Friedrich Wilhelm Herzog von
(09.10.1771 - 16.06.1815)
place of birth: Braunschweig (Brunswick)
Herzogtum Braunschweig: Herzog,
Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Brunswick from
1814-1815, was a German military hero of the Napoleonic Wars. On
the death (1806) of his father Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand, his duchy was
seized by Napoleon and added to the kingdom of Westphalia. He attempted
to liberate his duchy from French control in 1809, when Austria reopened
war against France.
Also known as the der Schwarze Herzog
(the Black Duke), Friedrich
Wilhelm formed a Freikorps called the “Black Brunswickers,”
and in a dashing foray advanced through Germany and captured Brunswick.
He soon was driven out but succeeded in fleeing with his troops to
England. Returning in 1813, he took possession of Brunswick but was
killed at Quatre Bras in the Waterloo campaign.