Otto Wilhelm Luitpold Adalbert Waldemar von
König von Bayern
(27.04.1848 - 11.10.1916)
place of birth: München,
Königreich Bayern: Seine
Majestät der König
Otto von Wittelsbach followed his brother Ludwig II. as
King of Bavarian following Ludwig's untimely and suspicious
death-ruled-suicide. Otto was the son of previous Bavarian King
Maximilian II. and Marie von Preußen. Like his brother, Otto was not
close to his parents, and indeed spent the great part of his childhood
with his classroom instructors and caretakers at the family castle Hohenschwangau.
Prince Otto joined Bavaria's military forces as an officer
candidate at the age of 15. It was soon after his father Maximilian died
in 1864 that young Otto first showed signs of mental illness. He
continued with his military career, however, and even took part in both
the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and
the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71, ultimately attaining the rank
of full colonel. Soon after the war, he was officially diagnosed with
mentally ill and thereafter slid into a gradual state of insanity. His
brother King Ludwig II. was declared mentally unfit to rule in June
1886, with the boys' uncle Luitpold taking control as Prince Regent.
When Ludwig committed suicide three days later,
Otto was officially proclaimed as Bavaria's fifth sovereign. When the
proclamation of his inauguration was read to him, he was apparently
incapable of understanding it, and so Luitpold continued as Bavaria's
titular head. When Luitpold died in 1912, he was succeeded by his son
Ludwig III., who initially continued as Prince Regent. Bavaria's
constitution was soon amended to allowing Ludwig III. to end the regency
and be declared King of Bavaria. Otto nonetheless retained all titles
and honors until his unexpected death in 1916.
von Bayern ...........
- 11.10.1916 (title only)