Manfred Karl Ernst Freiherr von Richthofen
(24.05.1855 - 28.11.1939)
place of birth: Gut Barzdorf, Schlesien (Bartoszcówek,
Preußen: General der
Prussian cavalry officer Manfred von Richthofen commanded
a cavalry corps and reserve corps during the First World War.
Prior to the hostilities, Baron von Richthofen simultaneously served as
head of the prestigious Regiment der Gardes du Corps
and aide-de-camp in Kaiser Wilhelm II's imperial entourage. Prussian Chief of General Staff Karl von Grolman was Freiherr
von Richthofen's grandfather. In turn, Richthofen was the adoptive father and uncle of Second World War Luftwaffe Commander, Field Marshal
Wolfram von Richthofen. He was also the great uncle of his more famous
namesake and world renowned fighter pilot, the Red Baron.
On Germany's day of mobilization, Generalleutnant von Richthofen
was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Corps (HKK1) which initially fought in
support of Exzellenz von Hausen's Third Army as they
advanced through Belgium and on southward toward the River Marne. In
November 1914, Richthofen's HKK1 was transferred to the Eastern
Front. There his troops played a key role during the Battle of
Lodz as von Scheffer-Boyadel's encircled XXV. Reserve Corps was able
to punch through the Russian First and Second Armies and secure a costly
victory for the German Ninth Army. As the War progressed, von Richthofen
also had charge of the XXV. Reserve Corps and later Generalkommando Nr. 53. At
War's end, Baron von Richthofen surrendered the Berlin Palace without
defending it, preferring rather to preserve the edifice and artwork
therein. General von Richthofen died in November 1939 at his
Barzdorf estate near present-day Targoszyn, Poland.
der Kavallerie ....
le Mérite ....................