Hermann Joseph von Kuhl
(2.11.1856 - 4.11.1958)
place of birth: Koblenz, Rheinpreußen
general of infantry who served as the capable chief of staff for
several different commanders during the war. Hermann was born on 2
November 1856 the son a of a high-school teacher from Koblenz. He
majored in philology and literature at several institutions: Leipzig, Tübingen,
Berlin and Marburg. He retired from the Army at war's end with the rank
of General der Infanterie, publishing a number of texts on military
science. He was also awarded the Pour le Mérite for Arts and
Sciences in 1924. Kuhl received his title of nobility in 1913
during Wilhelm II's 25th anniversary as Kaiser of the Prussian Empire.
began his military career in Cologne in 1878, initially serving with
the 5th Westphalian Infantry Regiment. This was followed by an assignment to the Kriegsakademie as an instructor in tactics and
military history. He was head of the 3rd department of the General Staff
and briefly the commander of the 25th Infantry Brigade at Münster from
June 1913 to June 1914. Just prior to the outbreak of hostilities, von
Kuhl had worked his way up to Senior Quartermaster (Oberquartiermeister)
serving the Great General Staff.
the German First Army pushed through Belgium and shot toward Paris,
Generalmajor von Kuhl acted as von Kluck's First Army Chief of Staff.
Later, during the Battle of the Somme (1916), Generalleutnant von
Kuhl had transferred to Army Group Crown Prince Rupprecht where
he likewise served as Chief of Staff. For exemplary service during that
engagement, von Kuhl received the Pour le Merite on 28 August. He
added the Oakleaves on 20 December of that same year. He also saw
action in the Ypres Salient. One of the most competent commanders
in the German Army, von Kuhl wrote the book "Weltkrieg
1914-1918." Dr.h.c. Hermann von Kuhl spent last few years living with
his nephew in Frankfurt am Main. He died there on 4 November 1958 at the
age of 102.