Ludwig III. (Wittelsbach) König
(07.01.1845 - 18.12.1921)
place of birth: München,
Bayern (Munich, Bavaria)
Königreich Bayern: Seine
Majestät der König, Generalfeldmarschall
The eldest son of Prince
Luitpold of Bavaria, Ludwig briefly
served in 1912 as Prince Regent in place of his insane cousin Otto, upon
the death of his father Luitpold. With assent of Bavarian Parliament,
Ludwig then deposed Otto by constitutional amendment and
proclamation. He thereafter ruled from 1913 to 1918 as Bavaria's last
During the Great War,
Ludwig was ceremonially promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall in
August of 1916. He had in fact previously served as a military
commander, having fought against the Prussians during the Austro-Prussian
War of 1866, becoming wounded while fighting at Helmstadt.
Ludwig III's son Crown Prince Rupprecht and his younger brother Leopold
were highly respected army commanders, both serving the Imperial German
Forces at the rank of field marshal during the Great War.
On the eve of revolution
in November 1918, Ludwig and his family ultimately fled Munich,
signing a paper that Kurt Eisner's government termed an abdication.
Thus ended 738 continuous years of rule by the Wittelsbach
dynasty. When Eisner died in 1919, Ludwig moved to Vaduz, Liechtenstein
and from there to Schloß Nádasdy
Hungary, where he died in October 1921.
von Bayern ...........
le Mérite ....................