Arthur Axel Heinrich August von Lindequist
(17.10.1855 - 01.11.1937)
place of birth: Wostevitz (Isle of
infantry officer who served as a division- and corps-level commander
during the Great War. Generalmajor von Lindequist was in charge
of 40th Infantry Brigade as the Germans marched into Belgium,
participating initially in the action against the Liege Fortress. As the
brigade continued on to Namur, the general was wounded by grenade
shrapnel and was forced to convalesce back to Germany.
After a four-month rehabilitation, von Lindequist returned to
the field to head up a reserve infantry brigade. He and his 87th
reservists were transferred in the Spring of 1915 to the Eastern Front
as part of the force making its way from Lemberg (Lviv, Ukrakine)
to the Brest-Litovsk region. Later that summer, Lindequist was
assigned to head up the renowned 3rd Guards Division as they engaged
Russian troops throughout Galicia. In April 1916, the division
headed west to the Champagne region of France and participated in
the Battle of the River Somme during the summer months. After
that devastating engagement, 3rd Guards returned to the Eastern Front
and fought defensive skirmishes along the River Narajiwka in
support of the Südarmee. Back to the Western Front in November
1916, where the division immediately began preparations for
participation in the Battle of Arras, Spring 1917. Following
heavy losses, the division moved to Flanders and fought in the area of Passchendaele
from October through November.
Von Lindequist was promoted to Generalleutnant in early November
1917, just in time to lead his soldiers into battle against British
tanks at Cambrai. In recognition of his battlefield successes and
leadership during that battle, Kaiser Wilhelm personally awarded General
von Lindequist the Pour le Merite medal in December of 1917.
Although he had served at the rank of Generalleutnant for only three
months, von Lindequist was selected in February 1918 to command XIV.
Reserve Corps. Subordinate to Seventeenth Army, von Lindequist's
reservists took part in the large-scale Spring Offensive of 1918.
In early June, he was transferred to VII. Reserve Corps headquarters to
lead those soldiers in fighting along the River Marne and Champagne.
Lindequist brilliantly lead his corps troops as they fought in
support of Germany's orderly retreat during the autumn months, again
receiving recognition from OHL with the awarding of the PLM
Oakleaves. After hostilities ceased in November 1918, the war-weary
general brought his reservists back to Germany for demobilization and
was placed on the active reserve list himself in late December. Civilian
life agreed with him, and he lived until the age of 82, passing away in
Berlin in 1937.