Friedrich Bernhard Karl Gustav Ulrich Erich Graf von der Schulenburg
(21.11.1865 - 19.05.1939)
place of birth:  Bobitz, Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Königreich Preußen:  AOK-Stabschef,  Generalmajor  (Kav)


German count and cavalry officer Friedrich Graf von der Schulenburg began the Great War as von Plettenberg's chief of staff in the Guard Corps. He later became Crown Prince Wilhelm's chief of staff, replacing Schmidt von Knobelsdorf who was more addicted to extremist political views. As the war ended, he encouraged the Kaiser to use the military to fight German revolutionaries. He later advised him to abdicate as German Emperor and retain the title of King of Prussia. After the war, Schulenburg served in the Reichstag as a Nazi Party representative.

Friedrich was the second son
born to Count Werner von der Schulenburg and his spouse Mary Freiin von Maltzahn. After studying at Heidelberg for a semester, Friedrich entered the military in 1888, joining an Uhlan regiment in Berlin. He soon thereafter transferred to the elite Gardes du Corps regiment in nearby Potsdam and would remain attached to that unit for several years. Prior to the War, he also spent about four years as military attache at the London Embassy. In the year leading up to the War, von der Schulenburg was sent back to Potsdam to command the Guards Corps regiment, also doing duty as an aide-de-camp to the Kaiser. He went into battle in August 1914 as Guards Corps Commander General von Plettenberg's Chief of Staff. Having received a promotion to Oberst in 1915, von der Schulenburg was sent in August 1916 to Sixth Army headquarters as Falkenhausen's Chief of Staff. In October 1916, he joined Crown Prince Wilhelm as Chief of Staff at the headquarters of Army Group - Deutscher Kronprinz. February of 1917 saw this formation involved in heavy defensive battles along the River Aisne and in the Champagne region. Their successes against French General Nivelle in April of that year convinced both Schulenburg and the Crown Prince that the German forces were still capable of winning the War. 

In the post-War years, he became an active member of the NSDAP and acted as a military advisor to the party's para-military organization, the SA (Sturmabteilung). As a brevet General der Kavallerie, von der Schulenburg functioned as Nazi Germany's military attaché in London and Moscow. When he died in 1939 at the age of 74, Hitler himself attended the funeral to offer condolences to son Fritz-Dietlof, who was later part of the Resistance movement. 

 
 
Generalmajor .................... 12.06.1918

Pour le Mérite .................... 24.07.1917  (Eichenlaub:  23.03.1918)
 
 
 

  
 
Curriculum Vitae
   
00.00.1888 2. Garde-Ulanen-Regiment - Berlin
13.12.1888 Sekonde-Lieutenant
00.00.1890 Regiment der Gardes du Corps - Potsdam 
00.00.1894 Regiment der Gardes du Corps - Potsdam  (Adjutant)
30.11.1895 Premier-Lieutenant
00.00.1897 Herzog Johann Albrecht von Mecklenburg-Schwerin  (Aide-de-Camp)
00.00.1890 Großer Generalstab - Berlin
14.09.1900 Hauptmann
00.00.1902 Deutsche Botschaft - London  (Military Attaché at the German Embassy)
00.00.1906 unknown
22.03.1907 Major
18.02.1913 Regiment der Gardes du Corps - Potsdam  (Cdr)
18.02.1913 Flügeladjutant SM des Kaiser und Königs  (ADC in HM Wilhelm II's court)
02.09.1913 Oberstleutnant
   
Great War
   
02.08.1914 Gardekorps  =  2. Armee  (von Plettenberg's Chief of Staff)
24.07.1915 Oberst
00.02.1916 5. Armee  (Crown Prince Wilhelm's 1st Gen. Staff Officer)
28.08.1916 6. Armee  (von Falkenhausen's Chief of Staff)
00.10.1916 5. Armee (Crown Prince Wilhelm's Chief of Staff)
30.11.1916 Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz  (Crown Prince Wilhelm's Chief of Staff)
12.06.1918 Generalmajor
28.12.1918 von der Armee
20.01.1919 1. Garde-Kavallerie-Brigade - Berlin  (Cdr) 
   
   
 

06.05.1914

 

 

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