(21.06.1864 - 03.09.1946)
place of birth: Schlettstadt, Elsaß
Imperial German War Minister and Generalleutnant, Heinrich Scheüch
succeeded General von Stein in October 1918
as Imperial Minister of War. Heinrich was born into the family of a
political administrator and his wife Emilie Graeff. Heinrich initially
attended the Lyceum in Colmar, but chose a military career
thereafter, his first unit being the 4. Badischen Infantry Regiment Nr.
112 in Colmar.
In the years leading up
to mobilization, Scheüch
served as Director of the Central Department at the War Ministry in
Berlin. He was then appointed Chief of Staff at Great Headquarters. In
May of 1916, he took over command of the 29. Infantry Brigade, and on 13
January 1917 was transferred to command the 33. Infantry Division. Also,
from 16 August 1917 to 8 October 1918, he followed General Groener as
the Chief of the War Office.
The apex of his military
career was reached on 9 October 1918 when he was named to succeed
Hermann von Stein as Imperial War Minister and was simultaneously
promoted to Generalleutnant. He served in the cabinet of Reichskanzler
Prince Max von Baden, but only remained in office until 2 January 1919,
shortly after Germany had signed the Armistice. He was awarded the Pour
le Merite in 1918 and in
retirement received the brevet rank of General der Artillerie (Charakter)
on 27 August 1939 for Tannenberg Remembrance Day. Heinrich Scheüch
died on 3 September 1946 in Bad Kissingen.