Oskar Philipp von Chelius
(28.07.1859 - 12.06.1923)
place of birth: Mannheim
Preußen: General à la suite SM, Generalleutnant
German general Oskar von Chelius served in Kaiser Wilhelm II's
court as an adjutant, and he was also engaged as Prussia's military
attaché to Tsarist Russia during the pre-War era. Von Chelius was
likewise highly regarded as a musical composer, sometimes using the
pseudonym S. Berger.
von Chelius was born into the family of Privy Councillor from Baden
Philipp von Chelius and his spouse Harriet neé Parisch. He was also the
grandson of the noted surgeon Maximilian Joseph von Chelius. Before
entering the military service, Oskar studied classical music in
Mannheim, Leipzig, and
Berlin. He specialized in the works of Richard
Wagner, and became one of his most avid supporters in Imperial Germany.
he chose to pursue a career as a military officer, von
Chelius remained active his entire life as a composer of operas,
symphonies, chamber music, and chorales. Later, as a member of Kaiser
Wilhelm II's royal court, he would often play concerto pieces for
Wilhelm and his military entourage. As, a young officer-in-training, he
met Wilhelm during military maneuvers in Mark Brandenburg. They became
fast friends, with Prince Wilhelm openly appreciative of von Chelius'
musically virtuosity. In 1888, Oskar married Hedwig von Puttkamer, a
daughter of Prussian Minister of Interior Ludwig von Puttkamer and
niece of Otto von Bismarcks' wife Johanna. The couple had four children.
Hedwig drowned in Bavaria's Königssee
in 1923, the same year that Oskar died.
his personal relationship with the Kaiser, von Chelius was brought
into Wilhelm's military cortege in 1898 as an aide-de-camp. In this
capacity, he was also sent to Rome for a five-year stretch where he
carried out the important role of Imperial Germany's military attaché
to that nation. After returning to Berlin to accept the prestigious
command of the Leib-Guard Hussar Regiment, von Chelius was again
brought back into the Kaiser's entourage. He had direct access to
Wilhelm and accompanied him on excursions in his imperial yacht. General
von Chelius was also posted as military attaché in Russia and was
recalled to the Kaiser's main headquarters when Germany mobilized for
the Great War.