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The Bahamas DNA Project
(For anyone with direct male or direct female ancestry in the Bahamas)
Last updated 1st Oct, 2006

Your participation will make a very important
contribution to your genealogy as well as Bahamian
family history research.


General announcements are posted at  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/BahamasGenealogyGroup/ and http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Bahamians/ (site is down)

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Join | Y-DNA Test Results | mtDNA Test Results | Benefits | Donations | Seeking Sponsorship | Family Histories | Paternal Line Descendant Charts | Maternal Line Descendant Charts | Links

Seeking participants with familiar Bahamian surnames including Adderley (1), Albury (1), Allen (1), Aranha (1), Archer, Armbrister, Armstrong, Arnett, Bain, Baker (1) (2, 3), Barr, Beckford (1), Bethel (1), Bethell, Bowe, Bowleg, Braynen, Brennan (1), Brice, Brown, Bullard, Burrows, Butler (1), Campbell, Carey (1), Carroll (1), Cartwright (1), Cash, Cates, Carlton, Christie, Claridge, Clarke, Cleare, Coakley, Colebrook, Collie (1), Collins, Cooper, Cox, Culmer, Cunningham (1), Curry (1), Curtis, D'Arville, Darling, Darville (1), Davis, Dawkins, Dean (1), Delancey, Deleveaux, Demeritte, Deveaux, Dorsette, Duncanson, Duncombe (1), Edgecombe, Edwards, Elden/Elding/Eldon, Eneas, Evans (1) , Farquharson, Farrington (1), Fawkes, Ferguson, Fernander (1), Finlayson, Forbes, Fox, Gardiner, Gates, Gibson, Glinton, Grant (1), Green, Greene, Hall, Hamilton, Hanna (1), Hart, Hazlewood, Hepburn, Higgs, Hopkins (1), Hutchinson, Ingraham, Isaacs, Johnson (1), Jones, Kelly, Kemp, Key, Knowles (1), Lewis, Lightbourn (1, 2), Lightbourne, Lockhart, Love, Lowe (1), Lunn (1), Mackey, Major (1), Malcolm, Malone (1, 2, 3) , Maura (1) (2), McCartney, McDonald, McKenzie, McKinney, McPhee, Miller, Mingo (1), Minnis, Minns (1), Moree (1), Morley, Mortimer, Moss, Moxey, Munnings, Munroe, Murray, Neely (1), Newbold, Nixon, Nottage, Outten, Pearce, Pierce (1), Pinder (1, 2), Poitier, Powell, Pratt, Pritchard (1, 2), Pyfrom (1), Rahming (1), Roberts (1, 2) (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12), Robertson, Roker, Rolle, Russell (1, 2), Sands, Saunders (1), Sawyer (1, 2), Scavella, Seymour, Simms, Smith, Strachan, Stuart, Stubbs, Sturrup (1), Sweeting (1, 2), Symonette, Taylor, Thompson, Treco (1), Turnquest, Wallace, Watson, Weatherford (1, 2) (3), Weech, Wells, Whylly, Williams, Wilson, Woodside, Wright, Young Surnames in green have joined the project. Numbers following the surname link to their Y chromosome results.  Numbers within parenthesis share the same direct paternal line. Email peterebay@yahoo.com to include other surnames

Seeking participants with direct maternal line ancestry from the Bahamas who are not direct maternal line descendants of the following matriarchs: Sarah Tedder? m. John Roberts, Wyannie m. Malone, Margaret? b. 1790? m. Joseph Albury, Eliza Ann Albury b. abt 1825? m. Henry Baker Johnson,   Susan Morton b. abt 1835 m. Gibson, Catherine or Caroline m. John Alexander Weatherford, Birdie m. Edward Roberts, Margaret L. Braddick b. abt 1799, Leviny Albury b. abt 1859 Spanish Wells, Ophelia Griffin b. abt 1824? m. John Tedder of Hope Town, Caroline Sawyer b. abt 1855 m. Ernest deVedig, Euphemia Russell b. 1862 m. Thomas H. Albury, Rebecca Outten b. abt 1838 m. King Taylor, Adeline b. ab 1840? m. Peter Saunders, Nica Johnson b. abt 1850? m. Henry Sawyer, Rachel Knowles or Millar b. abt 1840 m. Joseph Fox, Paulina Ann Dean b. ca. 1820, Long Island, m John Robertson Turnquest, Amelia Saunders b. 1867 Long Island? m. John Christopher Knowles, Sharlett Jane Culmer m. Thompson, Charity Johnson b. abt 1819 Harbour Island, Amelia Armbrister b. abt 1842, d. 1907, Julia Knowles b. abt 1820 m. Samuel Wells, Frances Pratt b. abt 1850 Long Island, Marion Cooper b. abt 1900, Exuma, Jemina Sands m. Noah Bethell, Margaret Elizabeth Curry m. Frances Key, Ann Elizabeth Stirrup b. abt 1850, d. 1892 Bimini m. Adolophus Weech, Mary Jane Moxey b. 1837, d. 1924 m. Joshua L. Thompson, Susannah Ridley born ca. 1720?, m. Nehemiah Dumcome, Mary Newbold b. abt 1790, Christiana Lowe b. 1848 Green Turtle Cay m. William H. Lowe, Elizabeth of Rock Sound m. John Bell Brady, Deborah Simms b. abt 1833 m. James Thompson, Louise Evelyn Bowe m. Aurthur Joseph Knowles, Mary S. "Mamie" Johnson b. abt 1868 of Harbour Island or Abaco, Louise Ellen Thompson, Mary Hall m. James Hall, parents of Elizabeth Hall b. 1803, Anne Pritchard b. bet abt 1836 and 1852 Long Island, d Long Island, m. Wiltshire Morley

Objective

The objective of this project is to support traditional genealogy in matching up individuals or families who share direct male or direct female ancestry in the Bahamas and to trace their origins in Africa, Europe, and North America.

The Plan

The Bahamas DNA Project will perform a Y-chromosome test on any male with direct paternal ancestry in the Bahamas.  The project will also perform a mtDNA test for men or women with direct maternal ancestry in the Bahamas.  However, the mtDNA test is more valuable in revealing deep ancestry and is less suited for genealogy purposes.  Women may also participate by recruiting a brother, father, or other male relative with Bahamian ancestry to take the Y-chromosome test.  The results will be maintained to match future Bahamian participants.  Current participants' results and genealogies can be viewed on this website.

Join

To participate in the Bahamas DNA study, please go to the Bahamas DNA Project page, and complete the "Bahamas Dna Surname Project" order form.  

Men should then order the Y-DNA25 - - Male 25 marker paternal test (or they may order the Y-DNA37 test) if they have direct paternal line ancestry in the Bahamas.  Men may also order the  mtDNAPlus test if their mother has direct maternal line ancestry in the Bahamas  Men who order both the Y-DNA and mtDNA test should order the Y-DNA37+mtDNAPlus test . 

Women should order the mtDNAPlus test if they have direct maternal ancestry in the Bahamas. 

If you are male, I recommend you order the 25 or 37 marker test (and not the 12 marker test) because it will provide enough information to prove a "close" relationship with another male.  The 67 marker test will sometimes provide additional information, but in most cases your money would be better spent testing one of your cousins who is a direct paternal (or direct maternal) line descendant of one of your other Bahamian ancestors.  If you are male or female I recommend you order the mtDNAPlus test (and not the mtDNA test) because it is has a better chance of revealing a recent relationship with another person. 

If you have trouble placing your order online, you may order by phone at (713) 868-1438.   Next, send a decendancy chart of your earliest known male ancestor in the Bahamas or your earliest known female ancestor in the Bahamas to the project's administrator, Peter Roberts, at peterebay@yahoo.com.

A test kit and concise instructions will be sent to each participant. The participant will in turn provide a mouth swab sample to be analyzed by FamilyTreeDNA.  This painless sampling technique, administered in the privacy of the home, involves simply the self-administered use of a swab to collect a small amount of cells from your cheek inside your mouth (See demo). When mailing the kit back to FamilyTreeDNA, participants outside the United States should write "swabs for genealogy purposes" on their customs form.   FamilyTreeDNA will forward results to both the participant and the project administrator about 8 weeks after the laboratory's receipt of the individual sample.  These results will include a report of the determination of a Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) for the surname with a significant marker match.  Each participant will receive a report of his own results. 

The project administrator will add participant's results to this website..  Participants will be identified by their earliest known direct paternal and/or direct maternal ancestor and kit number only.  The project administrator will also add each participant's results to appropriate public databases namely http://www.ysearch.org/, http://www.ybase.org/, and/or http://www.mitosearch.org/.  The project administrator will be listed initially as the contact person on these public databases and the participant will be permitted to change their contact information if they wish.   Males taking the Y chromsome test may belong to the Bahamas DNA Project as well as a DNA project for their surname.  The project administrator will also add participants to their appropriate surname project.

Cost

FamilyTreeDNA provides a group discount for participants in its registered projects.  The 25 marker Y-DNA test is $148 plus postage.  The mtDNAPlus test is $189.   The 37 marker Y-DNA test and the mtDNAPlus test together are $339.   The postage cost is $2 to the U.S. and $4 to the Bahamas.  This is a private, non-commercial project for Bahamian genealogists, such as Peter Roberts, who himself receives no remuneration of any kind for coordinating this project.  If the cost is stopping you from joining the project, email peterebay@yahoo.com and ask to be listed with those seeking sponsorship.

Confidentiality

Confidentiality is an important part of this study.  Only the participant providing the DNA sample will know his results, unless he decides he would like to share his information.  The small portion of the Y-chromosome that is analyzed does not contain genes that relate to medical issues, except in some rare cases (about 1 in 4,000) this test may indicate that the participant is infertile.  The area of the mtDNA that is tested does not provide enough information from which to draw any conclusions regarding medical issues.  All samples will be assigned an identifying kit number.  This kit number will be the only identifying information available for viewing by others.  No one other than the project coordinator and the testing laboratory will know who participates in the study or which result is from which participant.  The portion of the DNA tested gives a distinctive "signature" for a lineage rather than for an individual, so there is no risk of the data being applied to personal identity for misuse of any kind.

Benefits of Participation

1. Determine if two people with your surname are related (and descend from the same ancestor).
2. Identify the genetic genealogy profile of your male family line.
3. Identify your ancestry when traditional documentary genealogical research methods have failed (provide clues or solve brick walls).
4. Identify where to focus and pursue additional traditional documentary genealogical research.
5. Verify that your traditional documentary genealogical work is accurate and scientifically verified (confirm a family tree).
6. Get clues as to the place of origin of your immigrant ancestor.
7. Find genetic cousins you did not know you had.
8. Determine if other surnames are variants of your surname
9. Prove or disprove a research theory.
10. Be an early participant in a state-of-the-art project which is contributing to the world knowledge base for this new and exciting field, genealogy by genetics.
11. Your DNA will be preserved for 25 years at no additional cost and you will be entitled to reduced "add-on" prices for other tests.

Project Time Line

June 2004 - The Bahamas DNA Surname Project was conceived and Web site was created.
August 2004 - Newspaper articles appeared in the Abaconian and The Nassau Guardian
May 2005 - Newspaper article appeared in The Tribune


Donations

Your financial support helps other participants pay for tests.  Your donation may be made to the General Fund administered by FamilyTreeDNA using credit card, PayPal, or cheque.  Enter "Bahamas DNA Project" for Surname Project.  Thank you very much to the following for their generous contributions.

Carol Lawrence pledges $25 towards a 25 marker Y chromosome kit to test an Adams with Abaco ancestry.

Donna pledges $25 towards a 25 marker Y chromosome kit to test an Adams with Abaco ancestry.

A Pinder pledges $20 towards a 37 marker Y chromosome kit to test a Pinder with Spanish Wells or Abaco ancestry.

W.R. Russell pledges $25 towards a 20 marker Y chromosome kit to test a Russell, from a line that has not already tested, with direct paternal-line ancestry in the Bahamas before 1830 or other Russell lineage acceptable by W.R. Russell.

Mick Roberts pledges to pay 50% of a 37 marker test for a Roberts with ancestry in Harbour Island from a line that has not already been tested.

Clair Johnson pledges $50 towards a 37 marker Y chromosome kit to test a Cash with direct paternal ancestry from Abaco or Harbour Island.

Peter J. Roberts pledges $10 towards a 37 marker Y chromosome kit to test a Cash with direct paternal ancestry from Abaco or Harbour Island.

Peter J. Roberts has donated $10 to help a direct maternal descendant of  Jeanett DARVILLE (b. 1845 Nassau) to order an mtDNA test.

Peter J. Roberts has donated 75% of a 25 marker test for a Roberts with ancestry in the Bahamas from a line that has not already been tested.

Megan Smolenyak has donated $250 in memory of Honoring Our Ancestors http://honoringourancestors.com/grants.html.   This donation reduced five participants costs by $50.00 per kit.

There are enough pledges to pay for two male line tests for participants with the same surname which was in the Bahamas prior to the loyalist period, and having an unknown direct paternal relationship).  Participants would only need to pay $10 each.

Yolanda Rotondo has donated $25 to anyone with direct-line paternal or maternal ancestry in the Bahamas.

Heather Blair has donated $20 to anyone with direct-line paternal or maternal ancestry in the Bahamas.

Wayne Wallace has donated $25 to anyone with direct-line paternal or maternal ancestry in the Bahamas.

Cynthia Gorman has donated $200 towards two 25 marker tests for two males with pre-loyalist Bahamian ancestry with the same (or similar) surnames and with an unproven direct paternal relationship.

Peter J. Roberts has donated $25 to anyone with direct-line paternal ancestry in the Bahamas, and $30 towards two 25 marker tests for two males with pre-loyalist Bahamian ancestry with the same (or similar) surnames and with an unproven direct paternal relationship.

 


Seeking Sponsorship

A direct paternal descendant of Archibald William George TAYLOR (b. abt 1799, Long Island, d. 2 Nov 1867, Long Island)

A 5th generation direct paternal line descendnat of Jacob Adams (m. Wyannie Malone II) of Abaco.

If you are willing to help them pay for their Y chromosome or mtDNA test, please donate at http://www.familytreedna.com/contribution.html and put Bahamas DNA as the surname project name.

A 4th generation direct maternal line descendant of Ophelia Griffin (4-141 in McAleer's Wyannie Malone Genealogy) wife of John Tedder.

A 4th generation descendant of Jeanett DARVILLE (b. 1845 Nassau) mother of Rosetta LaVAUGHN (b.1875 Nassau d.1938 Nassau)

A BRENNAN descendant with ancestry in Eight Mile Rock, Grand Bahama.

A 6th generation descendant of Richardson Saunders.  The Saunders surname existed in the Bahamas from at least the 1720's on. I don't know if my line comes down from one of those families, though. My father used to say that his grandfather told him that our family were loyalists that came from Georgia after the Revolution, but that doesn't mean it was the Saunders surname; it could have been one of the families on the maternal side. I do know that Richardson Saunders (4th-great grandfather) died  at Abaco in 1822 (as per Sandra Riley's book "Homeward Bound"), that the family lived in Nassau at the time, and that he married a "Mary" @ 1794, probably at Harbour Island (where their son John was Born about 1 year later). I also recently got a copy of RS's will, and his five children are: John (my 3rd great grandfather), Henry Rowland, William Edwin, Jane Caroline & Charity Eliza (who married a Moore sometime before 1822).

A third generation descendant of Henry Collie of Acklins Island.   Henry Collie was described as part Asian.  It is not known if he was Euro-Asian-African or just Asian-African.  Also a fourth generation direct maternal descendant Ada Winder of the Berry Islands.  Descendant surnames in this line include Smith, and Dean.


Test Results

Bahamas Y-Chromosome STR Test Results other surnames will be added when they join

Understanding Results:  If two males match 21 out of 25 markers or better they likely share a direct paternal ancestor in a genealogical timeframe (since the introduction of surnames).  The closer the match, the more likely their shared ancestor lived more recently.

Y chromosome results for a direct paternal line descendant of ...

...William NEELY (kit 23288), born about 1820 in Eleuthera, reveal that his direct paternal line descends from Africa.   A comparison with African Ancestry's African Lineage Database indicates that he shares direct paternal line ancestry with the Tuareg ethnic group of Mali. 

... Cuffee JOHNSON born about the 1820's of Hatchet Bay, Eleuthera, reveal that his direct paternal line descends from Africa.   A comparison with African Ancestry's African Lineage Database indicates that he shares direct paternal line ancestry with the Mende ethnic group of Sierra Leone. 

... Lewis HOPKINS born about 1810 of Grant's Town, New Providence, reveal that his direct paternal line descends from Africa.   A comparison with African Ancestry's African Lineage Database indicates that he shares direct paternal line ancestry with the Mbundu ethnic group of Angola. 

... Henry Cornish ALBURY born about 1811, reveal that his direct paternal line descends from Africa.   A comparison with African Ancestry's African Lineage Database indicates that he shares direct paternal line ancestry with the Ewe ethnic group of Ghana. 

... Jonathan DEAN born about 1890 of Mastic Point, Andros, reveal that his direct paternal line descends from Africa.  A search of the http://www.yhrd.org/ database shows that he shares direct paternal line ancestry (matches 10 out of 10 markers) with a man from Guin-Bissau (Republic of Guinea-Bissau) in west Africa.  A study of Bantu lineages in Sub-Saharan Africa found his signature of 16, 21, 10, 11, 14 at 19, 390, 391, 392, 393 was found mostly in Guinea-Bissau.

... Pompey ADDERLEY born about 1830 of Long Island matches 9 out of 10 markers in the www.yhrd.org database with about 5 people living in Johannesburg, South Africa and 2 people from Mozambique. In the FamilyTreeDNA Recent Origins database he matches 10 out of 12 markers with a member of the Herero ethnic group of Namibia, Botswana and Angola.

... Henry COLLIE of Acklins Island matches 9 out of 10 markers in the www.yhrd.org with 1 man  from Rio de Janeiro (suggesting an area of origin popular with the Portuguese slave trade). He matches 8 out of 10 markers with 1 man from Johannesburg, South Africa and 1 man from Mozambique. This suggests to me his likely area of origin is southeastern Africa.

... Henry MAJOR born about 1735, indicate that his direct paternal line descends from North America.   The haplogroup predictor at https://home.comcast.net/~whitathey/predictorinstr.htm indicates that this haplotype belongs to haplogroup Q which is a common haplogroup among Native Americans.  In www.ysearch.org he matches 7 out of 8 markers with the Native American Y-DNA Q modal haplotype.

... Arthur Livingstone CUNNINGHAM matches 10 out of 10 markers in the www.yhrd.org database with 1 person living in the Cabinda. Cabinda is an enclave of Angola in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. However in the FamilyTreeDNA Recent Origins database he matches 10 out of 12 markers with 3 men from Gambia and 1 man from Senegal.

... Benjamin BRENNAN born about 1875 of Eight Mile Rock, Grand Bahama matches 12 out of 12 markers in FamilyTreeDNA's Ethnic Origins Database with a man from Zimbabwe.  In   the www.yhrd.org database he matches 10 out of 11 markers with a man from Cabinda, Angola.

... Theodore CURRY born 1837 reveal that he likely descends from The Clan Currie of Scotland (and not the Irish Currys). The ancient name of Clan Currie is Clan MacMhuirich. In the www.ysearch.org database his closest Y chromosome match is 22 out of 25 markers with someone with the surname Rich (whose surname is likely derived from MacMhurich or MacVurich). He is also matches 21 out of 25 markers with a Ririe who traces their ancestry to Aberdeen, Scotland. (Ririe, Currie, and Curry are all similar sounding surnames). The Curry participant does not match 6 other Currys/Curries who have had a Y chromosome test. Additional information on Clan Currie history is available at: http://www.araltas.com/features/curry/index.html and http://www.clancurrie.com/history.html

... John Leybourne indicate that the ancestry of his line is from Europe.  A SNP test reveals that he is P37.2+  which confirms that he belongs to Y chromosome subclade I1b1.  This subclade is mostly found in the Balkins and Sardinia.  He matches Lightburn with ancestry from Bermuda.

... Gideon Lowe (father of Capt. Gideon Lowe) indicate that the origin of ancestry for his line is from Portugal. In the http://www.yhrd.org/ database the participant matches 9 out of 10 markers with 2 people from Northern Portugal, 1 person from Central Portugal, and 1 person from Brazil. In the http://www.ysearch.org/ database his closest match is a distant 20 out of 25 markers with 1 person from Tanzania (on the East African coast) which boarders former Portuguese East Africa. The participant is unrelated to 11 different family lines in the Lowe Surname DNA Project.

... Don Juan MAURA suggest that his direct paternal line descends from the Berbers of western north Africa via the Moors of Iberia.  A SNP test shows that he is M35+ and and therefore belongs to haplogroup E3b. According to http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~dgarvey/DNA/hg/YCC_E3b.html his 16 at DYS19 is rare for an E3b. Most of his remaining DYS values suggest he is E3b3.

... Freddie MAURA (b. 1890 Key West, FL, son of Annie Ponce De Leon of Nassau) reveal that he does not descend from Don Juan Maura.  He has several perfect (25/25) matches other FamilyTreeDNA customers with the Donahue and Morris surnames.  The Morris surname has both Irish and Welsh origins.  The Welsh origin is believed to be from the Latin personal name Mauritius (see http://www.houseofnames.com/xq/asp.c/qx/morris-coat-arms.htm).   His results are also a perfect (25/25) match with the South Irish R1b haplotype in R1bSTR44 and therefore belongs to haplogroup R1b1c.

Results for a sixth generation direct paternal line descendant of Michael Mitchell DARVILLE (b. abt 1825 Long Island) reveal that he matches the Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype (WAMH) which belongs to subhaplogroup R1b1c of Europe.  As a result of being WAMH, he has several close matches with others with different surnames.   The shared direct paternal line ancestor for most of those close matches likely lived prior to the introduction of surnames.

Seven Roberts lines are proven to share a common ancestor  Y chromosome results indicate that descendants of John Roberts (kit 10142), John William Roberts (kit 29930), John Roberts Sr. (kit 28986),  Henry Roberts (kit 26830),  Benjamin Roberts (kit 13632 ), Calvin H. Roberts (kit 26925), and John Frederick Roberts (kit 13631) share a common ancestor since the first Roberts was recorded in the Bahamas about 1721.    Details are available at http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Bahamians/message/18265 .   Their Y chromosome results show they are most likely of Celtic origin from the British Isles. Y chromosome results for descendants of the earliest Roberts family in the Bahamas indicate that their direct paternal line is from southern Ireland and they likely descend from the Eoganachts whose ancestor was Olioll Olum, 3rd century King of Munster. The results also indicate ties with some Scottish Clans. Details are available at http://home.comcast.net/~libpjr1/bahrobdna.htm  Deep SNP testing by http://www.ethnoancestry.com/ reveal that this direct paternal line is S21+ and therefore they belong to sub-haplogroup R1b1c9.

Kit number 08867 is a Roberts with ancestry in Marsh Harbour and whose great-great-grandfather was from Belfast, Ireland.  His direct paternal line shares ancestry with Clan Donnachaidh (i.e. Clan Robertson) in Scotland.  His Y-chromosome test results identify his earlier ancestry as Anglo-Saxon.  Close matches with other surnames indicate that his origin was in Northumbria and likely descends from the Angles of Bernicia.

Y chromosome results for BECKFORD show that he does not share recent paternal line ancestry with any of the more than 20,000 men worldwide who have made your Y chromosome results public. These results include eight BICKFORDs. The participant belongs to Y chromosome haplogroup B which is of African origin and is a very old and rare haplogroup (and especially rare outside of Africa). The participant is a sixth generation direct paternal line descendant of Joseph BECKFORD b. about 1790 in the Bahamas or Jamaica. The Y chromosome results suggest that this direct paternal line is descended from a slave of William Beckford, famous English author whose family were sugar plantation owners in Jamaica.

Kit number 55225  traces his ancestry to John Minns who was born in England and immigrated to Nassau about 1801.  His haplotype (Y chromosome signature) does not match any participants in the Bahamas DNA Project.  A search of http://www.ysearch.org/ and http://www.ysearch.org/ does not reveal any close matches in the British Isles even though those databases are dominated with entries with origins in the British Isles. His closest matches are 19 out of 25 markers with a person from Germany and another person from Italy. The http://www.yhrd.org/ database shows a 9 out of 10 marker match with someone from Singapore and another person from Romania.

Participant's surnames are listed alphabetically within their haplogroup

Haplogroup A     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
52093 Raymond Evans (b. 1921 SC, d. 1968) father suspected to be from the Bahamas * * 14 23 14 11 16 19 12 9 11 12 11 29 15 8 9 7 13 22 14 20 35 13 14 14 17 10 10 17 19 16 16 16 18 34 35 10 8 Apr 06
>>>>
Haplogroup B     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
46633 Joseph Beckford b. abt 1780 Jamaica? * * 13 24 15 11 11 12 11 10 13 13 12 32 17 8 8 10 11 26 14 20 31 16 16 16 16                         Mar 05
>>>>
60277 George Milton Mingo d. 1904 * * 13 22 14 10 13 16 11 14 12 13 15 30 16 9 9 7 11 30 14 21 33 13 14 15 17                         Jun 06
>>>>
Haplogroup E3a     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
28997 Pompey Adderley * * 13 21 15 10 17 18 11 12 11 13 11 30 17 8 10 11 11 25 14 21 31 13 16 16 18                         Mar 05
>>>>
AAHCA Henry Cornish Albury b. 1811 * * 15 21 15 10       12   13 11 30                                                   Jun 06
>>>>
58657 Benjamin Brennan (b. abt 1875 of Eight Mile Rock, Grand Bahama * * 14 21 16 10 15 18 11 12 12 13 11 30 16 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 13 16 17 18 10 11 19 19 15 14 14 18 34 38 11 11 May 06
>>>>
46308 James Duncombe * * 13 21 15 10 16 16 11 12 13 13 12 32                                                   Jan 06
>>>>
27262 Henry Collie of Acklins Island * * 15 21 17 11 16 17 11 12 13 13 11 30 17 8 10 11 11 25 14 21 32 13 15 16 18                         Apr 05
>>>>
36585 Arthur Livingstone Cunningham * * 13 21 15 10 15 16 11 12 11 13 11 31 17 8 9 11 11 25 14 22 28 13 13 15 16                         Apr 05
>>>>
52095 Jonathan Dean of Mastic Point, Andros * * 14 21 16 10 17 18 11 12 11 14 11 31 16 8 9 11 11 27 14 21 32 13 16 16 18 11 10 19 21 15 12 16 17 33 35 11 11 Mar 06
>>>>
AALH Lewis Hopkins b ca 1810, d 1850 * * 14 21 16 10       12   9 11 27                                                   Apr 05
>>>>
AACJ Cuffee Johnson b ca 1820's Hatchet Bay * * 13 21 15 11       12   12 13 28                                                   Dec 04
>>>>
23288 William Neely * * 13 22 16 10 16 17 11 13 12 13 11 30 16 9 9 11 11 26 14 21 33 12 15 15 17                         Oct 04
>>>>
Haplogroup E3b     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
26868 Don Juan Maura * * 13 22 16 9 16 16 11 12 11 13 12 31 15 9 9 11 11 24 16 20 34 15 15 15 18                         Dec 04 & Apr 05
>>>>
Haplogroup I1a     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted

13630

Joseph P. Roberts b. 1826 Bahamas? * * 14 22 14 10 13 15 11 14 11 12 11 29 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 28 12 14 15 16                         Jun 06

08867

Thomas Barrett Roberts of Belfast * * 13 22 14 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 29 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 28 12 14 15 16 10 10 19 21 15 14 15 18 35 36 12 10 Jun 04
>>>>

40916

Clarence Thorpe Farrington b. abt 1832 * * 13 22 14 11 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 29 16 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 28 12 12 14 16                         Oct 05
>>>>

31830

Paul Pritchard of  Scotland * * 12 21 14 10 13 15 11 14 11 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 21 28 12 14 15 16                         Oct 05

43182

Paul Pritchard of  Scotland * * 12 21 14 10 13 15 11 14 12 12 11 28 15 8 9 8 11 23 16 21 28 12 14 15 16                         Oct 05
>>>>
Haplogroup I1b     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted

50663

Charles Baker b. 1797 * * 13 23 16 11 12 12 11 13 11 13 11 28 19 8 9 11 11 26 15 21 30 11 14 14 14 10 11 11 21 14 12 18 17 32 32 12 10 Jun 06
>>>>

29825

John Henry Sweeting * * 12 22 15 10 12 14 11 13 11 12 11 29 18 8 10 11 11 26 15 20 28 11 15 16 17                         Mar 05

36205

John Henry Sweeting * * 12 22 15 10 12 14 11 13 11 12 11 29 18 8 10 11 11 26 15 20 28 11 15 16 17                         Jul & Aug 05
>>>>
28286 John Leybourne (Lightbourn) * * 13 23 15 11 12 16 11 13 11 13 11 30 19 8 10 11 12 24 14 20 30 12 14 14 15                         Mar 05
28676 John Leybourne (Lightbourn) * * 13 23 15 11 12 16 11 13 11 13 11 30 19 8 9 11 12 24 14 20 30 12 14 14 15                         Mar 05
>>>>
Haplogroup I1c     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
27048 Richardson Saunders * * 14 23 17 10 15 16 11 13 11 13 12 28 15 8 10 11 11 26 15 20 28 11 13 14 15                         Dec 04 & Jan 05
>>>>
49925 David Suil Gardiner Moree b. abt 1798 * * 14 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 12 14 12 32 15 8 9 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15                         Feb 06
>>>>
27092 John Pinder * * 14 23 15 10 15 16 11 13 13 13 12 31 15 8 9 11 11 24 14 20 27 11 12 14 15                         Dec 04 & Apr 05
GGTJP Thomas John Pinder b. 1829 * * 14 23 15 10 15 16 11 13 13 13 12 31 13 8 10 10 11   14   27 11 11 12 14 11 9 19 21 14             10 Jun 06
>>>>
44929 Francis Pearce b. abt 1752 New Providence * * 15 23 15 10 16 16 11 13 12 14 12 30 16 8 9 11 11 24 14 20 29 14 15 16 16                         Nov 05
>>>>
32312 David Malone b. bef 1785 SC * * 15 24 15 10 15 16 11 13 11 13 12 29 16 8 9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11 11 14 15 11 10 20 21 14 13 19 18 32 35 12 10 Apr & May 05
44822 Ephraim Malone b. bef 1765 of VA * * 15 24 15 10 15 16 11 13 11 13 12 29 16 8 9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11 11 14 15                         Nov 05
32311 Ephraim Malone b. bef 1765 of VA * * 15 24 15 10 15 16 11 13 11 13 12 30 16 8 9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11 11 14 15                         Jun 05
>>>>
Haplogroup J1     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
36893 Gideon Lowe b. bef. abt. 1720 m. Martha (or Mary) * * 12 24 14 10 13 18 11 16 11 13 11 31 18 8 9 11 11 21 14 20 26 13 15 16 17 10 10 21 22 15 14 18 16 30 36 11 10 Jul 05
>>>>
Haplogroup J2     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
55225 Richard Minns b. 1695 England * * 12 24 15 10 13 16 11 15 12 14 11 30 15 8 9 11 11 25 15 21 31 12 13 14 16                         Apr 06
>>>>
Haplogroup Q?     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
AAHM Henry Major * * 13 23 13 10       12   14 13 31                                                   Jun 06
>>>>
Haplogroup R1a     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
26624 Charles Weatherford b. abt 1705 * * 14 25 17 11 11 14 12 12 10 13 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 20 33 12 15 15 15                         May 05
N13219 Charles Weatherford b. abt 1705 * * 14 25 17 11 11 14 12 12 10 13 11 31 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 20 33 12 15 15 15 11 11 19 23 16 16 17 20 36 41 12 12 Dec 05 & Mar 06
>>>>
Haplogroup R1b group 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
49908 Michael Mitchell Darville b. 10 Apr abt 1825 * * 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 15 17                         Mar 06
>>>>
27377 William Russell * * 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 12 13 28 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 15 17                         Dec 04 & Jan 05
28225 Richard H. Russell m. 1830 Mary Ann Roberts * * 13 23 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 12 13 28 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 18 11 11 19 23 16 16 21 18 36 39 12 12 Mar 05 & Aug 05
>>>>
26525 John Peter Treco * * 13 24 15 11 11 15 12 12 12 12 12 28 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 15 17 11 12 19 23 16 14 18 17 36 40 12 12 Dec 04, Jan & Jul 05
>>>>
28703 F. J. de Souza Leal Aranha * * 13 24 14 11 11 15 11 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 10 11 10 25 14 19 29 15 15 17 17                         Jan 05 & Mar 05
>>>>
39548 William Carey b. 16 Dec 1842 Eleuthera * * 13 24 14 11 11 13 12 12 11 13 12 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 29 16 16 17 17                         Sep 05
>>>>
37234 Charles Weatherford b. 1705 * * 13 24 16 12 11 13 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 18 30 15 15 15 17                         Jul 05
>>>>
33486 Thomas Carroll b. ca 1755? * * 13 24 15 11 11 15 12 12 12 13 13 28 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 28 15 15 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 15 18 19 36 37 12 12 May 05
>>>>
Haplogroup R1b group 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
59818 Winer Bethel m. Sarah * * 13 25 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9 9 12 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 16 16 10 11 19 19 15 14 18 19 37 39 12 12 Jun 06
>>>>
33145 "Wellington" Hanna of Mastic Point, Andros * * 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 25 14 18 29 14 15 16 16                         Apr 05
>>>>
34922 Hans Peter Pfeifer (Pyfrom) b. bef 1640 * * 13 23 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 30 17 9 9 11 11 26 15 19 29 15 15 17 18                         Jun 05
>>>>
Haplogroup R1b1c9 group 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
10142 John Roberts * * 13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 17 17 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 18 18 37 38 12 12 Jun 04
29930 John William Roberts * * 13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 16 17 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 18 18 37 38 12 12 Mar 05
N17023 John William Roberts * * 13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                   Dec 05
28986 John William Roberts * * 13 25 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 17 17 17                         Mar 05
26830 Henry Roberts * * 13 24 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 17 17 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 18 18 37 39 12 12 Dec 04, Jan & Jul 05
40278 Richard Roberts m. Charity Sweeting * * 13 24 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15 15 17 17                         Sep 05
13632 Benjamin Roberts * * 13 24 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 31 16 17 17 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 18 18 37 38 12 12 Dec 04 & Mar 06
26925 Edward. Roberts * * 13 24 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 32 15 17 17 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 18 18 38 38 12 12 Mar 05
35134 John Frederick Roberts * * 13 24 14 11 11 13 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 32 15 15 17 17 10 11 19 23 16 15 18 18 37 38 12 12 Jun 05
13631 John Frederick Roberts * * 13 24 14 11 11 13 12 12 13 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 32 15 17 17 17                         Jul & Aug 04
>>>>
Haplogroup R1b group 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
27056 Benjamin Thomas Mitchell Fernander * * 13 23 15 11 11 14 12 13 12 13 13 30 18 9 9 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 17 17                         Dec 04 & Jan 05
>>>>
Haplogroup R1b group 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
39250 William Sturrup b. bef 1857 * * 13 25 14 10 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 14 18 29 15 15 16 16                         Oct 05
>>>>
51634 Joseph Maura b. abt 1867, d. bef 1893 m. Annie * * 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 29 15 15 17 17                         Mar 06
>>>>
65552 John Cornlius Grant b. Providenciales, Turks & Caicos Island * * 13 24 14 10 11 15 12 12 11 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 24 15 19 30 15 15 17 18                         Jun 06
>>>>
43563 James Knowles Sr. b. abt 1735 * * 13 24 14 11 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 29 16 9 10 11 11 27 15 19 30 15 15 16 17                         Apr 05
>>>>
26486 Samuel Sawyer * * 13 25 14 10 11 15 12 12 12 13 12 30 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15 15 15 15                         Dec 04 & Jan 05
46981 John Richard Sawyer b. 1838 Eleuthera * * 13 25 14 11 11 15 12 12 12 14 12 31 17 9 10 11 11 25 15 18 29 15 15 15 15                         Dec  05
>>>>
Haplogroup R1b group ? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
51144 George Cadwell Butler d. 1822 Exuma * * 13 24 14 11 11 11 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 18 30 15 15 17 17                         Oct 05
>>>>
46944 Theodore Curry b. 1837 * * 13 24 14 11 12 14 12 12 13 12 13 29 17 9 10 11 11 25 16 19 29 15 16 17 17                          
>>>>
33458 William Duncan Cartwright b. abt 1805 * * 13 23 14 10 11 14 12 12 11 13 13 28 16 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 17 18                          
>>>>
37365 Lunn * * 13 24 14 12 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29                                                   Apr 05
>>>>
43283 Thomas M. Rahming b. 1799, m. Harriet Pratt * * 13 23 14 10 11 14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15 15 15 18                         Oct 05
>>>>
42705 John Baker b. abt 1790 * * 13 25 14 11 11 16 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 27 17 17 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 14 18 17 36 37 12 12 Jan 05 & Mar 05
50529 John Baker b. abt 1790 * * 13 25 14 11 11 16 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 19 27 17 17 17 17 11 11 19 23 16 14 17 17 37 37 12 12 Jul 06
>>>>
Awaiting Results     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37  

Kit
No.

Earliest Known Ancestor  (with link to descendancy chart)

Y
B
a
s
e
Y
S
e
a
c
h
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6
3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
i
3
9
2
3
8
9
ii

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
a
Y
C
A
I
I
b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y
a
C
D
Y
b
4
4
2

4
3
8

Posted
        E x p e c t e d   a b t                                                   .
>>>>
61783 Fernandez     E x p e c t e d   a b t   A u g   20 th                                      
>>>>

If the two  participants show a 25/25 match there is a 50% probability that the most recent common ancestor was no further back than 7 generations ago (ca. 193 years) and a 90% probability that the most recent common ancestor was no further back than 23 generations ago (ca. 633 years).
 

DYS Marker Numbers with Red Backgrounds

FamilyTreeDNA notes that it "...is obvious that  from our observation of 1000's of samples that some markers change or mutate at a faster rate than others. While that actual 'faster rate' has not yet been definitively calculated, not all markers should be treated the same for evaluation purposes."  The above marker numbers with red backgrounds have shown a faster mutation rate than average, and therefore these markers are very helpful at splitting lineages into subsets, or branches, within a family tree.  Explained another way, if a participant matches exactly on all of the markers except for one or a few of the markers that FamilyTreeDNA has determined as mutating more quickly, then such a mismatch only slightly decreases the probability that two people in a surname group who match 11/12 or even 23/25 do not share a recent common ancestor.


Bahamas mtDNA Test Results

There are 38 mtDNA results.  ~25 (68%) of them match someone else in the project (2 of those 25 only tested HVR1).  27 "different" maternal lines have been revealed when looking at just HVR1.

Phylogenetic (relationship) tree for HVR1 results

 

Haplogroup H1*

Matriarch's
Name
M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
 

Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence

Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
H
V
R
1
1
6
3
1
1
C
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
2
6
3
G
3
0
8
.
1C
3
1
5
.
1C
5
2
3-
5
2
4-
posted

13628

Sarah Tedder? born ca 1815?, of Harbour Island, Eleuthera Hiuna * Jun 04
The direct maternal ancestor of kit # 13628 is from Marsh Harbour via Harbour Island. His/her direct maternal line is likely from the British Isles and belongs to the Hope Clan of Europe which descends from the larger "Helena Clan."

 

31877 Wyannie m. Malone Wyannie * Apr 05
The direct maternal ancestor of kit # 31877 is Wyannie Malone of Hope Town. His/her direct maternal line is likely from the British Isles and belongs to the Hope Clan of Europe which descends from the larger "Helena Clan."  

Haplogroup H1a

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor (with link to descendancy chart) Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
0
5
1
G
1
6
1
6
2
G
1
6
1
8
9
C
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
2
6
3
G
3
0
9
.
1C

3
1
5
.
1C
posted
29063 Margaret? b abt 1790? m. Joseph Albury A match! * Feb 05
35172 Eliza Ann Albury b. abt 1825? m. Henry Baker Johnson * Jun 05
55225 Susan Morton b. abt 1835 Eleuthera? m. Gibson * Apr 06
35134 Catherine or Caroline m. John Alexander Weatherford A possible match * Oct 05
Kits 29063 and 35172 The earliest known direct maternal ancestor of kit # 29063 is Margaret? who was born about 1790.  S/he is a perfect match with kit # 35172 who is a direct maternal descendant of Eliza Ann Albury of Harbour Island.  Eliza Ann Albury is most likely the daughter of Margaret and Joseph Albury.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals one match in each of the following: East Anglia, Northern England,  the Grampian Mountains of Scotland, and the Northern Isles of Scotland, two matches in East Anglia, and four matches in the Hebrides of Scotland.  This maternal line belongs to the "Helena Clan" of Europe.  Their subgroup has been confirmed to be H1 by an mtDNA haplogroup H refinement test and is very likely H1a as defined by 16162G.  They also have 16051G which descends from H1a. 

Haplogroup H5

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
1
7
2
C
1
6
3
0
4
C
H
V
R
2
2
6
3
G
3
0
9
.
1C
3
0
9
.
2C

3
1
5
.
1C
3
2
7
T
4
4
4
G
4
5
6
T
5
2
3-
5
2
4-
posted
23232 Birdie? married Edward Roberts of Cherokee Sound) * Aug 04
The direct maternal ancestor of kit # 23232 is likely from Cherokee Sound.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain between 1996 and 2002 under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals only one match from central England.  His/her direct maternal line belongs to the "Helena Clan" of Europe.  His/her subgroup is very likely H5 as defined by 16304C and 456T. 
45265 Mar 06
 

Haplogroup H6

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
3
6
2
C
1
6
4
8
2
G
H
V
R
2
1
5
0
T
2
3
9
C
2
6
3
G
3
0
9
.
1
C
3
1
5
.
1
C
posted
26525 Margaret L. Braddick b. abt 1799 of Long Island * Sep 05
The direct maternal ancestor of kit # 26525 is Margaret L. Braddick from Long Island.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain between 1996 and 2002 under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals one match in each of the following central England, the Grampian Mountains of Scotland, and the Northern Isles of Scotland..  S/he belongs to the "Helena Clan" of Europe.  His/her subgroup is very likely H6 as defined by 16482G. Close matches in www.mitosearch.org indicate that this sub-clade is H6a.
34486 Leviny Albury b. abt 1859 Spanish Wells
A possible match with the particpant above or below * N / A Jul 05
The direct maternal ancestor of kit # 34486 is Leviny Albury from Spanish Wells.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain between 1996 and 2002 under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals one match in each of the following central England, the Grampian Mountains of Scotland, and the Northern Isles of Scotland..  S/he belongs to the "Helena Clan" of Europe.  His/her subgroup is very likely H6 as defined by 16482G. Close matches in www.mitosearch.org indicate that this sub-clade is H6a.
69593 Ophelia Griffin b. abt 1824? m. John Tedder of Hope Town Abaco * Sep 06
The direct maternal ancestor of kit # 69593 is Ophelia Griffin b. abt 1824?   A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain between 1996 and 2002 under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals one match in each of the following central England, the Grampian Mountains of Scotland, and the Northern Isles of Scotland..  S/he belongs to the "Helena Clan" of Europe.  His/her subgroup is very likely H6 as defined by 16482G. Close matches in www.mitosearch.org indicate that this sub-clade is H6a.

Haplogroup K1a

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
1
2
9
A
1
6
2
2
4
C
1
6
3
1
1
C
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
1
6
T
7
3
G
1
5
0
T
1
9
9
C
2
6
3
G
3
0
9
.
1C
3
1
5
.
1C
4
9
7
T
posted
39616 Caroline Sawyer b. abt 1855 Green Turtle Cay A match! * Mar 06
48909 Euphemia Russell b. 1862 Hope Town * Feb 06
The earliest known direct maternal ancestor of kit # 39616 is Caroline Sawyer, who was born about 1855 in Green Turtle Cay Abaco.  The earliest known direct maternal ancestor of kit #   48909 is Euphemia Russell born 1862 Hope Town.  They both very likely share an ancestor who lived in the Bahamas.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals one match in both Argyll and the Grampian Mountains of Scotland, two matches in East Anglia, and four matches in the Hebrides of Scotland.  These lines belong to the "Katrine Clan" of Europe which is defined by differences at 16224C, 16311C, and usually16519C,  plus 073G, 263G and 315.1C in HVR2. They likely belongs to K1a because they have 497T which defines K1a.

Haplogroup L1a1

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
1
2
9
A
1
6
1
4
8
T
1
6
1
6
8
T
1
6
1
7
2
C
1
6
1
8
7
T
1
6
1
8
8
G
1
6
1
8
9
C
1
6
2
2
3
T
1
6
2
3
0
G
1
6
3
1
1
C
1
6
3
2
0
T
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
9
3
C
1
5
2
C
1
8
9
G
2
0
0
G
2
3
6
C
2
4
7
A
2
6
3
G

3
0
9
.
1
C
3
1
5
.
1
C
5
2
2
-
5
2
3
-
posted
28322 Rebecca Outten b. abt 1838, Cat Island * Aug 05
The direct maternal ancestor of kit # 28322 is Rebecca Outten from Cat Island, Bahamas.  S/he belongs to haplogroup L1 (Layla's Clan) which is one of the world's oldest mtDNA groups.   Her mtDNA is relatively close to Genetic Eve.  Layla shares direct maternal line ancestry with the Khoisan speaking people of SW Africa (Kalahari Desert area); Layla's descendants spread throughout Africa. S/he shares ancestry with Sena and Tswa ethnic groups in Southeastern Africa, the Loko, Lima and Temne ethnic groups of Sierra Leone and the Bakaka and Bassa of the Cameroon, and others.

Haplogroup L1c3

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
1
2
9
A
1
6
1
8
3
C
1
6
1
8
9
C
1
6
2
1
5
G
1
6
2
2
3
T
1
6
2
7
8
T
1
6
2
9
4
T
1
6
3
1
1
C
1
6
3
6
0
T
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
1
5
1
T
1
5
2
C
1
8
2
T
1
8
6
A
1
8
9
C
2
4
7
A
2
6
3
G
3
0
9
.
1C

3
1
5
.
1C
3
1
6
A
5
2
2-
5
2
3-
posted
35109 Adeline b. abt 1840? m. Peter Saunders of Harbour Island A match! * Dec 04
39251 Nica Johnson b. abt 1850? of Harbour Island, m. Henry Sawyer * Nov 05
The earliest known direct maternal ancestor of kit # 35109  is Adeline or Delina of Harbour Island who was born about 1840?  The earliest known direct maternal ancestor of kit 39251 is Nica Johnson born about 1850 in Harbour Island. They both share a matriarch who very likely lived in the Bahamas.  These participants share ancestry with the Sena ethnic group of central Mozambique and Chopi enthnic group of southeast Mozambique.  These lines belong to Haplogroup L1c (Lubaya's Clan which descends from L1 - Layla's Clan). The L1 is one of the world's oldest mtDNA haplogroups and  is relatively close to Genetic Eve.   L1c as defined by differences at 16294 and 16360 in HVR1, as well as differences at 186 and 189 in HVR2. They have a difference at 16215 which defines subclade L1c3, but do not have a difference at 16187 which also defines subclade L1c3.  Everyone in the L1c3 subclade shared a common ancestor about 19,250 years ago.

Haplogroup L2a

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
0
9
3
C
1
6
2
2
3
T
1
6
2
7
8
T
1
6
2
9
4
T
1
6
3
9
0
A
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
1
4
3
A
1
4
6
C
1
5
2
C
1
9
5
C
2
6
3
G
3
1
5
.
1C
posted
23393 Rachel Knowles or Millar born ca. 1840, Long Island, Bahamas * Jul 05
The direct maternal ancestor of kit # 23393 is Rachel Knowles from Long Island, Bahamas.  He/she belongs to the "Lingaire Clan" of Africa which is defined by 16390A and he/she very likely belongs to haplogroup L2a. 

Haplogroup L2a1

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
0
9
3
C
1
6
1
8
9
C
1
6
1
9
2
T
1
6
2
2
3
T
1
6
2
7
8
T
1
6
2
9
4
T
1
6
3
0
9
G
1
6
3
6
8
C
1
6
3
9
0
A
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
1
4
3
A
1
4
6
C
1
5
2
C
1
9
5
C
2
6
3
G

3
1
5
.
1C
5
3
4
T
posted
25688 Paulina Ann Dean born ca. 1820, Long Island, married John Robertson Turnquest Lucie * Dec 04
38951 Amelia Saunders b. 1867 Long Island? m. John Christopher Knowles * Oct 05
>>>>>>
61839 Sharlett Jane Culmer m. Thompson * Jul 06
The direct maternal ancestors of kit #'s 25688 and 38951 are from Long Island, Bahamas.   They have low resolution matches with the Ashkenazi of Europe and the Bassa ethnic group of the Cameroon (which descends from the Adbassa/Abyssinia Empire).  They belongs to the "Lingaire Clan" of Africa and he/she very likely belongs to haplogroup L2a1. 

 

AA065 Charity Johnson b. ca 1819 Harbour Island * ? N / A Apr 05
The earliest known direct maternal ancestor of  kit # AA065 is Charity Johnson of Harbour Island.  He/she belongs to the "Lingaire Clan" of Africa which is defined by 16390A and he/she very likely belongs to haplogroup L2a1.  A comparison with African Ancestry's African Lineage Database indicates that he/she shares ancestry with the Mende ethnic group of Sierra Leone.  However, this motif is not found among the Mende in a 2005 study of four ethnic groups in Sierra Leone (see: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/110429603/PDFSTART )  His/her motif appears to belong to the Loko ethnic group (if location 16390 is ignored because it was not examined by African Ancestry).  The Loko people mostly inhabit northwestern Sierra Leone.  They speak a Mande language and are closely related to the Mende people.  HVR2 was not tested.

Haplogroup L2b1

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
1
1
4
A
1
6
1
2
9
A
1
6
2
1
3
A
1
6
2
2
3
T
1
6
2
7
8
T
1
6
3
5
5
T
1
6
3
6
2
C
1
6
3
9
0
A
H
V
R
2
7
3
G

9
3
G
1
5
0
T
1
5
2
C
1
8
2
T
1
9
5
C
1
9
8
T
2
0
4
C
2
6
3
G

3
1
5
.
1C
4
1
8
T
5
2
2-
5
2
3-
posted
26848 Amelia Armbrister b. abt 1842, d. 1907 Bahama Gal * Dec 04
33486 Julia Knowles b. abt 1820 m. Samuel Wells * May 05
The earliest known direct maternal ancestor of kit # 26848 is Amelia Armbrister who was born about 1842.  She is a perfect match with kit # 33486 who is a direct maternal descendant of Julia Knowles of Long Island, Bahamas.  They both share a direct maternal matriarch named "Bahama Gal" who very likely lived in the Bahamas. A comparison with African Ancestry's African Lineage Database indicates that they share ancestry with the Bamileke ethnic group of Cameroon.  They belong to the "Lingaire Clan" of Africa which is defined by 16390A. Their subgroup is very likely L2b as defined by 16114A, 16129A, 16213A and more specifically L2b1 as defined by 16362C. 

Haplogroup L2d1

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
0
8
6
C
1
6
1
2
9
A
1
6
1
4
8
T
1
6
1
8
9
C
1
6
2
7
8
T
1
6
3
0
0
G
1
6
3
5
4
T
1
6
3
6
2
C
1
6
3
9
0
A
1
6
3
9
9
G
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
1
4
6
C
1
5
0
T
1
9
5
C
2
6
3
G

3
1
5
.
1C
4
5
6
T
posted
33667 Frances Pratt b. abt 1850 Long Island * Jan 06
The earliest known direct maternal ancestor of kit # 33667 is Frances Pratt of Long Island  who was born about 1850.  S/he has no close matches worldwide.  S/he belongs to the "Lingaire Clan" of Africa which is defined by 16390A. His/her subclade is  L2d as defined by 16399G, and more specifically very likely L2d1 as defined by 16129A, 16189C, 16300G, and 16354T but is missing 16223 which also defines L2d1.  The common ancestor of L2d lived about 121,900 years ago. 

Haplogroup L3e2b

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
1
4
7
T
1
6
1
7
2
C
1
6
1
8
3
C
1
6
1
8
8
.
1T
1
6
1
8
9
C
1
6
2
2
3
T
1
6
3
2
0
T
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
1
4
0
T
1
5
2
C
1
9
5
C
2
6
3
G
2
9
7
G
3
0
9
.
1C

3
1
5
.
1C
posted
26523 Marion Cooper born ca. 1900, Exuma Patricia's Bahama Mama * Dec 04
The earliest known direct maternal ancestor of kit # 26523 is from Exuma.  He/she has no known matches with anyone tested world wide.  He/she belongs to the "Lara Clan" of Africa. His/her subgroup is very likely L3e2b as defined by 16172C and 16189C.  Lara is also the direct maternal ancestor of almost everyone worldwide outside of Africa. 

Haplogroup T1b

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
1
2
6
C
1
6
1
6
3
G
1
6
1
8
9
C
1
6
2
4
3
C
1
6
2
9
4
T
1
6
3
5
7
C
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
2
6
3
G
3
0
9
.
1C
3
0
9
.
2C
3
1
5
.
1C
posted
36205 Jemina Sands m. Noah Bethell A match! * Oct 05
40916 Margaret Elizabeth Curry m. Frances Key * Oct 05
48431 Ann Elizabeth Stirrup b. abt 1850, d. 1892 Bimini m. Adolophus Weech * Feb 05
42799 Mary Jane Moxey b. 1837, d. 1924 m. Joshua L. Thompson A possible match with above * Nov 05
50741 * N /A Mar 06
Their direct line is likely from the British Isles and belongs to the "Tara Clan" of Europe.   S/he has the difference at 16163 and 16189 which help define subclade T1 and the difference at 16243 which help define subclade T1b.  T1b seems to be restricted to East Mediterranean, Near East, Balkans, Southern Russia.

Haplogroup T2

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
1
2
6
C
1
6
1
8
2
C
1
6
1
8
3
C
1
6
1
8
9
C
1
6
2
9
4
T
1
6
2
9
6
T
1
6
2
9
8
C
1
6
3
0
4
C
1
6
3
6
5
T
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
1
9
5
C
2
6
3
G
3
0
9
.
1C
3
0
9
.
2C
3
1
5
.
1C
posted
26486 Susannah Ridley born ca. 1720?, married Nehemiah Dumcome * Dec 04
The direct maternal ancestor for kit #26486 is from Marsh Harbour, Abaco and may earlier be from Harbour Island or Nassau.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals one match in North England, and two matches in London. His/her direct line belongs to the "Tara Clan" of Europe.   S/he has the difference at 16296 which helps define subclade T2.
41318 Mary Newbold, b. abt 1790 A match! * Jun 06
69295 Christiana Lowe b. 1848 Green Turtle Cay m. William H. Lowe * Sep 06

 

Haplogroup U*

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
2
0
9
C
1
6
3
4
2
C
H
V
R
2
N24196 Elizabeth of Rock Sound m. John Bell Brady * N / A
The earliest known ancestor of kit # N24196 is Elizabeth of Rock Sound, Eleuthera.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project found no matches. He/she belongs to haplogroup U* of Europe.

 

Haplogroup U4

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
1
2
9
A
1
6
1
3
4
T
1
6
1
7
9
T
1
6
3
5
6
C
1
6
5
1
9
C
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
1
9
5
C
2
6
3
G

3
1
5
.
1C
4
9
9
A
posted
45264 Deborah Simms b. abt 1833 m. James Thompson A possible match * Apr 06
54991 Louise Evelyn Bowe m. Aurthur Joseph Knowles * N / A Apr 06

The earliest known ancestor of kit # 45264 is Deborah Simms of Nassau?  The earliest known ancestor of kit 54991 is Louise Evelyn Bowe.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals only one match from the Borders area of Scotland.  They belong to the "Ulrike Clan" of Europe. Just under 2% of Europeans belong to this clan. Ulrike lived about 18,000 years ago in the cold refuges of the Ukraine at the northern limits of human habitation. Though Ulrike’s descendants are nowhere common, the clan is found today mainly in the east and north of Europe with particularly high concentrations in Scandinavia and the Baltic states.  U4 is defined by 16356 in HVR1 and 195 and 499 in HVR2

49833 Mary S. "Mamie" Johnson b. abt 1868 of Harbour Island or Abaco  

Mamie

* Apr 06
59818 Louise Ellen Thompson * Jun 06
The earliest known ancestor of kit # 49833 is Mary S. "Mamie" Johnson of Harbour Island or Abaco.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain   under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals one match from London, England, and two matches from the Northern Isles of Scotland.  S/he belongs to the "Ulrike Clan" of Europe. Just under 2% of Europeans belong to this clan. Ulrike lived about 18,000 years ago in the cold refuges of the Ukraine at the northern limits of human habitation. Though Ulrike’s descendants are nowhere common, the clan is found today mainly in the east and north of Europe with particularly high concentrations in Scandinavia and the Baltic states.  U4 is defined by 16356 in HVR1 and 195 and 499 in HVR2

Haplogroup U5

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
2
7
0
T
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
1
5
0
T
2
6
3
G

3
1
5
.
1C
posted
49925 Mary Hall m. James Hall, parents of Elizabeth Hall b. 1803 * Mar 06
The earliest known ancestor of kit # 49925.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals two matches in both London and central England, three matches in the Highlands of Scotland, and thirteen matches in the Northern Isles of Scotland.  S/he belongs to the "Ursula Clan" of Europe.  A distribution of the U5 haplogroup in Europe is available at: http://www.brian-hamman.com/WhereAreUrsulaDescendentsFoundToday.htm

Haplogroup U5a1a

M
i
t
o
S
e
a
r
c
h
Differences from the
Cambridge Reference Sequence
Kit # Earliest Known Ancestor
(with link to descendancy chart)
Matriarch's
Name
H
V
R
1
1
6
2
5
6
T
1
6
2
7
0
T
1
6
3
9
9
G
H
V
R
2
7
3
G
2
6
3
G
3
0
9
.
1C

3
1
5
.
1C
posted
28986 Anne Pritchard b. bet abt 1836 and 1852 Long Island, d Long Island, m. Wiltshire Morley *
The earliest known ancestor of kit # 28986 is Georgeanna "Georgie" Morley.  A comparison of the HVR1 results with 10,000 volunteers throughout Britain under the auspices of the Oxford Genetic Atlas Project reveals one match in Argylle, Scotland, two matches in both London and the Hebrides of Scotland, and three matches in both East Anglia and North England.  S/he belongs to the "Ursula Clan" of Europe.  His/her subgroup is very likely U5a1a.  A distribution of the U5a1a subclade  in Europe is available at: http://www.brian-hamman.com/WhereAreUrsulaDescendentsFoundToday.htm

 

Awaiting Results

Earliest Known Ancestor (with link to descendancy chart)

Matriarch's
Name
Kit # Results expected about
57032 Barbara Ellen Bullard m. Richard Culmer II Jun 30
>>>>
60861 Jeanett Darville (b. 1845 Nassau)
 
Aug 12
>>>>
>>>>

Brief History of Various Bahamian Families:   Adderley, Fernander, Hanna, Neely, Pritchard, Roberts, Russell, Treco (more surnames and their information will be added when the names and information are provided.)


Albury

The Bahamian Alburys are descended from Henry Albery of Locks Farm, near Wokingham, Berkshire, England.  Henry died when his sons were relatively young and left instructions for the property to be sold and the proceeds divided among his heirs.   His son, William Alburie, age 15 embarked from London on 30 September, 1635 on the ship Dorset, bound for Bermuda.  His brother John sailed to Rhode Island and appears to be ancestor of the Albro family.  In 1650 Capt. William Albury sailed from Bermuda to Harbour Island on the yacht Gertrude.

Adderley

The Adderley family was one of the pioneer families who remained in the Bahamas after many of the Puritan Adventurers left in late 1650's.  Pompey Adderley lived in Burnt Ground, Long Island and is assumed to have been a slave of Abraham Adderley's plantation.

Butler

George C. Butler and his son George Jr. of Hartford converted the vessel Welthea from a whaling ship to a merchant cargo vessel and began running food, liquor and live stock as far south as Antigua. Around 1780 the Welthea put into the harbour in Bermuda and George went into business with Chaddock Claxton (1738-1785) of Sandy Parish. George C Butler died at sea in 1788 and George Butler Jr. became owner and Captain. Four years earlier George Jr. married the daughter of his business partner, Aster Clark Claxton (1766-1800. George, now 27, and Aster had a son Robert Claxton Butler (1788-1843), born at Sandy Parish on April 5, 1788, shortly after his grandfather died at sea.  Two years later, in 1790, George, Aster & Robert arrived at Potters Cay dock in Nassau harbour and decided to make Nassau their new home. George continued to transport food & liquor between Wethersfield, Bermuda and the Bahamas for several years. George built a home on Bay Street in Nassau and eventually set up a small shop selling liquor and ships stores. While in this business George met a Scotsman from Fairfield Co. South Carolina, Henderson Ferguson (1770-1824), now living on his estate, Forest Estates, George Town Exuma. While George and Henderson became best friends, so did George son Robert and Henderson’s daughter Frances. Robert and Francis (1799-1828) were married on December 7, 1816 at Christ Church in Nassau. Robert, the first Butler born in the Bahamas, was a successful merchant and carried on the Butler shipping and liquor business until his death in October of 1843 in Nassau.  Six years after Robert & Frances were married George died while visiting his best friend Henderson in Exuma. Two years later in March of 1824, Frances father died in Exuma. George Butler & Henderson Ferguson, friends forever, are buried side by side, covered with beautiful marble slate imported from Hartford on the vessel Welthea. The grave site is at the Hermitage on the Ferguson private estate just outside of George Town. Robert and Frances lived in Nassau and had six children. On the 10th of June 1822, at age 34, Robert & Frances, in Nassau, gave birth to their third son Henderson Ferguson Butler (1822-1869. About 1840 Henderson met and married Minnie Malvese (1840-    ) in Nassau. Minnie & Henderson had seven children, the seventh being Henderson F. Butler, Jr. born July 6th 1861 and died at Nassau June 6th, 1921. On the 15th of October 1889 Henderson married Agnes Beatrice Perpal (1864-1938), the Grand daughter of Juan Perpal (1762-1824) of Menorca, Spain who had immigrated to the Bahamas about 1800. Henderson & Agnes had nine children. Excerpted from http://www.the-butlers.com/butlerdna/members/m_0081.html

Fernander

Oral family history says that the family's original name was Fernanda and were from France. They came to the Islands in the late 1600's as French privateers. The family may have arrived in the Bahamas from Saint-Domingue between 1791 and 1803 as refugees of The Haitian Revolution.

Hanna

Traditionally, the Hannas are from Acklins, Crooked Island and Long Cay (Fortune Island). Some of the earliest mentions of Hannas are found in documents and letters to the Parliament from Crooked Island.

Lowe

In 1715 Matthew Lowe and other pirates of Eleuthera (including John Darvill, Jr., John Cary, and John Kemp) seized a Spanish ship said to be carrying 11,050 pieces of eight. They were arrested by Thomas Walker and jailed in Nassau. Prior to their trial they were freed by Benjamin Hornigold. Captain Gideon Lowe and his brother are believed to have been shipwrecked in Bermuda. In the mid 1700's they sailed to Harbour Island, Eleuthera where Gideon married Nancy Saunders (daughter of Sarah and Nathaniel Saunders of Harbour Island). In 1783 Gideon Lowe participated in Colonel Andrew Deveaux's capture of Nassau from the Spanish and was rewarded with grants of crown land. Nancy and Gideon Lowe and their ten children moved to Green Turtle Cay, Abaco after the arrival of the Loyalists. Several branches of this family later immigrated to Key West, Florida.

Neely

According to family lore, the Neelys of Eleuthera were the descendents of the slaves of the Loyalist Governor of Virginia during the Revolutionary War (Lord Dunmore).  He escaped with his slaves during the war's waning days.  He was appointed governor of the Bahamas and established Dunmore Town on Harbour Island.

Pritchard

Paul Pritchard, a shipbuilder, of Welsh extraction sailed from Scotland into Charlston, South Carolina. (Ref. Records of Some Southern Empire Loyalists, collected and written by Lydia Austin Parrish 1940-1953, Bahamas National Archives).  He purchased an existing shipyard which he renamed Pritchard Shipyard in 1778.  The largest on the Hobcaw Creek of the Wando River near Charlston, SC.  He and his wife Ann had four Children, William, Paul, Aphra Ann, and Catherine.  William immigrated to the Bahamas where he was granted 80 acres on Long Island, bounded westerly and southerly by vacant land, easterly by William Bows land and northerly by the sea.  This title is signed by the Earl of Dunmore, Lieutenant and Governor General of the Bahama Islands in Nassau, December 23, 1789.  The first land listed to the Pritchard's on New Providence was a 10 acre parcel in 1818. (Ref. Grant Book A1-84).  Pritchard and Bro. was established in 1874 by William Edward and his brother Orlando F. Pritchard,  importers of groceries, teas, provisions, hardware, furniture, etc., and exporters of Bahama sponges.  Many parcels of land were purchased in the 1930's by William and Orlando west of Baillon Hill Road on Deveaux St. (Ref. Bahama Archives).  William Edward and Margaret "Mamie" Annair, ne Thompson, Pritchard lived many years with their eight children (see http://home.comcast.net/~libpjr1/bahydna.htm#PPritchard ) at 28 Queen St., circa 1905-1930, an old Bahamian mansion built in 1806, which still stands today.  The family legacy continues through William and Mamie's son, Sir Asa Hubert Pritchard, 1891-1990, importer, merchant, politician, representing the island of Eleuthera, Speaker of the House, Nassau, Bahamas and his children. leonapritchard@yahoo.com

Roberts

Talbot Bethell, in his Early Settlers of the Bahama Islands (1914), noted that the Roberts family originally came from Ireland. [An unverified source notes that they came from Kinsale, County Cork on Ireland's southern coast.  Thirteen miles from Kinsale is a small harbour named Roberts Cove.]  "It appears that they moved from New Providence and settled at Harbour Island at an early date, and from Harbour Island a branch of the family went to Abaco about [1784].  Many members of the Roberts' family switched off and went to Key West, Fla., where they have naturally become United States citizens."

From an unpublished narrative on the Richard Roberts family: "Many land records of the Roberts family being in the Bahamas during the 1750s are still very much in evidence, and during the 1780s there were at least four families in the Islands.  We find John (2), a Richard and a Ruth. Several sons of a John, namely Joseph (father of Richard) John and Richard moved from the old home around Nassau to Harbour Island.  The Governor of the Islands was giving free land to help resettle loyalist[s] who had come to the Bahamas from the Carolinas following the British defeat in the American Revolution.  Some of the old families" (of which the Roberts family was)  "took advantage of the offer and resettled" (in the Abacos, Harbour Island, Spanish Wells, etc.).   "The Roberts family reportedly came to the Bahamas from the Emerald Isla. (Ireland) probably around 1720.  There has been some speculation that the original members may have been associated with the pirates who frequently visited the island and after 1718 were put to a stop in their raids and pillagings.  Many settlers by the name were found in Bermuda as early as the 1630s"...... "All through the West Indies, the name was found and Barbados, which in the early 1600s was like Bermuda, an outpost of Virginia"......."many of the white land owners were named Roberts.....and their slaves likewise bore the name."

From an unpublished letter (1977) from Bill Roberts to Betty Bruce of the Monroe County Public Library: "According to family tradition, the Roberts family originally came from Wales and arrived in this country in the mid-1600's.  In 1778, a John or William (Billy) Roberts left the Carolinas for the Bahamas and received a grant from the King of England for land on Abaco.  The family was engaged in farming on Abaco and lived on Green Turtle Cay.  The last farming venture involved pineapples to the northern U. S. ports in family owned schooners.  My great-grandfather (William Bramwell Roberts) and three of his brother[s] migrated to Key West in the early 1900's.  One (Austin) brother remained in the Bahamas and operated a saw mill on Abaco until he died."


Russell

The earliest record of a Russell in the Bahamas is that of John Russell, captain of the Port Royal, who was wrecked in 1669 upon Munjake Cay near Abaco (Riley, "Homeward Bound" pg. 37-38). No additional records have been found mentioning the surname for the next sixty years, but the Russells are recognized as one of the earliest families in the Bahamas. There are at least three distinct Russell lines in the early Bahamas with a possible fourth line.

The Benjamin/Daniel/Elizabeth Russell line first appears in the Woodes Roger Census (1731) at Harbour Island and includes most if not all of the Pre-Loyalist Russells. These Russells are said to be of Scot/Irish origin (Bethell, "The Early Settlers of the Bahamas") however no evidence was given for this statement. Members of this original line most likely still reside in the Bahamas. William Russell, the schoolmaster at Green Turtle, and who married Jane Curry (St. Johns register; Bahama Gazette, 31-Dec-1812) is also believed to be a possible member of this line (Harllee, "Kinfolks" pg. 1783).

The William Russell (Loyalist of New York) line were also noted to have later landed on Abaco (Riley, "Homeward Bound" pg. 243) and they could be same as listed in the Spanish East Florida Census of 1783 as an auctioneer, his wife and three children. He (or his son?) may be the William Russell that is found marrying Sarah Clear at Harbour Island (St. Johns register; Bahama Gazette, 14-Jan-1813) and later listed as a planter in slave registers in the Abacos. This line is thought to still be in the Bahamas as well.

The John Russell (Loyalist shipwright) line originally came from South Carolina and initially settled in East Florida before immigrating to the Bahamas. John Russell married (2nd wife?) Mary Hog(g) at Nassau in 1796 (Christ Church register) and later returned to Florida in the early 1800s. Some decedents claim all his relations in the Bahamas moved back to Florida as well although records seem to indicate a few might have remained behind.

A final line might be that of Gabriel Russell who appears as a "master" in the apprentice lists of 1835 at Heneagua (now called Inagua) along with Richard Russell, deceased. This is included as a possible fourth family line due to the distance of Inagua from all other focus areas of Russell habitation (Harbour Island, Abacos and New Providence). Little is known on this line and it is not known if it still remains in the Bahamas today. - - Ed Russell

Treco

The oral family history is that two Treco brothers came from the Bay of Biscay region of France on their own ships.  The earliest recorded time for the Treco line arriving in the Bahamas is 1819. Which is the baptism of a child born to John Peter Treco and his wife Patience.  The oldest Treco found to date is one Charles Treco who died at age 80 in 1867 on the island of Inagua. He was born about 1787.


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