Manfred Albrecht Freiherr
(2.5.1892 - 21.4.1918)
place of birth: Breslau, Niederschlesien (Wroclaw,
German baron and ace aviator who was credited
with 80 enemy aircraft kills during the war. He began the war
serving as a supply officer in a cavalry regiment. In 1915, he
made the switch to flying duty, starting out as an aerial
observer, and then later training in as a fighter pilot. The legendary
"Red Baron" was awarded the Pour le Merite following a confirmed kill against British ace
Major Hawker. He later commanded Jasta 11 (11th
Fighter Squadron) and then Jagdgeschwader Nr. 1
(1st Fighter Wing), also known as The Flying Circus.
On 21 April 1918, at the age of 25, he was shot down and killed in
action near Vaux-sur-Somme, France. Richthofen's eventual successor as
commander of JG 1 was Oberleutnant Hermann Goering. Richthofen's brother Lothar was likewise an
air ace who served in Jasta 11 with him. His great uncle, also
named Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen, served during the Great War as a general
of cavalry and corps commander. His cousin Frieda von Richthofen was married to
noted author D.H. Lawrence.
youthful leader has achieved in aerial combat will never be
forgotten...neither by me, my Army, nor the German people."
- Kaiser Wilhelm II