Eugen Georg Nikolaus von Falkenhayn
(04.09.1853 - 03.01.1934)
place of birth: Graudenz, Westpreußen
Preußen: General der
cavalry officer Eugen von Falkenhayn commanded XXII. Reserve Corps for the
duration of the Great War. Falkenhayn, who was War Minister Erich
older brother, had retired from active duty in 1910 and was serving as
major domo (Oberhofmeister) to Her Majesty Queen Auguste Viktoria. He
was reactivated within the first month of mobilization and sent to head
up the newly-established XXII. Reserve Corps.
The corps moved to Dixmuiden in Flanders just in time to join
Fourth Army engaged in the October 1914 Battle on the Yser. They
remained in Flanders until early summer of 1915, when the corps was
shipped out to Russia to support General von Mackensen's offensive. It
was for his leadership during the crossing of the River Bug and taking
of Brest-Litovsk that General von Falkenhayn was awarded the Pour le
Merite. At the end of March 1916, Falkenhayn's corps returned to the
Western Front to battle at Verdun. They remained there only until June,
however, when the corps was again transferred East. This time, they
joined forces under Heeresgruppe Linsingen and took up defensive
positions near Kowel during the Brusilov Offensive.
The entire year of 1918 had Falkenhayn's troops first
participating in the taking of the Ukraine, and then in serving as
occupational forces there. After the Armistice, General von Falkenhayn
personally lead his reserve corps soldiers back to the German homeland,
where he retired from active duty for the second time. Falkenhayn's
granddaughter, Maria von Quistorp, was the spouse of noted German
scientist Wernher von Braun.
der Kavallerie ....
le Mérite ....................