Robert Paul Theodor Kosch
(05.04.1856 - 22.12.1942)
place of birth: Glatz, Niederschlesien (Klodzko,
General der Infanterie
Imperial German general Robert Kosch served during the
Great War at the division, corps, and field army level. He was the
youngest of ten children, born in Silesia to Hermann and Agnes Kosch.
Launching his military career in 1874, Kosch earned his way up through
the ranks, ultimately commanding a division in Posen. As War broke out
in Europe, Kosch lead his 10th Infantry Division troops into battle in
October 1914, Kosch was transferred to the Eastern Front to
replace General von Francois at I. Army Corps headquarters in Lithuania,
fighting in support of Hindenburg's Eighth Army. Here the Germans
initially struggled against the numerically superior Russian forces but
were ultimately victorious during the Winter Battle of Masurian Lakes.
It was for his
distinguished service and leadership during this campaign that General
Kosch was awarded the Pour le Merite. In June 1915, Kosch
replaced General von Eben as X. Army Corps commander and in support of
Germany's Südarmee as they
pushed across the River Dniester and battled at Gnisa Lipa.
He was then dispatched to the Balkan Front, where he had the 101st and
103rd Infantry Divisions under his command. His troops participated in
the routing of Serb forces during heavy combat in the mountainous
region. Kosch was once again recognized by the Kaiser for his skillful
command, this time with the addition of the oak leaves to his Blue Max.
Generalleutnant Kosch was transferred in February 1916 to fight
near Verdun on the Western Front. Later that year in August, he was
promoted to General der Infanterie and placed in command of the
newly-formed GenKdo Nr 52. This unit was engaged in Bulgaria, fighting
along the Danube Front against the Romanian Army. In May of 1917, he
received command of Ninth Army which pushed the Romanian forces back to
the capital city of Bucharest, which the Germans captured in short
order, sealing Romania's fate. With the dissolution of the Donau-Armee
in March 1918, Kosch and his GenKdo 52 troops were tasked with the
occupation of Ukraine. After signing of the Armistice, Kosch accompanied
his soldiers back to the homeland for demobilization and subsequent
retirement. General Kosch passed away in 1942 and was laid to rest in
the Invalidenfriedhof in Berlin.