Hans Karl Adolph von Carlowitz
(25.03.1858 - 09.07.1928)
place of birth: Riesa, Sachsen (Saxony)
Sachsen: Kriegsminister, OBH, Generaladjutant
SM, General der Infanterie
Saxon General der Infanterie Hans
von Carlowitz served as Saxony's War Minister during the first year of
the War (1914-15) and later commanded at the corps level on both fronts.
During the last year of the war, he headed up the Ninth Army and the
Second Army, at which time he vigorously defended the Siegfried Line
against a much superior British Fourth Army.
Carlowitz was born in Saxony
to Georg v. Carlowitz, a courthouse officer, and his spouse Ida von Könneritz.
After his Abitur, Adolph studied law at Leipzig University, but after a
couple years opted for a military career with the Saxon Infantry, having
already previously served as a one-year volunteer with the 8th Infantry
Regiment in Leipzig.
Carlowitz' military career saw him serving in several general staff
positions within the Saxon Army at the division and corps level. He also
served for a few years with the Prussian Great General Staff in Berlin.
He eventually replaced von Hausen as Saxony's Minister of War in May
1914, just prior to the outbreak of World War One. This position was
actually intended for leading field army in case of hostilities, but
Carlowitz was instead called to head up the newly formed XXVII. (sächsisch-württembergische)
Reservekorps. After recovering from a heart ailment
in October 1914, he returned to the field but only as commander of an
infantry division. He was transferred to the Eastern Front in the summer
of 1915 as commander of the III. Reservekorps which played an important
role during the Russian's Spring Offensive of 1916. In the summer
of 1917, von Carlowitz replaced the deceased Max v. Laffert as
commanding general of the XIX. Armeekorps back on the Western Front.
This corps was known as "Gruppe Aubers" during the successful
offensive at Armentieres in April 1918, for which von Carlowitz
received the Pour le Merite.
During the last few months of the
war, von Carlowitz commanded the Ninth Army, responsible for defensive
operations between Oise and Aisne. He thereafter took
command of the Second Army which battled Rawlinson's Fourth Army near Cambrai
and St Quentin. After the War ended, he retired from the army on
14 January 1919 and spent his last remaining years with his wife at
Gersdorf near Döbeln. He was
married to Priska von Stieglitz, and they had one son and three
daughters. Von Carlowitz died at Gersdorf on 9 July 1922 and is buried
at the military cemetary in Dresden-Alberstadt. His son Adolf became a
doctor, and one of his daughters, Ruth, married Ferdinand Freiherr von Fürstenberg.
Ritter (Komtur II: 26.10.1916; Komtur I: