Albano von Jacobi
(16.10.1854 - 23.05.1919)
place of birth: Köln
Preußen: Generaladjutant SM, General der Infanterie
Imperial Prussian general officer Albano von Jacobi served as an Adjutant General in Kaiser Wilhelm II's
entourage. During the Great War years, Jacobi was additionally in
command of the 1st Landwehr Division.
After launching his military career with 1st Foot Guards Regiment
in Potsdam and attaining the rank of Leutnant, Jacobi was selected in
1877 to function as personal aide-de-camp to young Prince Wilhelm, the
future German Kaiser. Leutnant von Jacobi also moved into Villa Frank
with Wilhelm as the Prince began his university studies in Bonn. He
remained Wilhelm's constant companion, whether at university functions
or parties at the student pubs. He was also an expected guest at
official state receptions in Berlin and at the court of Wilhelm's
grandmother Queen Victoria of Great Britain. Leutnant von Jacobi was
perceived by most as a good Joe, if not somewhat slow on the uptake.
After his charge was crowned Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1888, Oberleutnant von
Jacobi was dispatched to London as emissary to present Queen Victoria
with the official news of the event.
Upon his promotion to Hauptmann, Jacobi was brought to Berlin to
again work as a duty adjutant in the Kaiser's court. As a major, he was
sent to Rome to serve as military attaché there from 1895 to 1900.
Tours as a regimental commander and a brigade commander were followed by
Generalmajor von Jacobi's selection as General
à la suite and an assignment to St. Petersburg as Prussian
military attaché from 1905 to 1908. Von Jacobi was promoted to
Generalleutnant, and when he returned to Berlin, was assigned the task
of heading up the General-Ordenskommission (charged with awarding
military decorations). Although he was promoted to General der
Infanterie in 1912, as Germany went to War two years later, von Jacobi
initially did not receive an active command since he had not commanded
troops since 1905.
It was not until mid-October 1914 that General von Jacobi was
chosen to head up 33rd Landwehr Brigade, fighting on the Eastern Front
in support of Eighth Army. Near the end of the year, he was given
command of 1st Landwehr Division and distinguished himself by his
exemplary leadership during the Second Battle of Masurian Lakes in
February 1915. His Landwehr troops were then transferred to the Pripyat
Swamp region where they fought in the trenches to support Germany's
Twelfth Army. The division was transferred in February 1916 in
subordination to Army Group Linsingen and fought the Russians in
difficult defensive battles that summer along the Stochid River area.
Continued successes against the Russian onslaught earned General von
Jacobi the Pour le Merite medal in April 1917. As the fighting on
the Eastern Front died down in early 1918, the Landwehr division was
sent west to support Fourth Army dug in at Flanders. After the Armistice
was signed, General von Jacobi then led his charges back to the German
homeland for demobilization and retired from active military service in
January 1919. The 75-year old officer passed away within months,
however, and was laid to rest in Stralsund.