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Political Leadership of Germania



CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY (First Reich)

751

PEPIN

768

KARL DER GROSSE (Charlemagne) - inherits Kingdom of the Franks

814

LUDWIG (the Pious)

843

LUDWIG II (the German)

876

KARL III (the Fat)

887

ARNULF - nephew of Karl III

899

LUDWIG IV (the Child)

911

KONRAD I of Franconia - elected

 


SAXON DYNASTY

919

HEINRICH I (the Fowler) - designated by Konrad I

936

OTTO I (the Great)

973

OTTO II

983

OTTO III

1002

HEINRICH II (the Saint) - cousin of Otto I

 


SALIAN DYNASTY

1024

KONRAD II - distant relative of Otto I

1039

HEINRICH III (the Black)

1056

HEINRICH IV

1106

HEINRICH V

1125

LOTHAIR III (House of Welf) - elected

 


HOHENSTAUFEN DYNASTY

1138

KONRAD III - nephew of Duke Friedrich of Swabia

1152

FRIEDRICH I (Barbarosa) - nephew of Konrad III

1190

HEINRICH VI

1197 - 1212

(no ruler)

1212

FRIEDRICH II

1250 - 1273

Great Interregnum (no ruler)

   



HABSBURG DYNASTY  (Austria-Hungary)

1273

RUDOLF of Habsburg - elected

1292

ADOLF of Nassau - elected

1298

ALBERT I of Habsburg

1308

HEINRICH VII of Luxemburg - rival of Habsburgs

1314

LUDWIG IV (the Bavarian) - House of Wittelsbach

1347

KARL IV of Luxemburg - grandson of Heinrich VII

1378

WENCESLAS of Bohemia - son of Karl IV

1400

RUPERT of the Pfalz - elected

1410

SIGISMUND of Bohemia - brother of Wenceslas

1438

ALBERT II of Habsburg - Sigismund's son-in-law

1440

FRIEDRICH III - cousin of Albert II

1493

MAXIMILIAN I

1519

KARL V - grandson of Maximilian I

1531

FERDINAND I - brother of Karl V

1564

MAXIMILIAN II

1576

RUDOLF II

1612

MATTHIAS - 30 Years War (1618) breaks up "Germany"

1619

FERDINAND II - brother of Matthias

1637

FERDINAND III

1658

LEOPOLD I

1705

JOSEPH I

1711

KARL VI - father of Maria Theresa

1742

KARL VII of Bavaria - non Habsburg

1745

FRANZ I - married Maria Theresa

1765

JOSEPH II

1790

LEOPOLD II - brother of Joseph II

1792

FRANZ II - first emperor of Austria

1821

KLEMENS VON METTERNICH

1848

FRANZ JOSEPH I - also King of Hungary

1916

KARL I - ruled until 1918

   



HOHENZOLLERN DYNASTY  (PRUSSIA)

1640

FRIEDRICH -WILHELM of Hohenzollern (Great Elector)

1688

FRIEDRICH I  (First King of Prussia - 1701)

1713

FRIEDRICH-WILHELM I (Soldier King)

1740

FRIEDRICH II (the Great)

1786

FRIEDRICH-WILHELM II - nephew of Friedrich II

1797

FRIEDRICH-WILHELM III

1840

FRIEDRICH-WILHELM IV

1861

FRIEDRICH III
 


SECOND REICH

1861

KAISER WILHELM I  (pronounced German Emperor at Versailles - 1871)

1871

OTTO VON BISMARCK   (Minister President 1863-90)

1888

KAISER WILHELM II

 


WEIMAR REPUBLIC and THIRD REICH

1919

FRIEDRICH EBERT

1925

PAUL VON HINDENBURG

1934

ADOLF HITLER

 


FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY

1949

KONRAD ADENAUER (der Alte)

1963

LUDWIG ERHARD

1966

KURT KIESINGER

1969

WILLY BRANDT

1974

HELMUT SCHMIDT

1982

HELMUT KOHL

1999

GERHARD SCHROEDER

2005

ANGELA MERKEL 
   

 


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