Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen
(02.05.1892 - 21.04.1918)
place of birth:  Breslau, Niederschlesien  (Wroclaw, Poland)
Königreich Preußen:  G Rittmeister


German baron and ace aviator von Richthofen was credited with 80 enemy aircraft kills during the war. He entered the Great War serving as a supply officer in an Uhlan cavalry regiment and at the rank of Leutnant. In 1915, he made the switch to flying duty, starting out as an aerial observer, and then later training in as a fighter pilot. The legendary "Red Baron" was awarded the Pour le Merite following a confirmed kill against British ace Major Hawker. He later commanded Jasta 11 (11th Fighter Squadron) and then Jagdgeschwader Nr. 1 (1st Fighter Wing), also known as The Flying Circus. In early 1917, von Richthofen received a promotion to the rank of Oberleutnant, and then within two was further promoted to Rittmeister (cavalry captain).

On 21 April 1918, at the age of 25, he was shot down and killed in action near Vaux-sur-Somme, France. Richthofen's eventual successor ascommander of JG 1 was Oberleutnant Hermann Goering. Richthofen's brother Lothar was likewise an air ace who served in Jasta 11 with him. His great uncle, also named Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen, served during the Great War as a general of cavalry and corps commander. His cousin Frieda von Richthofen was married to noted author D.H. Lawrence. 12 January 1917

"What this youthful leader has achieved in aerial combat will never be forgotten...neither by me, my Army, nor the German people." 

Kaiser Wilhelm II 

 
 
Rittmeister ...................... 06.04.1917

Pour le Mérite ................. 12.01.1917 
 
 
 

  
 
Curriculum Vitae  
   
00.00.0000 Kadettenanstalt - Wahlstatt
00.04.1911 Ulanen-Regiment ,,Kaiser Alexander III von Rußland (Westpreußisches ) Nr. 1 - Militsch
19.11.1912 Leutnant
   
Great War  
   
02.08.1914 Ulanen-Regiment ,,Kaiser Alexander III von Rußland (Westpreußisches ) Nr. 1
00.05.1915 Fliegerersatzabteilung 7  (Observer Training near Köln)
00.07.1915 Feldfliegerabteilung 69  =  Heeresgruppe Mackensen   (Air Observer on Eastern Front)
00.08.1915 Kampffliegergeschwader 2 - Ostende  (Nov - Dec Pilot Training at Döberitz)
00.03.1916 Jagdstaffel 2  (under Cdr Oswald Boelcke at Verdun & the Somme)
00.01.1917 Jagdstaffel 11  (Cdr)
22.03.1917 Oberleutnant
06.04.1917 Rittmeister
00.06.1917 Jagdgeschwader Nr. 1  (Cdr)
21.04.1918 killed in action
   
   
 

06.05.1914

 

 

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