Friedrich Wilhelm II. König von Preußen
(25.09.1744 - 16.11.1797)
place of birth: Potsdam, Brandenburg
Preußen: Seine Majestät der König,
Chef der Armee
King of Prussia from 1786 to 1797,
he was the nephew and successor of Friedrich II (Frederick the Great).
Despite lack of military and political skills, Prussia still achieved
considerable expansion during his reign. He joined the European
coalition in support of Louis XVI and fought in the early campaigns of
the French Revolutionary Wars.
Financial difficulties and the revolt (1794) in Poland against
the Prussian and Russian occupiers of that country following the second
partition of Poland led him to make a separate peace with the
French at Basel (1795). Friedrich Wilhelm II's extravagance, however,
left a ruined exchequer. He was a patron of the arts and an amateur
cellist, with Mozart dedicating three string quartets to him. He was
succeeded by his son, Friedrich Wilhelm III, when he died on 16 November
1797 in Potsdam.