Karl Wilhelm Paul von Bülow  
(24.04.1846 - 31.08.1921)
place of birth:  Berlin
Königreich Preußen:  Quartiermeister,  OBH,  Generalfeldmarschall


Born into an old distinguished Prussian family, Karl Wilhelm saw action in the German War of 1866 and served as a captain on the General Staff during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71. Thereafter, von Bülow spent most of his career in the Berlin area, with many of his assignments within the Guard Corps. 

One of the highest-ranking generals at the outbreak of the Great War, he was charged with command of the Second Army (1914-15), also having nominal control over the First and Third Armies -- Germany's right flank. Von
Bülow had recently married a much younger woman and also suffered from a very painful form of neuralgia, probably severely affecting his judgement. He defeated General Lanrezac at Charleroi and Guise- St. Quentin. He was also in overall command during the Battle of the First Aisne and the Race to the Sea. He was later awarded Pour le Merite for his part in the capture of the Namur Fortress.

 

            
                      Leutnant - 1866

General von Bülow was promoted to Field Marshal in January of 1915, but was nonetheless a very cautious and pessimistic commander who lost his nerve following the failure at the River Marne. He subsequently gave up his command to Marwitz after suffering a heart attack in March 1915. His role in the Battle of the Marne having damaged his reputation making it impossible for him to secure another army command, von Bülow went on convalescent leave to Berlin and went on inactive reserve status in June of 1916. He remained in Berlin until his death on 31 August 1921. After he died, his granddaughter Renate Holm became a famous opera singer in Germany and Austria. GFM Karl von Bülow is not to be confused with Generalmajor Karl Ulrich von Bülow, who commanded troop at Caporetto and was also the brother of Prussian Chancellor Bernhard von Bülow. 




Generalfeldmarschall ...... 27.01.1915

Eisernes Kreuz II .............. Deutsch-Französischer Krieg  1870–1871

Pour le Mérite .................... 04.04.1915   (Eichenlaub:  11.08.1916)
 
  
 

  
 
Curriculum Vitae
   
21.12.1864 2. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß - Berlin
12.07.1866 Sekonde-Lieutenant
15.06.1866 Der Deutsche Krieg von 1866   (participant in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866)
18.07.1870 2. Garde-Landwehr-Regiment - Berlin  (Bn Adjutant)
19.07.1870 Deutsch-Französischer Krieg von 1870–1871   (awarded Iron Cross during Franco-Prussian War)
28.03.1871 2. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß - Berlin
14.12.1871 Premier-Lieutenant
16.03.1872 Inspektion der Infanterie-Schule  (Adjutant)
18.05.1876 2. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß - Berlin
19.04.1877 Großer Generalstab - Berlin
19.04.1877 Hauptmann
12.06.1877 IX. Armeekorps - Altona  (on general staff)
01.03.1881 4. Infanterie-Division - Bromberg  (on general staff)
03.01.1884 7. Thüringisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 96 - Gera  (Coy Cdr)
14.03.1885 Großer Generalstab - Berlin
14.04.1885 Major
18.04.1885 II. Armeekorps - Stettin  (on general staff)
20.09.1887 Großer Generalstab - Berlin
11.06.1890 Gardekorps - Berlin  (Oskar Frh von Meerscheidt-Hüllessem's Chief of General Staff)
18.11.1890 Oberstleutnant
17.06.1893 Oberst
27.01.1894 4. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß - Berlin  (Cdr)
06.02.1897 Preußisches Kriegsministerium - Berlin  (Director of Central Dept)
22.03.1897 Generalmajor
22.05.1900 Generalleutnant
18.04.1901 2. Garde-Infanterie-Division - Berlin  (Cdr)
22.03.1902 Großer Generalstab, Generalquartiermeister - Berlin  (von Schlieffen's Deputy Chief of GenStaff)
27.01.1903 III. Armeekorps - Berlin  (Cdr)
15.09.1904 General der Infanterie
13.09.1912 III. Armee-Inspektion - Hannover  (Inspector General)
13.09.1912 Generaloberst
   
Great War
   
02.08.1914 2. Armee 
27.01.1915 Generalfeldmarschall
04.04.1915 convalescent leave in Berlin 
22.06.1916 zur Disposition gestellt
   
   
 

06.05.1914

 

 

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