King Carol I. of Romania Prince
Karl Eitel Friedrich Zephyrinus Ludwig von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
(20.04.1839 - 10.10.1914)
place of birth: Sigmaringen, Provinz Hohenzollern
Majesty the King, hon. Generalfeldmarschall
Carol I was elected prince of
Romania in April 1866 following the overthrow of Alexander John Cuza and
proclaimed king on March 26, 1881. He was the first ruler of the
Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen dynasty which would rule the country until the
proclamation of a republic in 1947. During his reign, Romania achieved
full independence from the Ottoman Empire (Treaty of Berlin 1878)
acquiring the southern part of the Dobruja from Bulgaria in 1913.
Domestic political life, still dominated by the country's wealthy
landowning families organized around the rival Liberal and Conservative
parties, was punctuated by two widespread peasant uprisings, in Walachia
(the southern half of the country) in April 1888 and in Moldavia (the
northern half) in March 1907.
King Carol I's childlessness left his elder brother Leopold next
in line to the throne. In October 1880 Leopold renounced his right of
succession in favor of his son William, who in turn surrendered his
claim eight years later in favor of his younger brother, the future king
Ferdinand. Carol I, known as Karl I in Germany, was made an honorary
Prussian field marshal in August 1913.