Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand Herzog v
(09.10.1735 - 10.11.1806)
place of birth: Wolfenbüttel,
Herzogtum Braunschweig: Herzog,
Karl Wilhelm, Duke of Brunswick (1780–1806) and Prussian
field marshal. He had great success in the Seven Years War
(1756–63) and was commander in chief (1792–94) of the
Austro-Prussian armies in the French Revolutionary War. Although
he sympathized with some of the goals of the revolution, he led the
German army in its ill-fated march into France in 1792 and issued a
manifesto threatening severe reprisals against the revolutionaries.
The field marshal captured Longwy and Verdun but
was decisively defeated at Valmy in 1792. In 1793 he routed the
French at Kaiserslautern and Pirmasens. He again commanded
the Prussian armies in 1806 and was defeated by the French marshal
Davout at Auerstädt.
He was blinded in the battle and died soon after. His son was Friedrich
Wilhelm, the Black Duke of Brunswick.