THE LEADING CITIZENS OF MADISON COUNTY

CONTENTS
Preface
Names Index
Portrait Index


  HON. JUSTIN DWINELLE. In the annals of Madison County, high among the prominent, prosperous, and influential citizens may be found the name of Justin Dwinelle, for many years an honored resident of Cazenovia. He was identified with its interests from its earliest settlement; for at the time he came here from his Eastern home the country was not very far advanced from its primitive condition, as it took many years to transform the pathless wilderness into smiling farms and flourishing villages. He was born in Shaftsbury, Vt., October 28, 1785. His parents, Stephen and Susanna (Olin) Dwinelle, were, as far as known, natives of New England, and spent their last years in Shaftsbury, Vt., dying at the ages of fifty-five and fifty-three years, respectively. They reared a family of seven children --Henry, Sarah, Stephen, Ebenezer, Justin, Benjamin, and Susanna.
  Justin; the subject of this biography, was reared on the farm of his father in the Green Mountain State, receiving his elementary education in the common schools of his native town, and afterward studied for a time at Williams College. He subsequently entered Yale College, and was graduated from there in the class of 18o8, with an honorable record as a student. After leaving Yale, he studied law in the office of John Dickinson, of Troy, being admitted to the bar in 1811. The same year he came to Cazenovia, and began his professional career, meeting with such success that in a few years his practice gave him a very large clientage. His ability, comprehensive knowledge, and keen insight into the questions of the day met with ample recognition from the public; and he was soon an important factor of the political arena. He was elected to several important offices, serving first as District Attorney, and later as Judge of the County Court. In 1822 and 1823 Judge Dwinelle was a Member of the General Assembly of New York, and in the latter year was elected as Representative in Congress. In politics he was a Jeffersonian Democrat, and remained a strong advocate of the principles of that party till his death, which occurred in Cazenovia, September 17, 1850.
  Judge Dwinelle was united in marriage September 12, 1813, to Louise Whipple, a native of Madison County, born in Nelson, May 18, 1795. On the paternal side she was of Welsh ancestry, being able to trace the family record back to one John Whipple, who, in company with two brothers, emigrated from Wales to the United States in 1628, and located in New England, presumably in Connecticut, as his grandson, Ezra Whipple, paternal grandfather of Mrs. Dwinelle, was born in Stonington, Conn., in May, 1742. Ezra married Lydia Dow, a native of the same State, born in Plainfield, and spent his last years in Vermont. He served under General Gates in the Revolutionary War, participating in the battle of Saratoga.
  Jeremiah Whipple, father of Mrs. Dwinelle, was born in Adams, Berkshire County, Mass., March 22, 1776. In early life he went to Wallingford, Conn., coming from there to Madison County in 1794, being one of the pioneers of the town of Nelson. Remaining there but a short time, he came to Cazenovia, and at once identified himself with the business interests of the town, and was for some years engaged in mercantile life. He bought property in the village, and resided here until his death. The maiden name of his wife was Eunice Hull. She was born in Connecticut, and died in Cazenovia. She was a lineal descendant of Richard Hull, who was a native of England, and one of five brothers--Richard, John, George, Joseph, and Robert--who came to America in Colonial times, and settled in New England. From the best information we have, Richard was admitted freeman in Massachusetts, and from there removed to Connecticut. The line of descent is as follows: Richard, John, Joseph, Caleb, and Samuel. The latter was the grandfather of Mrs. Dwinelle. He married Eunice Cook; and, as far as known, they were lifelong residents of Connecticut.
  Mr. and Mrs. Dwinelle reared seven of their nine children--John Whipple, William Henry, Justin, Samuel Hull, Louise S., Susan, and James. John and Samuel emigrated to California, being among the early pioneers of that State, and soon took a prominent position among its leading citizens, spending their last years there. Susan, who married Theophilus Fisk, died in Baltimore, Md., 1878. William and Louise live on the old homestead in Cazenovia, which has been in the possession of the family for nearly one hundred years. William began the study of dentistry when a young man, and ere many years reached a high position among his associates. In 1856 he removed to New York City, where he built up an extensive and lucrative practice, soon ranking among the most skilful and successful members of the profession in the city. The world at large is indebted to him for many improvements in dental surgery, the most important of which is the crown tooth. Never having patented any of his inventions, however, others have reaped the pecuniary benefit of his genius. He is now living, retired, with his sister, enjoying the peace and tranquillity of their pleasant home.

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