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   ANDREW S. HART, a resident of the village of Morrisville and a successful farmer, is a man of much more than ordinary intellectual ability, the peculiar bent of his genius lying in the direction of mechanical invention, his achievements in this line being very remarkable. No one can doubt the value of this faculty, all governments having testified their sense of it by granting the exclusive use, for different periods of time, of the improved process or article to the man whose genius and study brought it forth. Besides this, a mere glance at the history of the race, even by a casual observer, is sufficient to show that the inventive talent is of incalculable advantage to mankind, as it is constantly at work revolutionizing industrial, scientific, and other methods and processes, thereby increasing the rapidity of progress in almost every field, and bringing into operation forces which gradually tend to supersede, to a large extent, both animal and manual labor, and to elevate man to a higher, if not to an ideal, plane of existence.
   Mr. Hart is a representative of one of the oldest families in Madison County. He was born in the town of Eaton in August, 1834. His father, Solomon Hart, was born in Connecticut, and was a son of Phineas Hart, a native of the same State, who, accompanied by his wife and seven children, emigrated to the State of New York, making the entire journey by means of ox-teams. Purchasing a tract of land covered with the primeval forest, which is now included in the County Farm, Phineas Hart began in the true pioneer spirit to clear up his land and to make a home for himself and his family, aided by their presence and by their sympathy and love. He was destined, however, within a few years to lose his wife and four of his children, who died within a few days of each other, and who lie buried in the churchyard at the village of Eaton. Thus ruthlessly deprived of the companion of his labors, his sorrows, and his joys, and a large part of his family, he sold his land and returned to his native State, and there spent the remainder of his life.
   Upon the return of Phineas Hart to Connecticut, his son Solomon went to live with Samuel Wickwire, of Hamilton and when, some years afterward, he began life for himself, he was without indebtedness and without money or other property of any kind. Possessed, however, of a stout heart and willing hands, he began working by the month, and so continued to labor for fourteen years. Then, with the money he had earned having purchased a tract of timber land in the town of Eaton, paying therefor seven dollars per acre, he took possession of the little log cabin previously erected, and soon began to increase the small acreage already cleared. In this log house the subject of this sketch was born. .Mr. Hart, being a very industrious man, soon had his farm well improved, and after some years sold it for fourteen dollars per acre, thus doubling the purchase price. Besides being a man of industry, he was also a man of sound judgment. He made profitable investments, and became possessed of wealth. He married Lucinda Palmer, a native of the town of Eaton, and a daughter of John and Mary (Pitts) Palmer, natives of Rhode Island and pioneers of the town of Eaton. Captain Rufus Pitts, the maternal grandfather of Mrs. Solomon Hart, for many years commander of a vessel upon the ocean, retired from the sea when forty-five years of age, and settled in the town of Eaton, purchasing land upon which he resided till his death. Mrs. Hart, now eighty-five years old, resides with her daughters in California. She and her husband. reared seven children; namely, Jane, Marion, Susan, Andrew S., John A., Milton F., and Addie (deceased).
   Andrew S. Hart, having been reared and educated in his native town, upon attaining his majority engaged to work for his father for one hundred dollars per year and his board and clothes. Continuing thus engaged for five years, he purchased fifty acres of land, for which he paid forty dollars per acre a portion of the same tract previously purchased by his father at seven dollars per acre. Being a very industrious man, his property increased; and he bought other land, until at the present time he owns upward of seven hundred acres,--eighty in the town of Smithfield and the rest in the town of Eaton. Residing on his farm until 1888, he then removed to the village of Morrisville, and has lived there ever since, though he still gives his personal attention to the management of his farms. The inventive genius mentioned in the beginning of this sketch as possessed by Mr. Hart has manifested itself in many different ways. One of his important inventions is known as "Hart's Omnibus and Car Heater," patented November 4, 1890. Another is "Hart's Vine Trellis," patented April 18, 1893. This invention is destined to come into general use in hop yards, as its merit become known to hop-growers. Another, and perhaps his most important one, is an elevated railroad to be worked by horse-power, but which has not as yet gone into operation.
   December 5, 1861, Mr. Andrew S. Hart married Nancy Louisa Winslow, who was born in Eaton, Madison County. She is a daughter of Captain Oliver P. Winslow, a native of Greenwich, R.I., a son of Perry Winslow, who, so far as known, resided in Rhode Island during his entire life. The maiden name of his wife was Judith Greene. Captain Oliver P. Winslow began life as a sailor in the whaling service when a boy, and rose to the rank of Captain of a vessel, following the sea until he was forty-five years old. In 1838, accompanied by his family, he migrated to Madison County, bought a farm in the town of Eaton, and followed agricultural pursuits until his death. He married Eliza W. Raymond, who was born at Nantucket, Mass., and was a daughter of Ebenezer and Abigail (Way) Raymond. The parents of Mrs. Hart reared five children; namely, Bernice L., Judith, Oliver, Elza, and Mrs. Hart. Mr. and Mrs. Hart have reared three children, namely: Bernice L., now wife of James G. Wilsie, a farmer, of Eaton; Blanche L., wife of E. C. Niles, a clerk in the wholesale grocery house of Walworth & Co., Syracuse, N.Y.; and Palmer A. Mr. Hart has always been a Republican, having cast his first Presidential vote for John C. Fremont, and is roughly versed in the political history of his country. He and his wife are truly excellent people, highly respected by all who know them.

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