Karl Eberhard Herwarth von
(04.09.1796 - 02.09.1884)
place of birth: Großwerther, Provinz Sachsen (Thuringia)
Prussian general field marshal
Eberhard Herwarth von Bittenfeld was born into an aristocratic family
which had supplied many distinguished officers to the Prussian army. He
entered the military in 1811 and served in Germany's Wars of
Liberation (1813-1815), distinguishing himself at Lützen and
Paris. During the Berlin revolution of 1848 he was on duty at the
royal palace as colonel of the 1st Guards. As general of infantry he
commanded the VII. (Westphalian) Army Corps in 1860.
During the Danish War of 1864 he succeeded to the command
of the Prussians when Prince Friedrich Karl became commander-in-chief of
the Allies. In the war of 1866 he commanded the Army of the Elbe which
overran Saxony and invaded Bohemia. Herwarth himself directed the battle
against the Austrian left flank. In 1870 he was not employed in the
field, but was in charge of organizing and forwarding all the reserves
and material required for the armies in France. In August 1871 his
services were recognized by promotion to the rank of field marshal. The
rest of his life was spent in retirement at Bonn, where he died in 1884.
Since 1889 the 13th (1st Westphalian) Infantry Regiment has borne his
Kreuz II ..........
Pour le Mérite