Leopold Maximilian Joseph Maria Arnulf
Prinz von Bayern K.H.
(09.02.1846 - 28.09.1930)
place of birth: München,
Bayern: Prinz, OBH, Generalfeldmarschall (Kav)
Prince of Bavaria
and Field Marshal who was the son of Regent Prince Luitpold of the Royal
House of Wittelsbach and his wife Archduchess Augusta of Austria.
Leopold's wife was Archduchess Gisela which thus made him the son-in-law of Kaiser Franz Josef of Austria.
As a Bavarian
artillery officer, he fought
against the Prussians in 1866. He joined forces with the Prussians in 1870,
however, to defeat the French at Sedan. He also received Bavaria's
highest military decoration, The Knight'sCross of the Military Order
of Max Joseph. Prince Leopold thereafter remained in the Bavarian
Army and after promotion to field marshal in 1905, he then retired in 1913.
Recalled to command the Ninth Army
during World War One, he lead the capture of
Warsaw and forced the Russians back to Minsk. He was
then called to head up Army Group Prinz
von Bayern (1915-16), a combined German/Austrian force deployed to the
central part of the Eastern Front. This led to his receiving the Grand
Cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph and the Pour le Merite.
He later replaced
Hindenburg as Supreme Commander of the Eastern Front, a post he retained until war's
own chief of staff, Max Hoffmann, described him as
"intelligent, but scarcely a star performer." He was one of only five recipients
of the Grand Cross of
the Iron Cross (1918). Leopold was the uncle of Crown
Prince Rupprecht and the younger brother of the Bavarian King
"Crazy Ludwig". He died on 28 September 1930 in Munich
and is buried in the Michelskirche.
(Königreich Bayern: 01.01.1905)
Kreuz II ............
des EK .........
le Mérite .................
d.1.Schw.Reit.R., d.3.Feldart.R., Chef d.Preuß. Inf.R.52.,
d.Drag.R.7. u. Inh. d. Öster.Ungar.7.Feld-haubitzen R.