term of enlistment, June 28, 1865.
   Returning home after his trying experiences in the army, Mr. Elphick gave his attention to farming two years, and then engaged in the manufacture of cheese eight years. In 1875 he bought the farm in Stockbridge where he now lives, conducting a good business in various agricultural lines, making a specialty of raising hops. His farm comprises forty-three acres of fertile, well-developed land; and he has it provided with all the necessary improvements. He was first married, November 14, 1861, to Miss Elizabeth Edson, a native of Stockbridge, and a daughter of one of its first settlers, Willard Edson. Her parents are both dead. She passed away July 12, 1885, leaving four children,--Charlie, Lena, Eddie, and Lee,--all of whom reside in Stockbridge. Mr. Elphick married his present wife, whose maiden name was Betsy Taylor, in October, 1888. She was born in England in 1860.
   The career of Richard W. Elphick as a soldier is commemorated by his membership in the William H. Stringer Post, No. 556, Grand Army of the Republic, at Munnsville, in which he holds the office of Officer of the Day. He also belongs to Lodge No. __, A. 0. U. W., of Morrisville. Politically, he is a true Republican. His neighbors trust and respect him as a man of genuine worth, who has never shirked the responsibilities of life.

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