Johann Nepomuk Maria
Joseph Anton Xaver Vincenz Alys Franz de Paula Stanislaus Bernhard Paul
Felix Damascus -
König von Sachsen
(12.12.1801 - 29.10.1873)
place of birth: Dresden, Sachsen
Majestät der König
Johann of the House of Wettin, ruled as
Saxony's fourth reigning King. When his childless brother King Friedrich
August II. was killed in an accident in Austria, Johann became his
surprise successor. A widely recognized scholar, Johann worked
additionally as a translator of Dante under the pseudonym Philathes.
Johann instituted significant reforms to the judicial process and
freedom of commerce, signing trade agreements with France and Italy. He
also oversaw the expansion of Saxony's railway system. His reign
followed a federalist and pro-Austria policy, and ultimately led to
Saxony's involvement as Austria's ally during the 1866 War with the
Prussian Kingdom. Upon Austria's defeat at Königgrätz,
Johann was subsequently forced to join the North German Confederation
in 1867, with Prussia taking control of Saxony's military, railways, and
postal system. The Saxon military forces were later allies with Prussia
and Bavaria during the 1870 War with France, leading to their joining
the newly formed German Empire in 1871 under Kaiser Wilhelm I.
von Sachsen .........