History Index

Plymouth Colony ca. 1634-1700
© October 17, 1998; 2002 by Kaye Hooley


This history is written primarily to discuss the errors and inconsistencies regarding two early settlers of Plymouth Colony, brothers, Thomas and William Hatch of Scituate. In 1916 Elizabeth French(1) researched the Hatches of Scituate as part of the New England Historical Society's "Research in England" series and traced this family to co. Kent, England. Other earlier researchers and writers such as Savage, Pope, Banks, Deane, Cutter, and Derby researched the colonial records and other primary sources and have contributed much to our knowledge of the settlers of Plymouth Colony. However, their works contain errors and misinterpretation. These men were researching an entire colony and attempting to link families. Mistakes were inevitable. In comparison, Elizabeth French was writing about one family. She had access to the research of the early writers and the colonial records they researched, along with "voluminous [Hatch] family papers"(2) that were in the possession of Israel H. Hatch and parish, court, probate, and other records in England that are reproduced in her article. Much of the information provided in this paper is based on my research and the research of my mother and supports the work of Ms. French. I also want to acknowledge the help and information provided to me by a friend and distant cousin I met on the internet. Many thanks to Dr. John P. Hatch who has given me several references and insights and who helped me in editing this paper. His support and assistance has been invaluable. I would also like to thank all my other contacts whose names are not mentioned.

An annotated Bibliography follows the Footnotes.

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Thomas and William Hatch were born in co. Kent, England about 1596 and 1598 respectively. They were the second and third sons of William Hatche (1563) and Anne Tilden. They were named in the will of their uncle John Hatche of Tenterden dated 23 March 1628/1629.(3) John Hatche of Tenderden did not have any children and left his property to his brothers and sisters and their children. Thomas is named as the second son and William was called the "now youngest" son of William Hatche. Thomas and William, immigrated to Plymouth Colony in the 1630s and their oldest brother, John (born about 1590) moved to Mayfield, East Sussex, England and was living there in 1628/1629.(4) Pope made an interesting comment when he wrote, "John Hatch, yeoman(5), of Scituate, endorsed a bond Jan. 3, 1636."(6) Possibly he was the older brother of Thomas and William. Pope did not name a source for his information and unless more information is found, John cannot be identified. John could have he died soon after his arrival in Scituate or he could have returned to England. The only other reference to a John Hatch around 1636 is John, son of William who was about twelve years old and too young to be called a yeoman or to have signed a bond.

Elder William Hatch

William was living in Ashford when he married Jane Young of Thannington by license dated 9 July 1624 at Thannington,(7) which is a short distance southwest of Canterbury. The marriage record states, "William Hatch of Ashford, woolen draper,(8) bachelor, about 25, and Jane Young of Thannington, maiden, about 27, whose friends are dead, at Thannington, 9 July [1624]. Bondsmen: Edward Young of Thannington, husbandman, and William Page of Canterbury, blacksmith." Jane was probably his second wife since William's oldest son, Walter, was born about 1623. By 1625 William was living at Wye where his son, John, was baptized at the parish at Wye 7 August, 1625. Other children of William that were baptized at Wye are: Anne, 3 December 1626; William 9 August 1629; Jane 19 June 1631; and Andrew 3 November 1633 who died and was buried at Wye 6 November 1633. In addition, a "newborn son of William Hatch was buried at the parish of Wye 31 July 1628."(9) This son either died right after birth or was stillborn since the record at Wye is only for the burial of an unnamed newborn son.

In preparation for his journey to the colonies, William Hatch moved his family to Sandwich(10) sometime before 1634. Sandwich is on the seacoast, directly east of Canterbury. He set sail from Sandwich on the Hercules with his wife Jane, five children, and six servants, his cousin, Lydia Huckstep Tilden and her husband, Nathaniel Tilden, and their children along with Dr. Comfort Starr and his family.(11) William, Nathaniel Tilden, and Dr. Comfort Starr were co-owners of the Hercules.

On February 11, 1634/5, the eve of the departure of the Hercules, Dr. Comfort Starr of Ashford, a surgeon aged 45, made the deposition that about the latter end of November 1633/1634, John Witherley of Sandwich, mariner, bought a Flemish(12) built ship at Dunkirk called the St. Peter for £340. Dr. Starr said he was not a seaman and could not be specific about the ship, but guessed it to be about twelve feet broad above the hatches, fourscore feet long, and sixteen feet deep and is of the burthen of 200 tonnes. That he and William Hatch, John Witherley, Nathaniel Tilden and Mr. Osborne had purchased the ship and named it the Hercules.(13)

William Hatch and his family settled at Scituate where he built a house on Kent Street. His house lot was the first south of Greenfield Lane.(14) An old map of Scituate(15) has the location of his property closer to Kent Street and Meetinghouse Lane. William was admitted a freeman on 5 January 1635/6 and became a planter.(16) He returned to England as a joint venturer on the Castle of London with Thomas Rucke of Charlestowne and Joseph Meriam of Concord. The Castle "was docked at London on the River Thames in April of 1638 and arrived at the ports of Boston and Charlestowne in New England in July 1638."(17) Passengers were on the ship. It is possible that William's brother, Thomas, and their sister, Elizabeth Soan, the wife of Robert Soan, deceased, of Brasted, England, and her son, William, were on the Castle. Elizabeth later became the second wife of John Stockbridge.(18)In 1643 William Hatch was chosen the first ruling elder of the Second (Vassal's) Church of Scituate(19)and he became known as "Elder William Hatch." The Second Church of Scituate was founded in 1643, for William Witherell, after long agitations following the removal of Lathrop to Barnstable.(20) In August of that year, William and his sons, Walter and John appear on the list of those in Scituate able to bear arms.(21) William was also lieutenant of the Scituate trainband or military company.(22) "In 1638, William Vassall and William Hatch were appointed by the Colony court to exercise the people in arms at Scituate."(23)

Elder William made his will 5 November 1651. He named his wife, Jane; daughters, Jane Lovell and Ann Torrey; grandchildren, John Lovell, James, William, Joseph and Damaris Torrey; and sons, Walter and William, who were named as his executors. William died at Scituate 6 November 1651.(24) His widow, Jane, married Elder Thomas King in Scituate 31 March 1653. Elder Thomas King succeeded Elder William in the office of Elder.(25) "Thomas King, of Scituate, came in the Blessing, from London, 1635, aged 21, in company with William Vassal."(26)

Thomas Hatch of Scituate

Thomas married Lydia Gyles 11 February 1617, at Tonbridge, co. Kent, England.(27) By 1628, Thomas Hatch was a teacher at the parish of Wye, co. Kent, England where he was "presented to the Bishop by the churchwardens at Wye for teaching school without a license; and they presented him at every subsequent court until 9 June 1628, when he procured the necessary license."(28) According to Ms. French, Thomas immigrated to the colonies about 1638, possibly on the Castle with his family in company with his brother William. He was living in Tenterden, co. Kent, England in 1636, when his daughter, Alice, was baptized, 25 Sep 1636.  He settled in a part of Scituate that was "at that time but little cultivated, viz. three fourths of a mile west of the present townhouse [1797], near a small brook that runs in the meadow, and twenty rods west of the road."(29) This may have been in the center of an area known as the "Two Mile" where his sons, Jeremiah and Thomas, settled. The Two Mile, granted in 1640, was the only part of Scituate that crossed the North River. The southern section of the Two Mile was annexed by Pembroke in 1738 and the rest was annexed by Marshfield in 1788. There is a Hatch Pond west of Mill Pond Lane in Marshfield that fits with the old Scituate map of the Two Mile. Mill Pond Lane runs north from the junction of Maryland Street and Union Street. Hatch Pond is on the west, south of the junction between Mill Pond Lane and Pine Street. Thomas is often referred to as Thomas of Scituate to distinguish him from a second Thomas Hatch in the colonies at the time who is often referred to as Thomas of Dorchester or Thomas of Barnstable. Thomas of Barnstable was in the colonies before both William and Thomas of Scituate as he was propounded a freeman 14 May 1634.(30)

Thomas was propounded a freeman in Scituate 5 March, 1638/9.(31) He witnessed the will of Nathaniell Tilden on 12 May 1641. Nothing more has been discovered about Thomas. He probably died at Scituate around 1642 at about the age of 46. Thomas was not on the 1643 'Able to Bear Arms' or freeman's lists (32) for Scituate, or any other town in Plymouth Colony. No reference is made that he was "excused."(33) It is unlikely he was missed because his son, William, was on the list, as was his brother, William, and William's two oldest sons, Walter and John. Dean thought Thomas died closer to 1646 when he wrote, "His widow had an infant Hannah brought to baptism 1646, which was probably near the date of his death. His other earlier [children] were William and Thomas."(34) Evidently Hannah was then a child of several years.(35) Thomas and William Hatch and their children were probably anabaptists,(36) which explains why Hannah was probably a child and not an infant at the time of baptism. Dean(37) also believed that "some" of the Hatches were anabaptists since many of their children were not infants when they were baptized. In addition, Thomas and William Hatch and their children were members of the Second Church of Scituate which was an anabaptist church. Several of the children of Thomas' sons, Jeremiah and Thomas, and one of the children of his daughter, Alice, have known birth and baptism dates which support the theory that they were anabaptists. The records of Scituate make a distinction between christening(38) which was performed on infants by the First Church of Scituate and baptism of children which was performed by the Second Church of Scituate.

Thomas' widow, Lydia, married John Spring of Watertown, Massachusetts, about 1654, and then continued to live in Scituate. Plymouth Colony Records dated 6 October 1659, state:

"Evidently Lydia satisfied the authorities for her reasons for living apart from her husband for in 1665 she was still living in Scituate when, as Lydia Spring, she took oath to the statements which her son-in-law, Jonas Pickles, made to her as to his wishes regarding the disposition of his property after his death."(40) Pope incorrectly identifies "widow, Grace Hatch" as the widow of Thomas Hatch of Scituate in 1646 when he wrote "He [Thomas] died before June 14, 1646, when child Hanna was baptized inventory presented by widow Grace May 27, 1661.(41) The 1661 inventory presented for Thomas Hatch by Grace was for Thomas Hatch "of Barnstable, lately deceased."(42) It appears that Pope missed the fifteen-year time difference between the baptism of Hannah and the presentation of the inventory of Thomas Hatch of Barnstable. In addition to the court record above, there is another reference to Lydia Spring in the baptism record for Daniel Pryor, grandson of Thomas and Lydia. See the reference under Mary Hatch below.

Jeremiah, Alice and Hannah - Children of Thomas Hatch

Many writers mistakenly include Jeremiah, Hannah and Alice Hatch as the children of William. "Alice daughter of Thomas Hatch and Lydia his wife" was christened at Tenterden 25 September 1636. "Jeremiah, son of Thomas Hatch," was baptized 23 July 1626 at the parish of Wye.(43) Hannah was born in Scituate prior to 1646. Hannah "brought for baptism 14 June 1646 by the widow Hatch."(44) At the time Hannah was evidently a child of "several years"(45) and not an infant. There has been some controversy over the identity of the widow Hatch and therefore some controversy over the father of Hannah. In 1646 there were only two Hatch families in Scituate: Lydia, the widow of Thomas Hatch and Elder William Hatch and his wife Jane. Pope wrote that Grace, the wife of Thomas of Barnstable,(46) was the mother of Hannah.  Jane and Grace were both living and not widows in 1646. The christening record at Tenterden names Lydia as the mother of Alice Hatch. Jeremiah and Alice were the children of Thomas and Lydia. In 1646, Lydia was the widow of Thomas Hatch of Scituate and the mother of Hannah Hatch.

All the children of Elder William are identified in the christening/baptism records in England(47) and the departure record at Sandwich, co. Kent, England. Before William could leave England he needed a certificate verifying that he had taken the "oath of Supremacy & Allegeance." Such a certificate was issued to "William Hatch, of Sandwich, Merchant, and his wife, Jane, by Thomas Gardener, Vicar of St. Maries in Sandwich 17 March, 1634."(48) The certificate names William, his wife Jane, five children, Walter, John, William, Anne and Jane and six servants or apprentices, William Holmes, Joseph Ketchrell, Simon Ketcrell, Robert Jenings, Symon Sutton and Lidia Wells. The certificate names William's residence as Sandwich and implies, but does not state with certainty, that this was William's first trip to the colonies. Elizabeth French-Bartlett verified the list and made a "verbatim" copy in 1911 that was made from the original Sandwich records and then submitted a correction to the New England Historical Society.(49) The only changes she made on William and Jane were the spellings on the names of two of their servants. She changed Joseph Ketchrell and Simon Ketcrell to Joseph Ketchell and Simon Ketchell.

Savage incorrectly names William's children on the Hercules as William, Walter, Ann, Hannah, Jane, and Jeremiah. His account adds two children, Jeremiah and Hannah, and does not mention John. Savage could not account for the extra child. He believed that William came to the colonies before 1634 with his oldest child and then left that child alone in the colonies when he returned to England for the rest of his family. Savage wrote, "and this number is one more than he brought from England in 1635; so that I infer he had brought over, at a former time the eldest, and left him or her here, while he went for the rest of the family."(50) In 1634, William's oldest child, Walter, could not have been more than eleven years old, and he was a passenger on the Hercules. William didn't have a child to leave behind. Charles E. Banks lists four of the children: Walter, William, Anne, and Jane, but not John.(51) John was on the Hercules in 1634, and he was in Scituate in 1643 when he was listed on the "Able to Bear Arms List."(52) After 1643, there is no record of John and he is not named in his father's will in 1651.

William T. Davis made an interesting mix of the children of Thomas of Dorchester and Thomas of Scituate when he wrote, "Thomas of Dorchester and Scituate, 1634, had Jonathan, William, Thomas; Alice, m. John Pickels; and Hannah, born after 1646."(53) Davis named Jonathan, son of Thomas of Dorchester and four of the children of Thomas of Scituate. Dean incorrectly named Jeremiah as the son of Elder William. Dean was correct when he wrote that Jeremiah was a shipbuilder in Scituate and that his son, Jeremiah, was also a shipbuilder(54) Jeremiah was a shipbuilder in Scituate and later he surveyed the land that became Hanover. He owned large tracts of land in Hanover that he bequeathed to his children. The History of Hanover states that Jeremiah was "often a Deputy to the colony Court, a surveyor, Selectman and in short a man of great usefulness. The surveys of at least 2000 acres of land in Hanover were made by him."(55)

"On 18 July 1677 [Jeremiah] bought of Phebe Hatch, granddaughter Elder William Hatch, the homestead of the latter, situated on Kent St., Scituate; and his ownership of this property has led some writers to regard Jeremiah Hatch as a son of Elder William."(56) Phebe Hatch inherited her property on Kent Street from her father, William Hatch, Junior, the son of Elder William. William Junior's will reads in part: "I give unto Phebee My Daughter the one halfe of my estate as it shal bee prised att the time of my Decease for to bee paid to her in the yeare 1668."(57) Once Phebe had title to the property, she was free sell it to anyone including her father's cousin.

Another argument by those who tried to prove Jeremiah was the son of Elder William is that Jeremiah received his inheritance before Elder William died, and therefore, he was not named in Elder William's will. Interestingly enough, the writers who believed Hannah and Alice were the daughters of Elder William are silent about Alice and Hannah not being named in Elder William's will although both were living and unmarried at the time of his death. Elder William left all of his land to his two remaining sons, Walter and William, Junior, in 1652. "All the Rest of my moveables goods lands and tenements I give and bequeath to my two sons Walter hatch and Willim hatch to them and theire heires forever to bee equeally Devided between them."(58) The Will of Elder William specifically refers to "my two sons," and he named the children of his daughters and made provisions for them as well as their unborn children.(59) Elder William did not name, or refer to, Jeremiah Hatch or Jeremiah's future children. Jeremiah was living and unmarried at the time and not a likely candidate to have been given his full inheritance, especially when the older Walter, who was married, had not received his share of the estate.

Perley Derby said, "For some unaccountable reason Jeremiah is not represented in his father's (the elder) will. But, all authorities agree, notwithstanding, that he must have been his son, from certain proofs and unmistakable evidence found on record. It is very probable he had at some time received his full proportion of worldly estate, making it unnecessary to notice him in said will."(60) Mr. Derby supported his position with a very confusing reference to a deed(61) for 14 acres of property that had belonged to John Huse [Hewes] the father of Jeremiah's wife, Mary. Abigail, another daughter of John Hewes had married William Hatch, Junior, the son of Elder William. William, Junior, his wife, Abigail, and their daughter, Phebe, all died prior to the will of John Hewes(62) dated 6 February 1671, and sworn 22 February 1674 and were not named in his will. John Hewes named his wife, Joanna; son, John Hewes; and son-in-law, Jeremiah Hatch.  Jeremiah was not named in the will of Elder William because he was not his son.  He was the Jeremiah Hatch, son of Thomas, baptized in Wye, Kent co., England July 23, 1626 (NEHGR 70:250-257).

On 30 May 1705, Jeremiah Hatch exchanged 14 acres of land located at a place called 'Drinkwater' which later became a part of Hanover for 20 acres belonging to William Parker. John Hewes originally owned the 14 acres which is not the property on Kent Street owned by Elder William and purchased in 1677 by Jeremiah from Phebe Hatch. Seven of Jeremiah's 14 acres were an inheritance from his father-in-law, John Hewes. The remaining seven acres evidently were originally meant for the other son-in-law of John Hewes, William Hatch, Junior, deceased, and without heirs. Jeremiah claimed the full 14 acres and the Scituate committee approved his claim. It was Jeremiah's claim to the second seven acres that led Mr. Derby to believe Jeremiah and William, Junior were brothers.(63) Each would have inherited seven acres because they were the sons-in-law of John Hewes, not because they were brothers. A similar inheritance occurred when William Hatch [son of Thomas] left his real property to his son, William [Junior], and son-in-law, John Barstow, not to his son and daughter, Lydia, wife of John Barstow.

Cutter was also mistaken in the identity of the children of Thomas and William.(64) He wrote that "William Hatch and wife, Jane, had the following children: Jane, who married John Lovell, Anne who married James Torre, Walter who married Elizabeth Holbrook, and Hannah who married Samuel Utley, William died in Virginia, Jeremiah died in 1713 (after his father whose will was dated 1651)." Cutter also called Jeremiah brother to Walter when he said: "Walter with his brother, Jeremiah, bought land in what is now Hanover." He went on to say that Elder William's brother was Thomas who settled Dorchester in 1634 and then later in Scituate. Possibly Mr. Cutter did not know there were two Thomases and assumed, Thomas had moved to Dorchester and that the Hatch children living in Scituate were the children of William.

"Jonas Pickles was married to Alice Hattee, December the 23, 1657."(65) Savage did not know who was the father of Alice. In one place he wrote, "Thomas Hatch, of Dorchester, freeman 14 May 1634, removed to Scituate, there died about 1646; but he had probably gone to Barnstable before 1643, and may have returned left Jonathan, William, Thomas, Alice, who married 1657, Jonas Pickels, and Hannah, baptized 1646, perhaps posthumous." Here he named Alice as the daughter of Thomas. On page 424 Savage wrote, "Jonas [Pickles], of Scituate 1650, married 1657, Alice, daughter of William Hatch." On page 575 he wrote "Thomas Rose, of Scituate, before 1660, had John, Gideon . . . Thomas, and perhaps others; married second wife 1666, Alice, widow of Jonas Pickels, daughter of Elder William Hatch, and had Jeremiah."(66) Savage named Alice three times in his book. He named her the daughter of Thomas of Dorchester and Scituate once and the daughter of Elder William twice. Pope did not mention Alice. The parish birth records are proof that Jeremiah and Alice were the children of Thomas Hatch of Scituate. This is supported by the fact that they were not on the passenger list for the Hercules, and were not named in Elder William's will.

In 1680, brothers Jeremiah Hatch and Thomas Hatch were among those living above the mill brook who were exempted from a church tax after new boundaries had been drawn for a second church and they were living outside the boundaries.(67) Jeremiah married Mary Hewes, daughter of John Hewes, in 1657 and had 15 children: Mary (1658), Jeremiah (1660), Joanna (1662), Lydia (born and died c1664), Mercy or Marcy (1665), John (1666), Elizabeth F. (1668), Lydia (1669), Phebe (1671), James (1674), Anna (1677), Deborah (1678), Israel (c1680), and Joseph (c1684). Alice married Jonas Pickels in 1657 and had five children: Jonah (1658), Marcy or Mercy (1650), Nathan (1661), and Lydia (1662).(68) Hannah married Samuel Utley 6 December 1658. They had two children: Lydia (1659) and Samuel (c1662).

William, Thomas, and Mary - also children of Thomas Hatch

Thomas and Lydia had at least three other children, William, Thomas and a daughter known as Mary. William is discussed below. "Thomas, the son of Thomas Hatch was baptized 9 November" 1638 at the parish of Wye.(69) He married Sarah Elmes 4 February 1662/1663 and had 11 children in Scituate: Sarah (1664), Lydia (1666), Mary (1668), Thomas (1670), Keturah (1672), Hannah (1673), Rodolphus (1674), Margaret (1677), Abigail (1678), Joseph (1682) and Jeremiah (1684).(70) Thomas died at Scituate in 1686 at the age of 58. The inventory of his estate was made by William and Jeremiah Hatch,(71) his brothers.

Little is known about Mary. Perhaps this daughter of Thomas and Lydia was not even named Mary. Savage wrote that Daniel Pryor was married to "Mary"(72) and his son was the grandson of Lydia Hatch Spring. Mary was probably born about 1631 in co. Kent, England, and married Daniel Pryor before 1656 when their son, Daniel, was baptized. There is a baptism record in the Second Church of Scituate for Daniel Pryor of 6 July 1656 where he is called "Daniel grandchild to our sister Spring, and sonne to Daniel Pryor."(73) Mary probably died before her son was baptized as it was not unusual a grandparent to stand in at baptisms for a deceased parent.  There is also the possibility that there was another daughter, Lydia.

Confusion over the two Williams, cousins: William - son of Elder William and William - son of Thomas

Elder William and Thomas each named a son William. Both Williams were living when Elder William made his will which was witnessed by "William the son of Thomas Hatch."(74) William, the son of Elder William, was baptized at Wye 9 August 1629 and was on the Hercules with his parents. He married Abigail Hewes about 1652. They had two daughters in Scituate, Phebe and Lydia. Phebe died unmarried in Boston and Lydia must have died shortly after birth. William, Junior, the son of Elder William, died on a trip to Virginia between 13 September 1653, the date of his will, and 4 May 1657, when his will was proved.(75)

William, son of Thomas, was born about 1624 in co. Kent, England. He came to Scituate with his parents and died in Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts about 1702.(76) The hand written birth record of William's daughter states: "Lydia the daughter of William Hatch, Senr, (this William is the son of Thomas Hatch) born Jan 7th 1654." The record was written such that "this William is the son of Thomas Hatch" was written below the line with a caret pointing to William's name.(77) The additional note appears to be in the same handwriting as the author of the rest of the text. The printed version of the record reads, "Lydia, d. William Sr. (s. Tho[mas]), Jan. 7, 1654."(78) William, son of Thomas, married Susannah Annable in 1652.(79) They had at least three children: William, Junior who married Mary before 1687, and two daughters, Mary and Lydia. Mary must have died before her father made out his will. William, [son of William, Junior] and Mary had 10 children, probably all born in Swansea: William (1688), Mary (1690), Susannah (1693), Thomas (1694), Jeremiah (1695), John (c1697), and four other children named in the will of William, Jr., Lydia, Anna, Hannah, and Benjamin. Lydia Hatch daughter of William Hatch and Susannah Annable married John Barstow in 1678. They had seven children in Scituate: Job (1680), Jeremiah (1682), John (1684), Jerusha (1687), Susanna (1689), and twins Abigail and Lydia (1692).

There are many discrepancies concerning which William is the son of Thomas and which is the son of Elder William. William, Junior is the son of Elder William. William, the son of Thomas was not a "Junior." Savage wrote,

The discoverable truth is that William Hatch, Junior (the son of Elder William) married Abigail and died in Virginia. In his will dated 13 September 1653, William, Junior stated he was on a trip to Virginia and named his wife, Abigail, and his daughter, Phebe. The probate record dated 4 May 1657, refers to him as William, Junior(81) which makes him a son of William.  The William Hatch who was living after 1657, and probably a solider in Philip's war was William, the son of Thomas.

Dean wrote, "William, Senior was a soldier in Philip's War and received a grant of land in 1676. He left daughters, Mary born 1652, Lydia born 1654, Phebe, and Hannah, but probably no son."(82) William, Senior [son of Thomas] had one son, William [Junior]. Dean could be correct about daughters, Phebe and Hannah, if so, they did not survive childhood. William, Senior [son of Thomas] moved his family to Swansea in Bristol County, Massachusetts and later, his son, William [Junior], moved to Preston, New London, Connecticut. William, Senior's only two surviving children are named in a probate agreement dated 25 February 1702 between "William Hatch [Junior] of Swansea, Yeoman and the only son of William Hatch [Senior] (one party) & John Barstow of Scituate County of Plymouth, Mariner, in behalf of himself & Lydia, his wife, only dau. of said William Hatch [Senior] deceased (2nd party) dated 25 Feb 1702."(83) The agreement names two heirs of William, Senior [son of Thomas] at the time of his death - William, Junior and Lydia, the wife of John Barstow. William, Junior received William, Senior's land in Swansea, and John Barstow received William, Senior's land in Scituate.

Children of Elder William

Of the five children brought by William and Jane on the Hercules, Walter was probably the oldest and not Jane's son. Walter was born in England about 1623, and married Elizabeth Holbrook 6 May 1650. Walter and Elizabeth had eight children in Scituate: Hannah (1651), Samuel (1653), Jane (1655), Antipas (1658), Bethiah (1661), John (1664), Israel (1667), and Joseph (1669). He settled in the Two Mile "on a point of land northeast of Stoney cove, and southeast of the second Society's Meetinghouse"(84) which was joined to Marshfield in 1788. He built the corn and fulling mills in the Two Mile and was killed by lightning in a stable(85) in Scituate in March 1701.(86)Walter made two separate wills which have been preserved.  The first was superceded when his son, Antipas, became of "unsound mind" and a second will was written.  Of unusual interest is an agreement made between Walter and his brother, William, where Walter gives the names of some of his livestock.

John was living at Scituate in August 1643, when he is named among those able to bear arms.(87) John died before 5 November 1651, as he is not mentioned in his father's will (88) No children are named for John. He probably was unmarried.

Anne married Lieutenant James J. Torrey, the town clerk, 2 November 1643 and had ten children in Scituate:(89) James (1644), William (1646), Joseph (1648), Damaris (1651), Jonathan (1654), Mary (1656), Josiah (1658), Sarah (1660), Joanna (1663), and Bethia (1665). After James' death 6 July 1665,(90) Anne may have married John Phillips at Marshfield on 3 April 1677.(91) Ann died about 1691.

William, Junior, married Abigail Hewes before 1853, when his daughter, Lydia, was born. Their children are discussed above.

Jane married John Lovell about 1650, and removed to Weymouth.(92) They were the parents of nine children: John (before 1651), Elizabeth (1655/1657), Phebe (1655/1656), John (1658), Elizabeth (1660), James (1662), William (1664/1665), Andrew (1668), and Jane (1670).

Elder William had two sons who died at Wye before he embarked for the Colonies, Andrew and an unnamed newborn son who are identified under Elder William Hatch above.

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1. Elizabeth French, "Genealogical Research in England - Hatch," New England Genealogical and Historical Register (NEHGR) (Boston: NE Hist. and Gen. Soc., July, 1916), 70:245-260. Ms. French later married J. Gardner Bartlett and continued writing genealogy articles and books under the name of Elizabeth French Bartlett or Elizabeth Bartlett.

2. French, 258. "The unproved will of Walter Hatch and the document containing the division of the personal estate of his father are [1916] in the possession of one of Walter Hatch's descendants, Israel H. Hatch of Marshfield, Mass., who has kindly permitted the writer to have access to his voluminous family papers." (French 258) The Documents of Israel H. Hatch were given to the Mayflower Descendant in 1937 by Richard Warren Hatch. "Gift from "Mr. Richard Warren Hatch: Nineteen Notebooks relating to the Hatch family, written by his grandfather, Israel H. Hatch" (Mayflower Descendant 34:141).

3. French, 249.

4. French, 248-249, 255. Tenement: ten-e-ment ['ten@m@nt] n. 4 a - a piece of land held by an owner. b - Law any kind of permanent property, e.g. lands or rents, held from a superior. [ME f. OF f. med. L tenementum f. tenere hold] (The Oxford Dictionary).

5. A yeoman is a common man, or one of the plebeians, of the first or most respectable class; a freeholder; a man free born. A yeoman in England is considered as next in order to the gentry. The word is little used in the United States, unless as a title in law proceedings and instruments, designating occupation, and this only in particular states. But yeomanry is much used. (2) An officer in the kings household, of a middle rank between a gentleman and a groom. (3) In ships, an inferior officer under the boatswain, gunner or carpenters, charged with the stowage, account and distribution of the stores. (4) A name or title of certain soldiers; as yeomen of the guard (Webster's 1828 Dictionary).

6. Pope, 218.

7. French, 250-251. From the original license in the Diocesan Registry, Canterbury, partially printed in Cowper's Canterbury Marriage Licences, Series 2, column 471. "Although in the marriage licence of 9 July 1624 William Hatch is described as a bachelor, it seems necessary to assume that this statement is incorrect and is probably due to a clerical error. In a will dated 3 Mar. 1681/2, signed by Walter Hatch, son of Elder William, 4 Mar. 1681/2, but never proved, Walter Hatch gives his age as '59 yeares,' and therefore he was born about 1623. In Aug. 1643 Walter Hatch is on the list of those able to bear arms, that is, he was then at least 16 years of age. In the will of his father, dated 5 Nov. 1651, Walter Hatch is named before his brother William. In the division of the personal estate of his father he signs first, and the document is in his handwriting. In various other documents in which he is named with his only surviving brother, William, he is always named first. Walter, therefore must have been the eldest son of Elder William, and the child of a marriage contracted earlier than 1624" (French 258).

8. French, 258. Draper, n. One who sells cloths; a dealer in cloths; as a linen-draper or woolen-draper (Webster's 1828 Dictionary).

9. French, 250.

10. French, 258.

11. French, 258.

12. Flemish: of or relating to Flanders or its people or language or culture; ``the Flemish population of Belgium"; "Flemish painters.'' Pertains to noun Flanders. Flanders -- a medieval country in northern Europe that included regions now parts of northern France and Belgium and southwestern Netherlands. WordNet 1.6 Vocabulary Helper by Greg Peterson <peterson@notredame.ac.jp>

13. J. R. Hutchinson, English Origins of American Colonists, "Some Notable Depositions from the High Court of Admiralty" (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., c1991), 186-188. Pictures and diagrams of the Mayflower and Mayflower II can be found on Caleb Johnson's Mayflower Pages. <http://members.aol.com/calebj/mayflower.html> The Mayflower was larger, not Flemish, and carried a slightly smaller cargo, but provides an idea of what the Hercules was like. Thomas Langford also has a web page on early ships and passengers lists.

14. Dean, Samuel 1784-1834, History of Scituate, Massachusetts, Boston, 1831, page 280.

15. Scituate Chamber of Commerce, Scituate 1636-1961, Scituate, 1936.

16. New England Historical and Genealogical Register (NEHGR) (Boston: NE Hist. and Gen. Soc., Jan. 1897), 4:320. A Planter is one that plants, sets, introduces or establishes; as a planter of maize; a planter of vines; the planters of a colony. Planter as used here then is "One that settles in a new or uncultivated territory; as the first planters in Virginia."(Webster's 1828 Dictionary), see also Banks, Planters of the Commonwealth ix.

17. Thomas Lechford, Esq., Note-book, ed. Edward Everett Hale, Junior (Camden, Me.: Picton Press, 1988), 140, 163-4.

18. French, 260.

19. The church of the Pilgrims was organized around five officers: pastor, teacher, elder, deacon, and deaconess (sometimes called the "church widow"). However, none of the five offices was considered essential to the church. The Pastor was an ordained minister whose responsibility was to see to the religious life of the congregation. . .The Teacher was also an ordained minister who was responsible for the instruction of the congregation. . . The Elder was a lay-person responsible for church government, and he was also the church's eyes and ears, assisting the Pastor and Teacher in admonishing the congregation (Johnson, , Mayflower Pages, "The Pilgrim's Religious Beliefs"). <http://members.aol.com/calebj/mayflower.html> See also Eugene Aubrey StrattonASG, Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691 (Salt Lake City: AncestryPublishing 1986), 60-61, 80; and Savage 2:375.

20. James A. Savage, James, Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England (Boston: Baltimore Gen. Pub. Co., 1860-62. Reprint Baltimore: 1986; Ancestry, Inc, 1997), 2:375-376. Charles Henry Pope, Pioneers of Massachusetts (Baltimore, reprint, Maryland: Gen. Pub. Co., 1977, 1986 and SLC: Ancestry, Inc., 1997), 2:375.

21. Peirce, 74.

22. Stratton, 443. French, 258. Train"band, n. A band or company of an organized military force instituted by James I and dissolved by Charles II (Webster Dictionary, 1913).

23. Dean, 117. Ebenezer W. Pierce, Civil, Military and Professional Lists of Plymouth and Rhode Island Colonies - 1621-1700. "1633, July 1st. That all and every person within the colony be subject to such military order for trayning and exercise of arms as shall be thought meet agreed on and prescribed by the Govr and Assistants." and "1640. That the inhabitants of every Towne within the Government fitt and able to beare armes, be trayned at lease six tymes in the yeare." (Pierce 77).

24. C. H. Simmons, Junior, Ed., Records, Wills and Inventories 1633-1669, "Will of Elder William Hatch" (Camden, Maine: Picton Press 1996), 1:105-106. Pope, 218. Dean, History of Scituate, 396.

25. Savage, 2:375. Pope, 218.

26. Savage, 3:26.

27. L.D.S. Church, Family History Library, Extraction Record for Kent county, England (1558-1837), Batch M008391. Source Call Numbers V21Wn V.2 book, printout film 0883783. IGI 3.04, British Isles.

28. French, 256.

29. Dean, History of Scituate, 280.

30. Savage, 2:357.

31. French, 256.

32. Stratton, Appendix J, 439. Shurtleff, Plymouth Colony Records, 8:187-96. Pierce, 73-74.

33. "The United Colonies in their Constitution of 19 May 1643, among other matters, provided that each colony's commissioners would submit from time to time 'a true accounte and number of all their males…of what qualitie or condition soever they be, from 16 years old to 60' resident in their respective colonies (Bradford [Ford] 2:356). Note on the following list the names of 'Mr. Bradford,' the governor, and ministers such as Mr. John Reyner and Mr. Charles Chauncy. The records show that the court excused specifically only a few men from this list because they were not able bodied, such as George Pidcock (PCR 2:67). Thus the list would seem to be fairly complete in giving us the names of almost all adult males in 1643, and that of course is its value. A bit of caution is necessary, though, for not all names were necessarily entered in 1643, and some may have been put on the list in 1644 or later. Some men are on the list for two towns, indicating that in 1643 they lived in one town, but later moved to another and had their names added to the other's" (Stratton 439).

34. Dean, History of Scituate, 280.

35. French, 257.

36. Anabaptists: A nickname of the Baptist Dissenters; so called because, in the first instances, they had been baptized in infancy, and were again baptized on a confession of faith in adult age. The word means the twice-baptized. (Dictionary of Phrase and Fable.) Anabaptist \An`a*bap"tist\, n. [LL. anabaptista, fr. Gr. as if 'anabaptisth`s: cf. F. anabaptiste.] A name sometimes applied to a member of any sect holding that rebaptism is necessary for those baptized in infancy. In more modern times the name has been applied to those who do not regard infant baptism as real and valid baptism. Anabaptism n : belief in: the primacy of the Bible; baptism of believers not infants; complete separation of church and state [syn: {Anabaptism}] (Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1913). Anabaptists . . . believed that baptism was essentially an initiation ceremony into the churchhood of believers, and therefore could only be administered to believing adults who understood the meaning of the ceremony (Johnson, "The Pilgrim's Religious Beliefs."). <http://members.aol.com/calebj/mayflower.html

37. Dean, History of Scituate, 280.

38. Christened is baptized and named; initiated into Christianity (Webster's 1828 Dictionary).

39. New Plymouth Colony, Plymouth Colony Records (PCR) (Boston : W. White, 1855-1861 Printed by Order of the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Ma. Reprint New York: AMS Press, 1968 as Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in NewEngland1620-1691,), "Court Orders" (Boston: 1855-1861), 3:174, quoted in French 256.

40. French, 256. Simmons, "The Will of Jonas Pickles," 2:30.

41. Pope, 218.

42. Simmons, "Inventory of Thomas Hatch of Barnstable," 2:504.

43. French, 250.

44. French, 257. "Hannah, daughter of Thomas Hatch baptized at Scituate 14 June 1646, being presented by her mother 'widow Hatch' and being then evidently a child several years old and not an infant; m. at Scituate 6 Dec 1658, Samuel Utley" (French 257). "Hannah, daughter of Widow Hatch bp 14 Jun 1646" (Scituate Vital Statistics to the year 1850,1:173, Births).

45. French, 257.

46. Pope, 218. "Thomas Hatch at Barnstable in 1643. Removed to Scituate. He died before June 14, 1646, when child Hanna was baptized [at Scituate] inventory presented by widow Grace May 27, 1661" (Pope 218). If this were true, then the presentation of Thomas' inventory would be 15 years after his death..

47. French, 250.

48. "Two Early Passenger Lists, 1635-1637," NEHGR(Boston: NE Hist. and Gen. Soc., July, 1921) 75:219. "[E]xistence of these lists has long been known, although for a time their exact location in the records was forgotten, this [1921] is the first time they have been printed in complete form. Partial copies, omitting the names of the children and also of the individuals grouped under the heading 'Servants,' but giving the numbers of such persons accompanying the various heads of families were first printed by William Boys in his History of Sandwich, published at Canterbury, England, 1786-1792, 750 and 752. In 1843, in Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Series 3, vol 8, 274-276, the late James Savage, as a part of his article entitled 'Gleanings for New England History,' reprinted these lists from the History of Sandwich, and suggested that the name of each child and servant, perhaps the age also, might be found in the original record. The lists were reprinted again, in a more concise form, in the Register, vol. 15 pages 28-29 (January 1861), and also, from the Register in Samuel G. Drake's Founders of New England, Boston, 1860, 82-85. The late Horatio G. Somerby also copied these lists from History of Sandwich, and his copy, preserved in the Somerby Manuscripts, vol. 3, 58-61, differs from Savage's printed copy only in punctuation and occasionally in capitalization. The lists do not appear in Hotten's Original Lists,' New York, 1874" (NEHGR 75:217).

49. Elizabeth French Bartlett, "Two Early Passenger Lists: Additions and Corrections." NEHGR 74:108, 1921.

50. Savage, 2:375-6.

51. Banks, Charles Edward, Planters of the Commonwealth - 1620-1640 ( 1930, reprint Baltimore: Gen. Publ. Co.1961), 114-117 quoted from Journal, I, 127; comp. Gen. Reg. LXXV, 217 and LXXIX, 107.

52. NEHGR, "Two Passenger Lists" 75:219. Shurtleff, NEHGR "List of Those Able to Bear Arms in the Colony of New Plymouth in 1643," 4:257. Pierce, 74. John would have been 18 years old in 1643.

53. William Thomas Davis, Genealogical Register of Plymouth Families (Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1975), 130.

54. Dean, History of Scituate, 280.

55. History of Hanover, 214.

56. French, 257.

57. "Will of William Hatch, Junior" (SLC: Gen. Soc. Of Ut.) Docket No. 9612A., FHL microfilm 0567794, Vol. 2 1654-1668, part 1 page 44. Simmons, "Will of William Hatch, Junior," 2:44-45.

58. William Hatch, Senior [Son of Thomas] (1624-1702), "Probate Record," "Agreement & Settlement of Estate." (SLC: Gen. Soc. Of Ut.) Docket No. 9612, 1702/1703, Book 2:10. FHL microfilm 0550748.

Simmons, "Will of Elder William Hatch," 1:105-106.

59. Elder William's background regarding inheritance of real property would have come from his home county of co. Kent, England and the inheritance customs of his ancestors - documented by the wills published by Elizabeth French. Of all the counties in England, Kent stood alone in its laws regarding the passing of real property. "The descent of gavelkind land, in the right line, is to all the sons equally, but the hearth for fire shall remain to the youngest sonne; if there be one son only, then wholly to such only son, as at common law." (Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (London: S. Lewis and Company, 1831, reprint 19960, 2:495). In a broad nutshell, Gavelkind land refers to freehold land with or without tenants. There were more freeholders in Kent than any other county in England. Lewis further explains that "if there were no sons the land would go to the daughters and if no children, then to collateral descendants." This is not in keeping with the general English custom of primogeniture where the eldest son inherits the real property. Incidently, Elder William's youngest son, William, ended up with the "hearth for fire" or the house on Kent street which is evidenced by the fact the William Junior's daughter, Phebe, owned the house in 1677 when she sold it to Jeremiah.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) defines Primogeniture as: (1) The state of being the firstborn of the same parents; seniority by birth among children of the same family. (2) (Eng. Law) The exclusive right of inheritance which belongs to the eldest son. Thus in England the right of inheriting the estate of the father belongs to the eldest son, and in the royal family the eldest son of the sovereign is entitled to the throne by primogeniture. In exceptional cases, among the female children, the crown descends by right of primogeniture to the eldest daughter only and her issue.

60. Derby, The Descendants of William Hatch of Scituate, Massachusetts; collected by Perley Derby (Salem, Mass.: Observer Steam Book and Job Printing Rooms, 1873-1874), 9-10.

61. Derby, 19.

62. Mayflower Descendant, "Abstract of the Will of John Hewes," (Boston: MA. Soc. of Mayflower Desc., 1937), 34:112.

63. Derby, 9-10. "The following deed affords evidence in support of the above assertion. He had married a daughter of John Huse, who was mentioned in her father's will; his brother William had early deceased in Virginia, and his daughter Phebe, his only child, who subsequently removed to Boston, had also died some time previous, leaving her father entirely without issue, which somewhat explains the pharasecology in an exchange of 14 acres with William Parker for 20 acres, May 30, 1705. Seven of the 14 acres were granted to the successors of John Huse, and the balance, "to the successors of William Hatch Junior ye son of William Hatch the Elder. which grants of 14 acres granted by the present Committee ye 9th day of March 1702-3, and claimed by ye sd Hatch as the lawful successor to said John Huse and William Hatch: and sd land bounded as pr. 2d Book of deeds p. 19 & exchanged with William Parker and was by order of said William Parker laid out to said Jeremiah Hatch March 25, 1703, being at a place called Drinkwater in Scituate." His being successor to the estate of William Hatch, Junior and the same expression being used or applied to W, Parker, as successor to his father Wm Parker, seems to make the matter very clear." (Derby 9-10.)

64. William Richard Cutter, Ed., New England families, genealogical and memorial (reprint Baltimore, Md.: Clearfield Co. 1994), 1:299-310.

65. Shurtleff, 49.

66. Savage, 2:375, 3:424, 3:575.

67. Pratt, Harvey Hunter, The Early Planters of Scituate (Rockland, Mass.: Scituate Hist. Soc., 1929), 78.

68. Vital Records of Scituate Massachusetts to the year 1850, (New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, 1909).

69. French, 250.

70. Thomas Hatch Probate & Inventory, June 1686. Plymouth Colony Wills, Volume 4 1683-1686(Gen. Soc.: SLC) Family History Library Film 0567794, 4:152-153, Scituate, MA. (The very end of the film).

71. Plymouth Colony Wills, 1683-1686, 4:152 & 153

72. French, 257, footnote quoting Savage 3:488 which states that "Daniel Prior or Pryor had a wife Mary." French further quoted the records of the Second Church of Scituate, under date of 6 July 1656, the baptism of "Daniel grandchild to our sister Spring, and sonne to Daniel Prior."

73. Records of the Second Church of Scituate in Savage, 3:488 and Pope, 216.

74. Simmons, "Will of Elder William Hatch," 1:105-106.

75. William Hatch, Junior, "Will" Vol.2 1654-1668 part 1 page 44. Simmons, "Will of William Hatch, Junior," 2:44-45.

76. French, 256.

77. Vital and Town Records of the town of Scituate, Massachusetts, 1640-1847, Births (SLC: Gen. Soc. of Ut., 1965). Microfilm.

78. Vital Records of the Town of Scituate to 1850. 2 vol. (Boston: New Engl. Hist. Gen. Soc., 1909), 175.

79. French, 257. Shurtleff, Records of the Colony of New Plymouth, 28. Vital Records of Scituate, Marriages, 145. Stratton, 245. Savage, 1:56, 2:376.

80. Savage, 2:376.

81. William Hatch, Junior, "Will," Vol.2 1654-1668 part 1, page 44. Simmons, "Will of William Hatch, Junior," 2:44-45.

82. Dean, History of Scituate, 280.

83. William Hatch, Senior [son of Thomas 1624-1702], "Probate Record, Agreement & Settlement of Estate," Docket No. 9612, 1702/1703, Book 2:10. FHL microfilm 0550748.

84. Dean, History of Scituate.

85. L. Vernon Briggs, History and Genealogy of the Briggs Family, 1254-1937, 1938.

86. French, 258-259. Savage, 2:375. Perley Derby, The Descendants of William Hatch of Scituate, Mass., (Salem, Mass.: 1874) in Allen H. Brent, "Col. Jabez Hatch, His ancestry and Descendants," NEHGR (Boston: NE Hist. and Gen. Soc., Jan. 1897), 51:34.

87. PCR 1:21, 8:187-96 in "The 1643 Able to Bear Arms List," NEHGR 9:279, 10:42, 14:101-04; French 259; Stratton 443. According to the list, Scituate was the second largest town in the colony. Plymouth was the largest town.

88. Simmons, "Will of Elder William Hatch,"1:105-106.

89. French, 259. Pope, 458. Savage, 2:376. Scituate Vital Records, 140.

90. Deane, 359, 405. "In our account of the family of Torrey, we mentioned a tradition that Josiah [sic, James] lost his life by an explosion of gunpowder. We made this statement from tradition: but having discovered an important error, we add the following extract from the Church Records of Roxbury. "July 5, 1665, there happened a very sad accident at Scituate. Lieut. Torrey, having received order from the Gov. of Plymouth (by reason of the king's letter, that informs us that the Hollanders are coming against us) to look to the powder and ammunition of the towne; he went into the house of Goodman Ticknor, where the magazine of the town was, which was but two barrels of powder and opened them: and while the said Lieut. was drying some of the powder abroad upon boards, by some accident, he knows not what, the powder was fired, both that in the house and the abroad, the house blown up and broken in pieces, and the woman of the house, Goodwife Ticknor miserably burnt on her body (for it seems that she was at that instant, stepping up on the barrel that was in the house, to reach something) and a little child was sadly burnt, and buried in the rubbish and timber: but the woman and child lived several hours after, (about ten or eleven.) Also the Lieut. was sadly burnt in his breast, face, hands and armes, yet he lived till the next day, and then died." The unfortunate gentleman was the father of Josiah, and town Clerk at the time of his decease. The wife of Serjeant Ticknor, who perished by this accident, was Hannah, the daughter of Mr. John Stockbridge." (Dean 405.)

91. French, 259.

92. French, 259. Savage, 2:376.

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Ancestry.com. Online Genealogy Library. 1998. <www.ancestry.com>.

Banks, Charles Edward (1854-1931). Planters of the Commonwealth - 1620-1640. Baltimore: Gen. Pub. Co., 1930, 1961. Reprint with corrections, Baltimore: Gen. Pub. Co., 1984.) A study of the Emigrants and Emigration in Colonial Times: to which are added Lists of Passengers to Boston and to the Bay Colony; the Ships which brought them; their English Homes, and the Places of their Settlement in Massachusetts. "Colonel Banks did a considerable amount of research on the English origins of Plymouth and other early New England settlers, and these books are valuable as clues for further research. However, as with other sources, nothing should be assumed to be necessarily correct without adequate contemporary documentation." (Stratton, 383). Dewey No. 929 .3, LOC No. F67 .B19.

---. Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England, 1620-1650. Edited by Elijah Ellsworth Brownell. Third Ed. Baltimore: Gen. Pub. Co., 1963. "The Topical Dictionary . . . should be used with caution, having been published from Banks' notes after his death by one who was not as careful as Banks himself" (Stratton 383). Dewey No.929.174 B226t, LOC F3 .B35, 1963.

Bradford, William. Of Plimouth Plantation 1620-1687. Ed. Samuel Eliot Morison. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, New York, 1953. "There are many editions, but the best are the two-volume edition edited by Worthington C. Ford and published by the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1912, and the one-volume edition edited by Samuel Eliot Morison. Ford keeps to the original spelling and punctuation used by Bradford, and gives extremely informative, wide-ranging footnotes. Morison, while keeping to the original sense, has edited Bradford's writing into something more easily understood by modern readers, and Morison's footnotes have the benefit of more recent research than Ford's, but are not as comprehensive. The beginning reader will find Morison's version to be a better introduction, but scholars will find Ford's to be more valuable."(Stratton 380) Written 1630-1654. Other additions 1908 Davis edition, most editions are essentially identical)." LOC No. F68 .B8073, 1983, 1981. Can be found on the Internet at Caleb Johnson's Mayflower Pages. <http://members.aol.com/calebj/mayflower.html>

Brent, Allen H., Col. "Jabez Hatch, His Ancestry and Descendants," New England Historical and Genealogical Record ( NEHGR). Boston: N. E. Hist. And Gen. Soc., Jan. 1897, 4:34. Allen H. Bent of Boston was a member of the N. E. Historic Genealogical Society. The article was taken from Perley Derby's The Descendants of William Hatch of Scituate, Mass. Pamphlet. (Salem, Ma.: Observer Steam Book and Job Printing Rooms, 1874). Dewey No. 929.06/N44; LOC F1 .N56, 1897 4:34.

Brewer, E. Cobham. Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. 1870. Reprinted online from the new and enlarged edition of 1894. This classic work of reference - described as a browser's joy - has been in popular demand since 1870. The Dictionary is extensively cross referenced, lending itself ideally, to the hypertext environment. This First Hypertext Edition is taken from Dr. Brewer's substantially revised and extended edition of 1894. <www.mk.net/~dt/Bibliomania/Reference/PhraseAndFable/>.

Briggs, L. Vernon. History and Genealogy of the Briggs Family, 1254-1937. Boston, Priv. Print., C.E. Goodspeed & Co.1938. LOC CS71.B854.

Cutter, William Richard, 1847-1918. New England families, genealogical and memorial: a record of the achievements of her people in the making of commonwealths and the founding of a nation . Compiled under the editorial supervision of William Richard Cutter. 1913. Reprint, Baltimore, Md.: Clearfield Co., Reprint, 1994. Dewey No. 929/ .2/0973 21; LOC F3 .C98 1994.

Davis, Walter Goodwin, 1885-1966. The ancestry of Joseph Neal, 1769-c. 1835, of Litchfield, Maine. Newburyport, MA: Parker River Researchers, 1988. Neal family. Recommended as a good source of information on the Hatches of Scituate. Davis used the work of Elizabeth French (NEHGR 70:245-460) as the basis of his research, pages 111-122. CS71.N345 1988.

Davis, William Thomas. Ancient Landmarks of Plymouth. 2nd ed. Boston: 1899. Reprint, Baltimore: Gen. Pub. Co., 1975, 1985. "[T]he second part of which is of most interest to genealogist is available as Genealogical Register of Plymouth Families. Loved by beginning genealogists because it gives so much genealogical information on Plymouth Families, and frequently looked down on by experienced genealogists because it contains a high percentage of error, it can be a very valuable research aid provided that readers use it only for clues and never claim a line just because it was found in Davis" (Stratton 384). LOC No. F 74 .P8 D174x 1899; LOC F74.P8 D173 1975; and Microfilm 84/7021 (F).

Deane, Samuel, 1784-1834. History of Scituate, Massachusetts. Boston: James Loring, 1831. Reprint, No. Scituate, Ma.: Bates & Vinal, 1899. "Deane gives helpful historical and geographical information on Scituate. Where he cites original records, such as on the Vassall controversy, he is very good, but his genealogical sketches contain much error and should not be relied on" (Stratton 384). LOC No. F 74 .S3 D25 and Microfilm 85/635 (C); FHL microfilm 0369741.

Derby, Perley. The Descendants of William Hatch of Scituate, Massachusetts. Collected by Perley Derby. Salem, Mass.: Observer Steam Book and Job Printing Rooms, 1874. Pamphlet consisting of 23 pages. FHL microfilm.  Available through Higginson Books.

French, Elizabeth, (Mrs. J. Gardner Bartlett). "Genealogical Research in England - Hatch," New England Genealogical and Historical Register. Boston: N. E. Hist. And Gen. Soc., July, 1916, 70:245-260. Dewey No. 929.06/N44 Vol. 70; LOC F1 .N56 1916.

French-Bartlett, Elizabeth, "Two Early Passenger Lists: Additions and Corrections." New England Genealogical and Historical Register. Boston: N. E. Hist. And Gen. Soc., July, 1921, 74:108. Dewey No. 929.06/N44 Vol. 70; LOC F1 .N56 1916.

Hatch, Thomas (1628), "Probate and Inventory, June 1686, Plymouth Colony Wills, Volume 4 1683-1686. (Gen. Soc., SLC) Family History Library Film 0567794, 4:152-153, Scituate, MA. (The very end of the film).

Hatch, William, Junior [Son of Elder William] (1629-1663/1665), "Will", Docket No. 9612A. SLC: Gen. Soc. Of Ut. FHL microfilm 0567794. Vol. 2 1654-1668 part 1 page 44.

Hatch, William, Senior [Son of Thomas] (1624-1702), "Probate Record." Docket No. 9612, 1702/1703, "Agreement & Settlement of Estate." SLC: Gen. Soc. Of Ut. Book 2:10. FHL microfilm 0550748.

Hutchinson, J. R. "Some Notable Depositions from the High Court of Admiralty," English Origins of American Colonists. Baltimore, Md. : Genealogical Pub. Co., c1991 and Orem, Ut: Ancestry, Inc, online database, 1997. Dewey No. 929/.3/0892/073, LOC No. E184.B7E54 1991. <Ancestry.com>.

Johnson, Caleb. Mayflower Pages. 1998. An outstanding web site and database on the Mayflower and Plymouth Colony. <members.aol.com/calebj/mayflower. html>, 1998.

Joyce, David Pane. Scituate Genealogy. 1998. An excellent web site and database on Scituate genealogy. <aleph0.clarku.edu/~djoyce/gen/scituate>.

Langford, Thomas. American Plantations and Colonies: Genealogy - Families, Ships, and Settlements. 1998. <http://www.primenet.com/~langford/gen_page.htm>.

LDS Church Family History Library (FHL), Salt Lake City, Utah. For more information see: <http://www.aros.net/~drwaff/slcfhl.htm>.

Lechford, Thomas ca. 1590-1644. Note-book kept by Thomas Lechford, Esq., lawyer, (ca. 1590-1644?) in Boston, Massachusetts Bay, from June 27, 1638, to July 29 1641. Ed. Edward Everett Hale, Junior. Camden, Me.: Picton Press, 1988. Dewey No. 929/ .3744 19; LOC F63.L43 1988.

Lewis, Samuel. A Topographical Dictionary of England. London: S. Lewis and Company, 1831, 1996. Vol. 1,. BYU: DA625 .L67: History/Rel Ref - Level 4. <Ancestry.com>, 1998.

Mayflower Descendant. Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants: Boston, 1899-1937. "Originally published under the editorship of George Ernest Bowman of the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants in thirty-four volumes between 1899 and 1937, it has recently been revived by the same publisher with Alicia C. Williams as editor. Long out of print, the original thirty-four volumes can now be obtained on microfiche from the publisher, and the current journal is available by subscription form 101 Newbury Street, Boston, MA 02116. These journals contain an unparalleled collection of original source material (vital records, wills, deeds, inventories, letters, and more) together with some documented articles of genealogical interest, and is indispensable for any serious study of the history or genealogy of colonial Plymouth (that is, it covers much more than the Plymouth Colony period, but goes up to about the time of the American Revolution, and in some cases a little beyond)" (Stratton 380-381). Dewey No. 929.05 M45, LOC F68 .M46. Reprinted by Heritage Books, 1998 see <www.heritagebooks.com>.

New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Boston: NE Hist. and Gen. Soc. "The dean of American genealogical journals over its 140 years has printed many articles of interest to Plymouth Colony historians and genealogists. The Register is known for its high level of scholarship, though some of the articles contain known errors, and all must depend ultimately on the adequacy of their documentation." (Stratton 386.) Dewey No.929.06/N44, LOC F1 .N56.

New Plymouth Colony, Plymouth Colony Records (PCR), Miscellaneous Records 1633-1689, 12 Volumes reprinted as 6. Boston : W. White, 1855-1861 Printed by Order of the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Ma. Reprint New York: AMS Press, 1968 as Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England 1620-1691. Vols. 1-4 edited by Nathaniel B. Shurtleff and Vols. 5-6 edited by David Pulsifer. Reprinted 12 volumes in 6 books and reprinted with Plymouth Colony Vital Records, a Supplement from The Mayflower Descendant by George Ernest Bowman. Baltimore, 1979. Volumes 1-3 are Court orders 1633-1691; Volume 4 is Judicial Acts 1636-1692 and Miscellaneous records 1633-1689; Volume 5 is Acts of the Commissioners 1643-1679; and Volume 6 is Laws 1623-1682, Deeds and Miscellaneous 1643-1679. Includes Indexes. "Along with Bradford's Of Plimouth Plantation, this set of original court records is our most valuable source of knowledge for the history of Plymouth Colony, and is also valuable to genealogists as a supplement to the vital records, wills, and deeds of the colony" (Stratton 382). Dewey 929/.3744 19, LOC F68.N55 1968, 1976; FHL microfiche 6046866 - 84 microfiche.

Plymouth Colony Wills, 1683-1686, Volume 4. SLC: Gen. Soc. Of Ut. FHL microfilm 0567794.

--- Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, Vol. 2, Court orders, 1641-1651, edited by Nathaniel Bradstreet Shurtleff, 1810-1874. Press of William White: Boston, 1855. Reprint Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. Dewey No. 929/.3744 21, LC Call No. F63.N483 1998

--- Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England, Vol. 8. Edited by Nathaniel B. Shurtleff. Genealogical Pub. Co.: Baltimore, 1976. Records of Plymouth Colony: births, marriages, deaths, burials, and other records, 1633-1689. Reprinted with Plymouth Colony vital records. F63.N48 1976.

Oxford Dictionary. Edited by H. W. Fowler. Oxford, 1967. LOC PE1628 .F6, 1967.

Paige, Lucius R. List of Freemen of Massachusetts, 1630-1691. Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc.: Baltimore, 1978. Originally published in NEHGR, 1849, January, April, July, October, 1849 as "List of Freemen." LOC F63 .P34, 1978.

Peirce, Ebenezer W. Civil, Military and Professional Lists or Plymouth and Rhode Island Colonies comprising Colonial, County and Town Officers, Clergymen, Physicians and Lawyers. With Extracts from Colonial and defining their Duties, 1621-1700. Genealogical Pub. Co., Inc.: Baltimore, 1968. Mr. Pierce is a resident member of the Old Colony Historical, the Pilgrim, and the New England Historic Genealogical Societies; corresponding Member of the new York Biographical and Wisconsin State Historical Societies. Dewey No. 929.374 P354, LOC F 68 .P37, 1968.

Pope, Charles Henry. Pioneers of Massachusetts. Boston, 1900. Reprint Genealogical Publishing Co.: Baltimore, Maryland, 1977, 1986. Pope's "work was based in part on the works of his predecessors (such as Savage) and in part on original research. That it contains a significant number of errors which should not detract from its overall value as clues for further genealogical research (and indeed Pope sometimes shows where to look for further information). The usual caveat stands, though, that 'proof' depends on adequate primary source documentation, and inclusion of a genealogical relationship in Pope is not in itself proof." (Stratton 387). LOC F63 .P822.

Pratt, Harvey Hunter. The Early Planters of Scituate. Scituate Historical Society: Rockland, Mass., 1929. FHL book 974.48 S1 H2p, microfiches (5) 6051011. Reprint Heritage Books, 1998, $24.00 at <www.heritagebooks.com>. The Library of Congress is in the process of acquisition.

Rounds, H. L. Peter, compiler. Abstracts of Bristol County Massachusetts Probate Records 1685-1745. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc.: Baltimore, 1897.

Savage, James. A. Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England. 4 Volumes. Boston, 1860-62. Reprint Genealogical Publishing Company: Baltimore, 1986. "One of the first places to check for genealogical information on seventeenth-century New England families, this was an enormous undertaking for its time. Though it has many errors, and it cannot be acceptable as adequate evidence, it remains of considerable value for clues." (Stratton 387.) Alphabetic by family name. (BYU under the History/Religion Section number Hist/Rel Ref CS69 .S28x 1990). <Ancestry.com>, 1998; LOC Call No. F7 .S26 1965.

Scituate Chamber of Commerce. Scituate 1636-1961. Scituate, Ma., 1936. Published for the 325th anniversary of Scituate in cooperation with the Scituate Historical Society.

Shurtleff, Nathaniel B. "List of Those Able to Bear Arms in the Colony of New Plymouth, 1643," New England Historical and Genealogical Register. New England Historical Society: Boston, July, 1850, 4:255. A copy of the list made in 1819 by the Commissioners appointed by the General Court which was checked by William S. Russell, Esq., of Plymouth the Register of Deeds who had custody of the original Old Colony Records. Dewey No. 929.06/N44 Vol. 4, LOC F1 .N56 1850.

Simmons, C. H., Junior Ed. Records, Wills and Inventories 1633-1669. Volumes 1 and 2 reprinted as one. Vol 1 Wills and inventories, 1633-1669 and 2 Wills. Includes bibliographical references and index. Ed. C.H. Simmons, Jr. Picton Press: Camden, Maine, c1996-). Dewey No.: 929/.374482 20, LC F63.S56 1996.

Stratton, Eugene Aubrey, FASG. Plymouth Colony: Its History and People, 1620-1691. Ancestry Publishing: Salt Lake City, 1986. Mr. Stratton is a former Historian General of the General Society of Mayflower Descendants. Plymouth Colony is a pioneering work, being one of the first attempts to combine history and genealogy in this particular way. As such, it immediately becomes a standard against which future compositions of a similar nature must be judge. [written by] Robert Charles Anderson, F.A.S.G." (Stratton, Forward x.) Dewey No. 974/ .02 19, LOC number F68 .S93, 1986. <Ancestry.com>, 1998.

Swansea Town Clerk. Swansea Town Records. Town of Swansea: Swansea, Ma. Book 1, Proprietors Records 1670-1718 Town of Swansea and Book 2, Town Meetings 1667-1793 Swansea. FHL microfilm 0903396.

Vital and Town Records of the town of Scituate, Massachusetts, 1640-1847. Genealogical Society of Utah: Salt Lake City, 1965. 2 Microfilm reels: Births, marriages and deaths, 1640-1801 film 0423512; Births, marriages and intentions, and deaths; Deeds of pews, divisions of fence, mortgages, laying out of roads, and burying grounds 1747-1847. FHL microfilm 0423513.

Vital Records of Scituate, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 Vol. I: Births and Vol. II Marriages and Deaths;. 2 volumes. New England Historic Genealogical Society: Boston, 1909, at the charge of the Eddy town-record fund, 1909. FHL book 974.48 S1 V2h vol. 1 only and on microfilm vol. 1 - 0496902 item 1, vol. 2 - 0014791 another filming of vol. 2 - 0873754 item 1; Dewey No. 929/ .3744/82, LOC F 74 .S3 S5. These books are reprints of the Vital and Records of the town of Scituate, but the names are placed in alphabetical order. The records are either chronological or in family groups on the records and have been microfilmed by the Salt Lake Genealogical Society as FHL film 0423512. See above.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary. Editor, Noah Porter. G & C. Merriam Co.: 1913. Reprinted at <www.refdesk.com/factdict.html and http://humanities.uchicag.edu/forms_unrest/webster.form. html>.

Webster, Noah (1758-1843). Webster's 1828 Dictionary. Reprint San Francisco, 1989. No other dictionary compares with the Webster's 1828 dictionary. The English language has changed again and again and in many instances has become corrupt. "The American Dictionary of the English Language" is based upon God's written word, for Noah Webster used the Bible as the foundation for his definitions. (Christian Technologies, Inc.) <www.refdesk.com/factdict.html> and <www.christiantech.com/>; Dewey 423 30, LOC PE1625. W3.

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