Friedrich Wilhelm I. König in Preußen
(14.08.1688 - 13.05.1740)
place of birth:  Berlin

Königreich Preußen:  Seine Majestät der König,  Chef der Armee

                           

Friedrich Wilhelm I. was the second successive King of Prussia, reigning from 1713 to 1740. Also referred to as the Soldier King (der Soldatenkönig), he was the son of King Friedrich I.  Friedrich Wilhelm I. continued the administrative reforms and the process of centralization begun by his grandfather Friedrich Wilhelm, the Great Elector, transforming his country from a second rate power into the efficient and prosperous nation that his son and successor Frederick the Great would make into Europe's dominant military power. 

Friedrich Wilhelm I practiced a rigid economy, so that at his death there was a large surplus in the treasury. The Prussian army was made an efficient instrument of war. Although he built up one of the most powerful armies in Europe, he was essentially a peaceful man. He intervened briefly in the Northern War but gained little territory. Later, he signed a treaty in 1728 with Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI in the hope of acquiring the territories of Jülich and Berg, to which he had a hereditary claim. The emperor subsequently went back on this agreement. Friedrich Wilhelm I was a coarse man, and he had contempt for his gifted heir, who was to succeed him as Friedrich II (Frederick the Great). At one point, he even had one of young Friedrich's boyhood friends executed. He died in May 1740 in Potsdam.

     

König in Preußen .............. 22.02.1713  -  13.05.1740

Generallieutenant ............. 00