Mehmed V. Reshad, Sultan of the
Ottoman Empire Caliph of Islam
(02.11.1844 - 03.07.1918)
place of birth: Constantinople
His Majesty, hon. Generalfeldmarschall
The son of Sultan Addulmecid, Mehmed
was 35th Ottoman Sultan. Like many other potential heirs to the throne,
he was confined for 30 years in the Harems of the palace. For nine of
those years he was kept entirely alone. During this time he studied
poetry of the old Persian style and was a praised poet. His reign began
on 27 April 1909, but he had no real political power. The actual
decisions were made by various members of the Ottoman government and
finally, during World War One, by the Three Pashas: Enver Pasha, Talat
Pasha, and Cemal Pasha.
Mehmed V's only significant political act was to formally declare
jihad against the Allies on November 11, 1914. This was the last
genuine proclamation of jihad in history, as the Caliphate lasted until
1924. The proclamation had no noticeable effect on the war, despite the
fact that many Muslims lived in Ottoman territories. The Arabs
eventually joined the British forces against the Ottomans with the Arab
Revolt in 1916.
Mehmed V died on 3 July 1918 at the age of 73, only four months before
the end of World War One in surrender of the Central Powers, and hence,
did not live to see the downfall of the Ottomon Empire. He spent most of
his life at the Dolmabahce Palace and Yidiz Palace in Istanbul. His
grave is in the historic Eyup district of Istanbul. He left two sons:
Prince Mehmed Ziyaeddin (1873-1938) and Prince Omer Hilmi (1888-1935).
Ottoman Empire ..