Friedrich Siegmund Georg Freiherr Kreß
(24.04.1870 - 06.04.1948)
place of birth: Nürnberg, Mittelfranken (Bavaria)
Königreich Bayern: AOK-Stabschef,
Royal Bavarian colonel Friedrich Kreß
von Kressenstein spent most of the Great War as a
German officer in Liman von Sanders military mission to Turkey. He
headed the German military mission in Turkey with Fourth Army when
Turkey declared war on Britain (1914). Von Kressenstein was tasked by
Enver Pasha in January 1915 to advance across the Sinai and capture the Suez
Canal (First Suez Offensive). The British were aware of their
approach and so the Turkish forces were easily repulsed after two days
of fighting. More than a year later, the Turks once again unsuccessfully
assaulted a well-defended British fortification during the Battle of
Romani. Kress von Kressenstein was in charge of the Ottoman defenses
along with an Ottoman General Tala Bey. In the First Battle of Gaza
(March 1917), the British were defeated due in large part to their own
errors. In the Second Battle of Gaza of April 1917, the British
were defeated again, with credit mainly going to von Kressenstein.
After former Chief of the German General Staff Erich von
Falkenhayn arrived on the scene, Kreß von Kressenstein remained in
command of Eighth Army's coastal defenses until being transferred to the
Caucasus in May 1918. While there, he led the German-Turkish column
occupying Tbilisi and took part in defending Abkhazia from an invasion
by the Red Army. He was also awarded Prussia's highest order, the Pour
le Merite in September 1917. After the war, he had various commands
in the German Reichswehr and retired in 1929 as General of Artillery.
Kreß von Kressenstein died in Munich in 1948.
le Mérite ....................